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Pāli Proper Names — G

Gadāvudha.– The club wielded by Vessavaṇa when he was yet a worldling. It would fall on the head of many thousands of yakkhas and return to Vessavaṇa’s hand. SNA.i.225.

Gaddulabaddha Sutta

Gadrabha.– Doorkeeper of Āḷavaka, the yakkha. He warned the Buddha of the yakkha’s evil nature and requested him to go away, but, on finding the Buddha determined to stay, he informed the yakkha of the Buddha’s arrival. SNA.i.220; AA i.211.

Gadrabhakula.– Mentioned as one of the families in which horses are born. Valāhaka horses are not born in this family. MA.i.248.



Gagga Jātaka See Bhagga Jātaka (No.155)

Gaggaligāma.– A village built by Mahosadha on the further side of the Gaṅgā; there he stationed his elephants, horses, cattle, etc., while he had the great tunnel constructed (J.vi.431).

Gaggarā (Sutta)

Gaggaravāliya-angana.– A locality in Sri Lanka. The elder Pītamalla resided there with thirty other monks. DA.iii.749; the reading in the P.T.S. edition (gāravakaranāya) is wrong.

Gahapati Jātaka (No.199)

Gahapati Vagga

Gahaṭṭhavandanā Sutta.– Mātali goes with Sakka to the pleasure gardens. Mātali worships Sakka saying that those versed in the three Vedas, the four Great Kings, and  the gods of Tāvatiṃsa worship him, then asks Sakka who he worships. Sakka replies that he worships those gone forth with virtue, who develop concentration, and also householders of virtue who maintain a wife,  S.i.234.

Gahvaratīra.– The name of the place where Gahvaratīriya Thera lived (ThagA.i.91 f).

Gahvaratīriya (Gavharatīriya) Thera

Gajabāhu, Gajabhuja

Gajakumbha Jātaka see Rājakumbha Jātaka (No.345)

Gajakumbhakapāsāna.– A locality in Sri Lanka, through which passed the boundary (sīma) marked out by Devānampiyatissa for the Mahāvihāra. Mhv., p.332, v.12; Dpv.xiv.35; Mbv.135.


Gajjagiri.– A mountain in Aparantaka. Sās.35.


Gālhagangā.– A river in South Sri Lanka which was once decreed to be the boundary of Rohana. It is generally identified with Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.xlviii.132; Cv. Trs.i.122, n.4.

Gallakapītha.– A village in Sri Lanka. Five hundred youths from the village were ordained by Mahinda, soon after his arrival in Sri Lanka. Mhv.xvii.59.

Gālurajju.– A river in South Sri Lanka. Cv.lxxv.34; see also Cv. Trs.147, n.1.

Gāmakasetthi.– The name of the treasurer whose daughter was married by Ghosakasetthi. AA.i.230; the account in the Dīghanikāya Commentary does not mention the man’s name.


Gāmani Jātaka (No.8).– The story of Prince Gāmanī (J.i.136 f). For details see the Samvara Jātaka.

Gāmanicanda Jātaka (No.257)

Gāmanicanda.– A servant of Janasandha, king of Bārāṇasī. For his story see the Gāmanicanda Jātaka.

Gāmani-Saṃyutta.– The fifty-second Saṃyutta of the Saṃyuttanikāya. It contains accounts of discourses taught by the Buddha to various headmen (gāmanī) (S.iv.305‑59).

Gāmanitissa.– A reservoir made by King Gajabāhu and given for the maintenance of the Abhayagiri-vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.120.

Gāmanivāpi.– A reservoir near Anurādhapura. Near it was a hermitage built by Pandukābhaya. Mhv.x.96; see Mhv.Trs., p.75, n.1.

Gāmantā.– See Mahāsīva (2), also Vāmatna??

Gāmantapabbhāravāsī Mahā Sīva.– See Mahāsīva.

Gambhīra 1.– A seaport village, visited by Mittavindaka in the course of his flight from Bārāṇasī. J.i.239.

Gambhīra 2.– A channel branching off from the Parakkama Samudda. It started at the point of the flood-escape known as Makara. Cv.lxxix.40.

Gambhīracāri.– The name of one of the two otters in the Dabbhapuppha Jātaka (q.v.) J.iii.333.

Gambhīranadī.– A river, one league north of Anurādhapura; the bricks for the Mahā Thūpa and for the Thupas of the three former Buddhas were prepared on its banks (Mhv.xxviii.7; MT.508). On its bank was Upatissagāma. Mhv.vii.44.

Gambhīrapaññā Satta.– Four conditions — associating with the good, listening to the Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma — if developed and cultivated lead to profound insight. S.v.412.


Gamika.– Father of the nun Mahātissā. Dpv.xviii.39.

Gamitthavāli-vihāra.– A monastery in Rohana, founded by Kākavanna-Tissa. Mhv.xxii.23.



Ganaka-Moggallāna Sutta

Ganakaputta-Tissa Thera.– Probably a Commentator. Buddhaghosa quotes him in the Anguttara Commentary (AA.i.439) as explaining the term “tisahassīmahāsahassī” differently from the commonly accepted interpretation.

Ganānanda-Parivena.– A monastery at Rājagāma in Sri Lanka, the residence of the elder Maittreya Mahā Thera. P.L.C.248.

Ganapeta Vatthu.– The story of a large number of people of Sāvatthi who, because of their misdeeds, had been born as hungry ghosts (petā). Pv.iv.10; PvA.269 f.

Ganatissa.– Son of Panduvāsudeva (Mbv.112). According to the Rājāvaliya, he reigned as king for forty years. See also Cv. Trs.ii.Introd. p.ix.

Ganda Sutta.– The body is like a festering sore (gaṇḍa), full of pus, with nine openings, constantly exuding matter. A.iv.386 f.

Ganda.– Gardener of Pasenadi, king of Kusala. It was he who offered to the Buddha the mango, the seed of which produced the Gandamba (J.iv.264). The Apadāna Commentary (J.i.97) calls the gardener Gandabba, and the Divyāvadana (p.157) calls him Gandaka.

Gandābharaṇa v.l. Gandhābharaṇa.– A book composed by Ariyavamsa. Gv.65, 75; Sās., p.98.

Gandāladoni.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, near the modern Kandy. The stucco work of the vihāra was carried out by Parakkamabāhu VI. Cv.xci.30.


Gandatinduka Jātaka (No.520)

Gandha (Sutta) See also: Araññāyatana-Isi Sutta


Gandhabba.– An attendant of King Eleyya and a follower of Udaka Rāmaputta. A.ii.180.

Gandhabbadvāra.– One of the gates of Pulatthipura. Cv.lxxiii.163.

Gandhabbakāya Saṃyutta.– The thirty first chapter of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iii.249‑53.

Gandhabbakāyikā.– See Gandhabbā.

Gandhabbarājā.– The name given to Sakka in the Vidhura Jātaka (J.vi.260).

Gandhābhārana.– See Gandābharana.

Gandhabhava.– See Bhadraka.

Gandhagata.– See Bhadraka.



Gandhamāliya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he offered a gandha-thūpa covered with sumana-flowers to Siddhattha Buddha. Forty world-cycles ago he became king, sixteen times, under the name of Devagandha. Ap.i.135.

Gandhamutthiya Thera.– An Arahant. One hundred thousand world-cycles ago he gave a handful of perfume for the construction of a (Buddha’s) funeral pyre. Ap.i.292; cp. Gandhapūjaka Thera.

Gandhapūjaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the past he put a handful of perfume on the funeral pyre of Padumuttara Buddha (Ap.ii.406). He is probably identical with Hārita. ThagA.i.376.


Gandhāra Jātaka (No.406)

Gandhāra.– A mountain in Himavā. J.vi.579.

Gandhārarājā.– The king of Gandhāra is several times mentioned by this name; it is evidently a title and not a proper name, e.g., J.i.191; ii.219 f; iii.364 ff; iv.98.

Gandhāravagga.– The second chapter of the Suttanipāta of the Jātaka Commentary (J.iii.363‑421).


Gandhatthena Sutta.– A certain monk, after his alms­round sniffed a red lotus. A devatā admonished him as a scent thief. The bhikkhu was at first affronted, but when told that even a trivial fault in one striving for purity was gross, he thanked the devatā. S.i.204.

Gandhathūpiya Thera.– An Arahant, probably identical with Gandha-māliya (q.v.) The same verses are attributed to both. Ap.i.267.


Gandhavilepana Sutta.– Few are those who abstain from flowers, scents, etc; many are those who do not. S.v.471.

Gandhodaka Thera

Gandhodakiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he saw Vipassī Buddha and sprinkled perfumed water on him. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he became king, under the name of Sugandha (Ap.i.157 f). He is probably identical with Ātuma Thera. ThagA.i.160 f.

Gandimitta v.l. Kanhamitta.– See Valliya Thera (3).


Gangā Sutta.– Taught to a brahmin at Veḷuvana. Incalculable is the beginning of saṃsāra, incalculable the aeons that have passed by, like the sands of the Gangā. S.ii.153.

Gangādoni.– A hill in the Manimekhala district in Sri Lanka. The general Sankha founded a city there during Māgha’s invasion. The hill was only two leagues away from Māgha’s capital, but provided quite a safe retreat. Cv.lxxxi.7 f.

Gangalatittha.– A ford on the Kadamba river near Anurādhapura. It was the starting-point of the boundary line which Devānampiyatissa laid down for the Mahā-vihāra. MT.361; cf. Mbv.136.

Gangamāla Jātaka (No.421)

Gangamāla.– A barber who later became a Pacceka Buddha. See Gangamāla Jātaka.

Gangāmāti-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, to which Jetthatissa III gave Keheta as its maintenance village. Cv.xliv.99.

Gaṅgānadīādi Sutta.– S.v.134. See Gaṅgāpeyyāla.


Gangarājī.– A district to the east of Anurādhapura, where Kanittha-Tissa built the Anulatissapabbata-vihāra. Mhv.xxxvi.15.

Gangārāma.– Also called Rājamahā-vihāra, a monastery founded by Kittisirirājasīha on the bank of the Mahāvālukagangā near Kandy (Cv.c.202). There Rājādhīrājasīha erected a cetiya. Cv.ci.17.

Gangārohana Sutta

Gangārohana Vatthu.– The account of the Buddha’s visit to Vesāli which he paid in order to teach the Ratana Sutta (q.v.) DhA.iii.436 ff.

Gangāsenakapabbata-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka built by Mahāsena (Mhv.xxxvii.41).

Gangāsiripura.– The Pāḷi name for the town of Gampola in Sri Lanka (Cv.xxxxvi.18). In it was an ancient vihāra, the Nigamaggāmapāsāda (Cv.lxxxviii.48). Bhuvanekabāhu IV made it his capital. Cv.xc.107.

Gangātata, Gangātataka, Gangātalāka

Gangātīriya Thera

Gangā-tissa.– See Ariyagāla-tissa.

Gangā-Vīci.– One of the four kinds of waves that rise in the sea. Each wave of this class rises to a height of fifty leagues. VibhA.502.


Gangeyya Jātaka (No.205)

Gantha Sutta.– There are four knots: covetousness, ill-will, attachment to rites and rituals, and dogmatic assertions. The Noble Eightfold Path should be developed to destroy and abandon them. S.v.59.

Ganthākara-parivena.– A dwelling attached to the Mahāvihāra at Anurādhapura, where Buddhaghosa stayed during his sojourn in Sri Lanka and where he wrote his Commentaries (Cv.xxxvii.243). The parivena was restored by Kassapa V. Cv.lii.57.

Ganthambatittha.– A ford in the Mahāvālukagangā. There a water-boundary (udakakkhepasīmā) was erected by Vimaladhammasūriya I (Cv.xciv.17). The name is the Pāḷi equivalent for the Sinhalese Gātambē.

Ganthimāna.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by Parakkamabāhu VI for the maintenance of the temple at Devapura (Devanagara). Cv.xc.95.

Ganthipupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he gave a ganthi-flower to Vipassī Buddha. Forty-one world-cycles ago he was a king named Varana (Ap.i.162). He is probably identical with Hatthārohaputta. ThagA.i.170.

Ganthisāra.– A book composed by Saddhammajotipāla; it is evidently an anthology or manual composed from important texts. Bode, op.cit., p.18; Gv. (p.64) calls it Gandhasāra.


Garahita Jātaka (No.219)

Garahitapitthipāsāna.– See Garahita Jātaka.

Gārava Sutta

Garītara.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka constructed by Moggallāna II, by damming the Kadamba river. Cv.xli.61.

Garudā, Garulā

Garula.– One of the palaces occupied by Phussa Buddha in his last lay-life (Bu.xix.15). The Commentary (BuA.192) calls it Garulapakkha.

Gatārāparivena.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, residence of Upatapassī, author of the Vuttamālā. PLC.253.

Gatasaññaka Thera


Gati Sutta.– The five conditions of birth — in hell, among animals, hungry ghosts (peta), human beings, or devā. A.iv.459.

Gatikathā.– The sixth section of the Mahā Vagga of the Patisambhidā­magga. Ps.ii.73‑8.

Gatimba.– See Mahāgatimba.

Gatipacchedana.– A king of eighty-four world-cycles ago; a previous birth of Sammukhāthavika (Ap.i.159) (or Mānava). ThagA.i.163.

Gatipakarana.– A book composed by a thera of Pakudhanagara. Gv.65; but see p.75, where the author is said to belong to Sri Lanka.

Gatiyopañcaka Vagga.– The eleventh chapter of the Sacca Saṃyutta and the last chapter of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.v.474 f.

Gavaccha.– See Cūla-Gavaccha and Mahā-Gavaccha.

Gavaghātaka Sutta.– Moggallāna reports to the Buddha that, while descending Gijjhakūta, he saw a vast lump of flesh flying through the air. The Buddha says it was a cattle butcher of Rājagaha, born as a hungry ghost (peta). S.ii.256.

Gavampati (Sutta)

Gavapāna.– The name of a special almsgiving held in honour of Mangala Buddha by the Bodhisatta, when he was born as the brabmin Suruci. The chief item of food was a kind of pudding made of milk, rice, and honey. Bu.iv.11; BuA.122.

Gavara.– A Tamil general of Dona, subdued by Dutthagāmanī. Mhv.xxv.11.

Gavaratissa-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by King Bhātika-Tissa, who also constructed for its maintenance the Mahāmani reservoir. Mhv.xxxvi.3.

Gavaravāliya-angana.– A monastic establishment in Sri Lanka, the residence of Pitamalla Thera and thirty others. MA.i.190.


Gavesī Sutta.– The story of Gavesī.


Gayā Sutta


Gayā-phaggu, -phaggunī, -phaggunītittha.– See Gayā (2).


Gayātittha.– See Gayā (2).

Gāyikā.– One of the four wives of Candakumāra. J.vi.148.

Gedha Sutta.– See Anussati Sutta.

Gelañña Sutta

Getthumba.– A canal. The taxes paid for the use of its water for tillage were given by Mahinda III. for the repairs of the Ratanapāsāda. Cv.xlix.41.

Geyya.– The second section of the Tipitaka arranged according to subject-matter (aṅgavasena). It includes all the suttas composed in verse, especially the whole Sagāthakavagga of the Saṃyuttanikāya. DA.i.23 f.

Ghanamatthaka.– An ornament that Migāra presented to Visākhā to show her his gratitude. DhA.i.407.

Ghanasela.– A mountain in Avanti in the Dakkhināpatha, where Kāladevala lived. J.v.133.

Ghanikā.– A class of spirits (cloud-gods?). Mil., p.191.


Gharāvāsa-pañha.– The question asked by Dhanañjaya and answered by Vidhura, before he was taken away by Punnaka. The question dealt with how a householder could so live as to get the best out of his life, both for this world and for the next. J.iv.286 f.


Ghata Jātaka (No.355, 454)

Ghata Sutta

Ghatamandadāyaka Thera

Ghatāsana Jātaka (No.133)

Ghatāsana.– Twenty world-cycles ago Pupphathūpiya (q.v.) became king thirty-eight times under this name. Ap.i.156.

Ghatāya.– A Sakyan of Kapilavatthu, who built a monastery attached to the Nigrodhārāma. There the Mahāsuññatā Sutta was taught. M.iii.110; MA.ii.907.


Ghatīkāra Sutta

Ghattiyā.– One of the four wives of Candakumāra. J.iv.148.

Ghatvā Sutta.– See Chetvā Sutta


Ghosasaññaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he was a hunter, and hearing the Buddha teach was delighted by the sound of his voice (Ap.ii.451). His verses are in the Theragāthā Commentary attributed to Gahvaratīriya (ThagA.i.91) and to Dhammika. Ibid., p.398.

Ghosaka.– See Ghosa (2).

Ghosaka-setthi (v.l. Ghosita°)

Ghosita Sutta.– The millionaire Ghosita visits Ānanda at the Ghositārāma and questions him on the Buddha’s teaching regarding diversity in elements (dhātunānattaṃ). Ānanda explains how the three kinds of feelings — pleasurable, painful, and neutral — arise. S.iv.113 f.



Ghotamukha Sutta

Ghotamukhī.– See Ghotamukha.

Gihi Sutta

Gihīnaya Sutta.– See Bāḷhagilāyana Sutta.

Gihipatipadā Sutta.– A name given in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.65) to the Gihisāmīci Sutta (q.v.)

Gihīsāmīci Sutta.– The Buddha tells Anāthapiṇḍika of four things that constitute the householder’s path of duty — he waits upon the Order with offers of robes, food, lodgings, requisites and medicines for use in sickness. A.ii.65.

Gihivinaya.– See the Singālovāda Sutta.

Gijjha Jātaka (No.164, 399, 427)


Gijjhakuta Sutta.– See Abhaya Sutta

Gilāna Sutta

Gilānadassana Sutta

Gilāyana Sutta.– See Gilāna Sutta

Gilimalaya.– A village given by Vijayabāhu I for the maintenance of worship at Samantakūta. Cv.lx.65; also Cv.Trs.i.22I, n.2.

Gimhatittha.– A town in Rohana where the Kesadhātu Devarāja won a victory. Cv.lxxv.22; also Cv. Trs.146, u.2.


Giñjakāvasatha Sutta


Giri (Sutta)

Giribārattha.– A district in the Dakkhinadesa of Sri Lanka. Cv.lxix.8; lxx.125.

Giribāvāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.44; for identification see Cv.Trs.i.280, n.5.

Giribbaja 1.– A name for Rājagaha (q.v.)

Giribbaja 2.– A name for Vankagiri. J.vi.589.


Giribhanda.– A monastery in Sri Lanka restored by Udaya I (Cv.xlix.29). See Giribhanda-(vāhana)-pūjā.

Giribrahā.– See Giriguhā.

Giridanta (v.l. Giridatta, Giridanha).– The trainer of the horse Pandava. He was a previous birth of Devadatta. See the Giridanta Jātaka.

Giridatta Jātaka (No.184)

Giridāsa.– A poor caravan leader, the husband of Isidāsī, in a previous birth. Thig.445 f; ThigA.260, 265.

Giridatta Thera.– An Arahant, teacher of Vitāsoka (q.v.) Giridatta was especially proficient in Sutta and Abhidhamma. ThagA.i.295.

Giriddhī.– An eminent Arahant Therī of the Mahāvihāra who taught the Vinaya in Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.14.



Girigāmakanna.– The residence of Cūḷasudhamma Thera (VibhA.452). It was probably a monastery near Girigāma.

Giriguhā.– One of the palaces occupied by Piyadassī Buddha in his last lay life (Bu.xiv.16). The Commentary (BuA., p.172) calls it Giribrahā.

Girihālika.– A monastery built in an inland district of Sri Lanka by King Mahallaka-Nāga (Mhv.xxxv.125).

Girikālī (Girikārī).– Daughter of the chaplain of Kākavanna-Tissa. She became a nun, won Arahantship, and became famous as an eminent teacher of the Vinaya. Dpv.xviii.20.





Girikumbhila.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka built by Lañjitissa (Mhv.xxxiii.14). At the ceremony of the dedication of the vihāra, Lañjitissa distributed to sixty thousand monks six garments each (Mhv.xxxiii.26).

Girilaka.– A Tamil stronghold, near Vijitapura, commanded by Giriya. It was captured by Dutthagāmanī. Mhv.xxv.47.

Girimānanda Sutta

Girimānanda Thera

Girimaṇḍala.– A district in Sri Lanka. See Giri (4). Cv.li.111; for identification see Cv.Trs.i.159, n.l.


Girinagara (Girivhanagara).– A monastery in Devapāli built by Aggabodhi V. Cv.xlviii.3.

Girinelapūjaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he was a hunter, and having seen Sikhī Buddha, he offered him a nela-flower (Ap.ii.457). He is evidently identical with Gavampati. ThagA.i.104.

Girinelavāhanaka.– A vihāra to the north of Kandanagara, built by Sūratissa. Mhv.xxi.6.

Giripunnāgiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he offered a giripunnāga-fruit to Sobhita Buddha, then staying at the Cittakūta (Ap.ii.416). He is evidently identical with Kanhadinna. ThagA.i.304.

Girisāra v.l. Sirisāra, Hirisāra.– A king of eighty world-cycles ago; a previous birth of Mānava (or Sammukhāthavika) Thera (ThagA.i.164; Ap.i.159).

Girisigāmuka.– One of the tanks restored by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxviii.49).

Giritata (Ghitatāka)

Giritimbilatissa.– A mountain and a vihāra in Rohana. Near it was the village Siva. See Dhammā (6). Ras.ii.42.

Girivāhana.– One of the palaces of Atthadassī Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.xv.15.

Girivamsa.– A royal family of Sri Lanka to which belonged the famous Alagakkonāra (Cv.xci.3) and also the mother of Parakkamabāhu VI. P.L.C.247.

Girivhanagara.– See Girinagara.

Girivihāra.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka erected by Aggabodhi I; he gave one hundred fields for its support (Cv.xlii.12). It was the residence of Cūḷapindapātiya-Tissa (AA.i.367), and also of a novice, pupil of Tepitaka, called Cūḷa-Summa Thera. (DA.ii.514).

Giriya 1.– A jackal, Devadatta in a previous birth. See the Manoja Jātaka. J.iii.322 f.

Giriya 2.– A Tamil general, commander of Girilaka; he was slain by Dutthagāmanī. Mhv.xxv.47.

Giriyasa.– See Giri (3).

Giriyāvāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.46; see also Cv.Trs.i.280, n.5.

Gītassara Sutta.– The five evil results of teaching the Dhamma in a sing-song style (gītassarena). A.iii.251.

Givulabā.– A village in Sri Lanka where the forces of Parakkamabāhu I won a great victory. Cv.lxxiv.91.

Gocariya v.l. Kālāvaka.– One of the ten families of elephants. It is said that a Chaddanta-elephant is born in a Chaddantakula and not in such a family as the Gocariya. MA.i.248.

Godatta Sutta

Godatta Thera

Godāvarī.– See Godhāvarī.

Godha Jātaka (No.138, 141), See also: Pakkagodha Jātaka (No.333)

Godha Thera.– A Sakyan. A conversation between him and Mahānāma the Sakyan is recorded in the Godha Sutta (q.v.) S.v.371.

Godharāja Jātaka (No.325)

Godha, Godhaka.– See Godatta (2).

Godhā.– See Kāligodhā.

Godhagatta-Tissa Thera.– He it was who brought about a reconciliation between Dutthagāmanī and his brother Saddhā Tissa (Mhv.xxiv.49‑53). The Commentary (MT.469) explains that he had a skin complaint, which made his skin scaly like that of an iguana (godha).

Godhapura.– See Gonaddhapura.

Godhasakka Sutta


Godhī.– Probably the mother of Devadatta (q.v.), who is sometimes called Godhiputta (Vin.ii.189).

Godhika Sutta.– Contains the story of Godhika’s suicide, mentioned above. S.i.120 f.

Godhika Thera

Godhika-Mahātissa Thera.– Teacher of Dhammadinna of Talangatissa­pabbata (MT.606).

Godhiputta.– See Devadatta


Gokannaka.– See Gokanna (1).

Gokannanāndanāyaka.– A Damiḷa chief at Mundannānankonda. Cv.lxxvi.212.

Gokulanka-vihāra.– A monastery built by cowherds for Dhaniya and his wife after their ordination. Buddhaghosa says that it existed even in his day. SNA.i.46.


Golabāhatittha.– A ford over the Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.lxxii.51.

Golahalā.– The soldiers of a district in South India (Cv.lxxvi.264, 259).


Golapānu.– A village given by King Buddhadāsa for the maintenance of the Mayūra-parivena (Cv.xxxvii.173).

Gola-upāsaka.– A pious man of Gothagāma, so called because he was slightly hunched. His story is given at Ras.ii.170 f.

Goliyāni Sutta

Goliyāni.– A monk living in the wilds, who once came on some business to see the monks at the Kalandakanivāpa. It was on his account that the Goliyāni Sutta was taught. M.i.469.

Gomagga.– A spot in Siṃsapāvana near Ālavī. The Buddha once stayed there during the cold season and was visited by Hatthaka Alavaka (A.i.136).

Gomatakandarā.– A cave some distance from Veḷuvana in Rājagaha. Monks coming to Rājagaha from afar were provided with lodging there, and Dabba-Mallaputta was put in charge of these arrangements (Vin.ii.76; iii.160).

Gomatī.– A channel built by Parakkamabāhu I, branching eastwards from the Mahāvālukagangā (Cv.lxxix.52).

Gomayapiṇḍa Sutta

Gomayagāma.– A village in Rohana. Cv.lxxv.3.

Gona (Gonaka)

Gonaddha (Gonaddhapura)

Gonagāmaka.– A landing-place at the mouth of the Mahā-kandara river, where Bhaddakaccānā and her companions disembarked. Mhv.viii.25; cf.v.12.

Gonagāmuka.– A locality near the Kālavāpi where Gokanna was defeated by Rakkhadīvāna (Cv.lxx.70). Is this identical with Gonagāmaka? However, see Cv. Trs.i.293, n.1.

Gonarattha.– A district in North Sri Lanka, where Māgha and Jayabāhu set up fortifications (Cv.lxxxiii.17).

Gonaraviya Thera

Gondā, Gondamittā.– A yakkhinī, mother of Pola-(Posa)-mittā. MT.260.

Gondigāma.– A reservoir constructed by Upatissa II (Cv.xxxvii.185). The village belonging to it was given by Jetthatissa III to the Jetavana-vihāra (Cv.xliv.97). The reservoir was restored by Aggabodhi V. Cv.xlviii.9.

Gonisavihāra.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka where the young Dhātusena (q.v.) was brought up by his uncle, while he remained in disguise as a monk (Cv.xxxviii.21). Geiger thinks it was to the south of Anurādhapura (Cv. Trs.i.30, n.1).

Gonnagāma.– A village in Rohana, given by Dappula to the Rājavihāra (Cv.xlv.58).

Gonnagirika.– A vihāra built by Sūratissa in the eastern quarter of Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxi.4.

Gonnavitthika.– A village in Rohana, assigned by Dappula to the Cittalapabbatavihāra. Cv.xlv.59.

Gonusurattha.– A district in North Sri Lanka, once occupied by Māgha and Jayabāhu (Cv.lxxxiii.17).


Gopaka Moggallāna (Sutta)

Gopaka Sīvalī.– A resident of Sri Lanka. He built a cetiya in Tālapitthika-vihāra. At the moment of his death, remembering this act, he was reborn in the deva-world. VibhA.156.


Gopālaka Sutta.– See Cūlagopālaka Sutta and Mahāgopālaka Sutta.


Gopālapabbata.– A hill near Pulatthipura, used as a landmark. Cv.lxxviii.65; for identification see Cv. Trs.i.110, n.1.

Gopī, Gopikā.– A Sakyan maiden of Kapilavatthu, who was born later as Gopaka-devaputta. See Gopaka (3).



Gosinga Sutta.– See Cūlagosinga Sutta and Mahāgosinga Sutta.


Gosīsanikkhepa Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he had spread sandalwood paste (gosīsa) outside a monastery. Seventy-five world-cycles ago he became a king, named Suppatitthita (Ap.i.245).

Gotamā.– Mother of Candakumāra and chief queen of the king of Bārāṇasī (J.vi.134). She is identified with Mahāmāyā (J.vi.157). She is sometimes also called Gotamī, e.g., J.vi.148, 151.

Gotama Buddha

Gotama Sutta.– One of a group of seven suttas by Vipassī, Sikhī, Vessabhū, Kakusandha, Koṇāgamana, Kassapa, and Gotama Buddha, each of whom contemplated dependent origination on how beings could escape from aging and death. S.ii.5‑9.

Gotama (Thera)

Gotamadvāra.– The gate by which the Buddha left Pātaligāma, after having eaten there at the invitation of Sunidha and Vassakāra. Vin.i.230, etc., as above.


Gotamaka Sutta


Gotamatittha.– The ford by which the Buddha crossed the Gaṅgā, after leaving Pātaligāma. See also Gotamadvāra. Vin.i.230; Ud.viii.6; UdA.424; D.ii.89.

Gotamī Sutta 1.– Māra sees Kisāgotamī resting alone in the Andhavana and tries to frighten her, but he is forced to retire discomfited. S.i.129.

Gotamī Sutta 2.– The story of how Mahāpajāpatī Gotamī (q.v.) and her companions obtained the Buddha’s sanction to enter the Order and the conditions attaching to that sanction. A.iv.274 ff.

Gotamī Vagga.– The sixth chapter of the Atthaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.274‑93.

Gotamī, Gotamā.– See Mahāpajāpatī Gotamī, Kisāgotamī, etc.

Gotamī.– One of the chief women supporters of Vessabhū Buddha (Bu.xxii.25). The Commentary (BuA., p.208) calls her Kāligotamī.

Gotamyā.– The name given to the followers of Mahāpajāpatī Gotamī, e.g., DhA.iv.149.

Gotapabbata v.l. Kotapabbata.– A vihāra in South Sri Lanka built by Mahallaka Nāga (Mhv.xxxv.124). It may be that it is identical with Kotapabbata-vihāra and that Mahallaka merely restored it.

Gotha.– See Gothayimbara.

Gothābhaya.– A monk living in the Sanghapāla-parivena. He was the maternal uncle of King Gothakābhaya II, and tried, without success, to win the king over from the influence of Sangamitta. Mhv.xxxvi.115 f.

Gothagāma.– A village on the south coast of Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.170.

Gothakābhaya, Gothābhaya

Gothakasamudda.– The sea near Sri Lanka, the “shallow sea.” Mhv.xxii.49, 85; DA.ii.695.


Gotta, Goda.– See Godatta (2).

Govaddhamāna.– A village in Uttarāpatha, in the dominion of King Kamsa. It was the residence of Upasagara and Devagabbhā and the birthplace of the Andhakavenhudāsaputtā. J.iv.80.

Govarattha.– A district in South India (the modern Goa). Vimala-dhammasūriya once took refuge there. Cv.xciv.2.


Govindamala.– A mountain in Rohana. The Ādipāda Bhuvanekabāhu founded a town there and used it as a fortification for Rohana when Māgha’s forces overran the country. Cv.lxxxi.6; also Cv.Trs.ii.135, n.4.

Govindiya.– Evidently the title given to the High Treasurer. It occurs in the phrase Govindiye abhisiñcissāmi, when Disampati proposes to appoint Jotipāla to the rank of Treasurer. D.ii.232, cp. Jāṇussoṇi.

Govisānaka-Nanda.– One of the Nava-Nandā.

Goyāniya.– A shortened form of Aparagoyāna. J.iv.278, 279; Ap.i.18; ii.348.

Goyogapilakkha.– A spot near Bārāṇasī, visited by the Buddha on his begging rounds (A.i.280). The Commentary (AA.i.460) explains that it was near a fig tree (pilakkha) set up at the spot where cows were.

Guhānahānakottha.– One of the eight stone bath-houses erected for the monks at Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.45.

Guhasela.– A palace occupied by Tissa Buddha before his final renunciation. Bu.xviii.17.


Guhatthaka Sutta

Gula.– A yakkha chief who should be invoked when unbelieving yakkhas molest any follower of the Buddha. D.iii.204.

Gulapūvatintini.– A place on the outskirts of Anurādhapura, near Cetiyagiri. Ras.ii.50.


Gūlhatthadīpanī.– A work by Sāradassī, explaining difficult passages in the seven books of the Abhidhamma. Sās. p.116; Bode, op.cit., 56.

Gūlhatthatīkā.– A work, probably a glossary, written by a monk in Burma, author also of the Bālappabodhana. Gv.63, 73; see Vajirabuddhitīkā (Vinayagandhi).

Gūlhummagga, Gūlhavessantara, Gūlhavinaya.– Mentioned in the Commentaries (e.g., Sp.iv.742) as not the word of the Buddha (abuddhavacanāni); they were probably books belonging to sects other than the orthodox Theravādins.

Gulissāni.– See Goliyāni.

Gullissani Sutta.– See the Goliyāni Sutta

Gumbakabhūtā.– The slave woman of Ummāda-Cittā, whose son was entrusted to her that she might bring him to safety. MT.280.

Gumbika, Gumbiya.– A yakkha; see the Gumbiya Jātaka.

Gumbiya Jātaka (No.366)

Guna Jātaka (No.157)

Guna.– A naked ascetic of the Kassapagotta, who was consulted by Angati, king of Videha. He is identified with the Licchavi Sunakkhatta. For details see the Mahānāradakassapa Jātaka.

Gunābhilankāra.– A thera of Tunnagāma. He was one of the originators of the Ekamsika controversy (Sās.118). He was, later on, the incumbent of the Jeyyabhūmi-vihāra. (Sās.132, 163).

Gunagandha.– A scholarly monk of Burma. Sās.111, 112.

Gunamuninda.– A Rājagura of Burma. Sās.132, 143.

Gunārāma.– A Thera of Arimaddanapura. King Ujana built for him the Jetavana-vihāra. Sās.83.

Gunaratanadhara.– The name given by Bhuvanekabāhu to one of the monks who came from Sri Lanka to Burma to take back the pure religion to Sri Lanka. Sās.45.

Gunasāgara.– A monk of Burma, author of the Mukhamattasāra and its Subcommentary (ṭīkā). Gv., p.63; Bode, op.cit., 25.

Gunasāra.– A pupil of Gunagandha. He was an inhabitant of Sahassorodhagāma. Sās.112, 162, 164.

Gunasiri.– A pupil of Canda Thera of Repinagāma. He was the teacher of Nānadhaja. Sās.162, 163, 164.


Guralatthakalañcha.– A locality in Sri Lanka, the centre of a fight between the forces of the Damilādhikāri Rakkha and his enemies. Cv.lxxv.77; Cv.Trs.i.51, n.3.



Gūthakhādasuttaṃ.– See Gūthakhādaka

Gūthakhādi-duttha-brāhmana Sutta

Gūthapāna Jātaka (No.227)

Gutijjita.– A Pacceka Buddha, whose name occurs in a nominal list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Gutta, Guttaka.– A Tamil usurper. He was a horse-dealer and came to Sri Lanka with another Tamil named Sena. They killed King Sūratissa and reigned at Anurādhapura for twenty-two years (177‑155 B.C.) They were killed by Asela. Mhv.xxi.10 f; Dpv.xviii.47 f.

Guttā Therī

Guttasāla, Guttasālaka

Guttavanka.– See Tanguttavanka.


Guttila Jātaka (No.243)