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Pāli Proper Names — V

Vācā Sutta 1.– A nun who is wrong in speech, wrong in action, and who rejects the gift of faith, is destined for purgatory. A.iii.141.

Vācā Sutta 2.– Speech is good if spoken in season, in truth, softly, about the good and in amity. A.iii.243.

Vācakopadesa.– A treatise on Kaccāyana’s grammar by Vijitāvī, a monk of Burma (Sās., p.90). There is also a Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on it by another Vijitāvī. Bode, op.cit., 46, and n. 4.

Vacana Sutta.– See Vanaropa Sutta.

Vacanatthajoti, Vacanatthajotikā.– A glossary on the Vuttodaya by Vepullabuddhi Thera. Sās., p.75; Bode, op.cit., 28, n.5.

Vācavācaka or Vaccavācaka.– A grammatical treatise by Dhammadassī of Pagan (Sās., p.75; Bode, op.cit., 22, and n. 6). There are several commentaries on it, the best known being by Saddhammanandi. Others are called Vaccavācakavannanā, Vacavācakarikā, and Vaccavācakadīpanī.

Vacāvātaka.– A village in the Merukandara district, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.282, 295.

Vaccavācaka.– See Vācavācaka above.



Vacchagotta Sutta

Vacchanakha Jātaka (No.235)

Vacchanakha.– The Bodhisatta born as a Paribbājaka. See the Vacchanakha Jātaka.

Vacchapāla Thera

Vacchāyana.– See Pilotika. Buddhaghosa says (MA.i.393) this was the name of Pilotika’s clan (gotta).


Vadakongu.– A place in South India in charge of which was a maternal uncle of Kulasekhara. It is mentioned with Tenkongu. Cv.lxxvi.288; lxxvii.43.

Vadali.– A village in South India where Laṅkāpura killed Alavanda, and which he occupied after severe fighting. Cv.lxxvi.134, 169.

Vadamanamekkundi.– A locality in South India burnt by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.87.

Vādatthika Sutta

Vadavalathirukka.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.94.


Vaddha Sutta.– See Puppha Sutta

Vaddha-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Dhātusena (Cv.xxxviii.46). Its name was probably Vaddhamānaka.

Vaddhagāma.– See Velugāma.

Vaddhakisūkara Jātaka (No.283)


Vaddhamānaka.– See Vaddha-vihāra above.

Vaddhamānaka-tittha.– A ford on the Mahāvālukanadī; it was later called Sahassa-tittha and Assamandala-thittha. Ras.ii.61, 63.

Vaddhamātā Therī


Vaddhanavāpi.– A reservoir repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.36.

Vaddhī Sutta

Vadha ālopa sāhasakāra Sutta.– Few are they who abstain from torture, highway robbery and violent deeds; it is because they do not see the Four Noble Truths. S.v.473.

Vadhagāmakapāsāna.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.6.

Vadhukā Sutta

Vādī Sutta.– There are four kinds of expounders (vādī): those that know the meaning of a passage but not the letter, those that know the letter but not the meaning, those that know neither, those that know both. A.ii.138.

Vādino Sutta


Vagguli Vatthu.– The story of 500 bats who were born in heaven by listening to a recital of the Abhidhamma. SadS.81 f.


Vāgissara.– One of the Singhalese envoys sent by Parakkamabāhu I to Rāmañña. His companion was Dhammakitti. The king of Rāmañña put them into a leaky vessel and sent them home. Cv.lxxvi.32.

Vāha.– The name of Eḷāra’s state horse, stolen by Veḷusumana. MT. 440.

Vāhadīpa.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, to which Aggabodhi VI added a Pāsāda (Cv.xlviii.65), and Udaya I another, called the Senaggabodhipabbata pāsāda, (Cv.xlix.33) which was later repaired by Dappula II. Cv.xlix.76.

Vāhamavāpi.– A reservoir built by King Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.48.

Vahana.– One of the three palaces of Sikhī Buddha before his Renunciation. Bu.xxi.16; but BuA. (p.201) calls it Nārivasabha.

Vahavāpi.– A reservoir built by King Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.94; Dpv.xxii.7.

Vahittha.– A Damila chief, conquered by Dutthagāmanī. His fortress bore his name. Mhv.xxv.13.

Vajagaragiri-vihāra.– A monastery, probably in Sri Lanka, the residence of Kāḷadeva Thera (q.v.) MA.i.100.




Vajirā Sutta.– An account of the conversation between Vajirā Therī and Māra. S.i.134 f.

Vajirabāhu.– A yakkha who, with four thousand others, kept guard at the fourth gate of Jotiya’s palace. DhA.iv.209.

Vajirabuddhi.– See Mahāvajirabuddhi.

Vajirabuddhitīkā.– Also called Vinayagandhi or Vinayaganthi. A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) or explanation of difficult passages in the Vinaya Commentaries by Mahāvajirabuddhi of Sri Lanka. Gv.60, 66.

Vajiragga.– A general of Udaya II. He helped in the subjugation of Rohaṇa and in the capture of the Adipāda Kittaggabodhi, who had rebelled against the king. Cv.li.105, 118, 126.

Vajirahattha.– A deva, conqueror of the Asurā (D.ii.259). Buddhaghosa identifies him with Indra. DA.ii.689.

Vajirakumārī, Vajirā


Vajirasama.– Ninety-one world-cycles ago there were seven kings of this name, all previous births of Sūcidāyaka Thera (Ap.i.135). v.l. Vajirāsakha.

Vajirasena.– A building in the Abhayagiri-vihāra, erected by Vajira, minister of Sena I. Cv.l.84.

Vajiravāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka near which was a fortress, once occupied by Gokanna. Cv.lxx.72.


Vajiravutti.– See Vajirā (3).

Vajirī, Vājirī.– See Vajirakumārī.

Vajirindha.– A brahmin of Sucirindha, whose daughter gave a meal of milk-rice to Kakusandha Buddha just before his Enlightenment. BuA. p.210.

Vājirīya.– A heretical sect of Buddhists, one of the seventeen schools that branched off one hundred years after the Buddha’s death. Mhv.v.13; Mhv. p.97; Dpv.v.54 calls them Apararājagirikā.

Vajjabhūmi.– See Vajjī.


Vajjī Sutta 1.– Records the visit of Ugga-gahapati to the Buddha at Hatthigāma. S.iv.109.

Vajjī Sutta 2.– Evidently another name for the Sārandada Sutta. See. DA.ii.524.

Vajjī Vagga.– The third chapter of the Sattaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.16 ff.

Vajjihārā.– The name of a clan. Ap.ii.359 (vs. 19).

Vajjiputta Sutta.– Contains the story of the discontent of Vajjiputta. S.i.201 f.

Vajjiputta Thera

Vajjiputtakā °puttiyā

Vajjiputtaka Sutta

Vajjirājā.– See Vajjī.

Vajjita Thera

Vajjiya Sutta.– The story of the visit of Vajjiyamāhita to the Buddha. A.v.189 ff.


Vaka Jātaka (No.300)


Vakkali Sutta.– See Vakkali

Vakkula.– See Bākula.

Vāla.– A horse belonging to King Kappina. See Mahā-Kappina Thera. DhA.ii.117.

Vāla Sutta


Vālagāma-vihāra.– A monastery near Cullatavālagāma. See Tambasumana.

Vālagāma.– See Jālagāma

Valāha Saṃyutta.– The thirty second section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iii.254‑57; cf. A.ii.102 ff.


Valāhaka Sutta

Valāhaka Vagga.– The eleventh chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.ii.102‑111; cp. S.iii.254 ff.


Valāhakassa Jātaka (No.196)

Valāhassavāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, built by Upatissa II. (Cv.xxxvii.185) and repaired by Aggabodhi II. (Cv.xlii.67), Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.50) and Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxxix.36).

Vālakkonda.– A place in South India. Cv.lxxvi.187.

Valangatissapabbatavihāra.– See Talangatissapabbata-vihāra ??.

Vālavāhana.– A horse belonging to King Kappina. See MahāKappina Thera. DhA.ii.117.

Vālika-vihāra.– A monastery in Jambukolapattana, once the residence of Punabbasu kutumbikaputta Tissa. VibhA.389.

Vālikagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, evidently a seaport, where the Damilas, under Māgha and Jayabāhu, once had a fort. Cv.lxxxiii.17.

Vālikākhetta.– A village mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.62; also Cv. Trs.i.292, n.2.

Vālikapitthi-vihāra.– A monastery, probably in Sri Lanka, the residence of Abhidhammika Abhaya Thera.


Vālivāsaragāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.177.

Valiyā.– One of the chief female supporters of Dhammadassī Buddha. Bu.xvi. 20.


Vallakkuttāra.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.247, 260.

Vallavahagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, the birthplace of Tambasumana. Ras.ii.24.

Vallī-vihāra.– A monastery near Uruvelā, in Sri Lanka, built by King Subha. Mhv.xxxv.58.


Vallipāsāna-vihāra.– A monastery to the west of Anurādhapura, near Mangalavitāna. It held the Indasālakalena, where once lived Mahānāgasena.– MT. 552.

Valliphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant (Ap.i.296), evidently identical with Visākha Pañcāliputta (q.v.)

Vallitittha.– A ford in the Mahāvāḷukagaṅgā. Cv.lxxii.82.

Valliya Thera

Valliyavīthi.– A street in Mahāgāma. AA.i.279.

Valliyera-vihāra.– A monastery in Rohaṇa. For the use of an elder who lived there, King Vasabha built the Mahāvalligotta-vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.82; MT.– 652.

Vālodaka Jātaka (No.183)

Vālugāma.– A village in South India that Laṅkāpura laid waste and rebuilt. Cv.lxxvi.286.

Vālukagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.18; cf. Mahāvālukagāma.

Vālukapatta.– A village near Pulatthipura. Cv.lxx.318.

Vālukārāma.– See Vālikārāma.

Valutthi.– A Damila chief of South India, won over to Laṅkāpura’s side with gifts. Cv.lxxvi.237.

Vāmadeva.– One of the great sages honoured by the brahmins as authors of hymns, etc. Vin.i.245; D.i.104, etc.; see Vāmaka; cf. Rigveda iv. 26; Rāmāyana i.7, etc.

Vāmagotta.– See Sūra Vāmagotta.

Vāmaka.– One of the great sages held in esteem by the brahmins. Vin.i.245; D.i.104,238; M.ii.169, 200; A.iii.224, etc.; cf. Vamsa in Rigveda x. 99.

Vamana Sutta.– Like a physician who administers an emetic for the curing of sickness, so does the Buddha administer the Noble One’s emetic to cleanse beings of birth, old age, etc. Thus, right view cleanses them from wrong view, etc. A.v.219 f.

Vāmantapabbhāra.– A glen in Sri Lanka, where lived Mahāsiva Thera (q.v.) J.vi.30; iv. 490.

Vammīka Sutta


Vamsa Sutta.– See Ariyavaṃsa Sutta and Mahā-Ariyavaṃsa Sutta

Vamsabhūmi, Vamsarattha.– The country of the Vamsā.

Vamsarājā.– See Udena.

Vamsatthappakāsinī.– The Commentary on the Mahāvaṃsa, traditionally ascribed to a Thera named Mahānāma, and probably written about the ninth century. For details see P.T.S. edition, Introd.

Vana Saṃyutta.– The ninth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.i.197‑205.

Vanagāma.– A locality in Sri Lanka where Sugalā was captured. Cv.lxxv.174.

Vanaggāmapāsāda.– A monastery built by Vijayabāhu IV, to which was attached the Abhayarāja-parivena. Cv.lxxxviii.51.

Vanakorandiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he gave a vanakoranda flower to Siddhattha Buddha. Ap.i.404.

Vananadī.– A river in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxv.156; identified with Velaveganga (Cv. Trs.ii.59, n. 4).

Vanapattha Sutta


Vānara Jātaka (No.342)

Vānaragāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.7.

Vānarākara.– A park in Sri Lanka, laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.8.

Vanaratana Tissa.– See Ānanda (11).

Vanaratana.– See Medhaṅkara (5).

Vānarinda Jātaka (No.57)

Vanaropa Sutta


Vanasāvatthi.– See Vanasāvhaya

Vanavaccha Thera



Vandanā Sutta

Vandanavimāna Vatthu

Vanga, Vangā


Vangantaputta.– The epithet applied to Sāriputta’s brother Upasena, to distinguish him from others of the same name.

Vangīsa Sutta

Vangīsa Thera

Vangīsa Thera Saṃyutta.– The eighth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya (S.i.185‑96), dealing with incidents connected with Vaṅgīsa Thera.

Vangīsa Thera Vatthu.– The story of Vaṅgīsa's conversion, his entry into the Order, and his attainment of Arahantship. DhA.iv.226 f.

Vanguttara.– A mountain in Sri Lanka on which was built the Pācīnapabbata-vihāra by Sūratissa (Mhv.xxi.5). The Mahāvamsa Tīkā (p.424) explains that Vanguttara was at the foot of Ekadvārikapabbata.

Vanijjā Sutta

Vanijjagāma-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Kassapa III. Cv.xlviii.24.

Vanka.– A king of Sāvatthi. For his story see the Ghaṭa Jātaka (No.355). He is identified with Ānanda. J.iii.170.

Vankagiri, °pabbata, °tapabbata

Vankahāra, Vangahāra

Vankaka.– The name of Mount Vepulla in the time of Koṇāgamana Buddha. S.ii.191.

Vankanāsika Tissa

Vankāvattakagalla.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Mahācūḷa Mahātissa. Mhv.xxxiv.9.

Vanna Sutta.– One who praises and blames wrongly, without scrutiny, and who fails to blame or praise rightly, suffers in purgatory. A.ii.84.

Vañña.– Belonging to the Vanni.

Vannabodhana.– A treatise on the Pāḷi language by Ukkaṃsamāla of Ava. Sās, p.120; Bode, op.cit., 65.

Vannaka.– An irrigation channel (mahāmātika) constructed by Kutakannatissa. Mhv.xxxiv.32; see also Mhv. Trs. 240, n.1.

Vannakāraka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he was a painter (vaṇṇakāra) in Aruṇavatī and painted the drapery of the Buddha’s cetiya. Twenty-three world-cycles ago he was a king named Candūpama. Ap.i.220.

Vannanā Sutta.– A nun who, without test or scrutiny, praises the unworthy and blames the worthy, shows faith in things unbelievable and disbelief in things believable and rejects the gift of faith — such a one goes to purgatory. A.iii.139.

Vannanītigandha.– One of the six treatises ascribed to Kaccāyana Gv.59.

Vannapitaka.– A compilation condemned by the orthodox as not the word of the Buddha (abuddhavacana). e.g., SA.ii.150; Sp.iv.742.

Vannāroha Jātaka (No.361)

Vannāroha Vagga.– The second chapter of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā. J.iii.191‑210.


Vannibhuvanekabāhu.– See Bhuvanekabāhu III.

Vannūpama.– See Candūpama Sutta.

Vannupatha Jātaka (No.2)

Vantajīvakā.– A group or sect of Buddhist ascetics. Vijayabāhu I provided them with necessaries and granted maintenance villages to their relations (Cv.lx.69). cp. Lābhavāsī.

Vāpārani.– A monastery built by Aggabodhi VI. Cv.xlviii.64.

Vāpinagara.– A stronghold mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lviii.43.

Vāpivātaka.– A locality in the Malaya province of Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.21.


Vappa Sutta.– The conversation between Vappa, the Sakyan, and the Buddha. See Vappa (2). A.ii.196 f.

Varadassana.– A Cakkavatti of one world-cycle ago, a previous birth of Suyāma Thera (Kusumāsaniya). Ap.i.160; ThagA.i.166.

Varadhara.– A noted wanderer (paribbājaka) in the time of the Buddha. He lived with Annabhāra, Sakuludāyi and others in the Paribbājakārāma, on the banks of the Sappinīkā (A.ii.29, 176), and again in the Moranivāpa in Rājagaha. M.ii.1.

Varadīpa.– The name given to Sri Lanka in the time of Koṇāgamana Buddha. Its capital was Vaddhamāna and its king Samiddha. Sp.i.86; Mhv.xv.93; Dpv.i.73; ix. 20; xv. 45, etc.

Varakalyāṇa.– A primeval king, son of Kalyāna. His son was Uposatha. Dpv.iii.4; Mhv.ii.2; J.ii.311; iii.454; but, according to DA.i.258 and SNA.i.342, Varakalyāna’s son was Mandhātu.

Varakappa.– The name of a world-cycle in which three Buddhas are born in the world. BuA.158 f..

Varamandhātu.– A primeval king, son of Mandhātu. His son was Cara. J.iii.454, but according to DA.i.258 and SNA.i.352, his son was Uposatha.

Vārana Thera

Varana Vagga.– The eighth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā. J.i.316‑59.

Varana.– A Cakkavatti of forty-one world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Kusumāsaniya (Suyāma) Thera. Ap.i.162; ThagA.i.171.

Varanā.– A city on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, where Arāmadanda visited Mahā-Kaccāna. A.i.65; AA.i.322.

Varañāṇamuṇi.– One of the two elders appointed to lead the delegation of monks who left Ayojjhā (in Thailand) to go to Sri Lanka, for the furtherance of the Order in Sri Lanka, in the reign of Kittisirirājasīha. He was expert in the Dhamma and the Vinaya and taught them to the monks of Sri Lanka. Cv.c.138, 174.

Vāranavatī.– The capital of Anikaratta, the king to whom Sumedhā was to be given in marriage. ThigA.272.




Varuna Jātaka (No.71)

Varunā.– A class of deities present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.259, 260). They probably form the retinue of Varuṇa (18).

Varunadeva.– The sixth son of Devagabbhā.


Vāruṇidūsaka Jātaka (No.47)

Varunindhara.– An Ājīvaka who gave grass for the seat of Revata Buddha. BuA., p.132.

Vasa Sutta.– Seven things, skill in which enables a monk to turn his mind according to his wish and not to turn himself according to his mind. A.iv.34.



Vāsabhā.– See Vāsabbakkhattiyā.

Vāsabhagāma bhānavāra.– The fourth chapter of the Campeyyakhandhaka of the Mahā Vagga. Vin.i.312‑22.

Vāsabhagāma.– A village in Kāsī. It was once the residence of Kassapagotta Thera (q.v.) (Vin.i.312 f). Beyond this village was another, called Cundatthila, between Vāsabhagāma and Bārāṇasī. Pv.iii.1; PvA. 168,170.

Vasabhagāma.– A village in Uddhagāma, given by Mahānāga to the Jetavana-vihāra. Cv.xli.97.

Vāsabhagāmī, Vāsabhagāmika

Vasabhodakavāra.– See Vasabha (6).

Vasala v.l. Cāpala, Accaya.– A mountain in  Himavā. Ap.ii.451.

Vasala Sutta

Vasala, Vassala.– A mountain in  Himavā, where lived Sudassana Pacceka Buddha. ThagA.i.88, 395; Ap.ii.451 calls it Cāvala.

Vasālanagara.– A village in Sri Lanka, probably near Cittalapabbata. It was the residence of two brothers, Cūlanāga and Mahānāga, who later became monks. SA.ii.125.

Vasantaguhā.– A cave in the park of Parakkamabāhu I. in Pulatthipura. Cv.lxxiii.112.


Vāsavanesī.– A class of devas, present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.260.


Vasavattī Sutta.– Vasavattī devaputta visits Mahā-Moggallāna with five hundred others and agrees with Mahā-Moggallāna in singing the praises of the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Saṅgha. S.iv.280.


Vāsettha Sutta


Vasī.– An epithet of Mahābrahmā. e.g., J.vi.201.

Vāsidāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he was an artisan (kammāra) in Tivarā and gave a razor to the Buddha. Ap.i.221.

Vāsijata Sutta

Vāsitthā, Vāsitthī.– See Vāsettha, Vāsetthī.

Vasitthaka.– The father of the Bodhisatta in the Takkala Jātaka. J.iv. 44 ff.


Vassa Sutta


Vassakāra Sutta

Vassakārānumodanā Sutta.– A sutta quoted in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.62) from the Vinaya Piṭaka (i.229 f ), where the Buddha gives thanks to Sunidha and Vassakāra, for a meal given to him.

Vassaṃvuttha Sutta.– S.v.405.


Vassavalāhaka Sutta.– A monk asks the Buddha why it sometimes rains. It rains when the Vassavalāhaka devā wish to revel in their bodies answers the Buddha. S.iii.257.

Vassāvāsabhānavāra.– The first chapter of the Vassūpanāyikakhandha of the Mahā Vagga. Vin.i.137‑48.

Vassika Sutta.– Just as of all scented flowers the jasmine (vassika) is the chief, so of all profitable conditions earnestness is the chief. S.v.44.

Vassika Thera.- v.l. Passika Thera

Vassūpanāyikakandha.– The third chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka (Vin.i.137 ff). It was taught by Mahinda to Devānampiyatissa to show the necessity of a monastery in Cetiyagiri. Mhv.xvi.9.

Vasū.– A class of devas of whom Sakka is the chief. See Vāsava. D.ii.260; DA.ii.690.

Vasudattā.– Wife of Padumuttara Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.xi.21.

Vāsudatta Sutta.– The young devatā Vāsudatta approached the Blessed One at Sāvatthi and recites a verse saying that a monk should strive mindfully as if his hair was on fire to eradicate sensual desire. The Buddha replies that he should strive mindfully to remove personality-view. S.i.53.


Vāsula.– Son of Candakumāra (J.vi.143); he is identified with Rāhula. J.iv.157.



Vasulokī or Vāsula.– See Sudatta Thera.

Vasuttara.– One of the palaces of Paduma Buddha before his Renunciation. BuA., p.146; but see Paduma.

Vāta Sutta

Vatagāma.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Moggallāna III. He gave for its maintenance the village of the same name, which was attached to it. Cv.xliv.50.

Vātaggasindhava Jātaka (No.266)

Vātaggasindhava.– The Bodhisatta born as the state horse of the king of Bārāṇasī. See the Vātaggasindhava Jātaka.

Vātagiri.– A mountain in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka, a point of strategic importance, providing a safe place of refuge. Cv.lviii.31; lx. 39; lxxxviii.43; see also Cv. Trs.i.204, n. 2.

Vātavalāhaka Sutta.– A monk asks the Buddha why the wind sometimes blows. It blows when the Vātavalāhaka devā wish to revel in their bodies answers the Buddha. S.iii.257.

Vaṭajālikāya.– A vihāra on Saṅkheyya-pabbata in Mahisavatthu. A monk named Uttara once lived there and was visited by Sakka (A.iv.162 ff). The vihāra was so named because it was surrounded by a dhava (Grislea Tomentosa) forest. AA.ii.739.


Vātakapabbata.– A place in Sri Lanka where Malaya Mahādeva Thera taught the Chachakka Sutta and sixty monks became Arahants. MA.ii.1024.

Vātamiga Jātaka (No.14)

Vatamsa.– One of the three palaces of Sumana Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.v.22.


Vatamsakiya Thera

Vatamsikā.– The wife of Sumana Buddha before his Renunciation. Anupama was their son. Bu.v.23.

Vatapada Sutta

Vatarakkhatthalī.– A village in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.76.

Vātasama.– A Cakkavatti of long ago, a previous birth of Māṇava Thera (Sammukhāthavika). ThagA.i.164; Ap.i.159.

Vātātapanivāriya Thera.– An Arahant. Ap.i.207.

Vātavalāhakā.– See Valāhakā.

Vātīyamandapa.– A village mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.32.

Vatra.– An Asura. See Vatrabhū below. J.v.153; cp. Sanskrit Vrtra.

Vatrabhū.– A name for Indra (Sakka). (J.v.153; S.i.47). Buddhaghosa (SA.i.83) explains it as “sveva vattena aññe abhibhavitvā devissariyapatto ti Vatrabhū, Vatranāmakam vā asuraṃ abhibhavatī ti.”

Vatsā.– See Vaṃsā.

Vatta Sutta.– Sāriputta addresses the monks at Sāvatthi on the seven factors of enlightenment and of his ability to abide in any of these according to his desire; just as a nobleman possessed of many robes can put on whichever he desires. S.v.70 f.

Vattabbaka Nigrodha


Vattaka Jātaka (No.35, 118, 394)

Vattakakārapitthi.– A village granted by Aggabodhi I for the maintenance of the Bhinnorudīpa-vihāra. Cv.xlii.26.


Vattakkhandhaka.– The eighth section of the Cūḷavagga. Vin.ii.207‑31.

Vattalagāma.– A village in which Vijayabāhu III built the Vijayabāhu-vihāra. Cv.lxxxi.58; see also Cv. Trs.ii.140, n.3.

Vattanahānakottha.– One of the eight bath-houses erected in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.45.


Vattha Sutta

Vatthadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Atthadassī Buddha, he was a Garuḷa, and, seeing the Buddha on his way to Gandhamādana, he offered him a garment. Thirty-six world-cycles ago he was king seven times under the name of Arunaka. Ap.i.116.

Vatthu Sutta


Vatthulapabbata.– A mountain in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.19 f.

Vatthūpama Sutta.– See Vattha Sutta

Vattita Sutta.– On the eight proper ways of dealing with a monk guilty of some offence, against whom proceedings have been taken. A.iv.347; cp. Vin.ii.86; M.ii.249.

Vattura-vihāra.– A monastery on the banks of the Kappakandara-nadī. Ras.ii.111.

Vatuka.– A Damila, paramour of Anulā. He reigned for one year and two months and was then poisoned by her. He was originally a carpenter in Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxxiv.19 f; Dpv.xx.27.

Vayadhamma Sutta.– Rādha asks the Buddha about phenomena that pass away (vayadhamma). The Buddha says that the five aggregates are phenomena that pass away. That which is transient by nature must be abandoned. S.iii.197.

Vāyāma Sutta.– A nun who speaks carelessly in praise of the unworthy and in blame of the praiseworthy, who is wrong in mindfulness and rejects the gifts of the faith, is destined for hell. A.iii.141.

Vayiga.– A river in South India. Cv.lxxvi.307.

Vāyodevā.– A class of deities present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.259.

Vāyu.– A deity, whose son was Vijjādhara. See the Samugga Jātaka.

Vāyussaputta.– See the Samugga Jātaka.

Vebhalinga.– See Vehalinga.


Vedabba Jātaka (No.48)

Vedabba.– The name of a charm and of a brahmin who knew it. See the Vedabba Jātaka.


Vedalla Sutta.– See Cūḷavedalla Sutta and Mahāvedalla Sutta.

Vedanā Saṃyutta.– The thirty-sixth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iv.204‑37.

Vedanā Sutta

Vedanā Aññāṇa Sutta.– At Sāvatthi. Vacchagotta asks the Blessed One the reason for the various wrong views. The Buddha explains that it because of not knowing feeling, its arising, cessation, and the way leading to its cessation. S.iii.258.

Vedanāpañhā Sutta

Vedanāpariggaha Sutta.– See the Dīghanakha Sutta, for which this was evidently another name. e.g., DA.ii.418; DhA.i.79; ThagA.ii.95.

Vedanāya Sutta

Vedaññā.– See Vedhaññā.



Vedehaputta.– An epithet of Sotthisena, king of Kāsi. The scholiast explains that his mother was a Videha princess. J.v.90.

Vedeharajja,Vedeharattha.– Name given to the kingdom of Videha. e.g., J.vi.393, 411.



Vedhañña, Vedañña

Vedikāraka Thera

Vedisa, Vedisagiri


Vedisaka.– See Vediyaka

Vediya, Vediyaka

Vediyadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. He built a railing round the Bodhi tree of Vipassī Buddha. Eleven world-cycles ago he was a king named Sūriyassama. Ap.i.219 f.

Vegabbharī (Veṭambarī)

Veghanasā.– A class of devas present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.261.



Vejanīya Sutta.– See Saṃvejanīya Sutta.


Vekhanassa.– A Paribbājaka teacher of Sakuludāyi (MA.ii.716). See Vekhanassa Sutta.

Vekhanassa Sutta

Vela, Velu.– A friend of Vasabha and father of Velusumana, who was named after his father and his father’s friend Sumana, governor of Girijanapada. Mhv.xxiii.69.

Velagāmi-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lx.62.



Velāma Sutta

Velamikā.– Chief of the eighty-four thousand women who waited on Mahāsudassana, king of Kusāvatī. She was also called Khattiyānī. S.iii.146; but at D.ii.187 the chief queen is called Subhaddā.

Velangavitthika 1.– A monastery built by Saddhā Tissa. Mhv.xxxiii.8.

Velangavitthika 2.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.48.

Velankundi.– A village in South India, used as a stronghold in the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.89, 93.

Vellināba.– A stronghold in South India. Cv.lxxvii.39.

Veludanta, Veludatta.– Teacher of Vaḍḍha Thera. ThagA.i.413.


Veludvāra Vagga.– The first chapter of the Sotāpatti Saṃyutta. S.v.342‑60.

Veludvāreyya Sutta

Velugāma.– A village in Avanti, birthplace of Isidatta Thera. v.l. Vaddhagāma. ThagA.i.238.

Veluka Jātaka (No.43)

Veluka.– A viper. See the Veluka Jātaka.

Velukanda, Velukanta

Velukantakī (Velukantakiyā)

Velukapītā.– See the Veluka Jātaka.


Veluriya.– A village and a rock near which are found sapphires (veḷuriya). VvA.27.


Veluvagāma.– See Beḷuva.


Veluvanadānānumodanā Sutta.– A sutta quoted in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.64) from the introduction to the Buddhavaṃsa Commentary, giving an account of the gift of Veḷuvana by Bimbisāra.

Venāgapura Sutta

Venāgapura.– A brahmin village of Kosala, where the Buddha taught the Venāgapura Sutta. A.i.180.

Venasākha Jātaka (No.353)

Venateyya.– A Garuḷa, husband of Kākavatī. He is identified with Kuṇāla. J.v.428.

Veṇḍu.– A devaputta.

Veṇḍu Sutta.– Veṇḍu says that those who train themselves in Gotama’s teaching are happy. The Buddha replies that they will not come under Māra’s control. S.i.52.

Veṇhu.– A deva who was present, with his retinue, at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.259). See also Veṇḍu above. Veṇhu is a Pāḷi form of Visnu. See also Andhakaveṇhudāsaputtā.

Venī.– A she jackal, wife of Pūtimaṃsa. See the Pūtimaṃsa Jātaka.

Venigāma.– The Chief of Cūḷanāga. Ambāmacca was his son. Ras.ii.145.

Venisāla.– Father of Tissāmacca.

Venu.– A river in Sri Lanka, on the way from Anurādhapura to Dakkhiṇadesa. It lay between the Tissavāpi and Jajjaranadī. VibhA. p.446.

Venudatta Thera.– A monk. Valliya Thera heard him teach and questioned him. Pondering on what be had heard, he gained insight. ThagA.i.292.

Venumatī.– A channel branching off from the Toyavāpi on its western side. It was constructed by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.46.


Vepacitti Sutta or Khanti Sutta

Vepulla, Vipula


Vepullapabbata Sutta.– It gives the particulars (names, etc.) regarding Mount Vepulla in the age of the four last Buddhas. S.ii.190 ff.

Vepullatā Sutta.– Four conditions which, if cultivated, lead to the increase of insight. S.v.411.

Vera Sutta


Verahaccāni Sutta.– Contains an account of the conversion of the brahmin lady of the Verehaccānigotta. S.iv.412 f.

Verambā, Verambhā.– Probably a name for the monsoon winds. The scholiast says (ThagA.i.534) that, according to some, it was the name of a rocky glen (pabbataguhāpabbhāra).

Verambā Sutta.– A monk whose heart is possessed by gains and flattery, and whose senses are unguarded in the presence of women — he is like a bird caught in a hurricane (verambavāta). S.ii.231.


Verañja Sutta.– Describes the interview between the Buddha and the brahmin Verañja. See Verañjā. A.iv.172 ff.

Verañja.– A brahmin. See Verañjā. According to Buddhaghosa his real name was Udaya, but he was called Verañja because he was born and lived at Verañjā. Sp.i.111.

Verañjabhānavāra.– The first section of the Sutta Vibhanga. Vin.iii.111.

Verañjakā.– The brahmins of Verañjā, to whom the Verañjaka Sutta was taught. M.i.290.

Verañjaka Sutta.– Taught to the brahmins of Verañjā, who visited the Buddha at Sāvatthi. The subject matter is identical with that of the Sāleyyaka Sutta. M.i.290.

Verī Jātaka (No.103)

Veriya-vihāra.– A monastery, probably near the Jajjaranadī. Maliyamahādeva once lived there. Ras.ii.153.



Verocana Sutta.– Records the visit of Verocana and Sakka to the Buddha. S.i.225. See Veroca.


Vesālā.– The Nāgā of Vesāli who were present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.258; DA.ii.688.


Vesāli Sutta

Vesārajja Sutta

Vesāyī.– A name for Yama. J.ii.317, 318.

Vessabhū.– King of Avanti in the time of Reṇu. His capital was Māhissati. D.ii.236.

Vessabhū Buddha

Vessabhū Sutta.– S.ii.9. See Gotama Sutta.



Vessamittā.– Queen of Kosambī. When her husband was killed in battle his conqueror wished to marry her, but she refused. He ordered her to be burnt, but by her piety she was unscathed and received great honour. Ras.i.18 f.

Vessānara.– A name for the God of Fire. J.vi.203.

Vessantara 1.– An owl, identified with Sāriputta (J.v.125). See the Tesakuṇa Jātaka.

Vessantara 2.– The Bodhisatta, born as king of Sivi. See the Vessantara Jātaka.

Vessantara Jātaka (No.547)

Vessara.– A pleasance in which Maṅgala Buddha died. Bu.iv.32.


Vetambarī.– See Vegabbharī


Vetaraññī.– The waters of the Vetaranī. J.vi.250.

Vetendu.– A vassal of the Cātummahārājāno, present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.258.

Vethadīpa, Vethadīpaka


Vethipura v.l. Veṭṭhapura.– A city in India, the birthplace of Abhibhūta Thera. ThagA.i.372.



Vetthapura.– See Vethipura above.


Vevatiyakapi Jātaka.– See Mahākapi Jātaka J.iii.178.


Veyyāvaccaka Thera

Vibbhanta Bhikkhu Vatthu

Vibhajjavāda.– The name given to the Dhamma by the orthodox; the term is identical with Theravāda and the Buddha is described as Vibhajjavādī. e.g., Mhv.v.171; VibhA.130; cp. Kvu. Trs. introd. p.38.


Vibhanga Sutta

Vibhanga Vagga.– The fourteenth chapter of the Majjhimanikāya (suttas 131‑42). M.iii.187‑257.


Vibhāta.– One of the eleven children of Paṇḍuvāsudeva and Bhaddakaccānā. Dpv.x.3; see also xviii.41, 44.

Vibhatti Sutta.– Taught by Sāriputta on the four branches of analytical knowledge: meanings (attha); conditions (dhammā); definitions (nirutti); intellect (paṭibhāna). A.ii.159 f.

Vibhattikathā.– A treatise, probably grammatical, by a Sri Lanka monk. Gv. 65, 75.

Vibhattyattha 1.– A work on Pāḷi cases by Kyocva’s daughter. Sās., p.77.

Vibhattyattha 2.– A Pāḷi grammatical treatise by Saddhammañāṇa. Bode, op.cit., 26.

Vibhīsana-vihāra.– A monastery built by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.49.

Vibhītakamiñjiya Thera.– An Arahant. He gave a vibhītaka fruit to Kakusandha Buddha (Ap.ii.396). He is perhaps identical with Sopāka Thera. ThagA.i.95.

Vibhūsaka Brahmadatta

Vicakkanā.– A class of devas, present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.261.

Vicchidaka Sutta.– The idea of a scattered corpse, if cultivated, leads to great profit. S.v.131.

Vicitoli (Vicikoli).– Wife of Dhammadassī Buddha in his last lay life. Their son was Puññavaḍḍhana (Bu.xvi.15). Vicitoli gave milk-rice to the Buddha just before his Enlightenment. BuA.182.

Vicittā.– One of the chief lay women supporters of Padumuttara Buddha. Bu.xi.26.

Vidadhimukhamandatīkā.– A Commentary by Vepullabuddhi (Gv. 64, 74). It was, perhaps, a Commentary to Vidaghamukhamandana (a book of riddles) by Dhammadāsa. Bode, op.cit., 28, n.3.

Viddumagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka in which was the Sirighanānanda-parivena. Cv.xc.98.


Videhā.– The people of Videha.

Videhiputta 1.– A name given to Āḷāra. J.v.166.

Videhiputta 2.– See Vedehiputta (Ajātasattu).

Vidhā Sutta

Vidhātā.– Given as the name of a god to whom sacrifices should be offered as a means of obtaining happiness. J.vi.201.

Vidhavā.– A river in the inner regions of Himavā (anto Himavante). J.iii.467.

Vidhola.– A hunter, who later joined the Order at Tissa-vihāra in Mahāgama and became an Arahant. Ras.i.132 f.

Vidhūpanadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. He gave a fan to Padumuttara Buddha and sang his praises as he fanned him. He became an Arahant at the age of seven. He was king sixteen times under the name of Vījamāna. Ap.i.103 f.



Vidhura Jātaka (No.546)

Vidhurinda 1.– A Nāga king who was given in charge of the Bodhi-tree by Asoka during its travels to Sri Lanka. Mbv.153

Vidhurinda 2.– One of the brothers of Vedisadevī. He escorted the Bodhi-tree to Sri Lanka and was given the rank of Lankāparisuddhanāyaka. Mbv.169.

Vidoja.– An epithet of Indra. UdA.75; see also n.12.

Vidūdabha.– See Viṭaṭūbha

Vidūra Jātaka.– See Sucira Jātaka.

Vidurā.– One of the wives of Udaya IV. She fixed a mandorla (pādajāla) on an image of the Buddha that was in the Mahāvihāra. Cv.liii.50.

Viduragga.– General (Senāpati) of Udaya IV. Cv.liii.46; cf. Vajiragga.

Vigatānanda.– A king of twenty-four world-cycles ago, a former birth of Ekanandiya Thera. Ap.i.217.

Vigatāsoka.– See Vītasoka Thera.

Vigaticcha Jātaka (No.244)

Viggāhikakathā Sutta.– (s.v. Kathā Sutta). The Buddha exhorts the monks not to engage in wordy warfare, such talk being neither profitable nor conducive to nibbāna. They should converse about suffering, its cause, etc. S.v.419.

Vighāsāda Jātaka (No.393)

Vihāra Sutta

Vihārabīja.– A village in Sri Lanka from which five hundred young men entered the Order on the occasion of the enshrinement of the Buddha’s collar bone in the Thūpārāma. Mhv.xvii.59.

Vihāradānānaumodanā Sutta.– A sutta quoted in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.63) from the Vinaya Piṭaka (Vin.147 f ) on the value of donating dwelling places.


Vihāravāpi.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Tulādhārapabbata. It was the birthplace of Labhīya Vasabha. Mhv.xxiii.90.

Vihāravejjasālatittha.– A ford in the Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.lxxii.25.

Vihāsava.– A king of the race of Makhādeva. He ruled in Bārāṇasī and his son was Vijitasena. MT. 130; but Dpv.iii.39 calls him Vijaya.

Vihatābhā.– A king of twenty-nine world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Belaṭṭhānika Thera (Campakapupphiya). Ap.i.167; ThagA.i.205.

Vījamāna.– Sixty thousand world-cycles ago there were sixteen kings of this name, all previous births of Vidhūpanadāyaka Thera. Ap.i.103.

Vijambhavatthu.– A place of residence for monks in the Vattaniyasenāsana, where Rohaṇa took Nāgasena to admit him into the Order. Mil. p.12.


Vijaya Sutta

Vijayā Sutta.– Contains the story of Māra’s temptation of Vijayā Therī. S.i.130.

Vijayā Therī


Vijayabāhu parivena-vihāra.– A monastery built by King Vijayabāhu III. in Vattalagāma (Cv.lxxxi.58). A monk, named Kāyasatti, was its chief incumbent in the time of Parakkamabāhu IV., Cv.xc.91.

Vijayabhuja.– See Vijayabāhu.

Vijayakumāra.– Son of Sirināga II, and king of Sri Lanka for one year (302‑3 A.C.). He was killed in his palace by the three Lambakaṇṇā: Saṅghatissa, Saṅghabodhi, and Goṭhābhaya. Mhv.xxxvi.57 f; Dpv.xxii.51.

Vijayapāla.– Son of Vimaladhammasūriya I and his queen, Dona Catherina. He was governor of the province of Mātula. Cv.xcv.22.

Vijayapura.– The Pāḷi name for the city of Panyā in Burma. Bode, op.cit., 27, 40.


Vijayasundārāma.– A monastery built by Vijayabāhu III. Cv.lxxxi.51; see also P.L.C. 209.

Vijayuttara Sankha (Sakka’s Conch Trumpet)



Vijitamitta.– A brahmin, friend of Bhaddasāla, and later chief disciple of Nārada Buddha. v.l. Jitamitta. Bu.x.23; BuA.154.

Vijitapura, Vijīta-nagara.– A city founded by Vijita, minister to Vijaya. Nearby was Khandhāvārapitthi, where Dutthagāmanī pitched his camp during his campaign against the Damilas, and also the village of Hatthipora (q.v.) The city was a stronghold of the Damilas, and was captured by Dutthagāmanī after a four months’ siege. For details of the siege see Mhv.xxv.19 ff.

Vijitasangāma.– A grain-watcher (yavapālaka) who supplied grass to Tissa Buddha for his seat. BuA.189.




Vijjā Sutta

Vijjābhāgiya Sutta.– The six parts of wisdom: the idea of impermanence, of unsatisfactoriness in impermanence, of not-self in unsatis­factoriness, of renunciation, of dispassion, of ending. A.iii.334.

Vijjādhara guhā, lena.– A cave in Pulatthipura, forming part of Uttarārāma (Cv.lxxviii.73). The boundary of the Baddhasīmāpāsāda grounds passed fifty staves (375 ft) to the north of this cave. Ibid., vs. 66. See Cv. Trs.ii.111, n.2.

Vijjāmandapa.– A building in the Dīpuyyāna. It was built to demonstrate the various branches of science. Cv.lxxiii.115.

Vijjāvimutti Sutta.– The holy life is lived with the realisation of the fruits of knowledge for its aim. S.v.28.


Vikālabhojana Sutta.– Few are they who abstain from eating at unseasonable hours, many they who do not. S.v.470.

Vikannaka Jātaka (No.233)

Vikata.– A mountain near Himavā. Ap.i.227.

Vikkama.– A Lokagalla. He was a general of Rohaṇa and was defeated by the Mūlapotthakī Māna. Cv.lxxv.138.


Vikkamacolappera.– A stronghold in South India, occupied by Pandiyarāyara. It was captured by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.178.

Vikkamapandu.– Son of Mahālānakitti. He was staying in Duludesa when he heard of the events in Sri Lanka, and, going to the province of Rohaṇa, he carried on the government at Kālatittha for one year (1046 A.C.), until he was slain by Jagatīpāla. Cv.lvi.11 ff.

Vikkamapura.– A town in Dakkhiṇadesa, once used as headquarters by Parakkamabāhu I, before his capture of the throne. It was near Kyānagāma. Cv.lxxii.147, 263. Geiger suggests (Cv. Trs.i.333, n.3) that it was the town attached to the fortress of Sīhagiri.

Vikkamarājasīha.– The last king of Sri Lanka. He was the son of the sister of Rājādhirājasīha, whom he succeeded. He ruled for eighteen years (1798‑1815 A.C.), but the people rebelled against him, and he was obliged to abdicate in favour of the English (Ingirisī). Cv.ci.19 ff.

Vikkambhuja.– See Vikkamabāhu.

Vikkantabāhu.– See Vikkamabāhu.

Vikkantacāmunakka.– General of Anīkaṅga whom he slew. He acted for one year (1209 A.C.) as regent for Queen Līlāvatī. Cv.lxxx.45.

Vilāna.– A place near Āḷisāra, mentioned in the wars of Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.166.

Vilasa.– A very rich man of Kandalisālagāma. His wealth was fabulous, and the king, wishing to test its extent, asked him to supply various luxuries. The Muggagāma-vihāra was built on the spot where his carts, bringing green peas to the king, stopped outside the city. Ras.ii.130 f.

Vilāta.– A country. Mil. 327, 331; Rhys Davids identifies it with Tartary (Mil. Trs.ii.204).

Vilattākhanda.– The weir of a reservoir repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.67.

Villagāma.– A village in the south of Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.147.

Villavarāyara.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. He was slain by the soldiers of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.94, 163; but see 173 and 185.

Villikābā.– A district of Sri Lanka, once the residence of Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lviii.29.

Vilokana.– A king of eighty-one world-cycles ago, a former birth of Māṇava Thera (Sammukhāthavika). Ap.i.159; ThagA.i.164.


Vimalā Therī



Vimalakondañña Thera

Vimalavilāsinī.– A Commentary by Dhammapāla on the Vimāna­vatthu (BuA. p.236), forming part of the Paramatthadīpanī.

Vīmamsa khanda.– The section of the Mūgapakkha Jātaka that describes the various tests applied to Temiya to discover whether his appearance of being deaf and dumb was a pretence. J.vi.9.

Vīmamsaka Sutta.– The Buddha tells the monks at Jetavana that the enquiring monk, who searches the heart of others, should study the Tathāgata. He then proceeds to give details as to how the study should be undertaken. M.i.317 ff.


Vimaticchedanī.– A Commentarial work on the Abhidhamma by an elder named Kusapa. Gv. 60, 70; P.L.C. 160.

Vimativinodanī.– A Commentary on the Vinaya by Kassapa Thera. It was one of the authorities quoted by the Pārupanā against the Ekaṃsikā and it was held in high esteem by King Dhammaceti. Gv. 61; Sis. 69; P.L.C. 179.

Vimokkha Sutta.– On eight kinds of deliverance. A.iv.306 f.

Vimokkhakathā.– The fifth chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Patisambhidāmagga. PS.ii.35‑73.

Vimutti Sutta.– On the five spheres of release experienced when one teaches the Dhamma to another, when yet another listens, when one learns it oneself, when one ponders and reflects on it, and when one has rightly penetrated into it. A.iii.21 f.


Vinataka.– One of the seven mountain ranges round Sineru. J.vi.125; SNA.ii.443; Sp.i.119, etc.

Vīnāthūna Jātaka (No.232)

Vinaya Pitaka

Vinaya Vagga.– The eighth chapter of the Sattaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.140‑44.

Vinayadhara Suttā.– A group of four suttas on seven qualities that make a monk skilled in the Vinaya. A.iv.140 f.

Vinayadharasobhana Sutta.– Seven qualities that make a monk skilled in discipline and illustrious; the qualities are the same as those of the Vinayadhara Sutta. A.iv.142.

Vinayagandhi.– See Vajirabuddhiṭīkā.


Vinayagūlhatthadīpanī.– A work ascribed to Chapaṭa (Saddhammajotipāla). It explains difficult passages of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Bode, op.cit., 18.

Vinayālankāra tikā.– A Vinaya compilation by Tipiṭakālaṅkāra of Tiriyapabbata. Svd.1214; Bode, op.cit., 54.

Vinayasamutthānadīpanī.– A Vinaya treatise by Chapaṭa (Saddhammajotipāla). Gv. 64; Bode, op.cit., 18.


Vinayasangīti.– A name given to the recital held at Vesāli in connection with the Vajjiputta heresy See Vajjiputtakā. Sp.i.34.

Vinayatthakathā.– See Samantapāsādikā.

Vinayatthamañjūsā.– A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on the Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī, written by Buddhanāga. Gv.61; Svd.1212.


Vindaka.– One of the horses of Candakumāra. J.vi.135.

Vindusāra.– See Bindusāra.

Vinelapupphiya Thera

Vinibandha Sutta.– On the five forms of mental bondage: bondage to lusts, to the body, to shapes, to sleep, to the desire to become a deva. A.iii.249; iv. 461.

Vinīla Jātaka (No.160)

Vinīla.– The son of a golden goose and a crow. He is identified with Devadatta. See the Vinīla Jātaka.

Vinīlaka Sutta.– The perception of a discoloured corpse, if developed and cultivated, is of great fruit and great benefit. S.v.131.


Viññāna Sutta

Viññāṇa Aññāṇa Sutta.– At Sāvatthi. Vacchagotta asks the Blessed One the reason for the various wrong views. The Buddha explains that it because of not knowing consciousness, its arising, cessation, and the way leading to its cessation. S.iii.259.

Viññāṇa Appaccakkhakamma Sutta.– Similar to the above. Due to not closely examining consciousness. S.iii.262.

Viññāṇañcāyatana Sutta.– When Ānanda remarks that Sāriputta’s senses are clean and his face translucent, and asks him how has he spent the day, Sāriputta answers that he has been abiding in the base of infinite consciousness. S.iii.237.

Viññāṇañcāyatanapañhā Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna says that, when he entered into and abode in the realm of infinite consciousness, the Buddha appeared before him and warned him not to be remiss. Then he passed beyond it. S.iv.266.

Viññānañcāyatanūpagādevā.– A class of devas living in the Arūpaloka. Their life lasts for forty thousand aeons. M.iii.103; Compendium, p.143.

Vīṇopamasutta.– S.iv.195.

Vīnūpamovāda.– The name given (e.g., at ThagA.i.545) to a discourse taught by the Buddha to Soṇa Koḷivisa (q.v.) at Gijjhakūṭa. It is generally called Sona Sutta. See A.iii.374.

Vipakkhasevaka bhikkhu Vatthu

Vipallāsa Sutta.– On the four perversions of perception, thought and view: seeing permanence in impermanence, happiness in suffering, self in not-self, beauty in the foul. A.ii.52.

Vipallāsakathā.– The eighth chapter of the Paññāvagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga. PS.ii.80 f.

Vipassanā Sutta.– On insight as to the path that leads to the “Uncompounded.” S.iv.362.

Vipassanākathā.– The ninth chapter of the Paññavagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga. PS.ii.263‑43.

Vipassī Buddha

Vipassī Sutta.– On the mental evolution of Vipassī Buddha, leading to his Enlightenment. S.ii.5; cf. D.ii.30 f. See also Gotama Sutta.

Vipatti Sutta

Vipula 1.– A khattiya, father of Revata Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vi.16.

Vipula 2.– One of the five peaks near Rājagaha, the highest of them. See Vepulla. S.i.67; J.vi.518; Mil.242.

Vipulapaññā Sutta.– When the four foundations of mindfulness are developed and cultivated it leads to the growth of wisdom. S.v.412.

Vipulā.– Mother of Revata Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vi.6.

Vipulābhāsa.– Twenty-nine world-cycles ago there were several kings of this name, previous births of Belaṭṭhānika Thera (Campakapupphiya). ThagA.i.205; Ap.i.167.


Vīrā Therī.– A certain lay follower gave her a robe, and a Yakkha aware of this, went about praising his piety. v.l. Cīrā. S.i.213.

Vīrā.– See Dhīrā.


Viraddha Sutta


Virāga Sutta

Virāgakathā.– The fifth chapter of the Yuganandha Vagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.140‑7.

Vīraganga.– Name of several Damila chiefs, allies of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi. 131, 140, 179, 181, 187, 190.

Viraja 1.– One of the three palaces occupied by Dhammadassī Buddha before his Renunciation. Bu.xvi.14.

Viraja 2.– A Pacceka Buddha. ApA.i.107; M.iii.70.

Vīraka Jātaka (No.204)

Vīraka.– The Bodhisatta born as a marsh crow. See the Vīraka Jātaka.

Vīranatthambhaka.– A cemetery near Bārāṇasī where Somadatta taught his father, Aggidatta, how to behave at court when he visited the king. DhA.iii.124.

Vīrankurārāma.– A monastery in Abhayagiri-vihāra; it was built by Sena I. Cv.l.68.

Vīranukkara.– A district in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.2.


Vīrapperaya.– Name of several Damila chiefs, allies of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi. 138, 316; lxxvii.6, 7.

Vīravamma.– Husband of Yasodharā, daughter of Vijayabāhu I. They had two daughters, Līlāvatī and Sugalā. He was given as dowry the province of Merukandara. Cv.lix.27.

Vīravāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.36.

Viravapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he met Siddhattha Buddha and gave him a virava flower. Ap.i.223.


Viriya Sutta 1.– Energy is necessary in order to see things as they really are. S.ii.132.

Viriya Sutta 2.– A woman who, among other qualities, has energy is reborn in a happy condition. S.iv.244.

Viriya.– A pleasance in Vebhāra where Siddhattha Buddha was born. BuA. p.185.

Viroca Jātaka (No.143)

Virocamānā.– Wife of Kakusandha Buddha before his Renunciation. Bu.xxiii.17. BuA. (p.210) calls her Rocanā.

Virocana.– Nine world-cycles ago there were three kings of this name, all previous births of Ajjuna Thera (Sālapupphadāyaka). Ap.i.169; ThagA.i.186.

Virūlha, Virūlhaka




Visākhā bhānavāra.– The second chapter of the Cīvarakhandhaka of the Mahā Vagga. Vin.i.281‑94.

Visākhā Sutta

Visākha Sutta.– The Buddha listens to a discourse by Visākha Pañcāliputta and praises his skill in the assembly of monks. The Sutta also contains a teaching as to how the Dhamma should be taught. A.ii.51 f.; S.ii.280 f.

Visākhūposatha Sutta.– The name given in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.12) to the Uposatha Sutta (q.v.)

Visālā.– See Vesāli.

Visāla.– The capital of Sri Lanka (then known as Mandadīpa) in the time of Kassapa Buddha. It was to the west of Mahāsāgara uyyāna, and its king at the time was Jayanta. Mhv.xv.127; Dpv.xv.60; xvii.6; Sp.i.87.

Visālakkhi Vimānavatthu

Visālamutta.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.81, 91.

Visama Sutta.– Crooked actions of body, speech and mind lead one to purgatory; their opposites to heaven. A.i.293.



Visārada Sutta

Visavanta Jātaka (No.69)

Visayha Jātaka (No.340)

Visayha.– The Bodhisatta born as a millionaire (seṭṭhi) of Bārāṇasī. See the Visayha Jātaka.

Visirātthala.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka. Cv.lxviii.49.

Vissakamma, Vissukamma

Vīssāsabhojana Jātaka (No.93)

Vissasena.– A king of Bārāṇasī. See the Ārāmadūsaka Jātaka.

Visudatta Thera.– A teacher of the Abhidhamma. DhSA. p.32.

Visuddhācariya Thera

Visuddhajanavilāsinī.– The name of the Commentary on the Apadāna. Its author is unknown.


Vitakka Sutta

Vitakkasanthāna Sutta

Vitakkita Sutta.– See Ayonisomanasikāra Sutta.

Vītamāla.– A king of fifty-seven world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Koraṇḍapupphiya Thera (Ramaṇīyavihārī). Ap.i.206; ThagA.i.116.

Vītamsā.– One of the ten rivers flowing from Himavā. Mil.114; see Mil. Trs.i.xliv, for a suggested identification with Vitastā, the modern Bihat (or Jhelum).

Vītarāga Sutta.– A monk who is not free from passion, corruption and infatuation, but is full of cant and deceit, cannot become what he should become. A.iii.111.

Vītarāga.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.71; ApA.i.107.

Vītasoka Thera


Vitendu.– One of the Vassals of the Cātummahārājikā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.257.

Vīthisammajjaka Thera

Viticcha Jataka.– See Vigaticcha Jātaka (No.244)

Vitinna.– One of the chief lay supporters of Padumuttara Buddha. Bu.xi.26.

Vitta Sutta.– Taught in answer to a deva’s questions; the beat wealth is faith, right deeds bring happiness, truth has the sweetest taste, a life of wisdom is the best. S.i.42.

Vittāra.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.146.

Vitthāra Sutta

Vitthata Sutta

Vitu and Vitucca.– Vassals of the Cātummahārājikā. They were present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.258.

Vivāda Sutta

Vivādamūla Sutta.– Ten causes, different from the above, of contention. A.v.78 f.

Vivara Vagga.– The first chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Jātakaṭṭhakathā. J.iii.1‑33.

Viveka Sutta

Vivekakathā.– The fourth chapter of the Paññā Vagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga. PS.ii.219‑25.

Viyolaka-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Tissamahānāga lived there for thirty years. Ras.ii.187

Vohāra Sutta.– (Anariyavohāra, Ariyavohāra  Sutta) Eight modes of speech that are noble and ignoble. A.iv.307.

Vohārapatha Suttā.– (Paṭhama, Dutiyavohārapatha Sutta) Two suttas, similar to Vohāra Sutta. A.ii.227‑ ii.229.


Voyalaggamu.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.122.

Vuddhi Sutta 1.– The seven factors of enlightenment, if cultivated, conduce to increase and not decrease. S.v.94.

Vuddhi Sutta 2.– Four conditions that conduce to the growth of insight. S.v.411.

Vuttamālāsandesa Śataka

Vutthāna Sutta

Vutthi Sutta


Vyaggha Jātaka.– See Byaggha Jātaka (No.272)


Vyākarana Sutta

Vyasana Sutta.– Ten evils that befall a monk who reviles Noble Ones and his fellow celibates. A.v.169.