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Pāli Proper Names — U

Ubbāhikā Sutta.– Taught to Upāli Thera on the ten qualities required in a monk who serves on a committee, appointed for the purpose of taking a referendum in matters of discipline. A.v.71 f.


Ubbarī Vagga.– The second chapter of the Petavatthu. Pv.32 ff.

Ubbarī-petavatthu.– The story of Ubbarī (2).


Ubbhida.– A warrior of sixty thousand world-cycles ago; a former birth of Mahā-Kassapa (Ap.i.34). v.l. Ubbiddha, Uddiya.

Ubbirī Therī

Ubhaka.– One of the ten sons of Kāḷāsoka.

Ubhatobhattha Jātaka (No.139)


Ubho Sutta (v.l. Ubhatobhāga).– On the two-fold emancipation. A.iv.453.

Uccangamāya.– A Pacceka Buddha found in a list of Pacceka Buddhas. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Uccankuttha.– A locality in South India; it was the residence of many famous troop-leaders, whom Kulasekhara won over to his side in his fight against Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvii.78.

Uccāsayana Sutta.– Few are they who abstain from high and luxurious beds. S.v.471.

Uccatalanka.– The residence of Mahānāga Thera (v.l. Uccavālika, Uccavālanka). VihhA.489.

Ucchanga Jātaka (No.67)

Ucchangapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Vipassī Buddha he was a garland-maker of Bandhumatī. He saw the Buddha walking along the street with a large following of monks, and taking a flower from his lap he offered it to the Buddha. Ap.ii.374‑5.

Ucchitthabhatta Jātaka (No.212)


Ucchukhandika.– An elder. He was a gate-keeper in Bandhumatī during the time of Vipassī Buddha and once gave to the Buddha a cut of sugar cane (Ap.ii.393). He is probably identical with Kosiya Thera (ThagA.i.431 f).


Ūcena.– A district in South India, from which soldiers came to oppose the forces of the general Laṅkāpura. He subdued them. Cv.lxxvi.247, 260.

Udaka.– See Uraga.

Udaka Rāmaputta

Udaka Sutta.– S.iv.82.

Udakadāyaka Thera

Udakadāyikā Therī

Udakagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka given by King Kittisirirājasīha for the maintenance of the Gangārāma-vihāra. Cv.c.213.

Udakalona-tissa.– See Ariyagālatissa.

Udakapabbata.– A mountain in the region of Himavā. J.v.38; Ap.ii.434.

Udakapūjā.– A celebration held by a Nāga king in honour of Kañcanadevī.

Udakapūjaka Thera

Udakarahada Sutta

Udakāsanadāyaka Thera

Udakāsecana.– Thirty-three world-cycles ago there were eight kings of this name, all previous births of Bodhisiñcaka Thera (Bodhisaññaka). Ap.i.131.


Udakūpama Sutta


Udāna Sutta See also Purisindriyañāṇa Sutta.–  A.iii.402.

Udangana.– See Uraga.

Udapānadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he had built a well for Vipassī Buddha and offered it to him. Ap.i.188.

Udapānadūsaka Jātaka (No.271)


Udaya Jātaka (No.458)

Udaya Sutta.– The conversation between the Buddha and the brahmin Udaya. S.i.173 f. See also Udaya-māṇava Pucchā below.

Udaya-māṇava Pucchā.– The questions asked of the Buddha by Udaya-māṇava, pupil of Bāvarī (see Udaya 2), and the Buddha’s replies thereto (Sn.vv.1105‑11; SnA.ii.599‑600). They deal with the attainment of samāpatti. AA.i.363.

Udayā.– See Udayabhadda below.


Udayabhaddā.– Step-sister and wife of Udayabhadda. In the verses she is also called Udayā.

Udayaggabodhi.– A pariveṇa built by Aggabodhi VIII. and named after himself and his father (Udaya I). Cv.xlix.45; see also Ep. Zey.i.216, 221, 227.

Udayana.– See Udaya (3).


Udāyī Sutta

Udāyibhadda (Udāyibhaddaka)

Udāyi-thera Vatthu.– See Lāḷudāyī.

Udda Jātaka.– See Uddālaka Jātaka.

Uddaka Sutta.– Taught by the Buddha. He states therein how Uddaka-Rāmaputta, unjustifiably, claims to have mastered all learning and all ill, and explains what such learning and mastery really are (S.v.83 f).

Uddaka.– See Uddaka-Rāmaputta.

Uddāladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth, thirty-one world-cycles ago, he saw a Pacceka Buddha, Kakudha, near a river, and gave him an uddālaka flower (Ap.i.225).


Uddālaka Jātaka (No.487)

Uddālapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he gave an uddāla flower to a Pacceka Buddha, Anātha, on the bank of the Gaṅgā (Ap.i.288).

Uddalolaka-vihāra. A monastery in Sri Lanka; it was the residence of an elder, named Mahā-Abhaya. Ras.ii.1; SadS.82.

Uddesavibhanga Sutta

Uddhacca Sutta.– Conceit, want of restraint and of diligence, should all be destroyed by calm (samatha), restraint, and earnestness (A.iii.449).

Uddhacūlābhaya.– Nephew of Devānampiyatissa. He restored the Mahiyangana-thūpa and made it thirty cubits high (Mhv.i.40).


Uddha-gangā.– See Gaṅgā.

Uddhakandaraka.– A vihāra in South Sri Lanka, founded by Mahānāga, brother of Devānampiyatissa (Mhv.xxii.9).

Uddhakurangāma.– A village and a fortification in the district of Āḷisāra. It was captured by Parakkamabāhu’s general, Māyāgeha (Cv.lxx.171).

Uddhambhāgiya Sutta


Uddha-rattha.– See Pañcuddha-rattha.

Uddhavāpi.– A village and a reservoir. The Māragiri Nigrodha (q.v.) was stationed there (Cv.lxxii.164, 174).

Uddhumātaka Sutta.– The idea of an inflated corpse, if developed, conduces to peace from bondage (S.v.131).

Uddita Sutta.– Taught in answer to a question by one of the devas. The world is all strung up by cords of craving and is escorted by decay. S.i.40.



Udena Vatthu


Udumbara Jātaka (No.298)


Udumbaragiri.– See Dhūmarakkha.

Udumbaraphaladāyaka Thera


Udumbarika Sutta


Ugga Sutta

Uggaha Mendakanattā

Uggaha Sutta


Ugganagara.– See Ugga (8).

Uggārāma.– A pleasance, probably near the village Kuṇḍiya of the Kurū. Anganika Bhāradvāja is said to have visited it once. See also Ugga (8). ThagA.i.339.

Uggarinda.– One of the chief lay supporters of Nārada Buddha. Bu.x.25.


Uggasena Vatthu.– The story of Uggasena of Rājagaha. DhA.iv.59‑65; ibid., 159.

Uggasena-Nanda.– King of Magadha, one of the nine Nandas (Mbv.98).



Ugghatitaññu Sutta.– Some people in the world are quick withal and learn by taking hints; others learn when full details are given; some have to be led on by instruction; others just learn the text but do not understand it. A.ii.136.

Ūhā-nadī.– A river in the Himavā, evidently difficult of access. Mil.70.

Ujita.– A caravan-driver, who, with his friend Ojita, gave the first meal to Sikhī Buddha after his Enlightenment. ThagA.i.48.

Ujjaya Sutta

Ujjaya, Ujjāya


Ujjenika.– Name given to the inhabitants of Ujjenī (Mil.331). Pajjota is called Ujjenika (Ujjenaka) rājā (MA.ii.738).

Ujjhaggika Vagga.– The second division of the Sekhiyā of the Vinaya Piṭaka (Vin.iv.187‑8).

Ujjhānasaññī.– An elder. He was so called because he went about finding fault with the monks. He was reported to the Buddha, who thereupon delivered a discourse blaming action such as his. DhA.iii.376‑7.


Ujjhānasaññi Sutta.– Records the visit of the Ujjhānasaññikā devas to the Buddha (S.i.23‑5).


Ujuññā (Ujjuññā)


Ukkacelā Sutta

Ukkacelā.– See Ukkacelā.


Ukkaṃsamāla.– A learned monk of Ava. He was well versed in literature and wrote two books dealing with the Pāḷi language, the Vannabodhana and the Likhananaya (Sās., p.120).

Ukkamsika.– A king of Rāmañña, a great patron of learning. For details about him see Bode, op.cit., 50, 52.

Ukkanagara.– A vihāra (presumably in Sri Lanka). It was the residence of the thera Mahāvyaggha and seven hundred others. Mhv.xxxii.54.

Ukkaṇṭhita-aññatarabhikkhussa Vatthu.– The story of a certain dissatisfied monk. See Anupubba.

Ukkāsatika Thera


Ukkhā Sutta

Ukkhepakatavaccha Thera

Ukkhittapadumiya Thera

Ukkotana Sutta.– Few are those that refrain from accepting bribes to prevent justice, from cheating and from crooked ways; numerous those that do not so refrain. S.v.473.

Uladāgāma.– A village in Rohaṇa where a battle took place between the forces of Parakkamabāhu I, and the rebels. Cv.lxxv.18.



Ullapanagāma.– A village where there was a bridge of thirty cubits, built over the Mahāvāḷukagaṅgā by Devappatirāja (Cv.lxxxvi.23). The village is identified with the modern Ulapane, four miles from Gampola (Cv.Trs.ii.173, n.3).

Ulūka Jātaka (No.270)



Umanga Jātaka (No.542)

Ūmibhaya Sutta



Ummadantī Jātaka (No.527)

Ummāda-Phussadeva.– See Phussadeva.

Ummagga Jataka.– See Umaṅga Jātaka

Ummagga Sutta


Ummāpupphā.– A class of devas present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.260). They are so-called because their bodies were azure in colour, like ummā-flowers. DA.ii.690; see also ibid., 562; MA.ii.706.

Ummāpupphiya Thera

Ummi Sutta.– See the Ūmibhaya Sutta

Unha Sutta.– When the Uṇhavalāhakā-devā wish to revel in their bodies, the weather becomes hot, according to their desire. S.iii.256.

Unhanagara.– A village, the birthplace of Hatthadāṭha. Cv.xlvi.45.

Unhavalāhakā.– A class of devas who live in the Cātummahārājika world (NidA.108; VibhA.519))

Uṇhavalāhaka Sutta.– A certain monk ask the Blessed One about the reason for hot weather and the Buddha explains that is because the Uṇhavalāhakā devā wish to enjoy hot weather. S.iii.256.


Unnābha Sutta.– The conversation between the Buddha and Unnābha referred to above.

Unnalomaghara.– A building belonging to the Rājāyatana-dhatu-vihāra in Nāgadīpa. It was erected by Aggabodhi II. Cv.xlii.62.

Unnama.– A Damiḷa chief whom Duṭṭhagāmaṇī defeated in his campaign. He was a nephew of Tamba and his stronghold was also called Unnama. Mhv.xxv.14, 15; MT.474.


Unnavalli.– A vihāra to which Aggabodhi I gave the village of Ratana. Cv.xlii.18.



Upacālā Sutta.– The story of Māra’s unsuccessful attempt to cause the therī Upacālā to sin. S.i.133.

Upacara.– See Apacara.

Upādāna Sutta

Upādānakkhandha Sutta

Upādāparitassanā, Dutiya Upādāparitassanā Sutta.– Two discourses on how grasping and worry arise and how they can be got rid of. S.iii.15‑18.

Upādānaparipavatta Sutta.– On the five aggregate of grasping and the series of four truths in regard to each aggregate — i.e., the aggregate itself, its arising, its cessation and the way thereto. He who fully understands these is fully liberated. S.iii.58 ff.

Upādāniya Sutta

Upādāya Sutta.– Personal happiness (sukha) and suffering (dukkha) are dependent on the eye, ear, etc. However, these are impermanent, unsatisfactory, of a nature to change. Therefore one should not lust for them. S.iv.85 f.

Upaddha Sutta

Upaddhadussadāyaka Thera

Upadduta Sutta.– Everything in the world is oppressed. S.iv.29.

Upadhi.– A Pacceka Buddha, whose name occurs in a list of names. ApA.i.107.

Upādiyamāna Sutta

Upāgatabhāsaniya Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Vipassī Buddha he was a Rakkhasa in a lake in Himavā. Once the Buddha visited this sprite who paid homage to him. Ap.i.233.

Upāhana Jātaka (No.231)

Upāhana Vagga.– The ninth section of the Duka Nipāta of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā. J.ii.221‑42.

Upajjhā Sutta

Upajjhāya.– A gatekeeper of Mandavya, summoned by him to drive out Mātanga. J.iv.382.

Upajjhāyavatta-bhānavāra.– The thirtieth chapter of the first Khandaka of the Mahā Vagga.

Upajotiya.– One of the door-keepers summoned by Maṇḍavya to turn Mātaṅga out of his house. See Mātaṅga Jātaka. J.iv.382.


Upaka Sutta.– Records the visit paid to the Buddha by Upaka Maṇḍikāputta. A.ii.181 f.

Upakāla 1.– A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a list of Pacceka Buddhas. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Upakāla 2.– A hell (niraya), also the name of the tortures in the same hell. J.vi.248.

Upakamsa.– Son of Mahākaṃsa, king of Asitañjana and brother of Kaṃsa. When Kaṃsa became king, Upakaṃsa was his viceroy. Upakaṃsa was killed by a disc thrown by Vāsudeva, son of Devagabbhā. J.iv.79‑82.

Upakañcana.– A brahmin, brother of the Bodhisatta Mahākañcana. Their story is related in the Bhisa Jātaka. J.iv.305 ff.


Upakkilesa Sutta


Upāli Gāthā.– The stanzas in which Upāli-gahapati uttered the Buddha’s praises when Nāṭaputta asked him what kind of man was his new-found teacher (M.i.386 f). These verses are often quoted; they contain one hundred epithets as applied to the Buddha (Sp.i.257).

Upāli Sutta

Upāli Vagga.– The fourth chapter of the Dasaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. It contains records of various discussions between Upāli (1) and the Buddha and two between Ānanda and the Buddha, regarding matters connected with the Vinaya. A.v.70‑7.

Upāli-pañcaka.– One of the chapters of the Parivāra, containing various questions asked by Upāli Thera regarding Vinaya rules and the Buddha’s explanations of the same. Vin.v.180‑206.

Upāli-pucchā-bhānavāra.– The sixth chapter of the ninth Khandhaka of the Mahā Vagga. Vin.i.322‑8.

Upamañña.– The clan (gotta) to which Pokkharasāti belonged. He was, therefore, called Opamañña. M.ii.200; MA.ii.804.

Upanāhī Sutta.– Taught in answer to the questions of Anuruddha. Endowed with five qualities, a woman is reborn in hell after death: she is faithless (assaddho), shameless (ahiriko), reckless (anottappī), fault-finding (upanāhī), unwise (duppañño). S.iv.241.


Upananda-Sakyaputta Thera Vatthu.– A group of stories concerning the greediness and rapacity of Upananda Sakyaputta. DhA.iii.139 ff; cf. J.iii.332 ff.

Upanemi.– A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in nominal lists. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Upaneyya Sutta.– A deva visits the Buddha at Jetavana and utters a stanza in which he says that life is short, and one should accumulate merit in order to obtain bliss. The Buddha replies that all who fear death should aspire to the final peace. S.i.2.

Upanisā Sutta

Upanisinna Vagga.– The fourth chapter of the Rādha Saṃyutta of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iii.200 ff.

Upanita.– A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in the Isigili Sutta. M.iii.70.

Upanīya Sutta.– A devatā approaches the Blessed One at Sāvatthi and says in verse that the world is swept along, life is short and there is no shelter from aging, seeing clearly the danger of death, one should do deeds of merit that bring happiness. The Buddha replies in agreement, but says that one should drop the world’s bait. S.i.2.

Uparāmā.– One of the two chief women disciples of Paduma Buddha (J.i.36). The Buddhavaṃsa, however, gives their names as Rādhā and Surādhā.


Uparigangā.– See Gaṅgā.

Uparimandakamāla.– A vihāra (?) in Sri Lanka, the residence of Mahārakkhita Thera (q.v.) J.vi.30.

Uparimandalaka-malaya.– A vihāra (?) in Sri Lanka, the residence of Mahāsaṅgharakkhita Thera. J.iv.490.


Uparuci.– A king of thirty-eight world-cycles ago; a previous birth of Sucintita Thera (Ap.i.134).

Upāsabha.– Name of a Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.69; MA.ii.890; ApA.i.106.


Upāsaka Vagga

Upāsakacandāla and Upāsakaratana Suttas.– The Suttasaṅgaha divides into two Suttas (Nos. 9 and 10) the Sutta that appears in the Aṅguttaranikāya, as one Sutta, under the name of Caṇḍāla Sutta (q.v.)

Upasāla.– Younger brother of Paduma Buddha and, later, one of his two chief disciples. Bu.ix.21; BuA.147; J.i.36.

Upasālā.– According to the Buddhavamsa Commentary (194), Sālā and Upasālā were the two chief women disciples of Phussa Buddha. The Buddhavamsa (xix.20), however, calls them Cālā and Upacālā.


Upasāḷaka Jātaka (No.166)

Upasama Sutta.– The Buddha explains to a monk, in answer to a question, how one may become perfect in the controlling faculties (indriya). S.v.202. For the title see KS, v.178, n.3.

Upasamā Therī

Upasampadā Sutta.– On the qualities that a monk should possess in order to admit others to the Order. A.v.72.

Upasampadā Vagga


Upassaṭṭha Sutta v.l. Abhiññāpariññeyya Sutta.– Everything should be known and understood as impermanent, unsatisfactory, and not-self. S.iv.29.


Upasena Sutta

Upasenā.– One of the chief women supporters of Tissa Buddha. Bu.xviii.23.

Upasenī.– Daughter of Vasavatti, king of Pupphavatī and sister of Candakumāra. She narrowly escaped death when the king, on the advice of his chaplain, wished to offer human sacrifices. The story is told in the Candakumāra Jātaka. J.vi.134.

Upasīdarī.– A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in the Isigili Sutta. M.iii.70.


Upasiri 1.– One of the palaces occupied by Anomadassī Buddha in his last lay-life. Bu.viii.18.

Upasiri 2.– A palace similarly occupied by Sujāta Buddha. Bu.xiii.21.


Upasīva-mānava Pucchā

Upasonā.– One of the two chief women disciples of Sumana Buddha. Bu.v.27; J.i.24.

Upassattha Sutta.– Everything is oppressed: the eye and forms, eye-consciousness, eye-contact, feelings arisen from eye-contact … the ear, etc. S.iv.29.

Upassaya Sutta

Upassayadāyaka-vimāna.– The abode of a pious man who was born in Tāvatiṃsa as a result of having given a night’s shelter to a holy monk. The mansion (vimāna) was of gold and was twelve leagues in height. Vv.64; VvA.291 f.

Upassuti Sutta

Upasumbha.– An image of the Buddha placed in the Bahumangala-cetiya at Anurādhapura. King Dhātusena had a diadem of rays made for the statue. Cv.xxxviii.66.

Upatapassī Thera.– Author of the Vuttamālā. He was incumbent of the Gatārā Parivena and was the nephew of Sarasigāmamūla Mahāsāmi. P.L.C.253 f.


Upatissa Sutta.– Taught by Sāriputta. He tells the monks that there is nothing in the whole world, a change in which would cause him sorrow. Not even a change regarding the Buddha, be emphasises, in answer to a question by Ānanda. S.ii.274 f.

Upatissā.– One of the two chief women-disciples of Koṇḍañña Buddha. Bu.iii.31; J.i.30.


Upatthāna Sutta

Upatthāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth be provided Siddhattha Buddha with a personal attendant (upaṭṭhāka). Fifty-seven world-cycles ago he was born as a king, named Balasena. Ap.i.241.

Upaṭṭhitassati Sutta.– Anuruddha sees women reborn in heaven after death and ask the Buddha the reason. He says that it is due to well-established mindfulness. S.iv.244.

Upavāla.– See Uvāla Thera.


Upavāna Sutta

Upavatta (Upavattana)

Upaya Sutta.– (Wrongly called Upāya Sutta. Attachment (upaya) is bondage, aloofness is freedom). With the abandonment of lust, lust’s foothold is cut off and, thereby, rebirth, etc., is destroyed. S.iii.53.

Upāya Sutta.– See Upaya Sutta.

Upayanti Sutta.– When the ocean rises with the tide, the rivers, their tributaries, the mountain lakes and tarns, all rise as a result. Likewise rising ignorance makes, in turn, becoming, birth and decay and death to rise and increase. S.ii.118 f.

Upekkhā Sutta.– v.l. Upekhā Sutta

Upekkhaka Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna tells the monks how he entered in and abode in the fourth jhāna. S.iv.265 f.



Uposatha Sutta

Uposatha Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Atthaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya, containing suttas on the Uposatha, among other things. A.iv.248‑73.

Uposathāgāra.– A building connected with the Thūpārāma. It was built by Bhātikābhaya and enlarged by Āmaṇḍagāmaṇī-Abhaya. Mhv.xxxiv.39; xxxv.3; MT.629, 639.

Uposathakhanda.– The second section of the Bhūridatta Jātaka. J.vi.168‑70.

Uposathakhandhaka.– The second chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.101‑36.

Uposathakkhandha Sutta

Uposatha-vimāna.– See Uposathā.

Uposatha-vinicchaya.– A Vinaya treatise, written in Burma. Bode, op.cit., 44.

Uppāda Saṃyutta.– The twenty-sixth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iii.228‑31.

Uppāda Sutta

Uppādena Sutta.– The uprising of the six sense objects — forms, sounds, etc. — is the uprising of suffering, the persisting of disease, the manifestation of decay and death. The cessation of the former leads to the disappearance of the latter. S.iv.14.

Uppādetabba Sutta.– On six states which a person holding right views will never reach. A.iii.438.

Uppajjanti Sutta.– On the power of earnestness (appamāda). A.i.11.


Uppalā.– One of the chief women supporters of Anomadassī Buddha. Bu.viii.24.

Uppaladāyika Therī



Uppalavannā Sutta.– Records a conversation between Uppalavaṇṇā and Māra (S.i.131 f). The ideas are the same as those contained in the verses found in the Therīgāthā (vv.230‑5), but the wording is somewhat different.

Uppalavāpī.– A village in Sri Lanka where king Kuṭakaṇṇatissa spent some time. There he invited the thera Cūlasudhamma and made him live at the Mālārāma-vihāra. VibhA.452.

Uppanna (or Uppāda) Sutta.– Two suttas that state that the seven factors of enlightenment do not arise without the manifestation of a Tathāgata. S.v.77.

Uppātasanti.– A Pāḷi work written by an unknown thera of Laos in the sixteenth century. It seems to have dealt with rites or charms for averting evil omens or public calamities. Bode, op.cit., 47, and n.5.

Uppatha Sutta.– Questions asked by a deva and the Buddha’s answers to them. Lust is the road that leads astray, life perishes both night and day, women are they that stain celibacy, the higher life cleanses without bathing. S.i.38.

Uppati Vagga.– See Sukhindriya Vagga.

Uppaṭipāṭika Sutta


Uraga Jātaka (No.154, 354)

Uraga Sutta

Uraga.– A mountain near Himavā. In a previous birth, Gosāla Thera saw a rag-robe hanging there, to which he paid homage (v.l. Udaka and Udaṅgana). ThagA.i.79; Ap.ii.434.


Ūriyeri.– A locality in South India. In it was a fortress that was besieged by Laṅkāpura and Jagadvijaya. Cv.lxxvii.58, 62.

Urubuddharakkhita.– An elder who was present at the foundation ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa. He came from the Mahāvana in Vesāli, with eighteen thousand monks. Mhv.xxix.33.

Urucetiya.– See Mahā Thūpa.

Urudhammarakkhita.– A thera who came from the Ghositārāma in Kosambī, with thirty thousand monks, to be present at the foundation ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa. Mhv.xxix.34.

Urusangharakkhita.– An elder who came with forty thousand monks from the Dakkhināgiri in Ujjeni, to be present at the Mahā Thūpa foundation ceremony (Mhv.xxix.35).

Uruvela.– One of the chief lay supporters of Sumedha Buddha. Bu.xii.25.


Uruveḷā.– One of the two chief female disciples of Kassapa Buddha. J.i.43; Bu.xxv.40.

Uruvela Sutta




Uruvela-pātihāriya-bhānavāra.– The twenty first chapter of the first Khandhaka of the Mahā Vagga in the Vinaya Piṭaka.

Uruvelapattana.– See Uruvelā (2).

Uruvela-vihāra.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, restored by Vijayabāhu I. (Mhv.lx.59). It may have been in the city called Devanagara (Cv.Trs.i.220, n.2).

Usabha Thera

Usabhakkhandha.– Son of Dīpaṅkara Buddha (Bu.ii.209; Mbv.4). See also Samavattakkhandha.

Usabhamukha.– One of the four channels leading out of the Anotatta lake. The river that flows out of this channel is called Usabhamukha-nadī, and cattle are abundant on its banks. SnA.ii.438; UdA.301.



Usinnara.– See Usīnara.

Usīraddhaja.– A mountain range forming the northern boundary of Majjhimadesa. Vin.i.197; DA.i.173; J.i.49; KhA.133; MA.i.397, etc.


Ussānavitthi.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by King Udaya I for the maintenance of the pāsāda in the Pucchārāma-vihāra. It was a poor village, but the king made it rich. Cv.xlix.28.

Ussillya-Tissa Thera

Ussolhi Sutta.– Exertion (ussoḷhi) must be made by those who do not see decay and death as they really are. S.ii.132.

Usuloma Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna tells the Buddha about a hungry ghost he has seen with hairs like arrows that strike his body repeatedly. The Buddha confirms it and says that the ghost was formerly a torturer in Rājagaha. S.ii.257.

Usukāraniya Sutta.– Describes one of the hungry ghosts (peta) of Gijjhakūṭa, seen by Mahā-Moggallāna, while in the company of Lakkhaṇa. The hungry ghost had been a judge in Rājagaha and had been cruel to criminals. The ghost’s body bristled with arrows. S.ii.257.




Uttamadevī-vihāra.– A monastery to the east of Anurādhapura. UdA.158; MA.i.471.



Uttara Sutta

Uttaracūlabhājaniya.– Mentioned in the Vibhanga Commentary. (p.308).


Uttaradhātusena-vihāra.– Built by King Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.48.

Uttaragāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, the residence of Pingala-Buddharakkhita Thera. There were one hundred families living there and the elder had, at some time or other, entered into samāpatti at the door of each of their houses, while waiting for alms. MA.ii.978.

Uttarahimavanta.– See Himavā.

Uttarajīva.– A monk of Pagan, who came to the Mahāvihāra in Sri Lanka in A.D. 1154. He was accompanied by Chapaṭa (Saddhammajotipāla) and brought with him a copy of the Saddanīti, which had just been written by Aggavaṃsa. P.L.C. 185.

Uttarakā.– A village of the Bumū. The Buddha once stayed there and Sunakkhatta was in his company. At that time Korakkhattiya was also staying there. D.iii.6.

Uttarakumāra.– The Bodhisatta. See Uttara (16).


Uttarakurukā.– The inhabitants of Uttarakuru. A.iv.396.

Uttarāla.– A reservoir repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.47.

Uttarālha.– A dwelling (pariveṇa) which probably belonged to the Abhayagiri-vihāra. In it Sena I, while he was yet Mahādipāda, built cells which bore his name (Cv.l.77). Sena II built a pāsāda there (Cv.li.75; see also Cv. Trs.i.145, n.2).

Uttaramadhurā 1.– See Madhurā.

Uttaramadhurā 2.– The pleasance in which Maṅgala Buddha was born. BuA.115.


Uttaramūla Nikāya

Uttarāpa.– The name given to the region to the north of the river Mahī (SnA.ii.437). See also Aṅguttarāpa.




Uttarāpathaka.– A resident of Uttarāpaṭha. J.ii.31; Vin.iii.6.

Uttara-rāja-putta.– Mentioned in the Samantapāsādikā (Sp.iii.544) as having sent to the elder Mahāpaduma a shrine made of gold, which the elder refused to accept, as it was not permissible for him to do so.


Uttarasena.– A dwelling in the Abhayuttara-vihāra (Abhayagiri) built by Uttara, a minister of Sena I. He provided it with all the necessaries. Cv.l.83.

Uttaratissārāma.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Tissa, minister of Vaṭṭagāmaṇī. It was dedicated to the thera Mahātissa of Kambugalla (Kapikkala?). Mhv.xxxiii.92; MT.622.

Uttaravaddhamāna.– See Antaravaḍḍhamāna.



Uttareyyadāyaka Thera


Uttarimanussadhamma Sutta

Uttarika.– A diminutive form of Uttarā used by Uttaramātā, the yakkhinī, in addressing her daughter. S.i.210.


Uttaroliya Vagga.– The sixth section of the Rasavāhinī.

Uttaromūla, Uttarola.– See Uttaramūla.

Utthāna Sutta

Uṭṭhānaphala Sutta

Uttika.– See Uttiya.

Uttinna Thera.– He came from Kasmīra, at the head of 280,000 monks, to be present at the foundation-ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa in Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxix.37.

Uttiya Sutta

Uttiya (Uttika)

Utulhipupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. He made a garland of utuḷhi-flowers and offered it to a Bodhi-tree. This was at the beginning of this world-cycle. Ap.ii.398.

Uvāla Thera

Ūvarattha.– See Hūva-raṭṭha

Uyyānadvāra.– A gate in Pulatthipura, built by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiii.162.