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Pāli Proper Names — C

Cakka Peyyāla

Cakka Sutta

Cakkadaha.– The home of the Cakkaratana of a Cakkavatti. J.iv.232.



Cakkavāka Jātaka (No.434, 451)



Cakkavatti Sutta

Cakkavatti Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Bojjhanga Saṃyutta. S.v.98‑102.

Cakkavattirāja Sutta.– Stream-winning is superior to being a Cakkavatti. S.v.341.

Cakkavatti(sihanāda) Sutta

Cakkhu Sutta


Cakkhupāla Thera

Cālā Therī

Cālā Sutta.– Records Māra’s visit to Cālā Therī and their conversation. S.i.132.

Cāla Thera

Cala.– A Sinhalese chieftain, who once joined the Coḷā against Vijayabāhu I, (Cv.lviii.16) but who, later (Cv.vs.55; see Cv.Trs.i.207, n.3), evidently returned to him and fought bravely on his side.



Cambutivāpi.– A reservoir built by Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.95.

Cammakkhandhaka.– The fifth chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.179 ff

Cammasātaka Jātaka (No.324)



Campakā.– See Campā.

Campakapupphiya Thera

Campeyya, Campeyyaka.– A Nāga-king who dwelt in the river Campā. See the Campeyya Jātaka.

Campeyya Cariyā.– See Campeyya Jātaka.

Campeyya Jātaka (No.506)

Campeyyakkhandhaka.– The ninth chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.312 ff


Cānavela.– v.l. for Tanaveli (q.v.)

Cañcalikappa.– v.l. Caṇḍalakappa




Caṇḍa Sutta.– Describes the visits of the Gāmanicanda to the Buddha. S.iv.305. See Caṇḍa (1).

Canda or Candima Sutta.– Just as the moon is brighter far than the stars, so is earnestness the best of profitable conditions. S.v.44.

Candābha Thera


Candābha Jātaka (No.135)


Candadeva.– The third of the Andhakavenhudāsaputtā. J.iv.81.

Candadevī.– See Candā.

Candadhara.– Name of the god Siva. Cv.lxxiv.193.

Candagabbha.– One of the seven mountain ranges which must be crossed on the way to Gandhamādana. SNA.i.66.

Caṇḍagāmani.– See Gāmanicaṇḍa Jātaka.

Candagiri.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka built by Vijayabāhu I (Cv.lx.61). Geiger (Cv.Trs.i.220, n.2) identifies it with the Sandagiri Thūpa in the Tissamahārāma.




Candakinnara Jātaka (No.485)


Candakumara Cariyā.– See Candakumāra (1).

Candakumāra Jātaka (No.544)

Caṇḍāla Sutta

Caṇḍalakappa.– See Cañcalikappa.


Candamittā.– One of the two chief women disciples of Vipassī Buddha. Bu.xx.29; J.i.41.

Candamukha.– A cave in Dhūmarakkhapabbata. Maliyamahādeva Thera once lived there. Ras.ii.126.

Candamukha.– One of the descendants of Okkāka. Dpv.iii.42; Mhv.ii.13.



Candamukhī.– The wife of Meghavanna devaputta. Ras.ii.126.

Candamukhī.– Wife of Metteyya Buddha in his last lay-life. Anagatavaṃsa, p.48.


Candana Sutta



Candanamāliya Thera


Candanapāsāda.– A building in the Maricavatti-vihāra erected by Mahinda IV. It housed the Hair Relic of the Buddha in a jewelled reliquary. Cv.liv.40 f.

Candanapūjaka Thera

Candanasāla.– See Candanamālā.

Candapabbata.– See Canda (7).


Candapadumāsirī.– See Candapadumā.


Candārāma.– A monastery in Candavatī, where Koṇḍañña Buddha spent his first vassa. BuA.110.

Candasama.– See Candūpama.

Candasārattha-tikā.– A Commentary on the Sambandhacintā written in the fourteenth century by Saddhammañāna of Pagan. P.L.C.198.

Caṇḍāsoka.– The name given to Asoka, because he so cruelly killed his brothers. The name was later changed to Dhammāsoka. Mhv.v.189.

Candasuriya.– A friend of Mahādhanadeva. See Ariyagālatissa.


Candavankavīthi.– A street in Anurādhapura. Ras.ii.123.


Candgutta.– A king of twenty world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Tamālapupphiya. Ap.i.197.


Caṇḍīdvāra.– One of the gates erected in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. It was brightly painted (Cv.lxxiii.161; lxxix.45). Candī is one of the names of Durgā, Siva’s wife.

Candikā.– Mother of Candikāputta. See below.

Candikāputta Thera

Candimā Sutta.– Records the incident of the Buddha’s request to Rāhu to free Candimā. (S.i.50)

Candimā, Candimasa, Canda

Candimasa Sutta.– Records the visit of the devaputta Candimasa to the Buddha and the conversation that ensued. S.i.51.

Candiya.– See Candakumāra.

Caṇḍoraṇa.– A mountain in the Himavā. The Bodhisatta, as an elephant, once lived there looking after his mother. J.iv.90, 93.

Candūpama Sutta

Candūpama v.l. Candasama.– A king of twenty-three world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Vannakāraka Thera. Ap.i.220.

Cangotakiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he lived near the sea, and seeing Siddhattha Buddha, gave him a bouquet of flowers. Ap.i.235.

Cankama Sutta

Cankamadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Eighteen world-cycles ago he made a magnificent cloistered walk for Atthadassī Buddha. For three world-cycles he was king of the gods and was three times Cakkavatti. Ap.i.99.


Cankī Sutta

Cankolapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Vipassī Buddha he was known as Nārada-Kassapa and offered the Buddha a caṅkola flower. Seventy-four world-cycles ago he was a king named Romasa. Ap.i.215.

Cānura.– A wrestler employed by Kamsa to fight the Andhakavenhudāsaputtā. However, Baladeva put a strap round him and, lifting him up, dashed his brains out on the ground. J.iv.81 f.

Cāpāla Vagga.– The first chapter of the Iddhipāda Saṃyutta. S.v.254‑63.

Cāpāla.– A yakkha. See Cāpāla-cetiya.


Cāpā-Therī (v.l. Chāvā)

Cara (Sutta)

Carī.– Probably the name of a celestial musician, or, perhaps, of a musical instrument. VvA.94; but see note on p.372, also p.211, where Carī is omitted from the list.

Carimālopa Sutta

Carita Sutta

Cariyākathā.– The fifth chapter of the Paññāvagga of the Patisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.225 f.


Carukkatta.– A village in South India. Cv.lxxvi.127.

Catassa Sutta.– There are four elements — earth, water, fire, air. S.ii.169.

Cāthamangama.– A reservoir constructed by Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.95.

Cātigatikapatimāghara.– An image-house attached to the Mahā Thūpa and built by Mahādāṭhika Mahānāga. MT.634.

Cattāro-Mahārājāno.– See Cātummahārājikā.


Catucakka Sutta

Catudhātu Sutta.– At Jetavana. There are these four elements: the earth element (pathavīdhātu), the water element (āpodhātu), the fire element (tejodhātu), and the wind element (vāyodhātu). S.ii.169.

Cātuddisa Sutta.– Five qualities that make a monk a “four-regioner” — moving without hindrance in the four quarters. A.iii.135.

Catudvāra Jātaka (No.439)

Catukundika-niraya.– A description of the sufferings undergone by a child while in its mother’s womb. The foetus has to lie bent in four (catukundena), hence the name. J.iii.243 f.

Cātumā.– A Sakyan village containing a mote-hall; near it was the Amalakīvana where the Buddha once stayed and taught the Cātuma Sutta (M.i.456 f; MA.ii.660).

Cātuma Sutta


Cātumāsinī.– Occurs in the phrase “Komudī Cātumāsinī,” probably referring to the Cātumāsya festival which is performed in the month of Kattika, Komudī being the full-moon day of Kattika. Vin.i.55; D.i.47, etc.

Catumatta Jātaka (No.187)

Cātumeyyakā.– The inhabitants of Cātumā. M.i.457.


Catunikāyika-Bhandika Thera.– Evidently a well-known commentator. He is quoted as an authority in the Saṃyutta Commentary. SA.i.17.


Catupaccayasantosabhāvanārāma Mahā Ariyavaṃsa.– See Mahā Ariyavaṃsa Sutta

Catuparivatta 1.– Another name for the Bahudhātuka Sutta. M.iii.67.

Catuparivatta 2.– One of the suttas not included in the Three Recensions (Sp.iv.742).

Catuposathika Jātaka (No.441)



Caturangabala.– An officer of state of Jambudīpa; an author. Gv.67.

Caturārakkhā.– The Gandhavaṃsa (pp.65, 75) mentions a commentary written on this work.

Caturitthi-Vimāna.– See Sumanā (13).

Catusāmanera Vatthu


Catuttha-Anudhamma Sutta.– When a monk is practising in accordance with Dhamma he should dwell contemplating revulsion (nibbidā) towards form, feeling, perception, mental formations, and consciousness. He should dwell contemplating impermanence, unsatisfactoriness, and not-self. S.iii.41.

Catutthajhānapañhā Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna teaches the monks about the fourth absorption (jhāna). S.iv.265.

Catutthapubbārāmasutta.– See the Pubbārāma Sutta

Catuttharukkha Sutta.– See the Rukkha Sutta

Catutthasāriputtakoṭṭhika Sutta.– See the Sāriputtakoṭṭhika Sutta

Catutthasuta Sutta.– A monk asks why some are reborn among as Nāgā after death. S.iii.244._

Catuttha-Uposatha Sutta.– A monk asks why some Nāgā observe the Uposatha and relinquish their Nāgā bodies. S.iii.242.

Cāvala.– See Jāpala.

Cayantī-vāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka built by Vasabha. v.l. Mayantī. Mhv.xxxv.94.

Cecca.– A shortened form of Cetiya. J.v.267, 273.

Cela Sutta.– When one’s turban or head is ablaze, one must put forth special effort to extinguish the fire; needless to say, such effort is also necessary for the comprehension of the Four Noble Truths. S.v.440. See also Ukkācela Sutta.

Celakanthī.– A mare belonging to Candappajjota. She could travel one hundred leagues in a day and was one of his five rapid conveyances. DhA.i.196.

Cellāra.– A village in South India. Cv.1xxvi.262.


Cetā 1.– Daughter-in-law of Vidhura and Anujjā. J.vi.290.

Cetā 2.– The people of Cetiya. J.i.256; vi.516.

Cetaka Thera

Cetanā Sutta

Cetaputtā.– The name of a clan given in a nominal list; probably the inhabitants of Ceta. Ap.ii.359.

Cetāvigāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. When Mattābhaya was ordained under Mahinda he was followed by five hundred youths from this village (Mhv.xvii.59). The village was to the south of Anurādhapura. MT.384.

Ceti, Cetiya


Cetiya Jātaka (No.422).– Contains the story of Apacara, king of Ceti, and the world’s first liar. It was related in reference to the swallowing up of Devadatta by the earth. J.iii.454 ff

Cetiya Sutta

Cetiyadamiḷa.– The chief warrior of Elāra, killed by Velusumana. Ras.ii.62; but see Velusumana.

Cetiyagiri.– See Cetiyapabbata, also Vedisagiri.

Cetiyakapabbata.– Probably a v.l. for Vedisagiri (q.v.) See Ras.i.99.

Cetiyambatthala.– See Ambatthala.



Cetiyavaṃsatthakathā.– One of the sources mentioned in the Mahāvaṃsa-Tīkā (p.548). It probably dealt with the building of cetiyas in Sri Lanka, chiefly the Mahā Thūpa.

Cetokhila Sutta

Cetopariya Sutta.– Anuruddha, questioned by some monks at Jetavana, tells them that by cultivating the four foundations of mindfulness (satipaṭṭhāna) he was able to read the minds of others. S.v.304.

Cetovimuttiphala Sutta


Chabbisodhana Sutta.– On the six-fold scrutiny by which a monk can know if he is justified in saying that for him rebirth is no more, that his heart has been absolutely delivered from the corruptions (āsava). M.iii.29‑37.

Chabyāputtā.– A royal clan of Nāgā. See the Ahirāja Sutta. Vin.ii.110; J.ii.145; A.ii.72.

Cha-Chakkha Sutta


Chaddanta Jātaka (No.514)

Chagāma, Chaggāma.– A village in Rohana. Ras.ii.34; Cv.lviii.45; lxxv.3.


Chalabhijātiya Sutta


Chaḷaṅgadāna Sutta


Chalindriya Vagga.– The third chapter of the Indriya Saṃyutta. S.v.203 ff

Challūra.– A reservoir built by King Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.47.


Chanda Sutta.– By practising the four foundations of mindfulness, desire is abandoned and the deathless is realised. S.v.181.

Chandappahāna Sutta, Dutiya Chandappahāna Sutta.– The Buddha urges the monks to abandon desire, lust, and craving for form, feeling, perception, mental formations, and consciousness. S.iii.161.

Chandarāga Sutta.–  Similar to the above, first to the monks, then to Rādha Thera. S.iii.27, S.iii.193.

Chandasamādhi Sutta.– On using the four bases of success (chanda, viriya, citta, dhammavicaya) to attain concentration. S.v.268.

Chandena Sutta.– A group of eighteen suttas on abandoning lust and desire for that which is impermanent, unsatisfactory, and not-self (S.iv.148‑51).

Chandosāratthavikāsinī (or Vuttodayapañcikā).– A Commentary on the Vuttodaya, written by Saddhamma-ñāṇa in the fourteenth century. Bode, op.cit., 26.


Channa Sutta

Channā v.l. Chandā.– A nun, mentioned as being specially proficient in the Vinaya Piṭaka. (Dpv.xviii.29)

Channa Vagga.– The Ninth chapter of the Salāyatana Saṃyutta. S.iv.53‑70.

Channāgarikā.– A secondary division of the Vajjiputtakā. Mhv.v.7; Dpv.v.46; Mbv.97.


Channovāda Sutta.– Records the same incidents as Channa Sutta (3). M.iii.263 ff.

Chapata.– See Saddhammajotipāla.

Chaphassāyatana Sutta.– While the Buddha was teaching the monks about the six spheres of contact, Māra appeared, making a loud noise. The Buddha addressed Māra in verse, and Māra left. S.i.113. Paṭhama, Dutiya, Tatiya° on the importance of knowing the arising, cessation, satisfaction, danger and escape regarding the six sense contacts. S.iv.43‑45.

Chaphassāyatanika Sutta.– A group of three suttas concerning the sixfold sphere of contact. S.iv.43 f.

Chappaccayadīpanī.– A work on Pāḷi prosody by Suddhammañāna. Bode, op.cit., 26.

Chappāṇakopama Sutta (v.l. Chapāṇa Sutta)



Chattadāyaka Thera

Chattādhichattiya.– See Adhichattiya Thera.

Chattaggāhaka-vāpī.– A reservoir built by a parasol-bearer (chattaggāhaka), the husband of Sanghā (Cv.xxxviii.3).

Chattaguhinda.– The Pāḷi name of Kyansitthā, son of Anorata, king of Pagan. (Sās.75; Bode, op.cit.15, n.5).


Chaṭṭhapācīnaninna Sutta.– See Pācīna Sutta.

Chattapāsāda.– A building in Anurādhapura, probably attached to the king’s palace. There King Bhātikabhaya distributed gifts to the monks (Mhv.xxxiv.65; MT.663). Sirināga repaired the building. Mhv.xxxvi.26.

Chattavaddhi.– The spot in Mahāmeghavana where Moggallāna I presented his parasol to the monks as a mark of homage. A pariveṇa called by the same name was built there. Mhv.xxxix.32.

Chattavimāna.– See Chatta (3).

Chattunnatavāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.43.

Chāva.– The wife of Upaka q.v.

Chava Jātaka (No.309)

Chavālāta Sutta

Chavasīsa.– A charm that gave the power of saying where a dead person was born, by tapping on his skull with one’s finger-nail, even three years after death. Vangīsa knew the charm. ThagA.ii.192; AA.i.150, cp. Migasira.

Chavi Sutta.– Dire are gains, favours and flattery; they cut the skin, the flesh, right down to the marrow. S.ii.237.

Chedanādi Sutta.– Few beings abstain from mutilating, murder, binding, plunder, robbery, and violence. Many more do not abstain from these things. S.v.473.

Cheta Sutta.– See Kassapagotta (4).

Chetvā Sutta

Chetvā Vagga v.l. Jhatvā.– The eighth chapter of the Devatā Saṃyutta (S.i.41 ff). On the title of the sutta see KS.i.58, n.1.

Chiggalayuga Sutta

Chindī Sutta.– Devadatta brought schism into the Order because his heart was possessed by gains, flattery, etc. (S.ii.239).

Cīna:- The Pāli name for China.

Ciṇamāla v.l. Cinamāla.– A king of fifty thousand world-cycles ago, a former birth of Kassapa Thera (or Sereyyaka) (ThagA.i.178; Ap.i.155).


Cinta Sutta

Cintāmanī, Cintāmanikā


Cīrā Sutta.– On one occasion a lay disciple gave a robe to the bhikkhuni Cīrā (q.v.) A yakkha who had full confidence in Cirā went through the streets of Rājagaha praising the merits of the gift. S.i213.

Ciragumba.– The residence of Ambakhādaka-Mahātissa; it was probably a monastery. Vism.43.

Cīramātikā.– An irrigation canal, the taxes from which King Mahānāga gave to the Mahāvihāra (Cv.xli.100). The canal probably led out of the Cīravāpi.


Ciraṭṭhiti Sutta.– Bhadda approached Ānanda and asked him what were the root-causes and conditions that the teaching would last long after the passing of the Tathāgata. Venerable Ānanda praised his question, and told him that if the monks practised the four foundations of mindfulness, the teaching would last for a long time. S.v.172.

Cīravāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka built by King Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.49.

Ciravāsī.– The son of Bhadragaka. See Bhadraka Sutta.

Citakanibbāpaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he sprinkled perfumed water on the pyre of Vessabhū Buddha and so extinguished it (Ap.ii.408). He is probably identical with Abhibhūta Thera. ThagA.i.372 f.

Citakapūjaka Thera

Citrā.– The name of certain Supannas. D.ii.259.



Citta Sutta.– Taught in answer to a question by a deva. The world is led by thought (citta) and plagued by it. S.i.39; cf. A.ii.177.

Citta Vagga.– The third chapter of the Dhammapada.

Cittacūla.– A turtle. For details see the Bhūridatta Jātaka. J.vi.162 f.

Cittadassī.– A mythical king, descendant of Mahāsammata. Dpv.iii.41.

Cittāgāra Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Bhikkhunī Pācittiya. Vin.iv.298 ff

Cittagutta Thera

Cittahattha Thera.- The story of a monk who ordained seven times (DhpA.i.305).

Cittahatthisāriputta Sutta

Cittaka Thera


Cittakūta-dvārakotthaka.– The entrance to Tāvatiṃsa; it formed a door into Sudassanagiri and was surrounded by images of Indra. J.vi.125 f.

Cittakūtalatāvana.– See Cittalatāvana.



Cittalatā Vagga.– The second chapter of the Vimānavatthu.


Cittalatāvimāna Vatthu.– The story of a poor man who looked after his parents, refusing to marry, and engaged in various acts of piety. After death he was born in a twelve-league vimāna in Tāvatiṃsa. Vv.vii.1; VvA.299 f.

Cittapariyādāna Sutta.– The monk with a corrupt mind cannot achieve his purpose; the monk with a pure, well-directed mind, can. A.i.6 f.

Cittapassa.– A cave wherein Pandukābhaya, in the presence of his people, presented his consort, the Yakkhinī Cetiyā. MT.290.



Cittāpokkharanī.– A bathing pond in the Dīpuyyāna, erected by Parakkamabāhu I. It was adorned with gay pictures, hence, probably, the name. Cv.lxxiii.121.


Cittaratha.– A park in Tāvatiṃsa. Thig.374; ThigA.i.247; Mtu.i.32, 149, etc; Divy.194.

Cittasālā.– A hall in Anurādhapura to the east of Thūpārāma, within sight of the Bodhi-tree. The body of Sanghamittā, as desired by her, was cremated near the hall and a thūpa was erected over the remains. Mhv.xx.52.

Citta-Sambhūta Jātaka (No.498)

Citta-Saṃyutta.– The sixty first section of the Saṃyuttanikāya (S.iv.281‑305). It contains records of discussions by Cittagahapati of Macchikāsanda.

Cittasena.– A Gandhabba present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.258). He is elsewhere (D.iii.204) mentioned as a yakkha chieftain who should be invoked by the Buddha’s followers when troubled by evil spirits.

Cittupatthānapāsāda.– A hall within the precincts of the king’s palace in Anurādhapura, where the people waited on the monks with gifts. Here King Bhātika provided gifts for the monks. Mhv.xxxiv.65; MT.633.

Cīvara.– A teacher in Burma who wrote a Subcommentary (ṭīkā) to Janghadāsa (sic) (Gv.64). Elsewhere (Gv.67, 74) the same work is ascribed to Vajira.

Cīvara Sutta

Cīvaracetiya.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Kitti, queen of Mahinda IV, built three bathing-tanks there. Cv.liv.51.

Cīvarakkhandha.– The eighth chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.268 ff

Coda.– See Coḷa.

Codanā Sutta


Codanāvatthu-bhānavāra.– The twenty-seventh section of the third Khandaka of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.

Cokkha-brāhmana ??


Colā.– The people of Cola.


Colagangādeva.– A Damiḷa chief, conquered by Bhuvanekabāhu I. Cv.xc.32.

Colagangakumāra.– A son of Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.238.

Colakonāra.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. He was slain by the forces of Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxvi.145, 163). There may have been more than one of this name. See ibid., vs.181, 188; lxxvii, 77, 86.

Colakulantaka.– A village in South India. Cv.lxxvii.53, 60.

Colarāja.– A minister of Kassapa V. He repaired a pariveṇa in the Mahāvihāra which had been destroyed. Cv.lii.34.

Colatirikka.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.78.

Coliya-Dīpankara.– See Buddhappiya.

Cora Sutta


Corakamahā-vihāra.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, the residence of Mahāmitta. In the vihāra was the Kurandaka cave (q.v.) Vism.38.

Corakandaka-vihāra.– See Koraṇḍaka-vihāra.

Corambāgāma.– A village in Rohana. Cv.lxxv.15.


Coriyassara.– A village in Sri Lanka. VibhA.447.

Cūḷa Vagga


Cūḷa-Assapura Sutta



Cūḷabodhi Jātaka (No.443)

Cūḷa-Buddhaghosa.– An author of Sri Lanka to whom the Gandhavaṃsa (pp.63, 67; see P.L.C.126) ascribes a work entitled Jātattagīnidāna, probably a Jātaka Commentary, and a Sotattagīnidāna.

Cūḷabyūha Sutta.– v.l. Cūlavyūha Sutta

Cūḷaccharāsanghāta Sutta

Cūḷa-Cunda.– See Cunda (2).

Cūḷadeva.– A Thera, an eminent teacher of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.v.3; Sp.i.63.

Cūḷa-Dhammapāla.– Senior pupil of Ānanda Vanaratana and author of the Saccasankhepa (Gv.60, 70; P.L.C.113, 203 f) and of an anu-tīkā to the Abhidhamma-mūla-tīkā. Ibid., 211 f.

Cūḷa-Dhammapāla Jātaka (No.358)

Cūḷa-Dhammasamādāna Sutta


Cūḷa-Dhanuggaha Jātaka (No.374)

Cūḷa-Dukkhakkhandha Sutta

Cūḷa-Ekasātaka.– See Ekasātaka.

Cūḷagallaka-Vihāra.– A monastery built by Cūlābhaya on the bank of the Gonaka-nadī to the south of Anurādhapura (Mhv.xxxv.13). Attached to it was a meditation hall (padhānaghara), built by Aggabodhi II. Cv.xlii.49.

Cūḷagana.– One of the three chief buildings of the Upāsikā-vihāra, built by Devānampiyatissa. It came to be called the Kūpayatthi-thapita-ghara. Mhv.xix.68 f; MT.409.

Cūḷagandhāra-vijjā.– See Gandhāra-vijjā.

Cūḷa-Ganthipada.– A work on the Vinaya, attributed to Moggallāna and used by the Ekamsikas in their Pārupana-controversy. Bode, op.cit., 76.

Cūḷa-Gavaccha Thera.- See Cūḷavaccha Thera.

Cūḷagopālaka Sutta

Cūḷagosinga Sutta

Cūḷahamsa Jātaka (No.533)

Cūḷahatthipadopama Sutta

Cūla-Jālī.– A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a list of these. M.iii.70; MA.ii.890.

Cūḷajanaka Jātaka (No.52).– The stories, both past and present, are the same as in the Mahājanaka Jātaka (q.v.) J.i.268

Cūlaka Thera


Cūḷa-Kālinga.– Younger son of Kālinga, king of Dantapura. He became an ascetic, but later married the daughter of the Madda king, by whom he had a son Kālinga who became a Cakkavatti (J.iv.230 ff). For details see the Kālingabodhi Jātaka.

Cūḷakālinga Jātaka (No.301)

Cūḷa-kammavibhanga Sutta

Cūḷakasetthi.– The Bodhisatta, born as a Treasurer in Bārāṇasī. See the Cūḷasetthi Jātaka.

Cūḷa-Kokanadā.– The younger of the two daughters of Pajunna, both of whom were called Kokanadā. She visited the Buddha at the Kuṭāgārasālā in Vesāli and questioned him. S.i.30.

Cūḷa-Kunāla Vagga.– The fifth section of the Catukka-nipāta of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā. J.iii.132‑52.

Cūḷa-Kunāla Jātaka (No.464)

Cūla-Māgandiya.– Brother of the brahmin Māgandiya. He took charge of Māgandiyā when her parents renounced the world and escorted her to Kosambī, where she was presented at the court of Udena and became the latter’s wife. DhA.i.202 f; AA.i.236.

Cūlamālukya Sutta


Cūla-Moggallāna.– See Moggallāna II.


Cūlanāgā.– An Arahant Therī, mentioned as an eminent teacher of the Vinaya in Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.38.

Cūlanāgalena.– A cave in Sri Lanka (Tambapanni). It was once the abode of five hundred monks, all of whom won Arahantship, by meditating in that spot. Vism.127.

Cūlanāgapabbata.– A vihāra built in the Huvācakannikā (in Rohana), by King Mahādāthika-Mahānāga. Mhv.xxxiv.90.


Cūḷanandaka.– See Cūḷanandiya below.

Cūḷanandaka Jātaka.– See Cūḷanandiya below.

Cūḷanandiya.– A monkey, brother of Nandiya, the Bodhisatta. See the Cūḷanandiya Jātaka. He is identified with Ānanda. v.l. Culla Ānandaka.

Cūḷanandiya Jātaka (No.222)

Cūḷanārada Jātaka (No.477)

Cūlanganiyapitthi.– A locality in Rohana. There a battle was fought between Duṭṭhagāmaṇī and his brother, Tissa, when Gāmani was defeated and forced to flee. Mhv.xxxiv.19; see also xxxii.31 f; and AA.i.365.


Cūla-Nidāna Sutta.– Probably another name for the Nidāna Sutta of the Saṃyuttanikāya. Referred to in MA.i.225; VibbA.267.

Cūḷa-Niddesa.– See Niddesa.

Cūḷaniyalokadhātu Sutta.– Quoted by Buddhaghosa at MA.ii.247 as being given by Ānanda, but not traced elsewhere.

Cūḷapaduma Jātaka (No.193)

Cūḷapāla.– Son of Mahāsuvanna and brother of Cakkhupāla Thera. DhA.i.2.

Cūḷapalobhana Jātaka (No.263)

Cūḷapanthaka Thera

Cūḷapāsāda.– See Dīghasandana.

Cūḷapindapātika-Nāga.– A monk of Nalakhandapadhāna. See Ambāmacca.



Cūḷapunnama Sutta.– Taught to the monks assembled on a full-moon night at the Migāramātupāsāda. The sutta teaches how it is possible to tell a bad man and a good man through their conduct. M.iii.20 ff

Cūḷa-Rahulovāda Sutta

Cūḷaratha.– A devaputta in Tāvatiṃsa who excelled Sakka in glory. DhA.i.426.

Cūḷarathavimānavatthu.– The story of Prince Sujāta, son of the Assaka king (Vv.v.13; VvA.259 ff). He was born in Tāvatiṃsa, and Cūlaratha may have been his name there. See Sujāta.

Cūḷarattha.– A district in India, near Bārāṇasī. Ras.i.36.

Cūḷasaccaka Sutta

Cūḷasakuladāyi Sutta


Cūḷasāri Thera

Cūḷasāropama Sutta

Cūḷasetthi Jātaka (No.4)

Cūḷasīhanāda Sutta




Cūḷasugandha Thera


Cūḷasumanā.– A Therī of Sri Lanka, an eminent teacher of the Vinaya. Dpv.xviii.39.


Cūḷa-Suññatā Sutta.– Taught to Ānanda at the Migāramātupāsāda. True solitude is not to be found in forest-dwelling nor in the concentration of heart away from all ideas, but in attaining to deliverance from the corruptions. M.iii.104 ff.

Cūḷasutasoma Jātaka (No.525)

Cūḷasūva Jātaka (No.430)

Cūḷatanhāsankhaya Sutta


Cūḷa-Tissa.– Probably a Commentator. He is called Uruvelavāsi, and is quoted in the Saṃyutta Commentary in reference to a discussion on contact and feeling. SA.ii.100.

Cūḷavajira.– A grammarian, author of a work called Atthabyakkhyāna. Gv.60; but see p.70, where it is ascribed to Cūḷavimalabuddhi.

Cūḷavaccha Thera


Cūḷavāpiyagāma.– A village given by Aggabodhi VIII for the maintenance of Rājasālavihāra. Cv.xlix.47.

Cūḷavedalla Sutta

Cūḷavimalabuddhi.– See Cūḷavajira, also Vimalabuddhi.

Cūḷavitthi-vihāra.– See Hulapitthi-Vihāra.

Cūḷavyūha Sutta.– See Cūlabyūha Sutta

Cūḷayamaka Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Majjhimanikāya. M.i.285 ff

Culla.– “The Minor,” equivalent of “Cūḷa.”

Culla-Anāthapindika.– See Cūḷa-Anāthapindika

Cullacārī.– See Cūḷasāri Thera.

Culladaddara.– A Nāga, brother of Mahādaddara (the Bodhisatta), and son of Sūradaddara. For details see the Daddara Jātaka.

Cullagalla.– A village and a vihāra near the Jajjaranadī. For the story of a pious man who lived in the village see Ras.ii.152 f.

Cullakāla.– A mountain in Himavā which must be crossed in order to reach Gandhamādana (SNA.i.66) and the Chaddanta lake (J.v.38).

Culla-Kammāsadamma.– A village in the Kampilla kingdom which arose on the settlement given by Jayaddisa to his brother, the man-eating ogre, after the latter became an ascetic (J.v.35). For details see the Jayaddisa Jātaka

Culla-Kañcakunda.– A Damiḷa chief of South India who fought against the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. but was later subdued (Cv.lxxvi.185, 217, 220, 305). The name is closely connected with that of the districts of Kañcakudiya and Kañcakudiyarājā (Cv.lxxvi.124, 130).

Culla-Kokālika.– See Kokālika (2).

Culla-Lohita.– An ox, brother of the Bodhisatta, Mahā-Lohita. He is identified with Ānanda. See the Munika Jātaka.

Cullanāgatittha.– A ford in the Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.lxxii.34.

Cullanandikā.– Talatādevī is identified with Cullanandikā (J.vi.478) in the present age, but nothing further seems to be known of the latter.

Cullantevāsika.– A youth of good family who, as related in the Cūḷasetthi Jātaka, earned money by his wits, after having listened to the counsel of Cūḷasetthi. He is identified with Cūḷapanthaka. J.i.120 f.

Cullapantha.– A pariveṇa built, probably, by a Damiḷa chief in the reign of Aggabodhi IV. Cv.xlvi.24.

Cullapanthaka.– See Cūḷapanthaka Thera.

Culla-Punna.– Brother of Puṇṇa of Sunāparanta. He was nearly ship-wrecked, but was saved by Punna. MA.i.1016; SA.iii.16.

Culla-Rohita.– An ox belonging to a brahmin. DhA.iv.160.

Cullasangha.– Brother of Kākavannatissa’s minister Sangha (q.v.)


Cullatāpasa.– Nārada, the son of the Bodhisatta in the Cūḷa-Nāradākassapa Jātaka, is referred to by this title. J.i.416.

Cullatavālagāma.– A village probably on the Mahāvālukanadī. See Tambasumana.

Culla-Tundila.– A pig, brother of the Bodhisatta. For details see the Tuṇḍila Jātaka.

Cullavanavannanā.– The section of the Vessantara Jātaka that describes Jūjaka’s journey through the forest to Vessantara’s hermitage. J.vi.521‑32.

Cullupatthāka.– See Cūḷa-Dhanuggaha.


Cumbatakalaha.– The name given (e.g., J.i.208) to the quarrel between the Sākyā and the Koliyā about the water of the Rohinī (q.v.)

Cumbatakalaha.– The name given to the quarrel between the Sākyā and the Koliyā regarding the water of the Rohinī. J.i.208.


Cunda Sutta

Cundaka.– See Cunda (2).


Cundatthīla.– A village near Bārāṇasī, but on the other side of the river and between Vasabhagāma and Bārāṇasī (v.l. Cundavīla). Pv.iii.1; PvA.168, 170; Mtu.iii.325, 327.

Cundī (Sutta)

Cuṇṇasālā.– A district in Rohana. Cv.lvii.46, 57.