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1. Sena.– King of Sri Lanka (Sena I, 831‑51 A.C.) He was the younger brother and the successor of Aggabodhi IX. He had three younger brothers: Mahinda, Kassapa and Udaya. His queen was Saṅghā. During his reign the Paṇḍu king invaded Sri Lanka, and Sena had to retire into the Malaya district. After the army of the Paṇḍu king had plundered a great part of the kingdom, Sena made a treaty with him and re-gained his throne. He adopted the three sons and the three daughters of Kittaggabodhi: Kassapa, Sena and Udaya, and Saṅghā, Tissā, and Kitti. Among the king’s good acts was the construction of a monastery on Ariṭṭhapabbata for the Paṃsukūlikā, and a many storeyed pāsāda in Jetavana. He also built the Vīraṅkurārāma, the Pubbārāma, Saṅghasena-pariveṇa, Senaggabodhi-vihāra, a refectory in the Mahāmettapabbata-vihāra, and single cells in the Kappūra and Uttarālha-parivenas. He completed the Dappulapabbata° and the Kassaparājaka-vihāras. Among Sena’s ministers were Bhadda (the senāpati), Uttara, Vajira and Rakkhasa. His capital was in Pulatthinagara (Cv.l.1 ff). He was also known as Silāmegha (Cv.l.43).

2. Sena.– Son of the Ādipāda Kassapa, and therefore nephew of Sena I. On the death of his father, Sena became king as Sena II (851‑85 A.C.) He married Saṅghā, daughter of Kittaggabodhi, and had a son, Kassapa. Sena sent an expeditionary force against the Paṇḍu king, captured Madhurā, and brought back the treasures which had been pillaged by the Paṇḍū in the time of Sena I. The Pamsukulika monks separated from the incumbents of Abhayagiri in the twentieth year of Sena’s reign. He built the Manimekhala dam and a dam across the Kanavāpi at Katthantanagara. He endowed various monasteries — Buddhagāma, Mahiyaṅgana, Kūtatissa, Mandalagiri, and Sobbha — and held a special ceremony in honour of the image of Ānanda. He held a consecration festival at the Hemavāluka-cetiya (Mahā Thūpa), and decreed that this festival should be repeated annually. His senāpati was Kutthaka. Cv.li.1 ff.

3. Sena.– Son of Kittaggabodhi. Cv.l.56.

4. Sena.– Called Mahālekhaka Sena. He was a minister of Kassapa V and built the Mahālekhakapabbata house in the Mahāvihāra (Cv.lii.33). His mother was Nālā. Cv.Trs. i.138, n.3; 165, n.1.

5. Sena.– Upāraja of Udaya III, and later Sena III, king of Sri Lanka (937‑45 A.D.). According to some accounts he was the brother of Udaya III. He observed the uposatha-day regularly, and among his benefactions was the Dandissara offering to mendicant artists. He made the stone paving of Abhayuttara-cetiya and endowed the Nāgasālā-pariveṇa. Cv.liii.13, 28 ff.

6. Sena.– Uparāja of Udaya IV, and afterwards king of Sri Lanka (Sena IV 953‑6 A.D.) He was learned, and used to explain the suttantas in the Lohapāsāda. Because of his piety, the gods sent timely rain. He made a casket for the Tooth Relic and built the Sitthagāma-pariveṇa. Cv.liii.39; liv.1 ff.

7. Sena.– senāpati of Mahinda IV and of Sena V. He was sent to Nāgadīpa, where he subdued the Vallabha king. Once, when he was absent, Sena V had the senāpati’s younger brother, Mahāmalla, slain for an offence with the queen mother, and appointed a court official Udaya as senāpati. When Sena senāpati heard of this, he marched against the king, who had to flee to Rohaṇa. The queen mother joined Sena, and he lived in Pulatthipura. This king, later, dismissed senāpati Udaya and made peace with Sena, whose daughter he married. Cv.liv.13 f; lviii.70.

8. Sena.– Son of Mahinda IV and king of Sri Lanka (Sena V 972‑81 A.C.). His mother was a Kāliṅga princess. He came to the throne at the age of twelve. His senāpati was also called Sena (see Sena 7), and for some time the king had to live in Rohaṇa from fear of Sena. However, later he made peace, and married Sena’s daughter and had a son, Kassapa. The king drank much, and died of digestive trouble in the tenth year of his reign. Cv.liv.57‑72.

9. Sena.– Adhikāri of Kittisirimegha (2). He was sent to fight against Parakkamabāhu I at Siriyāla and Buddhagāma, but was defeated. Cv.lxvi.66 f.

10. Sena Iḷaṅga.– senāpati of Kassapa IV. He was of royal lineage. He built a dwelling for the monks to the west of the Thūpārāma. He also founded the Dhammārāma-vihāra and Hadaya-unha-vihāra for the Dhammaruci and Kassapasena for the Sāgalikā. For forest dwelling ascetics he built a hut on Rattamālapabbata. For the Paṃsukūlikā he built the Samuddagiri-pariveṇa in the Mahāvihāra, and for the bhikkhuṇīs the Tissārāma. He erected hospitals in Anurādhapura and Pulatthipura, against the upasagga disease. Cv.lii.30.

11. Sena.– A Damiḷa usurper who, with his companion Guttika, both of them horse dealers, defeated Sūratissa and occupied the throne at Anurādhapura for twenty-two years (177‑55 B.C.). At the end of that time they were overpowered by Asela. Mhv.xxi.10 f; Dpv.xviii.47 f; Cv.lxxxii.21.

12. Sena Thera.– An Arahant. He was the maternal uncle of Vijitasena Thera. His brother was Upasena. ThagA.i.424.

13. Sena.– elder brother of Jotika, when the latter was born as Aparājita. He entered the Order under Vipassī Buddha and became an Arahant. DhA.iv.201 f.

14. Sena.– The name of Bhūta Thera in the time of Siddhattha Buddha. He was a brahmin, and, having seen the Buddha, uttered his praises in four stanzas. ThagA.i.493; Ap.i.113.

15. Sena.– Son of Atthadassī Buddha. Bu.xv.16; BuA.178 calls him Sela.