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Pāli Proper Names — L

Lābhagaraha Jātaka (No.287)

Lābhasakkāra Saṃyutta.– The seventeenth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.ii.225‑44.

Lābhavāsī.– A group of ascetic monks within the Buddhist Order in Sri Lanka. Mahinda IV showed them special favour (Cv.liv.27), while Vijayabāhu I gave for their maintenance the villages of Antaravitthi, Sanghātagāma, and Sirimandagalagāma, and provided them with necessaries. Cv.lx.68, 72.

Labhiya Vasabha.– See Vasabha.

Lābugāmaka.– A village in Sri Lanka where Pandukābhaya vanquished his uncles. Their heads were collected and lay “like a heap of gourds,” hence the name of the village (Mhv.x.72; see also Mhv.Trs.73, n.2.). Its original name was Nagaragāma. MT. 292.

Labujadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant (Ap.ii.409). He was evidently the same as Yasoja Thera.

Labujagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, in the province of Saparagamu. Once, for a short period, the Tooth Relic of the Buddha was placed in the monastery there, after being taken from Jayavaddhanapura (Cp. Cv.xci.17 f), and Vimaladhammasūriya removed it from there to Sirivadohanapura. Cv.xciv.11 f.

Labujamandaka.– One of four villages given by Parakkamabāhu IV for the maintenance of the parivena built by him for Medhankara Thera. Cv.xc.87.

Labujaphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant (Ap.i.295). The story given is identical to that of Yasoja Thera (q.v.)

Lacchī.– See Lakkhī.

Ladagāma.– A village assigned by Jetthatissa for the maintenance of Kālavāpi-vihāra. Cv.xliv.101.

Lahu Sutta 1.– Four conditions, the cultivation of which leads to buoyant (lahu) insight. S.v.412.

Lahu Sutta 2.– There is no other single thing so quick to change (tahuparivatta) as mind. A.i.10.

Lahulla.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Nāḷandā. Cv.lxx.214.

Lahupaññā Sutta.– Four conditions — associating with the good, listening to the Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma — if developed and cultivated lead to swift wisdom. S.v.412. See also Gambhīrapaññā Sutta.

Lājā.– A goddess

Lajjika.– A village in Sri Lanka given by Aggabodhi I for the maintenance of the Mūgasenāpati-vihāra. Cv.x1ii.23.

Lajjitissa.– See Lañjatissa.


Lakkhadhammā.– An illustrious nun of Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.40.

Lakkhakhanda.– The fourth section of the Vidhura Jātaka, which describes the play of dice between Dhanañjaya and Punnaka, ending in the defeat of the former. J.iv.280‑92.


Lakkhana Jātaka (No.11)

Lakkhana Saṃyutta.– The nineteenth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. It contains account of the hungry ghosts (peta) seen by Mahā-Moggallāna when in the company of Lakkhana Thera. S.ii.254‑63.

Lakkhana Sutta


Lakkhuyyāna.– A park in Sri Lanka, laid out by Parakkamabāhu I for the benefit of the monks. The Candabhāgā Canal flowed through it. Cv.lxxix.3, 48.

Lakundaka Atimbara.– One of the chief ministers of Duṭṭhagāmaṇī. He was the husband of Ubbarī, when, in her last birth, she was reborn as Sumanā. For the story see under Ubbarī (1).

Lakundaka Bhaddiya Thera

Lakuṇḍaka Bhaddiya Sutta.– See Bhaddiya Sutta (2)


Lalātadhātuvamsa.– A Pāḷi work containing the history of the frontal bone relic of the Buddha. For a discussion see P.L.C.255.

Lāludāyī Thera

Lāmasetthā.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.261; DA.ii.691.

Lambacūlaka.– A town in the domain of King Pajaka (J.iii.463), and, therefore, in Avanti. Elsewhere (J.v.133) it is mentioned as having been in the domain of Caṇḍappajjota, probably again referring to Avanti.

Lambaka.– A rock near Himavā. ThagA.i.97; Ap.i.15, 280; ii.454.


Lambītakā.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.261.

Lañjakāsanasālā.– A building in Sri Lanka, erected by Lañjatissa for the use of the monks. Mhv.xxxiii.24.

Lañjatissa, Lañjakatissa, Lajjitissa.– King of Sri Lanka

Lankā-vihāra.– A monastery near Mahāgāma; it was near there that Kākavaṇṇa Tissa found Vihāradevī when she landed from the sea (Mhv.xxii.22). However, this is probably a wrong reading. See MT. 432, where the place is called Tolaka-vihāra.

Lankā, Lankādīpa, Lankātala.– Pāḷi names for Sri Lanka

Lankādhikārī.– A title in use in the time of Parakkamabāhu I. It was higher than either Sankhanāyaka or Lankādhināyaka, and was conferred on the two officers, Kitti and Rakkha. Cv.lxx.278,306.

Lankādhināyaka, Lankādhinātha, Lankānātha.– A title in use in the time of Parakkamabāhu I, held both by Kitti and Rakkha, who later became Lankādhikārī. Cv.lxx. 24, 205.

Lankāgiri.– A title in use at the time of Parakkamabāhu I. Among those mentioned as having borne it are Mahī, Nātha and Sora. See, Cv.lxxii.27, 124; lxxvi.250.

Lankāgiripabbata.– A hill in the mountainous central province of Sri Lanka, in the district once known as Bodhīgāmavara. It is mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxvi.90; lxx.88; for identification with modern Laggala, see Cv.Trs.i.259, n.3.


Lankāmahālāna.– See Lankājayamahālekhaka.

Lankānagara, Laṅkāpura.– One of the chief cities of the yakkhas in Sri Lanka. Polamittā, wife of Mahākālasena, the chief yakkha of Sri Lanka, was a princess of Laṅkāpura (Mhv.vii.33; MT. 260). Kuvenī herself was evidently from Laṅkāpura, because it was there she went when she was abandoned by Vijaya. Mhv.vii.62; MT. 265.


Lankārāma.– A monastery in Ayodhyā where lived the author of the Saddhammasangaha (q.v.)


Lasunadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Vipassī Buddha he was an ascetic living on garlic (lasuna). Pleased with the Buddha and his monks, he once gave a whole pingo load of garlic to the monastery. Ap.i.89.


Latthivana, Latthivanuyyāna

Latukika Jātaka (No.357)

Latukikopama Sutta

Lāvarāvapabbata.– Probably a monastery in Sri Lanka rebuilt by Aggabodhi IX. Cv.xlix.76.

Lena-vihāra.– See Lonagiri.

Licchavi Sutta.– See the Nandaka Sutta.

Licchavī.– A powerful clan of India in the time of the Buddha.

Licchavibhāṇavāra.– The second section for recitation (bhāṇavāra) of the sixth chapter (khandhaka) of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.210‑33.


Linatthadīpanī.– A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) by Vācissara on the Paṭisambhidāmagga. P.L.C.217.

Līnatthappakāsinī 1, or Līnatthavannanā.– A series of Subcommentaries (ṭīkā) on the four Nikāyas and the Jātaka. They are ascribed to Dhammapāla. Gv. 60, 69; also P.L.C. 192.

Līnatthappakāsinī 2.– A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on the Kankhāvitaranī, by an unknown author. Gv.62, 72.

Līnatthavannanā.– See Līnatthappakāsinī (1).

Līnatthavisodhanī.– A Commentary on the Saddabindu by Ñānavilāsa of Pagan. Bode, op.cit., 25, n.4.


Litta Jātaka (No.91)

Litta Vagga.– The tenth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka. J.i.379‑410.

Lohadvāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by King Mahānāma. Cv.xxxvii.212.

Lohakumbha, Lohakumbhī, Lohitakumbhiya

Lohakumbhi Jataka (No.314)

Lohakūtapabbata-vihāra.– A monastery in a very remote place in India. It could be reached only by hanging on to the branch of a tree when the wind bent it. Dāthāsena attained Arahantship there. Ras.ii.110 f

Lohapāsāda.– A building at Anurādhapura.

Loharūpa.– The name given to an image of the Buddha, one of several in Anurādhapura. Cv.xlix.17.


Lohicca Sutta

Lohitaka.– One of the group of six monks (Chabbaggiyā). The followers of Lohitaka and Pandu were not as undesirable as the other heretics (Sp.iii.4, 6). See Pandu Lohitakā.

Lohitavāhakhanda.– The field of battle on which Canda, son of Pandula, slew the five brothers of Suvaṇṇapālī. Mhv.x.43.

Lohitavāsī.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.260.


Loka Sutta

Loka Vagga.– The thirteenth chapter of the Dhammapada.

Lokabyūha.– A class of devā. One hundred thousand years before the end of the world-cycle (kappuṭṭhāna) they wander about among men with dishevelled hair, weeping, wearing red garments, ugly in form, announcing the approach of doomsday. This is called Kappakolāhala. BuA.224 f; J.i.47 f.

Lokadīpasāra.– A collection of chapters on different subjects — hell, the animal kingdom, etc. — written by Medhankara of Muttimanagara. Gv.64, 74; Bode, op.cit., 35 f.

Lokagalla.– An important strategic position in Rohana, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.79, 81, 83, 166.

Lokajitvāna.– A general of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.24.

Lokakāmaguna Vagga.– The twelfth chapter of the Salāyatana Saṃyutta. S.iv.91‑109.

Lokanāthā.– One of the five daughters of Vijayabāhu I and Tilokasundarī. She married Kittisirimegha. Cv.lix.31, 44.

Lokandara.– A monastery, evidently in Sri Lanka. Malaya-Mahādeva Thera taught the Chachakka Sutta there and sixty monks became Arahants. MA.ii.1024.

Lokantagamana Sutta


Lokānuvicarana Sutta.– A name given in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.51) to the Catumahārāja Sutta (q.v.)

Lokapālā.– The name given to the kings of the Cātummahārājika-devā.

Lokapañhā Sutta.– S.iv.52. See Loka Sutta (4)

Lokapaññatti.– A Pāḷi treatise by an unknown author. Gv. 62, 72.

Lokappadīpakasāra.– A religious treatise of the fourteenth century by Medhankara, Sangharāja of Burma. Bode, op.cit., 35 f.

Lokappasādaka, Lokappasādana.– See Lokavivarana.

Lokasamudaya Sutta.– S.iv.87. See Loka Sutta (5)

Lokavipatti Sutta


Lokāyata.– A branch of brahmin learning (D.i.11, etc.); the name signifies that which pertains to the ordinary view (of the world) — i.e., common or popular philosophy — much the same as lokakkhāyika (popular philosophy). For a discussion of the word see Dial.i.166‑72.

Lokāyatika Sutta.– A brahmin, well versed in Lokāyata (q.v.), asks the Buddha a series of questions regarding the world and existence. The Buddha ignores them and teaches him the Law of Dependent Origination (paṭiccasamuppāda), which he accepts. S.ii.77 f.

Loke Sutta.– See Doṇa The discourse referred to at A.ii.37 f is called the Doṇa Sutta.

Lokissara.– A Damila chief who came from India with a spear wound on his shoulder. He defeated Līlāvatī in Sri Lanka and reigned there for nine months (1210‑11 A.C.), until he was defeated by the general Parakkama. Cv.lxxx.47 f.


Lokuppatti.– A Pāḷi work by Aggapaṇḍita of Pagan. Gv. 64, 74; Bode, op.cit., 21.

Lokuttarakathā.– The eighth chapter of the Yuganandha Vagga of the Patisambhidāmagga.


Lola Jātaka (No.274)

Lomahamsa Jātaka (No.94)

Lomahamsa.– A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a nominal list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Lomahamsapariyāya.– Another name, given by the Buddha himself to the Mahāsīhanāda Sutta when his attendant, Nāgasamāla commented that the hairs on his body stood up while listening to it. M.i.83.

Lomasakangiya Bhaddekaratta Sutta.– The Bhaddekaratta Sutta as it was taught to Lomasakangiya Thera.

Lomasakangiya Thera

Lomasakassapa Jātaka (No.433)

Lomasakassapa.– The Bodhisatta born as an ascetic. See the Lomasakassapa Jātaka.

Lomasanāga.– A monk of Sri Lanka who lived in the meditation hall (padhānaghara) in the Piyaṅguguhā on Cetiyapabbata. He is given as an example of a monk who did not abandon his meditations in spite of extreme cold or heat. MA.i.65.



Lonambila Sutta.– Given as an example of a sutta in which the Buddha expands the meaning by means of similes. (AA.i.32) The reference is, perhaps, to the Lonaphala Sutta

Lonaphala Sutta

Losaka Jātaka (No.41)

Losaka Tissa Thera

Lūkhapāvuraṇa Sutta (v.l. Lūkhapāpuraṇa Sutta).– See Mahāsāla Sutta

Lumbineyya.– See Lumbinī.