Home page Up (parent) Next (right) Previous (left) Abbreviations

Page last updated on 8 October, 2020

Association for Insight Meditation Home Page

Pāli Proper Names — K


Kacangala.– See Kajangala.

Kācaragāma, Kājaragāma, Kātaragāma



Kaccāna Peyyāla/Sutta

Kaccānagotta Sutta

Kaccānī 1.– The old woman whose story is related in the story of the past in the Kaccāni Jātaka.

Kaccānī 2.– See also Kātiyānī.

Kaccāni Jātaka (No.417)

Kaccāni Vagga.– The first section of the Atthaka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J.iii.422‑28.



Kaccāyanagandha.– One of the six books ascribed to Mahā-Kaccāyana (Gv.59); it probably refers to the Kaccāyana-vyākarana.


Kaccāyanavannanā.– A commentary on Kaccāyana’s grammar by a thera of Sri Lanka, named Vijitāvī (Svd.1242). It deals with the sections on Sandhikappa. Bode, 46.


Kaccāyanayoga.– A name given to the aphorisms in Kaccāyana-vyākarana. Bode, op.cit., p.21.



Kacchapa Jātaka (No.178, 215, 273)

Kacchapagiri.– Another name, according to the Mahāvamsa Tika (MT.652) for the Issarasamana-vihāra. It is perhaps a variation of Kassapagiri.

Kacchavāla.– A monastery built for the Pamsukalikas by Vajira, general of Dappula II. Cv.xlix.80.




Kadalīpattagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa near the ford called Nīlavalā, and close to the modern Mātara. Cv.lxxv.49; Cv.Trs.ii.48, n.2.

Kadalīphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he saw a Buddha and gave him a banana fruit (Ap.i.297). He is probably identical with Cūlaka Thera (ThagA.i.334).

Kadalīpupphiya.– See Kandalīpupphiya.

Kadalisālagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, the residence of Vilasa (q.v.)

Kadalīvāta.– One of the Vanni kings of Sri Lanka, head of the mercenary soldiers who were driven out of Sri Lanka by Bhuvanekabāhu I. (Cv.xc.33).

Kadamba, Kadambaka

Kadambagona.– A vihāra built by Aggabodhi V in Mahāthala, and probably presented to the Pamsukūlins. Cv.xlviii.3; Cv.Trs.i.110, n.1.

Kadambapupphiya Thera

Kaddamadaha see Bhaddasāri.

Kaddūragāma.– A village near Ālisāra; the village entrenchment was captured by Māyāgeha, general of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.165.


Kadiliya.– A Damiḷa chief who was defeated by the forces of Parakkamabāhu I at Kundayankotta. Cv.lxxvi.177.

Kāhallivāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.37.

Kājagallaka.– A village in Sri Lanka, probably near modern Kurunegala. An elephant-stable was there, from which Bhuvanekabāhu I took an elephant. Cv.xc.9.

Kajangala (Kajangalā)



Kāka Jātaka (No.140, 146)

Kāka Sutta.– The wicked monk is like a crow in that he possesses the same ten qualities: rudeness (dhaṃsī), boldness (pagabbho), shamelessness (tintiṇo), excessive greed (mahagghaso), covetousness (luddo), cruelty (akāruṇiko), feebleness (dubbalo), coarseness (oravitā), unmindfulness (muṭṭhassati), and meanness (necayiko). A.v.149; see also G.S.v.101.

Kakacūpama Sutta


Kākālaya.– A village in Sri Lanka where there was a Damiḷa stronghold captured by Parakkamabāhu II. Cv.lxxxiii.12.

Kākanda, Kākandī.– The commentaries speak of Kākanda as a sage of yore and mention him in the company of Savattha and Kusumba. His residence later came to be called Kākandī. SnA.i.300; cp. KhA.110; UdA.55.

Kākandaka.– A brahmin, father of Yasa Thera, the latter being generally referred to as Yasa Kākandakaputta (q.v.) Mhv.iv.12, 49, 57, etc; Dpv.v.23; Mbv.96.

Kākaneru.– One of the highest mountains in the world; mentioned together with Mālāgiri, Himavā, Gijjha, Sudassana and Nisabha. J.vi.204, 212.

Kākannādu.– A district in South India subdued by the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.262.

Kakantaka Jātaka.– The same as the Kakantaka-Pañha.


Kakantaka Vagga.– The fifteenth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J.i.487‑511.

Kākavatī Jātaka (No.327)

Kākavatī.– Chief queen of the Bodhisatta, in one of his births as king of Bārāṇasī. See the Kākavatī Jātaka.

Kākavaliya, Kākavalliya


Kakkara Jataka.– See Kukkuta Jātaka (No.209)

Kakkarapatta.– A township of the Koliyā. It was while the Buddha was staying there that the Koliyan Dīghajānu came to see him. A.iv.281.

Kakkāru Jātaka (No.326)

Kakkārupūjaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he was a deva and offered a kakkāru-flower to Sikhī Buddha. Nine world-cycles ago he was a king named Sattuttama (Ap.i.177). He is evidently identical with Jenta Thera. ThagA.i.219.

Kakkārupupphiya Thera v.l. Kekkāru°.– An Arahant. Ninety-two world-cycles ago he was a deva in the Yāmā-world and, approaching the Pacceka Buddha Gotama, offered him a kakkāru-flower. Ap.i.286.


Kakkata Jātaka (No.267)

Kakkatarasadāyaka-vimāna Vatthu


Kakkhalavitthi.– A village given by Jetthatissa III for the maintenance of the Veḷuvana-vihāra (near Anurādhapura). Cv.xliv.99.

Kakkola.– A district in South India which supplied soldiers to Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.2.

Kākola.– A hell; beings born there are dragged about by flocks of ravens, vultures and hawks, and eaten alive. J.vi.247.

Kakubandhagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa. Ras.ii.188.

Kakubandhakandara.– A stream, near Pāsānavāpigāma. Ras.i.103.


Kakudha Sutta

Kakudha Vagga.– The tenth chapter of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iii.118‑26.

Kakusandha Buddha

Kakusandha Sutta.– To Kakusandha, as to the Buddha before he was enlightened, came thoughts of the suffering in the world and of how it could be stopped. S.ii.9. See also Gotama Sutta.

Kakutthā (Kakutthā, Kukutthā)


Kāla Sutta

Kālabāhu Jātaka (No.329)

Kālabāhu.– A monkey, a previous birth of Devadatta. See the Kālabāhu Jātaka. J.iii.97 ff

Kāla-bhikkhu Sutta.– See the Kālaka Sutta.

Kalābu.– King of Kāsī. He tortured the ascetic Khantivādī who was the Bodhisatta. He was therefore swallowed up in Avīci. He was a previous birth of Devadatta. The story is given in the Khantivādī Jātaka (J.iii.39 ff; he is often referred to, e.g., J.v.135,143 ff).



Kāladāna Sutta.– The name given in the Suttasangaha (No.1) for the Kāla Sutta (3).





Kāladīghāvika.– A meditation hall (padhānaghara) built by Hatthadātha. Cv.xlvi.46.

Kālagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. A minister of this village is given as an example of a man who committed suicide in remorse (vippatisārī). SnA.i.30.

Kālagiri, Kālāgiri.– See Kālapabbata.

Kālagiribhanda.– A district in Sri Lanka. The forces of Parakkamabāhu I fought there twenty battles before it could be brought under subjection (Cv.lxxii.62). It is identified with the modern Kalugalboda-rata. Cv.Trs.i.325, n.1.

Kālāgiri-khana.– That section of the Vidhura Jātaka that ends with the bringing of Vidhura by Puṇṇaka to the realm of the Nāgā. J.vi.314.

Kalahanagara.– A village built on the spot where Pandukābhaya defeated the soldiers sent by the father of Suvannapālī to rescue her. Mhv.x.42; see also Mhv.Trs.71, n.1, for its identification.


Kalahavivāda Sutta

Kalahayinādu.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.261.


Kālaka Sutta

Kalakacchagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Kalyānī. At the Nāga-mahā-vihāra there Malaya-Mahādeva taught the Chachakka Sutta; sixty monks heard it and became Arahants. MA.ii.1025.

Kālakagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka in which was the Mandalārāma, the residence of the elder Mahāsona (q.v.) VibhA.448. It was evidently the same as Kallagama (q.v.)

Kālakañcikā v.l. Kālakañjā, Kālakañjikā


Kālakannī Jātaka (No.83)

Kālakārāma Sutta.– See Kālaka Sutta.

Kālakārāma.– The park presented to the Buddha by Kālaka, and the monastery he built therein for the Buddha. The Buddha stayed there on his visit to Sāketa at Cūḷasubhaddā’s request. A.ii.24; AA.ii.482.


Kālakūta.– One of the five mountain ranges surrounding Anotatta. It has the colour of collyrium (añjana). SnA.ii.437; UdA.300; AA.ii.759; MA.ii.585.

Kalalahallika.– A village and reservoir near Ālisāra. There was a fortification there.. The reservoir was restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48; lxx.73, 163; also Cv. Trs.i.301, n.1.


Kālamahī.– A branch of the river Mahā-Mahī, which it later rejoins. SnA.i.27.

Kālamattika.– A reservoir given by Jetthatissa for the use of the Cetiyapabbata-vihāra. Mhv.xxxvi.130.

Kālamattiya, Kālamattika.– A forest. After his death, Mutthika was born as a goblin in this forest, and when Baladeva reached the spot during his flight, Mutthika challenged him to a wrestling match and ate him up “like a radish-bulb.” J.iv.82, 88.

Kalamba.– A river near Anurādhapura, probably identical with Kadamba (q.v.) (Sp.ii.474). The river was to the east of Anurādhapura. MA.ii.653.

Kalambadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he met a Pacceka Buddha named Romasa and gave him a radish (kalamba). Ap.ii.393.

Kalambaka-Vihāra.– A monastery built by King Saddhā Tissa. Mhv.xxxvii.8.


Kālanadī.– A river in Sri Lanka, the present Kaluganga. Devapatirāja built over the river a bridge of eighty-six cubits and laid out a garden of coco palms from the river to Bhīmatittha-vihāra. Cv.xlvi.40, 44.

Kālanāga.– See Mahākāla (3).

Kālanāgara.– The family to which the general Parakkama belonged. Cv.lxxx.49.

Kalandagāma.– A brahmin village in Sri Lanka, where King Mahāsena built a vihāra on the site of an old Hindu temple. Mhv.xxxvii.41.

Kalandakagāma.– A village near Vesāli; it was the birthplace of Sudinna (Vin.iii.11). Buddhaghosa (Sp.i.202) says the name was given because of the squirrels who lived there.


Kalandakaputta.– See Sudinna. Kalanda or Kalandaka was the name, not of his father, but of his village. Sp.i.202.


Kalanduka Jātaka (No.127)

Kalanduka.– A servant of the Treasurer of Bārāṇasī. See Kalanduka Jātaka.



Kālapāsāna.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka; one of sixteen tanks built by King Nabāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.49.

Kālapilla.– A locality in Rohaṇa in Sri Lanka. There the troops of Parakkamabāhu I defeated those of Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.325.

Kalāra Sutta


Kalārakhattiya Vagga.– The fourth chapter of the Nidāna Saṃyutta. S.ii.47‑68.

Kalārakkhattiya.– A monk. He visits Sāriputta and tells him of Moliya-Phagguna’s secession from the Order. The account of the incident is included in the Kalāra Sutta (q.v.)


Kālasela.– A statue of the Buddha. See Silāsambuddha.


Kalasigāma.– The birthplace of Milinda in the Island of Alasandā (or Alexandria) in the Indus (Mil.83). Rhys Davids (Milinda Questions, i., p.xxiii) thinks that the name is identical with that of the Greek settlement Karisi.



Kālasumana Thera.– One of those responsible for preserving the Vinaya in Sri Lanka after the death of Milinda. Vin.v.3; Sp.i.104.

Kālasutta.– One of the principal hells (J.v.266, 267, 268). Beings born there are placed on a floor of heated iron, marked with a black thread made red hot, and then cut into pieces along the markings (J.v.270).

Kālatinduka-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.165.

Kālatittha.– A locality in Rohaṇa. There Vikkamapaṇḍu had his seat of government (Cv.lvi.12). It is identified with the modern Kalutara, at the mouth of the Kaluganga.

Kālattaya Anatta Sutta.– Form in the past and future is suffering, not to speak of the present form. Seeing thus, a well-instructed noble disciple is indifferent towards past forms, does not delight in future forms, and practises for revulsion towards present forms. Similarly regarding the other four aggregates. S.iii.20.

Kālattaya Anicca Sutta.– Form in the past is impermanent … S.iii.19.

Kālattaya Dukkha Sutta.– Form in the past is unsatisfactory … S.iii.19.

Kālāvaka.– The clan of ordinary elephants, each one of which possesses the strength of ten men. MA.i.263; UdA.403; VibhA.397; BuA.37, etc.

Kālavalli.– A reservoir repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiz.36.

Kālavallimandapa.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, the residence of the elder Mahānāga (DA.i.190, 191; SnA.i.56; VbhA.352, 353; J.iv.490; MT.606). It was near the village Nakulanagara (DhsA.339) and was situated in Rohaṇa (AA.i.384).


Kālavilangika.– See Mahā-Kassapa, note 31.

Kalāyamutthi Jātaka (No.176)

Kālāyanakannika.– A locality in Rohaṇa. There Mahādāthika Mahānāga built two vihāras, Manināgapabbata and Kalanda. Mhv.xxxiv.89; MT.637.

Kalyāṇī Sutta.– See Janapadakalyāṇī Sutta


Kālī Sutta.– Kālī Kururaghara visits Mahā-Kaccāna and asks him for a detailed exposition of one of the stanzas in the Kumāripañhā. (The stanza occurs at S.i.126). Mahā-Kaccāna explains, and his explanation deals with the ten meditation devices (kasiṇa). A.v.46 f

Kāli.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, built by King Vasabha (Mhv.xxxv.95). It was among those repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.45.


Kāligodha Sutta

Kāligotamī.– See Vesabhū Buddha.

Kālikā.– See Kālī (9).

Kalikāla.– A Damiḷa chieftain, conquered by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.214 f.

Kalikāla-sāhicca-sabbaññupandita.– A honorific (“All-knowing scholar of the Dark Age”) given to Parakkamabāhu II on account of his vast erudition. Cv.lxxxii.3.

Kālikarakkhiya.– An ancient sage mentioned in a list of sages, together with Samudda, Bharata, Angīrasa, Kassapa, Kisavaccha and Akitti. J.vi.99.

Kalimbha Thera v.l. Kalimma°.– One of the monks who lived in the Kūtāgārasālā in Vesālī. Finding that the peace of the Mahāvana was being disturbed by the Licchavis who came to see the Buddha, he, with the other monks, went to Gosingasālavanadāya. A.v.133 f.

Kālindī.– A channel in the irrigation system of Parakkamabāhu I, flowing southward from the Manihīra reservoir. Cv.lxxix.54.

Kālinga, Kalinga

Kālinga-bhāradvāja.– The chaplain of King Kālinga. See the Kālingabodhi Jātaka. He was the Bodhisatta, and is sometimes called Kālinga-brāhmana (e.g., J.iv.235).

Kālingabodhi Jātaka (No.479)

Kalingara Sutta

Kālingārañña.– See Kālinga (2).

Kallagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. In the village was the Mandālārāmaka (q.v.) AA.i.22, 52.

Kallakālena.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Saddhā Tissa. Mhv.xxxiii.7.

Kallakavelāra.– A Damiḷa chief, brother of Tondamāna’s wife. He was slain by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.40, 50.

Kallaka-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, near Bhokkantagāma. There Sumanā, wife of Lakundaka Atimbari heard the teaching of the Āsīvisopama Sutta and became an Arahant. DhA.iv.51.

Kallara.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.246, 259.

Kallavā Sutta.– Of those who meditate some are clever in concentration but are not fully expert in meditation, some are the reverse, some have neither quality, while others have both. S.iii.265.

Kallavālaputtagāma:– v.l. Kanavālamuttagāma

Kallita Sutta.– A man may be skilled in ease in concentration, but not in the range thereof, nor in resolve, zeal, perseverance, or profit. S.iii.275.

Kāludāyī Thera

Kālūla.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Aggabodhi VIII, gave a village for its maintenance. Cv.xlix.47.

Kālūpakāla.– The name of the warders in charge of a hell bearing the same name. They smite their victims with arrows and spears.

Kālussa.– A village given by Udaya I to the Nīlārāma (Cv.xlix.16).

Kalyāṇa (Kalyānaka).– A king of the Mahāsammata race. He was the son of Vararoja and one of the ancestors of the Sākyā. His son was Varakalyāna. DA.i.258; SnA.i.352; J.ii.311; iii.464; Mhv.ii.2; Dpv.iii.4; Mtu.i.345.

Kalyānabhatta-tissa.– See Ariyagālatissa.

Kalyānadhamma Jātaka (No.171)

Kalyāna-dhamma Vagga.– The third chapter of the Duka Nipāta of the Jātaka. J.ii.63‑86.

Kalyānamitta Sutta

Kalyānamitta Vagga.– The eighth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.14 f.



Kalyānī Sutta.– No beautiful woman (janapadakalyānī) can persistently possess the heart of a man who is fond of gain, favours, and flattery. S.ii.235.


Kalyāni-vihāra (Kalyānika-vihāra)

Kalyanigāma.– A village, probably in or near Kalyānī; it was the residence of Mahātissa Thera. SnA.i.6.

Kalyānippakarana.– A record of the famous Kalyāni inscriptions set up near Pegu by Dhammaceti, giving details of the consecration of the Kalyānisīmā in Pegu by the monks who received their ordination at the Kalyāni-vihāra in Sri Lanka. Bode, 23, 38 f; P.L.C.257 f.

Kalyāni-Tissa.– A king of Kalyānī, father of Vihāramahādevī (Mhv.xxii.12 ff). He was great-grandson of Muṭasīva and grandson of Uttiya. His younger brother was called Ayya-Uttiya (MT.431).

Kāma Jātaka (No.467)

Kāma Sutta

Kāmabhogī Sutta


Kāmabhū Sutta


Kāmada Sutta.– Contains the account of Kāmada’s visit to the Buddha (S.i.48). It is quoted in the Nettippakaraṇa p.148.

Kāmānākkotta.– A fortress in South India, which was occupied by the Damiḷa chiefs Pandimandala, Vīraganga and Kangakonda. Cv.lxxvi.180.

Kāmandā.– A village in which was the mango-grove of Todeyya. Udāyī once stayed there and was visited by a resident pupil of the brahmin lady of the Verahaccāni clan. S.iv.121 f

Kāmanīta Jātaka (No.228)

Kāmanīta.– The name by which the brahmin, mentioned in connection with the Kāma Jātaka, the Kāma Sutta and the Kāmanīta Jātaka, is referred to. J.ii.212.


Kāmavilāpa Jātaka (No.297)

Kambala.– A clan of Nāgā. They were present at the Mahāsamaya (D.ii.258), and are mentioned with the Assataras as living at the foot of Sineru (J.vi.165).


Kamboja (Kambojaka)

Kāmboja.– See Kamboja.

Kambugallaka.– See Hambugallaka.

Kāmesumicchācāra Sutta.– Few beings abstain from sexual misconduct, most do not. S.v.469.

Kamma Sutta

Kamma Vagga.– The twenty-fourth chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. It contains ten suttas on various kinds of deeds, the four classes of ascetics and the blessings of a good man (A.ii.230‑9). The Commentary calls it Magga Vagga.

Kammahārattaka.– General of King Khallātanāga. He led a revolution against the king and killed him in the capital. The king’s brother, Vaṭṭagāmaṇī, however, killed the general and took over the government (Mhv.xxxiii.33; see also MT.612).

Kammakārana Vagga.– A group of ten suttas, forming the first section of the Duka Nipāta, on various subjects, such as faults and their punishment, worldly and spiritual striving, the two things (conscientiousness and shame) that guard the world, etc., A.ii.47 ff

Kammakathā.– The seventh chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.78‑80.

Kammakkhandha.– The first section of the Cūḷavagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka (Vin.ii.1‑28).

Kammanirodha Sutta

Kammapatha Vagga.– The third chapter of the Dhātu Saṃyutta. S.ii.111 f.

Kammāradeva.– A locality in Anurādhapura, included in the boundary (sīmā) marked out by Devānampiyatissa. On its left was the cemetery for the lower castes (Mbv.135; also Mhv.xv.13, see Geiger’s edition, p.332).

Kammāragāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, identified with modern Kamburugamuva. It was one of the places passed by the Kañcukināyaka of Parakkamabāhu I, in his victorious progress (Cv.lxxv.47; Cv.Trs.ii.48, n.2).

Kammāsa.– See Kammāsapada.

Kammāsadamma, Kammāsadhamma (v.l. Kammasa°)

Kammasamādāna Sutta.– Venerable Anuruddha tells his colleagues that it was through developing the four foundations of mindfulness that he understands the results of past, present, and future kamma by way of potential and causes. S.v.304.


Kammassadhamma.– See Kammāsadamma

Kammavācā.– A compilation of the rules and the ritual regarding admission into the Sangha (Bode: op.cit., 6 f).

Kammavibhanga Sutta.– See Cūla-kammavibhanga Sutta and Mahā-kammavibhanga Sutta.

Kammupelanda.– See Kabupelanda.

Kampilla (Kampillaka, Kampilliya)


Kamsabhoga.– A division of Uttarāpatha, its capital being Asitañjana, where Mahākamsa and his successors ruled. J.iv.79; PvA.111.

Kamsavamsa.– The race of Mahākamsa; this race was destroyed by the sons of Devagabbhā. J.iv.79.


Kanāda.– A teacher of philosophy, mentioned with Kapila, as teaching that the soul was limitless (na antavā). UdA.339.

Kānagāma.– A village and reservoir in Rohaṇa. There Aggabodhi of Rohaṇa built three hospitals for the blind and the sick and a large image house in the Patimā-vihāra (Cv.xlv.43). Parakkamabāhu I repaired the reservoir. Cv.lxxix.35.

Kanakadattā v.l. Kantakānandā and Kandanandā.– A nun, disciple of Konāgamana, who brought a branch of the Buddha’s udumbara-bodhi to Sri Lanka. She, with her following, was left behind by the Buddha. Dpv.xvii.17.

Kanakāgamana, Kanakamuni.– See Koṇāgamana.


Kānamātā.– A pious lay woman of Sāvatthi, mother of Kāṇā (q.v.)

Kānamūla.– A locality in Sri Lanka, near the Kālavāpi. Cv.lxxii.183.

Kānapaddāvuda.– A locality in Sri Lanka. There a she-bear attacked Parakkamabāhu I (then the Ādipāda), but was killed by him. Cv.1xvii.40.


Kanasiya.– A Damiḷa. chief, conquered by Laṅkāpura at Tirivekambama (Cv.lxxvi.238).

Kānatālavana-tittha.– A ford in the Mahāvāluka-gangā, a point of strategic importance. Cv.lxxii.19.

Kānavāpī.– A reservoir near the Cetiyagiri, given by Sena I for the use of the monks there (Cv.l.72). Sena II built a dam across it at Katthantanagara (Cv.li.73), and both Vijayabāhu I (Cv.lx.50) and Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxix.34) restored it.

Kanavera Jātaka (No.318)

Kanaverapupphiya Thera

Kañcamba.– A Damiḷa chieftain who fought against Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.17.



Kañcanagiri.– See Kañcanapabbata.


Kañcanakkhandha Jātaka (No.56)

Kañcanamālā.– Probably the name of Sakka’s white parasol. It was five leagues in circumference. J.v.386.

Kañcanamānava.– The name given to Mahā-Kaccāna by his parents, Kaccāna being the family name. He was called Kañcana because his body was of a golden colour. ThagA.483; AA.i.116.


Kañcanapattī.– The hut in the Kañcanapabbata, where lived the ascetic Jotirasa, friend of Vessavaṇa. J.ii.399.

Kañcanavana.– A pleasance near Ujjeni, where Mahā-Kaccāna lived on his return to Ujjeni after his ordination. AA.i.118.

Kañcanavela.– Son of Piyadassī Buddha, his mother being Vimalā (Bu.xiv.17). The Buddhavamsa Commentary (p.172) calls him Kañcana.

Kañcanavelu.– The city in which Siddhattha Buddha died, in the park Anoma (BuA.188).

Kāñcipura (v.l. Kāñcīpura)

Kandadevamālava.– A Damiḷa chief who fought against Parakkamabāhu’s general Laṅkāpura, and was defeated at Mundikkāra. Later, when Kandadevamālava owned allegiance to Parakkamabāhu, Laṅkāpura restored Mundikkāra to him and appointed him chief of the two districts of Mangala. Cv.lxxvi.187, 208, 210.

Kandagalaka Jātaka (No.210)

Kandagalaka.– A bird, a former birth of Devadatta. See the Kandagalaka Jātaka.

Kandaka.– See Kantaka.

Kandakā.– See Kantakā.

Kandakī Sutta


Kandalīpupphiya Thera v.l. Kadalī°.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he was a farmer on the banks of the Sindhū, and seeing Siddhattha Buddha wrapt in meditation, offered him seven kandalī-flowers and paid him homage (Ap.i.257).

Kandamba.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.55, 80, 90.

Kandanagara.– A locality in Sri Lanka; to the north of it was the Girinelavāhanaka-vihāra, built by Sūratissa. Mhv.xxi.8.

Kandanandā.– See Kanakadattā.

Kandara-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Thūlanātha, younger son of Saddhā Tissa (Mhv.xxxiii.15). According to the Mahāvamsa Tika (p.442), the vihāra was in Rohaṇa.

Kandaraggisāma.– A celebrated physician, mentioned in a list of such. Mil.272.

Kandarājika.– A village in Rājarattha in Sri Lanka. See Tambasumana.


Kandaraka Sutta

Kandaramasuka.– See Kalāramatthuka.

Kandarasāla.– See Katthaka.


Kandari.– King of Bārāṇasī; his story is given in the Kandari Jātaka.

Kandari Jātaka (No.341)

Kandina Jātaka (No.13)

Kandiyūru.– A Damiḷa chieftain and ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.140.


Kandula.– The Rasavāhinī contains a story of how he once looked after the monks of Mahānijjhara-vihāra. Ras.ii.29.

Kanduvethi.– A city in India, the capital of Narasīha; perhaps a variant reading of Kanduvetti (Cv.xlvii.7). Hultszch says (J.R.A.S.1913, p.527) that both names are synonyms with Kādavarū, a designation of the Pallava kings.

Kanduvetti.– A Damiḷa chief and vassal prince of South India, ally of Kulasekhera. Cv.lxxvii.79.

Kangakondakalappa.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.75.

Kangakondāna.– A fortress in South India. Cv.lxxvi.183.

Kangakondapperayara.– A Damiḷa chief, subdued by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.179.

Kangayara.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara; he was vanquished by Laṅkāpura, general of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.140, 280, 318; lxxvii.15.



Kanha Jātaka (No.29, 440)

Kanhadāsa.– The donor of the vihāra in Kāveripattana, where lived Buddhadatta, author of Madhuratthavilāsinī, the commentary on the Buddhavamsa. BuA.249.

Kanhadevala.– Another name for Asita Devala. SnA.ii.487.

Kanhadinna Thera


Kanhadīpāyana Jātaka (No.444)

Kanhagangā.– The name of one part of the river which flows from Anotatta. This part is sixty leagues long and flows over a rocky bed. SnA.ii.439; AA.ii.760; UdA.302; MA.ii.586, etc.

Kanhāgotamakā, Kanhāgotamikā.– A royal family of Nāgā. A.ii.72; J.ii.145.

Kanhagundāvana.– See Gundāvana.


Kanhamitta.– The real name of Valliya Thera (q.v.) of Vesāil. v.l. Gandimitta.

Kanhanadī.– Another name for Kālanadī, the river forming the boundary of Rohaṇa. (Cv.liii.20; Cv.Trs.i.173, n.5)

Kanhapakka Vagga.– The first chapter of the Mātugāma Saṃyutta. S.iv.238‑43.

Kanhasiri.– Another name for Asita Devala. Sn.v.689.

Kanha-Usabha Jātaka.– See Kanha Jātaka (1).

Kanhavāta.– A locality in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxv.174.


Kanikāracchadaniya Thera

Kanikārapadhānaghara.– A meditation-hall in Khandacela-vihāra, where lived Padhāniya Thera. MA.i.65.

Kanikārapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-two world-cycles ago he saw the Buddha Tissa and offered him a kaṇikāra-flower. Thirty-five world-cycles ago he was a king named Arunapāla (v.l. Arunabala) (Ap.i.203). He is probably identical with Ujjaya Thera. ThagA.i.118 f.

Kanikāravālikasamudda-vihāra.– The residence of Sāketa Tissa Thera, during a whole rainy season. AA.i.44; MA.i.350; DA.iii.1061.

Kanikāra-Vimāna.– A palace in Tāvatiṃsa, sixty leagues high and thirty broad, which Uttara Thera occupied as a result of having, in a previous birth, offered a kaṇikāra-flower to Sumedha Buddha. ThagA.i.241.

Kanirajānu Tissa

Kanira-pabbhāra.– A cave, probably in the side of the Cetiyagiri, into which King Kanirajānu Tissa ordered sixty monks to be flung, they having been found guilty of high treason (Mhv.xxxv.11).

Kanittha-Tissa, Kanittha-Tissaka

Kankhā-Revata Thera


Kankheyya Sutta

Kannagoccha, Kannagotta.– See Kannakujja.

Kannakatthala Sutta

Kannakatthala.– A deer-park in Ujuññā. There the Buddha sometimes stayed; he was once visited there by Acela-Kassapa, to whom he taught the Kassapasīhanāda Sutta (D.i.161), and again by Pasenadi, king of Kosala; to him he taught the Kannakatthala Sutta. M.ii.125.


Kaṇṇamuṇḍa, Kannamundaka

Kannavennā.– A river in the country of Mahiṃsaka.

Kannāta.– The name given in the Cūlavamsa to the Kanarese of South India. They are often mentioned as mercenary soldiers in Sri Lanka, e.g., Cv.lv.12; lx.24, 26; lxx.230.

Kannāvadhamāna.– A mountain in Sri Lanka, the residence of the Nāga-king, father of Cūlodara and brother-in-law of Mahodara. Mhv.i.49; but see my edition of the Mahāvamsa-Tīkā, where I take the name of the mountain to be Vaddhamāna.

Kannikāragalla.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, restored by Gajabāhu. Cv.lxviii.45.

Kantaka (v.l. Kandaka)

Kantakā (v.l. Kandakā).– A nun who was guilty of unchastity with the novice Kantaka (Vin.i.85).

Kantaka Sutta:– The ten kinds of thorns that are obstructions to meditators. A.v.133

Kantaka-cetiya.– A building on Cetiyapabbata. Near it were many rock cells, sixty-eight of which were built by Devānampiyatissa (Mhv.xvi.12). Can this be the same as Kaṇṭaka-cetiya? See also Katthaka-cetiya.

Kaṇṭaka-cetiya.– A cetiya on Cetiyapabbata. Here Kāla-Buddharakkhita Thera (q.v.) taught the Kālaka Sutta (MA.i.469 f). See also Katthaka and Kantaka.

Kantakadvāravāta.– A village in Rohaṇa where the forces of Parakkamabāhu I inflicted a severe defeat on their enemies (Cv.lxxiv.85). It is identified with the modern Katupelella. Cv.Trs.ii.29, n.3.

Kantakānandā.– See Kanakadattā.

Kantakapetaka.– A district on the frontier of the Dakkhinadesa of Sri Lanka, probably to the east or north-east of Matale (Cv.lxix.10; Cv.Trs.283, n.2).

Kantakavana.– A locality in Rohaṇa where the general Rakkha built a stronghold and attacked the enemy forces. Cv.lxxiv.56.

Kantakī Sutta.– See Kandakī Sutta.

Kantakivana.– See Kandakīvana

Kanthaka (v.l. Kaṇṭhaka)

Kaṇṭhakanivatta-cetiya.– See Kanthaka.

Kaṇṭhakasāla-parivena.– s.v. Katthaka-cetiya.

Kaṇṭhapitthi.– An important village, among those given by Aggabodhi IX to a number of small vihāras in order that the monks of these vihāras could obtain rice-gruel without going, as formerly, to the Mahāvihāra. Cv.xlix.89.

Kapālanāga.– A vihāra built by Dāthā, wife of Aggabodhi II. Cv.xlii.65.

Kapallakkhanda.– A locality in Sri Lanka on the field of Hankārapitthi. Here was fought a fierce battle between Ilanāga and the Lambakaṇṇā, in which the latter were slain in large numbers (Mhv.xxxv.34).


Kāpathika (v.l. Kāpatika)

Kapi Jātaka (No.250, 404)

Kāpi.– Son of Kotūhalaka and his wife Kālī. When his parents fled from Ajītarattha to Kosambī from fear of the plague, they, being starved, found it very difficult to carry the child. Seven times the father tried to abandon the child, but the mother prevented him. DhA.i.169 f


Kapila Sutta.– Taught by the Buddha to the people assembled to hear his explanation of the golden colour of the fish, Kapila-maccha (see Kapila) (SnA.i.305 f; DhA.iv.42: UdA.180; ThagA.i.356). In the sixth sutta of the Cūḷa Vagga of the Suttanipāta, where it is called the Dhammacariya Sutta.

Kapila-maccha Vatthu.– The story of Kapila-maccha. DhA.iv.37 ff

Kapila-maccha.– See Kapila (4).

Kapila-nagara.– See Kapila (6).

Kāpilānī.– See Bhaddā Kāpilānī.

Kapilapura.– See Kapilavatthu.


Kapila-vihāra.– See Kapila 12.



Kapittha.– A village near Cittalapabbata-vihāra, the residence of Phussadeva (v.l. Gavita). Mhv.xxiii.82.

Kapitthaphaladāyaka Thera


Kapīvantā.– A city to the north of Uttarakuru. D.iii.201.

Kapota Jātaka (No.42, 375)



Kappa Sutta

Kappagallaka.– A village in Rohaṇa where Mahinda V founded a town, which, for some time, was the seat of his government (Cv.lv.11).

Kappaka.– See Kappa (4).

Kappakagāma (Kappukagāma).– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, the residence of the thera Deva. It was from him that King Vohārikatissa heard the Doctrine and, as a mark of favour, the king restored five buildings belonging to the Kappakagāma monastery (Mhv.xxxvi.29).

Kappakandara (v.l. Kappukandara)

Kapparukkhiya Thera

Kappāsagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. There Kittī, queen consort of Mahinda IV, built a bathing reservoir for the monks. Cv.liv.51.

Kappasahassa Sutta.– Anuruddha tells his colleagues that it is through developing the four foundations of mindfulness that he can recollect a thousand aeons. S.v.303.

Kappāsika (Kappāsiya)-Vanasanda


Kappatakura Thera

Kappāyana.– A name of Nigrodha-Kappa (Sn.v.354); given out of respect for him, says the Commentary. SnA.i.350.

Kappina.– See Mahā-Kappina.

Kappina Sutta.– See Mahā-Kappina Sutta

Kappiñcimpekula.– A Damiḷa chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.79.

Kappitaka Thera

Kappuka.– See Kappa (4)

Kappūramūlāyatana.– This probably refers to the Kappūra-parivena (Geiger: Cv.Trs.i.222, n.7). Yasodharā, daughter of Vijayabāhu I, built there a large and beautiful image house. Cv.lx.83.

Kappūra-parivena.– A building in the Abhayagiri-vihāra, erected by Dāṭhopatissa II (s.v. Hatthadāṭha). (Cv.xlv.29). Later, Aggabodhi II built a pāsāda there (Cv.xlvi.21), and Sena I erected a pariccheda (probably rows of single cells). (Cv.l.77) (See also Kappūramūlāyatana above).

Kapulpelanda.– See Kabupelanda.

Kāradīpa.– An island in the Damiḷa country, near Nāgadīpa. Its original name was Ahidīpa. Akitti took up his residence there and lived on the leaves and fruits of the kāra-tree that grew there. On account of this the island came by its new name. J.iv.238.


Karajakāya Vagga.– The twenty first chapter of the Dasaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. It contains suttas on ten conditions that lead beings to hell, the ten conditions that give a lay-woman confidence in her house, etc. (A.v.283‑303)

Kāraka.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Serisara. Ras.ii.183.

Karakanda, Karakandaka

Kārakapupphamañjarī.– A work on Pāḷi grammar, written by Attaragama Bandāra-Rājaguru in the eighteenth century, dealing with case-relations (kāraka)i.e., syntax. P.L.C.283.

Kāraliyagiri.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, the residence of a thera named Nāga, who taught the monks the Dhātukathā after having given up the study of the scriptures for eighteen years. Vism.i.96.

Karamba.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.139.

Kārambhiya 1.– See Kāranvī below.

Kārambhiya 2.– See Karambiya.



Kāranapālī Sutta.– Records the meeting mentioned above of Kāranapālī with Pingiyānī. A.iii.236‑9.


Karandaka Jātaka.– See Samugga Jātaka.

Kārandava Sutta

Kārandiya Jātaka.– See Koraṇḍiya Jātaka (No.356)

Karandu (v.l. Karakanda, Karandaka, Karakandaka)

Karanīyametta Sutta.– See Metta Sutta.


Kāranvī.– v.l. Kārambhiya. A wood in which the elder Cittaka sojourned for some time (Thag.v.22). The Commentary suggests (ThagA.i.78) that i kāramba is the name of a tree and that from this tree the wood was named.

Kārapitthi.– A village in Sri Lanka. Moggallāna III. built there the Mogallāna-vihāra. Cv.xliv.50.

Karatiya.– A yakkha mentioned in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta as being one of the chief yakkhas who should be invoked by followers of the Buddha when they need protection. D.iii.204.

Karavālagiri.– A locality in Sri Lanka where once Parakkamabāhu I set up his camp. Cv.lxxii.134.

Karavīka.– One of the seven mountains surrounding Sineru (SnA.ii.443; Sp.i.119; Vism.206; DhsA.298). Between Karavīka and Isādhara lay a Sīdantarasamudda. J.vi.125; see also Mtu.ii.300, where it is called Khadiraka, and Divy.217, 450.

Karavitthavilatta.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka. It was restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48.

Kārāyana.– See Dīgha-kārāyana.



Kārikā.– A grammatical work in Pall, written by the elder Dhammasenāpati at the Ānanda-vihāra in Pagan. A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on the work is ascribed to the same author. Gv. p.63, 73; Bode, op.cit., 16 and n.1.

Karindaka.– A mountain, headquarters of Dāthāpabhuti in his fight against Moggallāna. Cv.xli.45.

Karinda-nadī.– A river in South Sri Lanka. Near its source was the Panjalipabbata. Mhv.xxiii.14; also Mhv.Trs.221, n.1.


Karoto Sutta.– Discussion of the view that there is neither merit nor demerit in any kind of action whatsoever, whether good or bad (S.iii.208). The reference is evidently to the heresy of Pūrana Kassapa (cp. D.i.52).

Karumbūlatta, Kurummalatta.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. He was subdued by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.139, 216.

Karumhā.– A class of spirits, present at the Mahāsamaya. D.ii.260.

Karunā Sutta.– The idea of compassion (karuṇā), if cultivated, is very fruitful. S.v.131.

Kārusā.– Mentioned with the Bhaggā in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.

Kāsagalla v.l. Kāyagalla.– A monastery that was repaired by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lx.61.

Kasagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, given to the Moraparivena by Dāthopatissa II (s.v. Hatthadāṭha) Cv.xlv.28.

Kasālla.– A reservoir in South Sri Lanka repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.48) A fortress of this name is also mentioned, where Gokanna was defeated (Cv.lxx.72).

Kāsapabbata.– A mountain in Sri Lanka, once the headquarters of Pandukābhaya (Mhv.x.27). It lay on the way from Vijitapura to Anurādhapura. Dutthagāmanī encamped there and constructed a reservoir nearby. Mhv.xxv.50; see also Mhv.Trs.70 n.

Kāsāva Jātaka (No.221)

Kāsāva Vagga.– The eighth section of the Duka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.ii.196‑221.

Kāsaya.– Inhabitant of Kāsi (J.ii.402). Cf. Kāsiyo.

Kāsi (Kāsika)

Kasī Bhāradvāja

Kasī Bhāradvāja Sutta.– The fourth sutta of the Uraga Vagga of the Suttanipāta.

Kasī Sutta.– See Kasī Bhāradvāja.

Kāsigāma, Kāsinigama

Kāsika.– A city. Sixty-five world-cycles ago the Thera Bodhighariya lived there as a Cakkavatti. The city was built by Vissakamma and was ten leagues in length and eight in width. It was built entirely of precious metals. The king’s palace was called Mangala. Ap.ii.401.

Kāsika.– The name of a tribe; probably the inhabitants of Kāsi. Ap.ii.359.

Kāsikhanda.– A district in Sri Lanka; in it was the Mahādevarattakurara-vihāra. Cv.xli.101.

Kasina Sutta.– The ten spheres of kasiṇa (kasiṇāyatanāni) — e.g., pathavi, āpo, tejo, etc. (A.v.46)

Kāsipura.– See Kāsi (2).

Kāsiyo.– The inhabitants of Kāsi. J.v.377, etc.


Kāsmīra.– See Kasmīra.

Kassaka Sutta

Kassakagiri.– See Kassapagiri.

Kassakalena.– A cave (probably in Sri Lanka), which was the residence of the elder Mahāmitta (q.v.) VibhA.279 f; SA.iii.136 f.


Kassapa Saṃyutta

Kassapa Sutta See also Gotama Sutta.



Kassapagotta Sutta.– Relates the story of the attempt made by Kassapagotta (4) to convert a huntsman. S.i.198 f

Kassapakārāma (Kassapārāma).– A monastery in Rājagaha, probably near Veḷuvana. It was here that Assaji stayed during his last illness, when the Buddha visited him to comfort him (S.iii.125). The monastery was built by a banker called Kassapa. SA.ii.230.

Kassapamandiya Jātaka (No.312)

Kassapapāsāda.– A building attached to the Abhayagiri-vihāra and erected by Kassapa IV. A village was made over for its maintenance (Cv.lii.13). It is identified with the “Kasub-vad-mahapahā” mentioned in an inscription of Mahinda IV in the Jetavanārāma. Ep.Zey.i.216.

Kassaparājaka.– A monastery begun by a young prince, called Kassapa, in the time of King Dappula and finished by Sena I (Cv.l.81). An inscription (Ep.Zey.i.42 ff) mentions that a “Kasubraja-vehara” (probably the same as the above), was restored by Kassapa V.

Kassapasena.– A monastery built by the senāpati of Kassapa IV. It was given to the Sāgalikas (Cv.lii.17). It was restored by Kassapa V. (Ep.Zey.ii.40).

Kassapasīhanāda Sutta

Kassapa-vihāra.– A monastery to which Dāthopatissa II (s.v. Hatthadāṭha) gave the village of Senāmagāma (Cv.xlv.27). This monastery is probably to be identified with Kassapagiri-vihāra.

Kassapiyā, Kassapikā

Kassipitthika-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by King Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.49.

Kāsumāriphalakadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he gave a kāsumāri-fruit to the Buddha (Ap.i.294). He is probably to be identified with Sīvaka Sāmanera (ThagA.i.61).

Kāsumāriphaliya Thera.– An Arahant. The verses attributed to him are the same as those of Kāsumāriphaladāyaka. He is probably to be identified with Jotidāsa Thera (Ap.ii.445).

Katacchubhikkhadāyikā Therī

Katadorāvāda (?).– A village in Rohaṇa in South Sri Lanka (Cv.lxxiv.164). It may be the same as Kantakadvāravāta. Geiger, Cv.Trs.ii.36, n.3.

Katagāma.– A village in which the Ādipāda Vikkamabāhu defeated Jayabāhu and his brothers. Cv.lxi.16.

Katāhaka Jātaka (No.125)

Katāhaka.– The son of a female slave of the Bodhisatta when he was a rich treasurer in Bārāṇasī. For his story, see the Kaṭāhaka Jātaka.

Kataka.– A village in Sri Lanka granted by Aggabodhi IV. for the maintenance of the meditation hall, which he built for the elder Dāthāsiva. Cv.xlvi.12.


Katamodakatissa (Katamorakatissaka)

Katamodakatissa Sutta.– Two solitary Brahmas approach the Blessed One and speak to him in verse about the monk Katamodakatissa.

Katandhakāra.– See Katakandhakāra.

Katattha.– One of the yakkhas who guarded Jotika’s palace. He was at the sixth gate and had six thousand yakkhas with him. DhA.iv.209.

Kathā Sutta


Kathāvatthu Sutta

Kathāvivarana.– A book mentioned in the Gandhavaṃsa (p.65).

Kathika Sutta.– The true teacher is one who teaches revulsion from the body, its fading away and its cessation. S.iii.163.

Kathina Vagga 1.– The first section of the Mahā Vibhanga of the Parivārapāthā. Vin.v.1‑10.

Kathina Vagga 2 v.l. Cīvaravagga.– The first section of the Nissaggiya. Vin.iii.195‑223.

Kathinakkhandha.– The seventh chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.253‑67.

Katichinda Sutta.– Taught in answer to a deva’s question as to how many bonds an Arahant should cut. Five, says the Buddha. S.i.3.



Kativāpi.– One of the tanks repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.34.

Katiyāgāma.– A village in Sri Lanka where Gajabāhu’s officers slew large numbers of his enemies (Cv.lxx.67).


Kātiyānī (v.l. Kaccānī)

Kattala. A village in South India belonging to Tondamāna. Cv.lxxvii.51.

Kattha Sutta.– See the Dantakaṭṭha Sutta.

Katthahāla-parivena.– A monastic residence in or near Anurādhapura. A monk from Piyangalla, who was asked to participate in the building of the Mahā Thūpa, stayed in the parivena during his visit to Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxx.34.

Katthahāra Sutta

Katthahāra-Bhāradvāja.– See Katthahāra Sutta.

Katthahāri Jātaka (No.7)


Katthakā v.l. Kathakā.– A class of devā present at the Mahāsamaya (D.ii.261).

Katthakasāla.– See Katthaka-cetiya.

Katthantanagara.– A town near the Kānavāpi reservoir. It was here that King Sena II had the dam of the reservoir repaired. Cv.li.73.


Katthavāhananagara.– The city of king Katthavāhana (1) (SnA.ii.576). It was one whole day’s journey from Bārāṇasī and twenty leagues from Sāvatthi (SnA.ii.579).

Katthī Sutta.– Taught to the monks at Sahajātī by Mahā-Cunda. It deals with ten qualities a monk should remove if he is to increase and prosper in the Dhamma-Vinaya. A.v.157 ff


Kattikapabbata.– A village in Rohaṇa given by Dappula I. to the Tissavihāra. Cv.xlv.59.

Katthopama Sutta

Katunnarū.– A reservoir in South Sri Lanka repaired by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.48) and again by Parakkamabāhu I before his ascent to the throne. Cv.lxviii.46.

Katuvandu.– A locality near Anurādhapura (Cv.lxxii.188).

Katuviya Sutta


Kavi Sutta


Kāvīra.– A seaport in the Damiḷa country. Akitti lived in a park nearby (J.iv.238). Sumanā, wife of Lakuṇḍaka Atimbara, was once born in Kāvīra in a mariner’s family. DhA.iv.50.

Kavisīsa.– See Kapisīsa.

Kāya Sutta

Kāyaduccarita Sutta.– On the five evil results of wickedness in bodily action. A.iii.267.

Kāyagalla.– See Kāsagalla above.

Kāyagatāsati Sutta

Kāyanibbinda Jātaka (No.293).– v.l. Kāyavicchinda Jātaka

Kāyasakkhi Sutta

Kāyasatti.– A Thera, incumbent of the Vijayabāhu-parivena. King Parakkamabāhu IV built for him a two-storeyed pasāda of great splendour and gave him the village of Sālaggāma. Cv.xc.91 f

Kāyavicchandanaka Sutta.– Another name for the Vijaya Sutta of the Suttanipāta. SnA.i.241.

Kāyavicchinda Jātaka.– See Kāyanibbinda Jātaka

Kayavikkaya Sutta.– Few are they who abstain from buying and selling, more numerous they who do not (S.v.473).



Kehāla.– See Kohāla.

Kehella.– A village in Sri Lanka, the revenue from which Aggabodhi III gave to the meditation hall (padhānaghara) called Mahallarāja. Cv.xliv.120.

Keheta.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by Jetthatissa III for the maintenance of the Gangāmāti-vihāra. Cv.xliv.99.

Keka.– A kingdom in Mahimsaka-rattha. Ajjuna Sahassabāhu once ruled there. v.l. Kekaka (J.v.145).

Kekaka.– A city, regarded in ancient times as one of the three chief cities of Jambudīpa, the others being Uttarapañcāla and Indapatta. J.ii.213.

Kekakā.– The people of Kekaka. J.ii.214; v.267, 273; vi.280, 281.

Kekarājā.– The king of Kekaka. J.vi.280, 281.

Kekaya.– Another name for Keka and Kekaka. J.ii.214.

Kekkhārupupphiya.– See Kakkāru.

Kekutā.– See Yameḷakekuṭā


Kelavāhā.– See Telavāhā.

Kelisīla Jātaka (No.202)

Kelivāta.– A district or village in Sri Lanka. Aggabodhi I built there the Sumanapabbata-vihāra. Cv.xlii.19.

Keliya-tissa.– See Ariyagālatissa.

Keniya (v.l. Kenniya)


Kerala.– A country in South India, along the Malabar coast. See Keralā.

Keralasīhamuttara.– A Damiḷa chief, an ally of Kulasekhara (Cv.lxxvi.141). He later formed a friendship with Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.7.

Kesa.– See Kesi.



Kesakambala Sutta

Kesakambala.– See Ajita Kesakambala.


Kesamutta v.l. Kesaputta.– A township of the Kosalans and the residence of the Kālāmas. The Buddha once stayed there, on which occasion he taught the Kesaputtiya Sutta. A.i.188.

Kesamutti Sutta v.l. Kesaputtiya Sutta

Kesamuttiyā.– The people of Kesamutta — the Kālāmas (A.i.188). It is suggested that they may be identical with the Kesins of the Satapatha Brāhman. Law: Geog. p.30 n; PHAI.118.

Kesārāma.– A park in the city of Sīlavatī. The Buddha Dhammadassī died there. Bu.xvi.25; BuA.185.

Kesarapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he was a sorcerer (vijjādhara) in Himavā, and having seen the Buddha Vessabhū, gave him three kesara-flowers. Ap.i.187.


Kesava Jātaka (No.346)

Kesi Sutta

Kesī.– See Kesinī below.

Kesinī 1.– One of the wives of Ekarāja. J.vi.134.

Kesinī 2.– Mother of Buddhaghosa (Buddhaghosuppatti, p.38). The Sāsanavamsa (p.29) calls her Kesī.

Ketakapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he saw the Buddha Vipassī (?) on the banks of the Vinatā and gave him a ketaka-flower (Ap.ii.449 f). His stanzas are given in the Theragāthā Commentary under two names: Abhaya and Kappatakura.

Ketakavana.– A forest near Nalakapāna in Kosala. There the Buddha taught the Nalapāna Jātaka. J.i.170.

Ketumā.– A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a list of their names. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.


Ketumbarāga.– The name of a Pacceka Buddha (M.iii.70; Ap.i.107).

Kevatta v.l. Kevadda

Kevatta Sutta v.l. Kevaddha Sutta

Kevattadvāra.– One of the gates of Bārāṇasī. The village near it bore the same name and was the residence of Lakhumā. VvA.97 f.

Kevattagambhīra.– A village in Rohaṇa, given by Dappula to the Nāga-vihāra. Cv.xlv.58.

Kevatta-Nanda.– One of the Nava-Nandā.

Khadirangani.– A village in Sri Lanka. Kitti (afterwards Vijayabāhu I) once occupied a stronghold in the village and fought a successful battle nearby. Cv.lvii.72; lviii.36.

Khadirangāra Jātaka (No.40)

Khadirapatta Sutta.– It is just as impossible to destroy suffering without realising the Four Noble Truths as it is to make a basket of acacia leaves, or to fetch water in such a basket, or to use the leaves for a fan. S.v.438.

Khadirāvali-vihāra.– A monastery in Rohaṇa. Dappula I built it and offered it to the presiding deity of the place (probably Skanda). Cv.xlv.55; see also Cv. Trs.i.94, n.3.

Khadiravaniya.– The name of the Bodhisatta when he was once born as a bird in a khadira-wood. See the Kandagalaka Jātaka. J.ii.162 f.

Khadiravaniya-Revata.– See Revata.

Khaggavisāna Sutta

Khajjakadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-two world-cycles ago he gave a ripe panasa-fruit, with a coconut, to Tissa Buddha; and thirteen world-cycles ago he was a king named Indasoma (Ap.i.182). He is probably identical with Setuccha Thera. ThagA.i.206 f.

Khajjanīya Sutta

Khajjanīya Vagga.– The eighth chapter of the Khandha Saṃyutta of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iii.81‑105.

Khajjanīya-pariyāya.– See Khajjanīya Sutta.

Khajjopanaka Jātaka (No.364).– See Khajjopanaka-Pañha.


Khajjotanadī.– A river in Sri Lanka, tributary of the Mahāvālukagaṅga. Over it Devappatirāja built a bridge of thirty cubits. Cv.lxxxvi.22; see also Cv. Trs.ii.173, n.3.

Khajjūrakavaddhamāna.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka. Cv.lxvii.39.

Khalātiya Petavatthu


Khaluggata.– See Baluggata.

Khalunka Sutta 1.– The eight defects of a horse and the corresponding eight defects of a man. A.iv.190 f.

Khalunka Sutta 2.– Three groups of three classes of horses and the corresponding three classes of men. A.iv.397 f.

Khalupaccha Sutta.– On the five kinds of monks found among those who refuse food offered them after the normal time (“Khalupacchā-bhattikā”). A.iii.220.

Khamā Sutta 1.– The four modes of progress (paṭipadā); that which is impatient, that which is patient, that which tames, and that which calms. A.ii.152 f.

Khamā Sutta 2.– Similar to the above, but the four modes of progress are differently illustrated. A.ii.153 f.

Khambhakata Vagga.– The Third Section of the Sekhiyā of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.iv.188‑91.

Khaṇa Sutta





Khandahāla Jataka.– See the Candakumāra Jātaka (No.544)

Khandahāla.– A brahmin; a former birth of Devadatta. See the Candakumāra Jātaka.

Khandakavitthika.– A village in Sri Lanka. The birthplace of Sūranimila (Mhv.xxiii.19).

Khandaphulliya Thera

Khandarāja.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Upatissa II. Cv.xxxvii.186.

Khandasīmā.– A sacred space in Pulatthipura included in the sīmā marked out for the Sangha by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.68; see also Cv. Trs.ii. 110, n.5.

Khandasumana Thera

Khandavagga.– A district in Rohaṇa. The forces of the enemies of Parakkamabāhu I, once encamped there. Cv.1xxv.119‑23.

Khandha Paritta

Khandha Saṃyutta

Khandha Sutta See also Upādānakkhandha Sutta

Khandhaka Thūpa.– A cetiya (probably in the Cetiyapabbata). King Lañja Tissa caused a mantling of stone to be made for it. Mhv.xxxiii.25. v.l. Katthaka, Kanthaka Thūpa, Kantaka Thūpa. See also Katthaka-cetiya.


Khandhapura.– The Pāḷi name for Myein Zaing in Burma (Bode, op.cit., 40).

Khandhāvara.– The family name of Ayasmanta (Cv.lxxx.37). They were worshippers of the god Skanda, and were an offshoot of the Moriyavamsa. According to the colophon of the Sinhalese poem, Sālalihinisandesa.

Khandha Vagga

Khandha Jātaka (No.203)

Khandhena Sutta See Khandha Sutta

Khandigāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. It contained a narrow pass where a battle took place between Gajabāhu and Laṅkāpura, in which the former was defeated. Later, the Adhikārin Nātha suffered defeat in the same place. Cv.lxx.216‑81, 298; see also Cv. Trs.i.305, n.6.


Khanti Sutta.– See the Vepacitti Sutta.

Khantikakhipa.– See Nāgita (2).

Khantivādī Jātaka (No.313)

Khantivādī.– The title of the ascetic of the Khantivādī Jātaka.

Khantivanna Jātaka (No.225)

Khānu 1.– A Tamil general whom Dutthagāmani conquered in his campaign. His stronghold was at Khānugāma. Mhv.xxv.14.

Khānu 2.– A reservoir, probably at Khānugāma, built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.47.

Khānu Koṇḍañña

Khānumata.– A brahmin village of Magadha, presented to Kūtadanta by Bimbisāra. The Buddha once stayed there at the Ambalatthika pleasance, and there he taught the Kūtadanta Sutta. D.i.127.



Kharādiya Jātaka (No.15)

Kharādiyā.– See the Kharādiya Jātaka.

Kharaputta Jātaka (No.386)

Kharassara Jātaka (No.79)

Khārodakā.– A river in Avīci, flowing alongside the Asipattavana. M.iii.185; SNA.ii.479.

Khata Sutta

Khattiya Sutta

Khattiyānī or Velāmikā.– Chief of the eighty-four thousand women who waited on the Bodhisatta when he was once a mighty king Mahāsudassana of Kusāvatī. S.iii.146; but see D.ii.188.

Khaya Sutta



Khema Sutta

Khemā Sutta:– See the visit of King Pasenadi to Khemā Therī

Khema Vagga.– The sixth chapter of the Navaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.455 f.

Khemābhirata.– A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal list (M.iii.70).


Khemaka Sutta See Khemaka Thera



Khemārāma.– A locality in Sri Lanka. Here Dutthagāmani, having vanquished eleven Damiḷa chiefs, distributed among his troops the booty rescued from them — hence the name (Mhv.xxv.10; MT.474).

Khemātherī Sutta.– Records the story of the visit of Pasenadi to Khemā (S.iv.374 ff). See Khemā (1).


Khemī.– A pond, probably identical with Khema (8) (J.v.374).

Khemiyā.– A class of gods, present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.261).

Khemiyambavana.– A mango grove near Bārāṇasī. Udena once stayed there and taught the Ghotamukha Sutta. M.ii.157.

Khetta Sutta.– The eight qualities of a bad field in which to sow grain and the corresponding qualities of a good field. Similarly with the recipients of gifts. A.iv.237 f.

Khettavatthu Sutta.– Few abstain from accepting fields and land. Most do not. S.v.473.

Khettūpama Sutta

Khettūpama-peta Vatthu.– The first story of the Petavatthu. Pv.i.1.


Khila Sutta see also Cetokhila Sutta.

Khīla Sutta

Khira Sutta.– Taught at Sāvatthi. Incalculable is the beginning of saṃsāra. The milk drunk by a being during his wanderings in saṃsāra is more than the water of the four great oceans. S.ii.180.

Khīrabhatta-tissa.– See Ariyagālatissa.


Khīrarukkhopama Sutta.– Where lust, malice, and infatuation exist in a man, even trifling objects, cognisable by the senses, find their way into the mind, just as, in a sap-tree, sap flows out wherever man cuts it with an axe (S.iv.159 f).

Khīravāpikagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, near the district of Ambavana (Cv.lxvi.85).

Khitaka Thera

Kholakkhiya.– An image of the Buddha in Sri Lanka. King Udaya I gave for its maintenance the village of Mahāmaga. Cv.xlix.14.

Khomadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he was a merchant in Bandhumatī and, having seen Vipassī Buddha in the street, gave him a linen cloth (khoma). Twenty-seven world-cycles ago he was a king named Sindhavasandana. Ap.i.80 f.


Khomadussa Sutta

Khomadussaka.– An inhabitant of Khomadussa. S.i.184.

Khudda-Aggabodhi.– The name given to Aggabodhi II (Cv.xlii.40; xliv.2). He was also called Khuddarājā (Cv.xliv.138).


Khuddaka Tissa (Khudda Tissa)

Khuddakā.– Name of a clan. Ap.ii.359.

Khuddaka.– The name given to the section on Pācittiya which occurs in the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.iv.174, 345.

Khuddakañcakunda.– A Damiḷa chief, generally referred to as Cūḷa-kañcakunda. Cv.lxxvi.170.


Khuddakavatthu-Khandhaka.– The fifth chapter of the Cūḷa Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.ii.105‑43.

Khuddapārinda.– A Tamil usurper. He was the brother of Parinda who had usurped Dhātusena’s throne. He reigned for sixteen years (between 430 and 460 A.C.). Cv.xxxviii.30 f.

Khuddarājā.– See Khudda-Aggabodhi above.

Khuddarūpī.– See Maddarūpī.


Khuddavalikagāma.– A harbour in North Sri Lanka. Cv.lxxxviii.23.

Khujjanāga.– Son of Kanittha-Tissa. He was king of Sri Lanka (246‑248 A.C.). He was slain by his brother Kuñcanāga. Mhv.xxxvi.18 f.

Khujjasobhita Thera


Khulū.– Probably a wrong reading for Bhumū. D.iii.6.

Khuradhāra.– A hell (niraya). Those guilty of abortion are born there. J.v.269, 274 f.

Khuramāla, Khuramālī.– A sea. Once, merchants travelling from Bhārukaccha lost their way in it and were rescued by Suppāraka. In the sea were fishes with bodies like men and sharp razor-like snouts. J.iv.139.

Khurappa Jātaka (No.265)

Kiccārattarayara.– A Damiḷa chief of Cola, an ally of Nigaladha. Cv.lxxvii.17.

Kihimbila.– One of the villages given by Aggabodhi IV. for the maintenance of Dāthāsiva’s meditation hall (padhānaghara). Cv.xlvi.12.


Kikī-Brahmadatta.– Son of Suyāma and great grandson of King Kikī; see Ekadhammasavaniya Thera (1).

Kikumāra.– The name of a clan mentioned in the Apadāna (Ap.ii.359).

Kīlākāra.– One of the gardens laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxxix.12). There was a sluice of the Parakkamasamudda at the end of the garden, and from this sluice branched off the Salalavatī canal (Cv.lxxix.43).

Kīlakotta.– A locality in South India where Laṅkāpura fought with the Damiḷā. Cv.lxxvi.297.

Kīlāmandapa.– A building in Parakkamabāhu’s Dīpuyyāna. There the king used to amuse himself with “connoisseurs of the merry mood.” Cv.lxxiii.117.


Kīlanakhanda.– The section of the Bhūridatta Jātaka that deals with the capture of Bhūridatta and the preparations for an exhibition of his dancing powers. J.vi.186.

Kilañjadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he was a reed-worker in Tivarā and gave a mat of rushes to be offered to Siddhattha Buddha. Seventy-seven world-cycles ago he was a king named Jutindhara (v.l. Jalandhara). Ap.i.219.

Kilañjakāsanasālā.– A building in Anurādhapura, mentioned in connection with Pitamalla Thera.

Kīlenilaya.– A town in South India on the borders of Madhurā. Cv.lxxvii.83.

Kilesa Saṃyutta.– The twenty-seventh division of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iii.232‑4.

Kilesa Sutta

Kilesamāra.– See Māra.

Kilesiya Sutta

Kimattha Sutta.– If wanderers (paribbājaka), holding other views should ask why members of the Buddha’s Order live the holy life, the reply should be “for the full understanding of suffering.” They should also be told of the way to such understanding. S.v.6.

Kimatthiya Sutta

Kimatthiyabrahmacariya Sutta

Kimbila, Kimila, Kimmila

Kimbila Sutta.– Records the conversation that took place at Veḷuvana (Niceluvana?) in Kimbilā between Kimbila and the Buddha, regarding the continuance of the Doctrine after the Buddha’s death. A.iii.247, 339; iv.84.

Kimbila Vagga.– The twenty first section of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. It contains ten suttas of which the Kimbila Sutta is the first. A.iii.247‑51.


Kimbilā Sutta

Kimchanda Jātaka (No.511)

Kiṃdada Sutta


Kimila, Kimilā.– See Kimbila, Kimbilā.

Kimila Sutta.– See Kimbila Sutta

Kimpakka Jātaka (No.85)

Kimphala Jātaka (No.54)

Kimsīla Sutta

Kimsukā Sutta:- See Kimsukopama Sutta

Kimsukapūjaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he had offered a kimsuka-flower to the Buddha Siddhattha. Ap.i.283.

Kimsukapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he had offered a kimsuka-flower to the Buddha (Ap.ii.435). In the Theragāthā Commentary his verses are attributed to two different theras: Jambugāmiya (ThagA.i.86 f) and Somamitta (ThagA.i.268).

Kimsukavatthu.– A village in Rohaṇa. Here the forces of Rakkha and Bhūta fought a fierce battle against their enemies. Cv.lxxiv.75 f

Kimsukopama Jātaka (No.248)

Kimsukopama Sutta.– Mentioned in the Kimsukopama Jātaka (J.ii.265).

Kiñcikkha Sutta.– See Āmisakiñcikkha Sutta.

Kiñcisanghā.– Daughter of Kākavannatissa’s minister Sangha.

Kindada Sutta.– Records part of a conversation between a deva and the Buddha at Jetavana. The deva asks what one should give in order to obtain certain results, such as strength, beauty, etc. — the Buddha explains. S.i.32.

Kiñjaka.– See Giñjaka ??

Kiñjakesara (v.l. Kiñcakesara).– Sixty-eight world-cycles ago there were four kings of this name, all previous births of Bimbijāliya Thera. Ap.i.225.

Kinkinikapupphiya Thera

Kinnara Jātaka = Bhattātiya Jātaka.– Found on the Bhīlsa Tope under this name, evidently to distinguish it from the Candakinnara Jātaka. See Cunningham: Bhilsa Tope, Pl.27.

Kinnarā.– Wife of Kandari, king of Bārāṇasī. See Kandarī Jātaka.

Kinnughandu.– One of the great yakkhas, mentioned in the Ātānātiya Sutta, to be invoked when disciples of the Buddha are worried by evil spirits (D.iii.204). He is one of the vassals of the Four Regent Gods (D.ii.258).

Kinnusīha Sutta.– While the Buddha was teaching a large assembly at Jetavana, Māra approached him, seeking to confuse him, without any effect. S.i.109.

Kinti Sutta

Kipillikā.– See Kimikāla.


Kirāta.– Probably the name given to a clan of jungle men. Their language is classed with those of the Ottas, the Andhakas, the Yonakas and the Damiḷā, as a language of the Milakkhas (non-Aryans), e.g., DA.i.176; VibhA.388; see also Zimmer: Altind. Leben 34.

Kirāti.– A locality in Sri Lanka, near Alisāra. There Māyāgeha once captured a fortification (Cv.lxx.165). Kirāti may be the name of a tiny river. See Cv.Trs.i.301, n.1.

Kirāvāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.47); the modern Kiraveva. Cv.Trs.i.280, n.5.

Kirindagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxiv.97; for its identification see Cv.Trs.ii.30, n.5.

Kiriya Sutta.– The three ways of acquiring merit — by generosity (dāna), morality (sīla), and meditation (bhāvanā) — considered in the eight different results produced according as the one or the other is practised, in small measure or great. A.iv.241 f


Kisāgotamī Sutta.– Māra approaches Kisāgotamī while she is meditating in the Andhavana, but she is unperturbed. S.i.129f

Kisāgotamī Vatthu

Kisalayapūjaka Thera



Kitāgiri (v.l. Kītāgiri)

Kitāgiri Sutta

Kitava.– King of Bārāṇasī. His son became known in this Buddha-era as Kundinagariya Thera (PvA.177 f; 263 f). From the Petavatthu (iv.7) Kitava would appear to be the king, not of Bārāṇasī but of Rājagaha (Giribbaja).


Kittā.– See Kitti.


Kittaggabodhipabbata.– A reservoir restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lx.49.

Kittakandaka.– A reservoir restored by Gajabāhu. Cv.lxviii.45.


Kittigāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Kotapabbata. It was the birthplace of Theraputtābhaya, one of Dutthagāmani’s chief warriors. Mhv.xxiii.55.


Kittinissanka-vihāra.– A monastery built by Kittinissanka and adorned with one hundred pāsādas. He made endowments for its maintenance. Cv.lxxx.21.

Kittirājavālukagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa. A battle was fought there during the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.17.

Kittisena.– Son and successor of Kumāradhātusena. He reigned only for nine months and was killed by his mother’s brother, Sīva (Cv.xli.4).

Kittisīhasūra.– An important officer of state in Burma who, in 1531, wrote a Samvannanā on the Abhidhānappadīpikā. Bode: op.cit., p.67.


Kittisirirājasīha.– King of Sri Lanka (1767‑1782 A.C.). For details of his reign see Cv.xcix. and c.

Koccha.– See Pingalakoccha.

Kocchagalla.– A novice (sāmaṇera) who went from Sri Lanka to Amarapura in 1662 of the Kaliyuga era. Sās.135.

Koddhangulikedāra.– A place near Nāḷandā in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of Parakkamabāhu I campaigns against Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.221.

Kodha Vagga/Sutta The seventeenth chapter of the Dhammapada.

Kodhabhakkha.– A Rupāvacara Brahmā, who came to test Sakka’s patience and sat on his throne. SA.i.272.

Kodhana Sutta

Kohāla.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, built by Vasabha (Mhv.xxxv.95). It was near Mahā-Titthapattana (MT.653).

Kohombagāma.– A village near Pulatthipura, where a battle took place between the forces of Gajabāhu and those of Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxx.320).


Kokā.– A palace occupied by Siddhattha Buddha in his last lay-life. Bu.xvii.14.

Kokāli.– The name of a country, a town and a millionaire, all connected with Kokālika (q.v.) SNA.473; J.iv.242.

Kokālika (Kokāliya)

Kokālika Sutta

Kokālika Jātaka.– See Kokila Jātaka (No.331)



Kokanuda (Kokanada)

Kokanuda Sutta.– The conversation between Ānanda and Kokanuda.

Kokavāta.– A district in Sri Lanka. Mahāsena built there a great vihāra and constructed a reservoir. Mhv.xxxvii.42, 47.

Kokila Jātaka (No.331)

Kokila Vagga.– The fourth section of the Catukka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.iii.102‑32.

Kokilā.– Daughter of Ekarāja and sister of Candakumāra. J.vi.134.

Kola, Kolanagara.– See Koliyā.

Kola.– See Kolika.

Kolabhinna.– A river in Sri Lanka, near Subhagiri (Yapahu). Cv.xc.11.

Koladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. He was a hermit in the time of Sikhī Buddha, and, seeing the Buddha alone, gave him a jujube (kola) fruit (Ap.ii.397). He is probably identical with Gayā-Kassapa. ThagA.i.417.

Koladdhajana.– An ancient work, a Commentary (probably in Sanskrit?); it was written by a certain minister at the request of the elder Pāsādika (Gv., p.63, 73).

Kolakā.– Mentioned in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.

Kolambagāmaka.– A reservoir built by King Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.94.


Kolambapura.– The same as Kolambatittha. Cv.ci.27.

Kolambatittha.– The Pāḷi equivalent for the modern city of Colombo. Cv.xciv.1; xcv.4, 15.

Kolañña, also called Samana-Kolañña.– A Cakkavatti, king of Kālinga. He travelled through the air, mounted on his state elephant, but he could not pass over the Bodhi-tree. Mil.256; cp. J.iv.232, which evidently refers to him, though the name is not given.

Kolapattana.– A harbour mentioned in the Milindapañha (p.359); it was perhaps on the Koromandel coast. Questions of King Milinda, xliv.

Kolavāpi.– A reservoir dedicated by Silāmeghavanna to the stone image in the Abhayagiri-vihāra. Cv.xliv.69.

Kolika, Kolita.– See Mahā-Moggallāna.

Kolita Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna tells the monks at Jetavana how, when he had entered the second Jhāna, in his effort to attain to the Noble Silence, the Buddha appeared to him and exhorted him to persist in it (S.ii.273).

Kolita-vihāra.– A monastery, probably in Sri Lanka; the residence of Catunikāyika Thera. AA.i.343.



Koliyadhītā, Koliyarājadhītā.– See Suppavāsā.

Koliyaputta.– An epithet of Kakudha, Mahā-Moggallāna’s attendant. Vin ii.185; UdA.ii.8.

Koliyavessa.– See Sona Kolivisa.

Kolūru.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.130.

Koluvukkotta.– A stronghold in South India, once occupied by Pandiyāndāra. Cv.lxxvi.170, 172.

Koluvura.– A village in South India. Cv.lxxvi.129.

Komārabhacca (Komārabhanda).– See Jīvaka.

Komāyaputta Jātaka (No.299)

Komāyaputta.– A brahmin; see Komāyaputta Jātaka.

Komba.– Chief of the umbrella-bearers of Gajabāhu. He had a fortress in Mallavālāna from which he was dislodged by the Malayarāyara of Vālikākhetta. Later he fought a naval battle in Muttākara. Cv.lxx.60 f.


Konāgamana Buddha (Konāgamana)

Konāgamana Sutta.– The thoughts that came to Koṇāgamana Buddha before his Enlightenment, regarding birth, decay and death. S.ii.9. See also Gotama Sutta.


Koñcā.– One of the palaces occupied by Dīpankara Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.ii.208.

Kondā.– See Gondā.

Kondadhāna.– See Kundadhāna.


Koṇḍañña Buddha

Koṇḍañña Sutta

Kondivāsa.– A district in Sri Lanka. Cv.l.30.

Konduruva.– A locality in Sri Lanka, where Mānābharana once took refuge. Cv.lxxii.231; see Cv.Trs.i.340, n.5.

Kongamangala.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.80.

Kongu.– The name of two districts in South India (Cv.lxxvi.173). Elsewhere (Cv.lxxvi.288) they are spoken of as Tenkongu and Vadakongu.

Kontadisāvijaya.– A general of Manābharana (q.v.) Cv.lxx.293; see Cv.Trs.i.311, n.1.

Kontaratthapabbata-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, the residence of Mahānāga Thera. When Kākavannatissa heard from a crow of the monk’s death he went there and held great celebrations. Ras.ii.64.


Kontiputta.– See Tissa-Kontiputta.

Korabya, Koravya, Korabba

Korabya.– One of Kālāsoka’s ten sons.

Korakalamba (Korakalambaka).– Younger brother of Kapila, the chaplain of Apacara. See Kapila (2). J.iii.454 f.

Korakkhatta (Korakkhattiya)


Korandapupphiya Thera

Korandavanna.– One of the ten sons of Kālāsoka.

Korandiya (Kārandiya).– A brahmin student, the Bodhisatta. His story is given in the Korandiya Jātaka.

Korandiya Jātaka (No.356)

Koratiya.– One of the greater yakkhas who should be invoked by a follower of the Buddha when assailed by evil spirits. D.iii.204.

Koravyasettha.– A title used for Sutasoma. J.v.479.


Kosala Saṃyutta.– The third section of the Saṃyuttanikāya (S.i.68‑102). It contains discourses connected with Pasenadi Kosala.

Kosala Sutta

Kosalā.– See Kosala.

Kosalabimbavannanā.– A book containing an account of an image built by Pasenadi, king of Kosala, and of the merit of building images. The work was probably written about the thirteenth or fourteenth century. Quotations from it are given in the Saddhammasangaha.


Kosalakā.– The inhabitants of Kosala. D.i.150.

Kosalanagara.– See Sāvatthi.

Kosalarājā.– See Pasenadi.

Kosalarañño-parājaya Vatthu.– The story of Pasenadi and of his great discomfiture and disgust on being defeated three times by Ajātasattu. DhA.iii.259 f.

Kosalavihārī Thera

Kosambaka 1.– Name of a king of Kosambī. See also Kosambika below. See the Kanhadipāyana Jātaka (J.iv.28 f).

Kosambaka 2.– See Kosambiya.

Kosambaka Sutta.– See Kosambiya Sutta.

Kosambaka Vatthu.– The story of the quarrelsome monks of Kosambī. DhA.i.44 ff

Kosambakā.– The monks of Kosambī (q.v.), who brought about schism in the Order.

Kosambakkhandha.– The tenth section of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.334‑59.

Kosambakuti.– One of the residences at Jetavana occupied by the Buddha. SNA.ii.403.


Kosambī Jātaka (No.428)

Kosambī Sutta

Kosambika.– Name of a king of Kosambī. See also Kosambaka above. J.iv.56.


Kosambivāsī-Tissa.– See Tissa (16)

Kosambiya (Kosambaka) Sutta

Kosika, Kosiya

Kosikī.– A river, probably a branch of the Gaṅgā. It flowed from Himavā, and on its bank was a mango-grove three leagues in extent. J.v.2, 5, 6.

Kosinārakā.– Inhabitants of Kusinārā, e.g., Vin.i.247; AA.ii.637.

Kosiya Jātaka (No.130, 226, 470)

Kosiya Vagga 1.– The second chapter of the Tika Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.ii.321‑54.

Kosiya Vagga 2.– The second section of the Nissaggiya of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.iii.224‑42; v.10 f.

Kosiya, Kosiyagotta

Kosiyā.– The wicked wife of the Kosiya Jātaka (No.130)

Kosiyagotta.– An Arahant. He is mentioned in a list of theras who handed down the Abhidhamma up to the Third Council. DhsA., p.32.

Kosiyāyana.– A brahmin of Kāsi, his wife being called Kosiyāyani. Their story is given in the Rādha Jātaka. J.i.495 f.

Kosumbaphaliya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he saw Sikhī Buddha and gave him a kosumba-fruit (Ap.ii.449). He is evidently identical with Usabha Thera (ThagA.i.320).

Kota.– A Tamil general in charge of the fortification at Kotanagara, which was captured by Dutthagāmanī in his campaign against the Tamils. Mhv.xxv.13.

Kotagerukapāsāda.– A building attached to the Cittalapabbata-vihāra. Bhāgineyya-Sangharakkhita once lived there, and, during his illness, eight thousand Arahants and Sakka, with the devā of the two deva-worlds, waited on him. MT.552.

Kotalavāpigāma v.l. Kālavāpigāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. A story is told of how the wife of the chief householder in the village was put in bonds by the king’s tax-gatherers, under the impression that she was a serving-woman. VibhA.441.

Kotalla.– Evidently the Pāḷi equivalent of Kautilya. He is mentioned in the Cūlavamsa as the author of a work on politics (Cv.lxiv.3) and also of a work on methods of warfare. Cv.lxx.56; see also Cv.Trs.i.243 n.1 and 291, n.3.


Kotapabbata (Kotipabbata)

Koṭasimbali Jātaka (No.412)


Koṭigāma Sutta

Kotigāma Vagga.– The third chapter of the Sacca Saṃyutta of the Saṃyuttanikāya (S.v.431‑7). The first sutta was taught at Kotigāma.

Kotipabbata.– See Kotapabbata.

Kotipassāva.– A monastery built by Dhātusena (Cv.xxxviii.46). If it be identical with Kotipassāvana (q.v.), it was merely restored by Dhātusena.

Kotipassāvana.– A monastery erected by Mahānāma (Cv.xxxvii.212). It is probably the same as Kotipassāva.


Kotisimbali-Niraya.– A hell where those guilty of misdemeanours, such as adultery, are born. J.v.275.

Kottamālaka.– See Kuntamālaka.

Kottanāga-pabbata (v.l. for Tobbalanāga-pabbata). MT.657.

Kottapattana.– A ford in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.124.

Kottha(Kotthi)-vāta.– A district in Sri Lanka in which were the villages of Piyangalla (Mhv.xxx.29) and Devatissa. Cv.xlviii.2.

Kottha.– The drum of Narasīha, which he gave to Mānavamma in order that the latter might induce the people to accompany him in the ships. When they heard the drum they thought it was beaten by Narasīha and forthwith went on board. Cv.x1vii.51.

Kotthabhadda.– A great causeway on the river Jaggarā. It was restored by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.1xviii.16). It was so called because the land on either side of it became, as a result of its construction, studded with granaries full of untrussed rice (abaddhavīhi). Cv.1xviii.31.

Kotthāgāma.– A wealthy village given by Udaya I(?) to the temple of the Vaddhamāna Bodhi-tree. Cv.xlix.16.

Kotthamalaya.– See Kotamalaya.

Kotthasāla.– A village in Sri Lanka, probably the same as Kotthasāra. Ras.ii.24.


Kotthika (Kotthita).– See Mahā-Kotthika Thera.

Kotthika Sutta

Koṭṭhumala.– A hill in the Māyārattha in Sri Lanka. The Almsbowl and the Tooth Relic of the Buddha were once buried there by Vācissara as a protection from enemies. Later, Vijayabāhu III. had them removed to Jambuddoni. Cv.lxxxi.18 ff; see also Cv. Trs.ii.137, n.1.

Kotūhalaka.– A poor man of Addilarattha, a previous birth of Ghosakasetthi (q.v.) His wife was Kāli and his son Kāpi. DA.i.317; MA.ii.539; DhA.i.169; the DhA. says he was of Ajitarattha.

Kotumbara.– A country celebrated for the excellence of its cloth. v.l. Kodumbara. J.vi.51 (also 47), 500, 501; Mil.2, 331.

Kotumbariya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he gave to Buddha Sikhī seven flowers wrapped in kotumbara-cloth. Twenty world-cycles ago he was a king named Mahānela. v.l. Kotumbariya. Ap.i.192.

Kovariyaputta.– See Lāludāyī.

Kovilāragāma.– A village in Sri Lanka where a battle took place between Mahinda II. and the three Ādipādas who had risen against him. Mahinda was victorious. Cv.xlvi.121.

Kubbikāla.– See Kupikkala.

Kubbugāma.– See Kumbugāma.

Kubera.– See Kuvera.

Kubukandanadī.– A river in Sri Lanka. On its banks was the Samudda-vihāra (Mhv.xxxiv.90).

Kubūlagalla.– A locality in Rohaṇa. It was one of the strongholds captured by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lviii.36.

Kuddadhāna.– See Kundadhāna.

Kuddāla (Kuddālaka)-pandita

Kuddāla Jātaka (No.70)

Kuddālamandala.– A village in Rohaṇa. Here a battle took place between the forces of Parakkamabāhu I and his enemies (Cv.lxxv.16).

Kuddarajja.– Probably a district in Rohaṇa. See also Mahāvāpi Vihāva.

Kuddavātakapāsāna.– A rock in Pāsānatittha (q.v.)

Kuha Sutta.– Monks who are cheats, stubborn, and uncontrolled, are no followers of the Buddha. A.ii.26; found also in It.113, cf. Thag.959.

Kuhaka Jātaka (No.89)

Kuhaka Sutta.– Five qualities, such as deceitfulness, which make a monk disagreeable to his fellow monks. A.iii.111 f.

Kuhakābrāhmana Vatthu

Kujjatissa Thera

Kukku Jātaka (No.396)

Kukku Vagga.– The first section of the Suttanipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.iii.317‑63.

Kukkuha.– See Kukkuta (2).


Kukkula Sutta.– The Noble Disciple feels aversion from body, feeling, etc., because he knows that they are a mass of glowing embers. S.iii.177.

Kukkula Vagga.– The fourteenth chapter of the Khandha Saṃyutta. S.iii.177‑80.

Kukkura Jātaka (No.22)

Kukkura.– A rock near Himavā. The Buddha Vipassī once visited it, and Pupphathūpiya lived there in a previous birth (Ap.i.158).

Kukkuravatika Sutta

Kukkurovāda.– See Kukkura Jātaka (1).


Kukkuta Jātaka (No.209, 383, 448)

Kukkutagiri.– A place in Sri Lanka. Buddhaghosa says (SA.iii.50) that it was so called because it was there that Saddhātissa’s attendant, Tissa (43), refused to kill some pheasants and set them free at the risk of losing his own life.



Kukkutandakhādikā Vatthu


Kukkutārāma Sutta.– Three suttas with discussions between Ānanda and Bhadda, at the Kukkutārāma in Pātaliputta, regarding the holy life (S.v.15 f).

Kukkutasūkara Sutta.– Few abstain from accepting fowls and swine, many do not. S.v.472.


Kukkutika.– See Gokulikā.

Kukkuttha.– See Kakudha (5).

Kukkutthā.– See Kakutthā.

Kukutthā.– A river; see Kakutthā.

Kula Sutta

Kula Thera.– See Kundala Thera.

Kulaghara.– See Kuraraghara.

Kulagharanī Sutta

Kulālitissa.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Over the thūpa in the monastery King Vohārika-Tissa erected a parasol. Mhv.xxxvi.33.

Kulanta-vāpi (Kulattha-vāpi).– A reservoir to the south of Anurādhapura. In the battle between the forces of Dutthagāmanī and Elāra the water in the reservoir was dyed red with blood of the slain, hence the name. Mhv.xxv.66.

Kulaputta Sutta.– Clansmen who go forth into homelessness do so in order to gain full comprehension of the Four Noble Truths. This is true for all time. S.v.415.

Kulaputtena-dukkhā Sutta.– Three suttas. A clansman who goes forth should live (1) in aversion from body etc., or (2) seeing impermanence in them, or (3) seeing no soul in them. S.iii.179.


Kulavaddhaka.– Given as a name used ironically to insult another. Vin.iv.8.

Kulavaddhana.– A rich merchant of Sudassana (Bārāṇasī) who tried to stop his king, Sutasoma, from renouncing the world by offering him all his wealth. He is identified with (Mahā?) Kassapa. J.v.185, 192.

Kulāvaka Jātaka (No.31)

Kulāvaka Sutta.– The story of Sakka’s flight from the Asurā. When he saw the Garulas crushed under his chariot wheels, he asked his driver, Mātali, to turn back and risk death at the hands of the Asurā. However, the Asurā fled (S.i.224). cp. Kulāvaka Jātaka.

Kulāvaka Vagga.– The fourth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.i.198‑234.

Kulinga.– The name of a clan, probably Sinhalese. Mahinda VI belonged to this clan (Cv.lxxx.15). The Kulingas were among the tribes sent to Sri Lanka by Asoka with the Bodhi-tree. Mhv.xix.2; see also Mhv. Trs.128, n.2, and Cv.Trs.i.29, n.2, and ii.126, n.5.

Kulla Thera

Kulumba Sutta

Kulumbari-kannikā.– A district in Sri Lanka; the birthplace of Mahā Sona (Mhv.xxiii.45). According to the Mahāvamsa Commentary it was in Rohaṇa. MT.45.

Kulupaka Sutta

Kumā.– Wife of a householder in Velukanda in the Avanti country. She was the mother of Nanda Thera, also called Kumāputta. ThagA.1.100.

Kumāputta.– See Nanda Kumāputta. Mhv.v.212.

Kumāputtasahāya.– See Sudatta (11).

Kumāra 1.– Father of Bharaṇa. He lived in Kappakandara. Mhv.xxiii.64.

Kumāra 2.– Name of the god Skanda. He rode on a peacock. It is said that Kumāra gave a boon to Mānavamma. Cv.lvii.7, 10; see also Hopkins: Epic Mythology, p.227.

Kumāra Sutta

Kumāradhātusena (Kumāradāsa).– Son of Moggallāna I, and king of Sri Lanka (513‑522 A.C.). His son was Kittisena (Cv.xli.1 f). Tradition tells of his friendship with a poet Kālidisa. The authorship of the Jānakīharana is generally ascribed to him (Cv.Trs.i.51, n.1).


Kumāra-Kassapa-thera Vatthu.– The story of Kumāra Kassapa (q.v.) and his mother. DhA.iii.144 ff.

Kumārapabba.– The section of the Vessantara Jātaka that deals with the giving away of Vessantara’s children to Jūjaka. J.vi.555.


Kumārapeta Vatthu

Kumārasena.– Brother of Dhātusena. He helped Dhātusena to crush the Damilas, and was amply rewarded for his services. Cv.xxxviii.35, 53.

Kumārasīha.– Son of Vimaladhammasūriya; he was adopted by King Senāratana and given the province of Uva. He died young. Cv.xcv.22; also Cv.Trs.ii.233, n.3.

Kumāribhūta Vagga.– The eighth section of the Bhikkhunī Pācittiya. Vin.iv.327‑37.

Kumārika Sutta.– Few abstain from accepting women or girls, many do not. S.v.471.


Kumba.– See Kumbagāma.

Kumbagāma.– A Damila stronghold near Anurādhapura, which was captured by Dutthagāmani. It was commanded by Kumba (Mhv.xxv.14).

Kumbālaka.– One of the tanks built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.48.

Kumbalatissa-pabbata.– A mountain in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.189.

Kumbalavāta.– A locality near Anurādhapura; through it passed the boundary of the Mahāvihāra (Mhv. p.332; Mbv.134; Dpv.xiv.38).

Kumbha Jātaka (No.512)

Kumbha Sutta

Kumbha Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Tika Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.ii.431‑51.



Kumbhakāra Jātaka (No.408)


Kumbhandā.– A class of beings (fairies or gnomes) grouped with Yakkhas, Rakkhasas, Asurā and others. Virūlha is their king. They have large bellies (kumbhanda = gourd), and their genitals are also large like pots (kumbho viya), hence their name. D.iii.198; DA.iii.964.

Kumbhapura.– The residence of Kisavaccha (MA.ii.599); it is evidently another name for Kumbhavatī (q.v.)

Kumbhavatī.– A city in the kingdom of King Dandaki. Kisavaccha lived in the park near there. J.iii.463; v.29, 134.

Kumbhigallaka.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Vasabha built an uposatha-house there. Mhv.xxxv.86.

Kumbhīla Jātaka.– See Kuruṅgamiga Jātaka (No.206).– Evidently another version of the Vānarinda Jātaka, though the scholiast refers to another Kumbhīla Jātaka for particulars (thus in all MSS). J.ii.206.

Kumbhīla-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.111.

Kumbhīlasobbha.– A reservoir restored by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.50), and later by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.33.

Kumbhīlavānaka.– A river in Sri Lanka which joins the Sankhavaddhamānaka. Cv.lxviii.32; see also Cv.Trs.i.279, n.4.


Kumbiyangana.– See Kutumbiyangana.

Kumbugāma (v.l. Kubbugāma).– A village in Rohaṇa. It is mentioned in the campaigns of Damilādhakārī Rakkha (Cv.lxxv.149, 167, 172).

Kumbulapabbata.– A mountain in Sri Lanka. Ariyagālatissa found sixty treasure troves there. Ras.ii.137.

Kumma Sutta

Kummāsadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago, having nothing else to give, he put sour gruel into the bowl of Vipassī Buddha (Ap.ii.415). He is evidently identical with Sīvaka Thera. ThagA.i.307.

Kummāsapinda Jātaka (No.416)


Kumudadāyaka Thera

Kumudamāliya Thera


Kunāla Jātaka (No.536)

Kunālā.– The name of a great river (mahānadī) that flows out of the Kunāladaha. It dries up when, at the end of the world-cycle, the fourth sun rises. A.iv.101.

Kunappunallura.– A market town in South India in the district of Viraganga (Cv.lxxvi.131).

Kuñcanāga, Kuñjanāga

Kunda.– A yakkha who once inhabited a forest, called Kundadhāna (UdA.122) after him.

Kundadhāna Thera


Kundakakucchisindhava Jātaka (No.254)

Kundaka-kumāra.– The lay name of the ascetic Khantivādī. J.iii.39.

Kundakapūva Jātaka (No.109)

Kundakasindhavapotaka.– See Kundakakucchisindhava Jātaka.


Kundala Thera

Kundalakesā, Kundalakesī.– See Bhaddā Kundalakesī.

Kundalakesittheri Vatthu.– The story of Bhaddā Kundalakesī (q.v.) DhA.ii.217 ff.


Kundalī Sutta.– Records the visit of Kundaliya to the Buddha. S.v.73 ff.

Kundalinī.– The name given to the offspring of the myna-bird (sārikā) in the Tesakuna Jātaka. She is identified with Uppalavannā. J.v.125.

Kundalinī-pañha.– The questions asked by the king and the answers given by Kundalinī, as stated in the Tesakuna Jātaka. J.v.120.


Kuṇḍaliya Sutta.– See Kundaliya

Kundarāyana.– See Kandarāyana.

Kundasālā.– A suburb of Sirivaddhanapura (Kandy), on the banks of the Mahāvālukagangā. It was laid out by King Narindasīha, who made it his favourite residence (Cv.xcvii.34). Kittisirirājasīha planned its garden and erected a vihāra. Cv.c.216 f.

Kundavana.– See Gundāvana.

Kundayamutta.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. He was defeated in battle by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.94, 177.

Kundayankotta (?). A locality in South India, where Laṅkāpura once pitched his camp (Cv.lxxvi.176).

Kundi, Kundiya

Kundinagariya Thera.– The name given to Potthapāda because he was born and brought up in Kundi. He lived in the Sānavāsīpabbata nearby. Pv.iii.2; PvA.177 ff.

Kunditthāna.– See Kundadhāna.

Kundiyā.– See Kundadhānavana.


Kunhāna.– See Kundadhāna.

Kuñjara 1.– Devānampiyatissa’s elephant, tied to the plough which marked the boundary (sīmā) of the Mahāvihāra. Dpv.xiv.28; Mbv.134; see also Mhv., p.331.

Kuñjara 2.– One of the chief lay patrons of Revata Buddha. Bu.vi.23.

Kuñjarahinaka.– A monastery built by Lañjatissa. Mhv.xxxiii.27.

Kunta.– A throne (for an image) which was originally in the Pācina-vihāra of the Theravādins, and was later set up beside the Bodhi-tree of the Abhayagiri-vihāra by Silākāla (Cv.xli.31).

Kuntamālaka v.l. Kotthamālaka.– A locality near Anurādhapura through which passed the boundary of the Mahā-vihāra. It was the point from which the king started to mark the boundary (sīmā). (Mhv., p.331; Mbv.134; Dpv.xiv.28, 33).

Kuntavarā.– The soldiers of a district in South India who fought against the Sinhalese force that invaded their territory (Cv.lxxvi.246). They were subdued by the Kesa-dhātu Kitti (Cv.lxxvi.259).

Kuntī.– A kinnarī, mother of the theras Tissa, and Sumitta. Their father was a former inhabitant of Pātaliputta.

Kuntini Jātaka (No.343)

Kupikkala. v.l. Kuvikkala, Kubbikāla, Kutthikula.– The birthplace of the elder Mahā-Tissa. Mhv.xxxiii.49.

Kuppa Sutta.– The monk who has the four types of analytical knowledge (paṭisambhidā), and has an emancipated mind realises that which is unshakable (akuppa). A.iii.119 f.

Kupuvena.– A village and a monastery. The story of a novice (sāmaṇera) of the monastery, as given in the Majjhimanikāya Commentary (MA.ii.700), is similar, except in regard to the names, to the story given under Kabupelanda (q.v.)



Kuraragham-Papāta-pabbata.– See Papāta-pabbata.


Kuraragharikā.– See Kālī (2).

Kuraraghariya-Sona.– The name by which Sona Kutikanna is some-times referred to, e.g., J.vi.15.

Kuravakagalla.– A place in Rohaṇa where Damilādhikārī Rakkha defeated his enemies. Cv.lxxv.137.

Kureñjiyaphaladāyaka (Kuruñjiya°) Thera.–An Arahant. Thirty-one aeons ago he was a hunter, and having seen Sikhī Buddha in the forest, he gave him a kureñjiya-fruit (Ap.ii.448 f). He is evidently identical with Sona-Setthiputta Thera (ThagA.i.316 f).


Kurudeva.– A poor man who lived in Vattura-vihāra eating large quantities of food and doing no work. Listening to the advice of a monk, he took the five precepts and fed fish with a part of his meal. He was later born as Mahānela.

Kurudhamma = observing the five precepts (pañcasīla)

Kurudhamma Jātaka (No.276)

Kurukaccha.– Probably a wrong reading for Bhārukaccha.

Kurukhetta.– Another name for the country of the Kuru. J.vi.291.

Kurumba.– A Damiḷa chief, subdued by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.14 f.

Kurumbāndanakali.– A locality in South India, where a great battle was fought between Laṅkāpura and Kulasekhara (Cv.lxxvi.157).

Kurundacullaka.– A building in the Jetavana-vihāra in Sri Lanka, the residence of Dāthāvedhaka. MT.176.

Kurundankundiya.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.236, 266.

Kurundapillaka.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Potthakuttha erected a pāsāda there (Cv.xlvi.21).

Kurundavāpi.– A reservoir built by Aggabodhi I. (Cv.xlii.15; Cv.Trs.i.66, n.6).

Kurundavāsoka-Vihāra.– A monastery built by Khallātanāga (Mhv.xxxiii.32).

Kurundavelu.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, where the Kurundī-Atthakathā was compiled.

Kurunda-Vihāra.– A monastery built by Aggabodhi I. and dedicated to all three fraternities (Cv.xlii.15).

Kurundī.– A village in Sri Lanka. Cv.lxxxiii.16; lxxxviii.64; Cv.Trs.ii.149, n.9.


Kurundīrattha.– See Kurundī above.

Kurundiya-Vihāra.– A monastery repaired by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.60); probably identical with Kurunda-Vihāra.

Kuruṅgamiga Jātaka (No.21, 206)

Kurungamiga Vagga.– The third section of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.i.173‑98.

Kuruvaka-tittha.– A secluded bathing-place in a large pond near the Cittalapabbata-vihāra (MA.ii.1025).


Kusa Jātaka (No.531)

Kusaghara.– A city (?). The Buddha’s lower robe (nivāsana) was deposited there after his death. Bu.xxviii.8.

Kusalā Sutta 1.– Conditions that are on the side of goodness have their root in earnestness (appamāda); the earnest monk cultivates the seven factors of enlightenment (bojjhaṅga). S.v.91.

Kusalā Sutta 2.– Similar to No.1. The conditions have their root in systematic attention (yoniso-manasikāra). S.v.92.

Kusaladhamma Sutta.– Because Devadatta was overcome by gain, honour, and fame, his wholesome qualities were cut off. S.ii.240.

Kusalamūla Sutta.– When a man (Devadatta) is overcome by gains and flattery, the root of good kamma is extirpated in him. S.ii.240.

Kusalarāsi Sutta.– The four foundations of mindfulness could rightly be called a heap of merit. S.v.186.

Kusamāli.– One of the seas through which the mariner Suppāraka (q.v.) piloted his ship. It was full of emeralds and looked like an expanse of dark kusa-grass. Its full name was Nīlavanna Kusamāla. J.iv.140.

Kusanāli Jātaka (No.121)

Kusanāli Vagga.– The thirteenth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.i.441‑65.

Kusatthakadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Kassapa Buddha he was a brahmin and gave the Buddha eight handfuls of kusa-grass? (kusaṭṭhaka) (Ap.ii.416). He is evidently to be identified with Migasira Thera. ThagA.i.306.


Kusima.– See Kusumī below.


Kusinārā Sutta

Kusinārā Vagga.– The thirteenth chapter of the Tīkā Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.274‑84; for a summary of its contents see A.v.381.

Kusinārā-vihāra.– A monastery built by Parakkamabāhu I in a suburb of Pulatthipura, called Sīhapura. It consisted of three image houses, each containing three storeys, six pāsādas, etc. Cv.lxxiii.152; lxxviii.84; also Cv.Trs.ii.18, n.3.

Kusinātā.– One of the cities of Uttarakuru (D.iii.200).

Kusīta Sutta 1.– A woman who is faithless, shameless, unscrupulous, indolent and of weak wisdom is reborn in purgatory. S.iv.242.

Kusīta Sutta 2.– Eight occasions on which a monk is apt to become indolent (A.iv.332 f).

Kusumamūlagāma.– A village near Padumanagara, residence of the Thera Dhammadhara. (Sās.163)

Kusītamūlaka Sutta.– The lazy associate with others of a similar disposition. S.ii.165. See also Ahirikamūlaka Sutta, etc.

Kusumanagara.– The Pāḷi name for the city now known as Bassein, in Burma (Bode, op.cit., 24). Near the city was the birthplace of Chapata. Sās.74; see also pp.41, 43, 147; Ind. Ant. 1893, xxi.17.

Kusumapura.– See Pāṭaliputta.

Kusumārāma.– Another name for Pupphārāma. (Cv. ci.7)

Kusumāsaniya Thera

Kusumba v.l. Kusamba.– A sage (isi), on the site of whose hermitage was built the city which came, for that reason, to be called Kosambī. SNA.i.300; MA.ii.539; UdA.248; PsA.413; see also Rāmāyana i.34.

Kusumī v.l. Kusima.– A seaport in Rāmañña where a part of the Sinhalese expeditionary force sent by Parakkamabāhu I landed in five ships (Cv.lxxvi.59). It is probably the same as Kusumatittha mentioned in the Sāsanavamsa (e.g., pp.66, 90) as a seaport.

Kūta Sutta


Kūtadanta Sutta


Kutajapupphiya Thera

Kutakannatissa (Kutikannatissa)

Kūtāli-vihāra.– A monastery in Rohaṇa, founded by Kākavannatissa (Mhv.xxii.23). There Malaya-Deva Thera once taught the Chachakka Sutta, and sixty monks who listened to him became Arahants (MA.ii.1024). This may be identical with the Kutelitissa-Mahāvihāra (q.v.)

Kūtatissa-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Sena II gave to it a maintenance village. Cv.li.74. In the pillar inscription of Mahinda IV in Polonnaruva it is mentioned as the Kututisa-rad-maha-veher (Ep. Zey.ii.50).

Kūtavānija Jātaka (No.98, 218)



Kutendu.– A vassal of the Cātummahārājikā, present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.258.

Kuthārasabhā.– Some sort of council chamber, probably attached to the Court in Sri Lanka. Kittisirimegha is mentioned as employing the services of the head of the council (sabhā) to fetch the prince Parakkamabāhu from his retreat (Cv.lxvi.61).

Kuthāri-vihāra.– A monastery in Ambatthakola used by Moggallāna I as his headquarters in his campaign against Kassapa I. Cv.xxxix.21.

Kutidāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one aeons (kappa) ago he made a hut for a Buddha. Thirty-eight world-cycles ago he was king sixteen times under the name of Sabbattha-abhivassī. Ap.i.229.

Kutidhūpaka Thera.– An Arahant. In a past birth he looked after the cell of Siddhattha Buddha and burnt incense in it from time to time. Ap.i.223 f.

Kutidūsaka Jātaka (No.321)

Kutidūsaka Vagga.– The third chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.iii.71‑102.

Kuṭikā Sutta

Kutivihārī Thera

Kuttāndāra.– A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara, defeated by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.182, 190.

Kuttapiti.– A large village given by Kittisirirājasīha for the maintenance of the sacred Footprint in Samanakūta. Cv.c.225.

Kutthuka.– The general of Sena II. He built the parivena, which was called Senasenāpati (Cv.li.88). See also Potthakuttha.

Kutūhalasālā Sutta


Kutumbiya-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. It was once the residence of Tissamahānāga Thera (q.v.)

Kutumbiyangana v.l. Kumbiyangana.– A village in Sri Lanka in the district of Giri. It was the birthplace of Velusumana. Mhv.xxiii.68.


Kuveṇi v.l. Kuvannā

Kuvera (Kubera)

Kuveradvāra.– One of the fourteen gates of Pulatthipura, erected by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiii.161.

Kuvera-nālinī.– A name given to Dharanī. D.iii.202; DA.iii.968.

Kyānagāma.– A village in the Malaya country, not far from Pulatthipura. Lankādhikāri Kitti once encamped there (Cv.lxx.283, 300; lxxii.207), and Parakkamabāhu I went there disguised as a musician. Cv.lxxii.264.