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Pāli Proper Names — M

Macala.– A village in Magadha, residence of Magha. J.i.199; SA.i.267; DhA.i.265; SNA.ii.484.

Macala Vagga.– The ninth chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.ii.83‑91.

Macala-Vihāra.– A vihāra in Mahāgama. Ras.ii.52


Maccha Jātaka (No.34, 75, 216)

Maccha Sutta

Maccha-rattha.– See Macchā.

Maccharena Sutta.– A woman who is faithless, shameless, stingy, and of weak wisdom, is destined to suffering. S.iv.24.

Macchari Sutta (Macchariya, Maccharī Sutta)


Macchadāyaka Thera

Macchatittha.– The name of two villages and two monasteries of Sri Lanka. Cv.xlviii.24; Ep. Zey.i.216, 221, 227.

Macchera Sutta.– See Maccharī Sutta?


Macchikāsandika.– An epithet of Citta-gahapati, because he lived in Macchikāsaṇḍa. A.i.26; AA.i.209; ThagA.i.238.

Macchuddāna Jātaka (No.288)

Maccunābbhāhata Sutta.– A name in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.38) given to the Attahata Sutta (S.i.40.)

Maccutthala.– A locality in Rohaṇa, where Vijayabāhu I once set up a camp. Cv.Iviii.35.

Madagu.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.37.


Maddā.– The people of Madda.


Maddarūpī.– Daughter of Okkāka and wife of Kanha, ancestor of Ambattha (D.i.96 f). v.l. Khuddarūpi.


Maddha.– A locality in Sri Lanka, probably a vihāra, residence of Mahānāga Thera. J.vi.30.



Mādhava.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.77, 79.

Madhitthala.– A fortress in Rohaṇa where Damilādhikārin defeated the rebels. Cv.lxxv.147.


Madhudāyaka Thera

Madhudīpanī.– A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on the Visuddhimagga. Sās.33.

Madhukannava.– A Kālinga prince, brother of Tilokasundarī queen of Vijayabāhu I. He came to Sri Lanka, and the king paid him great honour. Cv.lix.46.

Madhukavanaganthi.– A locality in Sri Lanka. Cv.lxx.325.

Madhumamsadāyaka Thera

Madhupādapatittha.– A landing place, probably in the north of Sri Lanka. It was used as a stronghold by Māgha and Jayabāhu. Cv.lxxxiii.18.

Madhupindika Sutta

Madhupindīka Thera

Madhupitthika.– A village near Mahāgangā in Pācīnapassa. In it was the Madhupitthiya-cetiya, once pillaged by Sirināga. Ras.ii.8


Madhuraddhamakkāra.– A district in South India, the forces of which were among the allies of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.2.

Mādhuraka.– The classifying name for an inhabitant of Madhurā. e.g., Mil.331.

Madhurakā.– The people of Madhurā, mentioned in a list of tribes. Ap.i.359; also Mil.331.

Madhurammānavīra.– A fortress in South India subdued by Jagadvijaya. Cv.lxxvi.304.


Madhurasasavāhinī.– See Rasavāhinī.

Madhura Sutta


Madhurindhara. King of Rādhavati.– Anomadassī Buddha taught him, and he and seven thousand of his followers became Arahants. BuA.144.

Madhusāratthadīpanī.– A Commentary on the Abhidhamma-ṭīkā compiled by Ānanda of Hamsavatī. Sās.48.

Madhutthala-vihāra.– A vihāra restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.Ix.58; also Cv. Trs.i.220, n. 2.

Madhuvāsettha.– A brahmin of Sāketa, father of Mahānāga Thera (ThagA.i.442). It is probably he who is identified with the ape in the Bhisa Jātaka. J.iv.314.


Māgadha.– The name of a clan (gotta). J.iii.339.

Māgadhā.– The people of Magadha.

Māgadha Sutta.– The devatā Māgadha visits the Blessed One at Jetavana and asks him about sources of illumination. The Buddha tells him that there are only four: the sun shines by day, the moon at night, fire at any time, but the best light is that of the Buddha. S.i.47.




Māgandiya Sutta

Māgandiyapañhā.– The name given to the questions asked of the Buddha by the brahmin Māgandiya. (S.iii.12). See Māgandiya Sutta.

Magga Sutta

Magga Saṃyutta.– The forty-fifth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.v.1‑62.

Magga Vagga.– The twentieth section of the Dhammapada.

Maggadattika Thera.– An Arahant. He once saw Atthadassī Buddha wandering about and scattered flowers in his path. Twenty thousand world-cycles ago he was king five times under the name of Pupphachadaniya. Ap.i.189.

Maggadāyaka Thera

Maggakathā.– The ninth division of the Mahā Vagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga.

Maggasaññaka Thera

Maggasira.– The name of a month. DA.i.241.

Maggaṅga Sutta.– The Noble Eightfold Path goes to the Uncompounded (asaṅkhata). The Buddha has shown it to his disciples for their welfare. S.iv.361.



Māgha Sutta.– The fifth sutta of the Mahā Vagga of the Suttanipāta. Māgha asks the Buddha about donations, who explains the benefits of giving to the gift-worthy with a wholesome state of mind. See also Chetvā Sutta S.i.41.

Maghādeva Jātaka (No.9)

Maghādeva Sutta

Maghādeva.– (v.l. Makhādeva)


Maghavā.– See Magha.

Maghavapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he saw the Buddha (? Vipassī) seated in meditation on the banks of the Nammudā, and honoured him by placing a maghava flower near him. Ap.i.240 f.

Mahā Vagga

Mahā-Abhaya Thera

Mahā-Anāthapindika.– See Anāthapiṇḍika. He was evidently so called in some contexts to distinguish him from Cūḷa-Anāthapindika. e.g., DhA.iii.145; J.i.148.


Mahā-Anula Thera


Mahā-Ariyavamsa Sutta


Mahā-Assapura Sutta

Mahā-Assāroha Jātaka (No.302)


Mahā-Avīci.– See Avīci.


Mahābodhi Jātaka (No.528)


Mahābrahmā.– See Brahmaloka.

Mahā-Buddharakkhita.– A monk of Piyangudīpa, described as Yonakarājaputta. See Ariyagālatissa.

Mahābyūha Sutta

Mahācanda.– A river. See Candabhāgā.

Mahācattārīsaka Sutta

Mahā-cetiya.– See Mahā Thūpa.

Mahāchātaka.– A nickname given to Bhaddāli Thera, because he was always eating. MA.ii.648.

Mahācora Sutta

Mahācūla (Cūlika) Mahātissa

Mahā-Cūlani.– King, father of Cūlani Brahmadatta. His wife was Talatā, who intrigued with his chief priest (purohita) Chambhī and poisoned her husband. J.vi.470.

Mahā-Cunda Sutta.– See Cunda Sutta.

Mahā-Cunda.– See Cunda.

Mahādaddara.– The Bodhisatta born as a Nagā king, son of Sūradaddara. See the Daddara Jātaka. J.iii.16 ff.

Mahaddhanasutta.– Among those of great wealth, who look at each other with rivalry, who in the world is free from longing? Those who have gone forth, who have given up lust, ill-will, and delusion, these Arahants  are without longing for the world. S.i.15.

Mahādāragalla.– A reservoir built by Mahāsena (Mhv.xxxvii.49). It was repaired by Vijayabāhu I and later by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lx.50; lxxix.31.

Mahādāragiri.– A village (probably near Mahādāragallaka) given by Jetthatissa II to the Abhayagiri-vihāra. Cv.xliv.96.

Mahādāthika Mahānāga


Mahaddhana Sutta


Mahādevarattakurava.– A vihāra in the district of Kāsikhanda in Sri Lanka; the Anurārāma was a building attached to it. Cv.xli.101.

Mahādevī.– An eminent Therī of Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.24.

Mahādhammakathī Thera 1.– In the time of king Buddhadāsa he translated the Pāḷi Suttas into Singhalese. Cv.xxxvii.175; he is evidently referred to by Fa Hsien (Giles, p.72).

Mahadhammakathi Thera 2.– An incumbent of Nāgasāla-vihāra. Kassapa II showed him great honour and induced him to teach the Dhamma. Cv.xlv.2.

Mahādhammapāla Jātaka (No.447)


Mahādhammasamādāna Sutta


Mahā-Dhanadeva.– Father of Ariyagālatissa.

Mahādhanaka.– A millionaire of Bārāṇasī identified with Devadatta. For his story see the Rurumigarāja Jātaka. J.iv.255 ff.

Mahādhana-kumāra.– The Bodhisatta born as the son of the Treasurer of Bārāṇasī (J.iii.475 ff). For his story see the Aṭṭhāna Jātaka.

Mahādhātukathā.– See Dhātukathā.

Mahādīpanī.– A Commentary. Gv. 65, 75.

Mahāditthi Sutta.– The great heresy: that the four elements and weal and woe are stable and permanent, that weal and woe are allotted to each person and do not wax and wane (S.iii.211 f). Some of these views are elsewhere attributed to Pakudha-Kaccāyana and others to Makkhali Gosāla.

Mahādona.– A Nāga king of the city of Mahādona on the bank of the Gangārahada. He used to destroy the districts of those who did not pay him tribute. Nārada Buddha taught him and vanquished him. Bu.x.7; BuA.153.

Mahāduggala.– A monastery and cetiya built by Kākavaṇṇa Tissa. At its inauguration twelve thousand monks from Cittalapabbata were present. v.l. Mahānuggala. Mhv.xxiv.8 ff.


Mahādukkhakkhandha Sutta

Mahādundubhi.– Thirty thousand world-cycles ago there were sixteen kings of this name, previous births of Vappa (or Saranāgamaniya) Thera. Thag.i.141; Ap.i.149.


Mahāgāma.– A reservoir built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.47.

Mahāgāma.– The capital of Rohaṇa.

Mahāgāmanāga-vihāra.– A monastery in Rohaṇa where Vohārika-Tissa crowned the thūpa with a parasol (Mhv.xxxvi.34; MT.662). The vihāra is probably identical with the Nāgamahā-vihāra, built by Mahānāga (q.v.)

Mahāgāmendivāpi.– A reservoir built by Āmaṇḍagāmaṇī Abhaya to the south of Anurādhapura and gifted to the Dakkhinna-vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.5; Mhv.Trs.246, n.4.

Mahāgana.– One of the three chief buildings of the Upāsikā-vihāra (q.v.) It was later called Piyathapitaghara. MT. 408, 409.

Mahāgangā.– See Gaṅgā and Mahāvālukagangā.


Mahā-Gavaccha Thera.- See Mahā-Vaccha Thera

Mahāgirigāma.– A village on the road to Nāgadīpa, near the residence of Lonagirivāsī Tissa. DA.ii.534.

Mahāgopālaka Sutta

Mahāgosinga Sutta


Mahāgovinda Sutta

Mahāhamsa Jātaka (No.534)

Mahāhatthipadopama Sutta

Mahājāli.– A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a list of names. M.iii.70.

Mahājallika.– A fishing village in Sri Lanka. In it was a fisherman, also called Mahājallika, whom Dāṭhāsena overcame. Ras.ii.107.


Mahājanaka Jātaka (No.539)


Mahaka.– A novice, pupil of Upananda, who is mentioned as having been guilty of an unnatural offence with Kandaka, another novice. Vin.i.70.

Mahaka Sutta.– See Mahakapāṭihāriya Sutta.

Mahaka Thera.– See Mahakapāṭihāriya Sutta.

Mahā-Kaccāna, Kaccāyana

Mahā-Kaccāna-Bhaddekaratta Sutta

Mahā-Kaccāna Vatthu.– The story of Sakka’s honouring of Mahā-Kaccāna. DhA.ii.176 f.


Mahākālasena.– The chief yakkha of Sirīsavatthu who married Polamittā of Laṅkāpura (MT. 259 f). v.l. Mahākāḷasena. See Kāḷasena (2).

Mahākālī.– An eminent Therī of Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.39.

Mahākālinga.– King of Dantapura and brother of Cūḷakālinga. For their story see the Kāliṅgabodhi Jātaka. J.iv.230 ff.

Mahākalyāna.– Another name for Varakalyana.

Mahā-Kammāsadamma.– See Kammāsadamma.

Mahākammavibhanga Sutta

Mahā-Kamsa.– King of Asitanjana in Kamsabhoga in Uttarāpatha. His children were Kamsa, Upakamsa and Devagabbhā. J.iv.79; PvA.111.

Mahā-Kāñcana.– The Bodhisatta born as the son in a rich brahmin family, and later becoming an ascetic. See the Bhisa Jātaka. J.iv.305 ff.

Mahākanda.– The name of a Damila and of a parivena built by him in the reign of Aggabodhi IV. Cv.xlvi.23.

Mahākandara.– A river in Sri Lanka, at the mouth of which Panduvāsudeva and his retinue landed from India. Mhv.viii.12.

Mahākanha.– The name assumed by Mātali when he became a dog. See the Mahākanha Jātaka.

Mahākanha Jātaka (No.469)

Mahākapi Jātaka (No.407, 516)

Mahā-Kappina Sutta

Mahā-Kappina Thera

Mahā-Kappina Thera Vatthu.– Describes the good deeds done by Kappina and Anoja in the time of Kassapa Buddha. See Mahā-Kappina. DhA.ii.112‑27.

Mahā-Kassapa saddhivihārika Vatthu.– The story of the pupil of Mahā-Kassapa who set fire to his hut. DhA.ii.19 ff; see also the Kuṭidūsaka Jātaka.

Mahā-Kassapa Thera

Mahā-Kassapa Thera Pindapāta Vatthu.– The story of Sakka giving alms to Mahā-Kassapa in the disguise of a weaver. DhA.i.423 ff.

Mahakapāṭihāriya Sutta

Mahākhandaka.– The first chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka.

Mahākhetta.– A locality in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.50; Cv.Trs.ii.49, n.3.

Mahākhīragāma.– A village near Nāgadīpa in Sri Lanka, it was the residence of Lonagīrivāsī Tissa. AA.ii.653; MA.i.545.

Mahākirālavāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.46.

Mahākokālika.– See Kokālika.

Mahākosala.– King of Kosala.

Mahākottha.– A Damila chief of Antarāsobbha, whom Dutthagāmanī subdued in the course of his campaigns. Mhv.xxv.11.

Mahā-Kotthika Thera

Mahākusa.– A king of Jambudīpa, descendant of Mahāsammata. His father was Kusa and his son Navaratha (Bharata). They reigned in Kapilavatthu. Dpv.iii.40; MT.130.


Mahālānakitti.– A usurper (1041‑44 A.C.). He murdered Kitti, the successor of Vikkamabāhu I, and ruled in Rohaṇa, but was defeated in the third year of his reign by the Colā, and, with his own hand, cut his throat. Cv.lvi.7.

Mahālatā-pasādhana (°pilandhana)

Mahālekha.– A parivena in the Abhayagiri-vihāra; it was built by Mahinda II. Cv.xlviii.135.

Mahālekhapabbata.– A parivena in the Mahā-vihāra; it was founded by the Mahālekha Sena, in the time of Kassapa IV. Cv.lii.33.

Mahālena-Vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. See Sanghadattā.


Mahāli Sutta

Mahallaka-Nāga, Mahalla Nāga

Mahallarāja.– A meditation hall (padhānaghara) erected by Aggabodhi III and his viceroy Māna. The villages of Hankāra and Sāmugāma were given for its maintenance. Cv.xliv.119.

Mahālohita.– The Bodhisatta born as a bull; see the Munika Jātaka and Sālūka Jātaka.

Mahāmagagāma.– A village given by Udaya I for the celebrations in honour of the Kholakkhiya image of the Buddha. Cv.xlix.15.

Mahāmahinda.– See Mahinda.

Mahāmahindabāhu parivena.– A monastic building, probably in Hatthiselapura, erected by Bhuvanekabāhu, at the request of his brother, Parakkamabāhu II. Cv.lxxxv.63.

Mahāmāladeva.– A general of Mānābharaṇa (2) stationed at Kālavāpi. Cv.lxxii.171.

Mahāmalia.– Younger brother of Sena, general of Sena V. He committed an offence with his mother and the king had him killed. Cv.liv.60.

Mahāmaliyadeva.– See Malaya-Mahādeva.

Mahāmallaka.– A nunnery built by Mahinda IV for the Theravāda-nuns. Cv.liv.47.

Mahāmālunkyā Sutta

Mahāmandapa.– A palace in Anurādhapura, probably in the Mahāvihāra, used by teachers. Malayadeva Thera taught there the Chachakka Sutta, when sixty monks became Arahants. MA.ii.1024.

Mahā-Mandhātu.– See Mandhātu. His story is also given at Ras.i.20 f.

Mahāmangala Jātaka (No.453)

Mahāmangala Sutta.– See Mangala Sutta.

Mahāmangala Thera.– A monk present at the foundation ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa. MT. 524.

Mahāmangala-vihāra.– A monastery built by Vankanāsikatissa on the banks of the Gonanadī. Mhv.xxxv.113.

Mahāmani.– A reservoir constructed by Bhātikatissa, and given by him to the Gavaratissa-vihāra (Mhv.xxxvi.3). It was restored by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.47.

Mahāmanikagāma.– A village granted by Aggabodhi III to the Jetavana-vihāra. Cv.xliv.121.




Mahāmetta.– A Bodhi tree, planted in the Mahāvihāra by Jetthatissa III. Cv.xliv.96.

Mahāmitta.– A monk of Kassakalena. A very poor woman provided him with food. When a tree deity pointed out this to him he put forth effort and became an Arahant (v.l. Ayyamitta). MA.i.237 f; DA.iii.790.

Mahāmittavindaka.– See the Catudvāra Jātaka.

Mahā-Moggallāna Thera

Mahāmora Jātaka (No.491)

Mahāmucala.– A primeval king, descendant of Mahāsammata. Dpv.iii.6; Mhv.ii.3; Mtu.i.348.

Mahāmucalamālaka.– A locality in Mahāmeghavana, where stood the uposatha hall for monks (Mhv.xv.36). It was outside the enclosure of the Bodhi tree. MT. 346.


Mahāmuni.– A village in Sri Lanka, in the Dīghavāpi district. Sumana, father of Sumanā, who was the wife of Lakuntaka Atimbara, lived there. DhA.iv.50.

Mahānadī.– A river, dammed up by Udaya II. Cv.li.127; Cv. Trs.i.159, n. 3.

Mahānāgahula, Mahānāgasula, Mahānāgakula

Mahānāgakula.– See Mahānāgahula.

Mahānāgapabbata.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka where Aggabodhi I built an uposatha hall. Cv.xlii.27.

Mahānāga Thera

Mahānāgatissa-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka where Vohārikatissa erected a parasol over the thūpa. Mhv.xxxvi.34.



Mahānāmamatthaka.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.35.

Mahānāmasikkhāpada.– A rule formulated by the Buddha regarding the advisability of those not actually ill receiving medicaments. Sp.iv.842; see Vin.iv.102.


Mahānāma Sutta

Mahānanda.– An author of Hamsavatī, to whom some authorities ascribe the authorship of the Madhusāratthadīpanī in the Abhidhamma. Bode, op.cit., 47, n.6;. v.l. Mahānāma.

Mahānandana.– See Nandana.

Mahānāradakassapa Jātaka (No.545)

Mahānela.– A king of twenty world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Kotumbariya Thera. Ap.i.192.

Mahānela.– A servitor of Kākavaṇṇa Tissa. He was very fleet of foot, though he refused to work with his hands. In his past birth he was Kurudeva. Ras.ii.111 f.


Mahānettādipādika.– A series of cells built for the Dhammaruci monks by Aggabodhi IV. Cv.xlviii.2.

Mahānettapabbata.– A monastery in Sri Lanka where Sena I built a refectory (mahāpāli). Cv.l.74.

Mahānettappāsāda.– A Monastery in Sri Lanka, for the incumbent of which, Vijayabāhu I built a vihāra in Vātagiri (Cv.lxxxviii.46). Among the incumbents of Mahānettappāsāda was an elder known as Vīdāgama Thera, author of several Sinhalese works. P.L.C. 253.

Mahānidāna.– Seventy-two world-cycles ago there were eight kings of this name, previous births of Vātātapanivāriya Thera. Ap.i.207.

Mahānidāna Sutta

Mahāniddesa.– See Niddesa. One of the books of the Khuddakanikāya.

Mahānigama.– A minister of Mahānāma; he built the Ganthakāraparivena. P.L.C. 96.

Mahānigantha.– See Nigantha Nāṭaputta.

Mahānigghosa.– Twenty-four world-cycles ago there were sixteen kings of this name, previous births of Vimala (or Buddhupatthāka) Thera. ThagA.i.122; Ap.i.139.

Mahānijjhara.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Once the elephant Kandula looked after the monks there. Ras.ii.29.

Mahānikkaddhika.– One of the villages given by Aggabodhi IV for the maintenance of the meditation hall (padhānaghara), which he built for Dāthasiva. Cv.xlvi.13.

Mahānikkhavattivāpi.– A reservoir built by King Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.94.

Mahānīpa.– A place in Anurādhapura through which the simā of the Mahāvihāra passed (Mbv. 134,135). It probably received its name from a nīpa tree (Nauclea cadamba) growing there.


Mahāniraya.– See Avīci.

Mahānirutti.– One of the books attributed to Mahā-Kaccāna (Gv. 59). This probably refers to the tradition which ascribes the Kaccāyana Grammar to Mahā-Kaccāna.

Mahānisabha.– See Nisabha.

Mahānissara.– A work ascribed to Ariyavamsa of Ava (Gv. 65). The correct reading is probably Mahānissaya, and refers to the exegesis (atthayojanā) written by him on the Abhidhamma.

Mahānitthilagāma.– A village given by Kassapa II for the incumbent of the Nāgasāla-vihāra. Cv.xliv.151

Mahāniyyāmarattha.– A district in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.57; Cv. Trs.i.324, n.2.

Mahannavāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.34.

Mahānoma.– The name of the Mahāmeghavana in the time of Konagamana Buddha. The capital, Vaddhamāna, lay to the south of it, and the park was given by King Samiddha to the Buddha. Mhv.xv. 92,107 ff.

Mahanta.– A stone image of the Buddha set up in the Patimā-vihāra in Kānagāma by Aggabodhi, son of Mahātissa and ruler of Rohaṇa. Cv.xlv.44.

Mahanta-parivena.– A monastic building erected by a corporation (pūga) in Bandhumatī in the time of Vipassī Buddha. Ap.ii.493 (vs. 19).

Mahānuggala. –See Mahāduggala.



Mahāpadāna Sutta.– The fourteenth sutta of the Dīghanikāya.

Mahāpadesa Sutta



Mahāpaduma Jātaka (No.472)

Mahāpaharanī.– A channel branching off from the Mahāvālukagangā and constructed by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.52.


Mahāpajāpatī Sutta.– Contains details of the events which led to the admission of women into the Order. A.iv.274 ff; cp. Vin.ii.253 ff.

Mahāpakarana.– Another name for the Paṭṭhānappakaraṇa of the Abhidhamma.

Mahāpāla.– The original name of Cakkhupāla. DhA.i.4.


Mahāpalobhana Jātaka (No.507).– The story is the same in all details as that of the Cūḷapalobhana Jātaka. The name of the Bodhisatta is Anitthigandha. J.iv.468‑73.


Mahāpanāda Jātaka (No.264).– The story of Mahāpanāda, given in the Suruci Jātaka. Cp. Dvy. 56 ff.

Mahāpānadīpa.– A monastery in Pulatthipura built by Aggabodhi III. Cv.xliv.122.

Mahāpanālagāma.– A village of Rohaṇa in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.47.

Mahāpañhā.– A series of questions referred to in the Aṅguttaranikāya. See Mahāpañha Sutta. A.v.54.

Mahāpañha Sutta

Mahāpaññākathā.– The first chapter of the Paññāvagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga.

Mahāpaññā Sutta (S.v.412 ff)

Mahāpanthaka Thera


Mahāpāragā.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.26.

Mahāparakkama Thera.– He belonged to Taungu in Burma, and settled the dispute regarding the monks being allowed to drink the fermented juices of the coconut palm. He wrote the Surāvinicchaya, a book dealing with this subject. Sās., p.81.

Mahāpariḷāha Sutta.– The Buddha describes the great fiery hell called Mahāpariḷāha where all contacts are painful and undesirable. A monk asks if there is any fire more terrifying than this. The Buddha says that there are ascetics and recluses who do not understand the Four Noble Truths, and so perform volitional actions that lead to continued birth and death. S.v.450.

Mahāparinibbāna Sutta

Mahāparivāra Thera



Mahāpathavi.– The name of the Bodhisatta once born as a monkey. In that birth Devadatta was a man who earned his living by winnowing grain; he was therefore superior to the Bodhisatta. Mil. 201.

Mahāpathavi Sutta.– See the Pathavī Sutta.

Mahāphussadeva Thera

Mahāpingala.– King of Bārāṇasī, father of the Bodhisatta. He is identified with Devadatta. See the Mahāpingala Jātaka.

Mahāpingala Jātaka (No.240)

Mahāpitaka Thera

Mahāppamāda Sutta.– One of the Appamāda Suttas. It was taught by Mahinda in the Mahāmeghavana, on the thirteenth day of the bright half of Asālha. Mhv.xvi.3.

Mahapphala Sutta.– The four bases of success, if developed, bear great fruit. S.v.267.

Mahāpulina.– A king of fifty-three world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Pulinapūjaka Thera. Ap.i.79.

Mahāpunna.– A village in Sri Lanka where Lakuntaka Atimbara lived with his wife Sumanā. It was near Kotapabbata-vihāra. DhA.i.117.

Mahāpuññā.– Five individuals with great merit: the millionaire Mendaka, his chief wife Candapadumā, his son Dhañañjaya, his daughter-in-law Sumanādevī, and his servant Punna. e.g., AA.i.219.

Mahāpunnama Sutta

Mahāpurisa.– The name given to a Great Being.

Mahāpurisa Sutta.– Sāriputta asks the Buddha who is a Great Man (mahāpurisa). The Buddha answers that it is one who has won emancipation of mind, which can be attained by practising the four foundations of mindfulness. S.v.158.

Mahāpurisavitakka Sutta.– See the Anuruddhamahāvitakka Sutta

Mahārabbhaka-lena.– Once the residence of Mahādhammadinna of Talangatissapabbata. See Ras.ii.131 f.

Mahārāhulovāda Sutta

Mahārājaghara.– A monastery enlarged by Potthakuttha. Cv.xivi.21.

Mahārājāno.– See Cātummahārājikā.

Mahārājapabba.– A section of the Vessantara Jātaka. J.vi.582.


Mahārāma.– A king of sixty-three world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Tālavantadāyaka Thera. Ap.i.211.

Mahārāmetti.– A reservoir constructed by Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.94.


Mahāratha Vagga.– The fifth section of the Vimānavatthu.

Mahāratha vimānavatthu.– The story of the devaputta Gopāla. Vv.v.14; VvA.270 ff.


Mahārenu.– Eighty-seven world-cycles ago there were seven kings of this name, previous births of Godhika Thera (Bhikkhadāyaka). ThagA.i.124; Ap.i.140.

Maharīvara.– A stronghold in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.121.

Mahārohanagutta Thera

Mahārohita.– A king of four world-cycles ago; a previous birth of Dverataniya Thera. Ap.i.214.

Mahāroruva.– One of the hells. S.i.92; DhA.iv.79.

Mahāruci 1.– A primeval king, descendant of Mahāsammata. Dpv.iii.7.

Mahāruci 2.– A king of thirty-eight world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Sucintita Thera. Ap.i.133.

Mahāruhā.– A nun, skilled in the Saddhammavamsa; she came from India to Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.31.

Mahārukkha Sutta

Mahārukkhatittha.– A ford in the Mahāvāḷukagaṅgā. Cv.lxxii.11; Cv. Trs.i.320, n.1.

Mahāsaccaka Sutta

Mahā-Saccaka.– See Saccaka.

Mahāsāgara 1.– A king of Uttaramadhurā; Sāgara and Upasāgara were his sons. J.iv.79.

Mahāsāgara 2.– The name of Mahāmeghavana in the time of Kassapa Buddha. Mhv.xv.126 ff.

Mahāsakuludāyī Sutta

Mahāsākyamuni Gotama Sutta.– The Buddha describes how, before reaching Enlightenment, he traced back, step by step, the cause of suffering in the world and the Way of escape there from. S.ii.10 f.

Mahāsāla Sutta

Mahāsālā.– A village to the east of Kajaṅgala; the eastern boundary of Majjhimadesa passed through it. Vin.i.197; J.i.49, where it is called Mahāsāla.

Mahāsalayatana, Mahisalāyatanika Sutta

Mahāsamaya Sutta




Mahāsanghikā, Mahāsangītikā

Mahāsappika.– One of Asoka’s palaces. Ras.i.93.


Mahāsāra Jātaka (No.92)

Mahāsārappakāsinī.– The name of a Commentary. Gv.75.

Mahāsāropama Sutta

Mahāsatipatthāna Sutta

Mahāsatthivassa Thera

Mahāsela.– See Sela.


Mahāsena Vagga.– The fourth section of the Rasavāhinī.

Mahāsenagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, whose vihāra was restored by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.62). The village is mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Ibid., lxxv.109; Cv.Trs.ii.55, n. 2.

Mahāsena Vihāra

Mahāsīhanāda Sutta

Mahāsikha.– Five world-cycles ago there were five kings of this name, previous births of Pannañjalika Thera. Ap.i.128.

Mahāsīlava Jātaka (No.51)

Mahāsīlava.– The Bodhisatta born as king of Bārāṇasī. See the Mahāsīlava Jātaka.

Mahāsineru.– See Sineru.


Mahāsīvalī Thera.– A commentator, evidently of Sri Lanka, referred to by Buddhaghosa. e.g., MA.ii.797.


Mahāsonā Therī.– A teacher of the Vinaya in Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.27.


Mahāsudassana Jātaka (No.95)

Mahāsudassana Sutta

Mahāsudassana.– The Bodhisatta born as the king of Kusāvati. J.i.45; Dpv.iii.8; Mhv.ii.5; Mtu.i.348. See the Mahāsudassana Sutta.


Mahāsumanā.– One of the pre-eminent nuns of Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.39.

Mahāsumba Thera.– A disciple of Koṇāgamana Buddha; he came to Sri Lanka at the Buddha’s request. He, with one thousand others, was left behind to look after the new converts. Mhv.xv.123.

Mahāsumma Thera

Mahāsuññatā Sutta

Mahāsupina Jātaka (No.77)

Mahāsutasoma Jātaka (No.537)

Mahāsuva Jātaka (No.429)

Mahāsuvanna.– Father of Cakkhupāla. ThagA.i.195; DhA.i.2.

Mahāsuvannadīpa.– Son of Parakkamabahalarājā and teacher (ācariya) of Queen Sīvalī of Hamsavatī, in Pegu. He was author of the Apheggusāradīpanī. Bode, op.cit., 36, n. 2.

Mahātakkāri Jātaka.– See Takkāriya Jātaka.

Mahātalāka.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, the residence of Araññaka-Mahāabhaya. Ras.ii.5

Mahātālitagāma.– A village in Uttaradesa, in Sri Lanka, where the Pandu king who invaded Sri Lanka in the reign of Sena I occupied an armed camp. Cv.l.14.

Mahātanhāsankhaya Sutta

Mahāthala.– A village in which Aggabodhi V built the Kadambagona-vihāra. Cv.xlviii.3.

Mahā Thūpa


Mahātissā.– An eminent Therī of Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.38.

Mahātissabhūti Thera

Mahātissagāma.– A village at the foot of Lankāpabbata. Ras.ii.159


Mahātitthadvāra.– One of the gates of Plulatthipura, erected by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiii.163.

Mahātundila.– The Bodhisatta born as a pig. See the Tuṇḍila Jātaka.

Mahā-Udāyī.– See Udāyī.

Mahā-ukkusa Jātaka (No.486)

Mahā Ummagga Jātaka.– See the Umaṅga Jātaka (No.542)


Mahāvaccha Sutta v.l. Mahāvacchagotta Sutta

Mahā-Vaccha Thera

Mahāvajirabuddhi.– A monk of Sri Lanka, author of Vinayaganthi (Vinayagandhi) or Vajirabuddhitīkā on the Vinaya Commentaries (GV. 60, 66). He was a contemporary of King Dhammaceti of Burma, and presented him with a copy of his work. Bode, op.cit., 39 f.

Mahāvalligotta-vihāra.– A monastery built by Vasabha and given to the incumbent of the Valliyera-vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.82.

Mahāvālukagāma.– A village on the south coast of Sri Lanka. It is mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cp. Vālukagāma. Cv.lxxv. 36 f, 40, 45.

Mahāvālukagangā, Mahāgangā, Mahāvālukanadī

Mahavālukavīthi.– A street in Anurādhapura. Ras.ii.49.


Mahāvamsaka Tissa Thera.– Of Sri Lanka. Mentioned among the last of the Arahants. He was among those who took part in various “assemblies” — the Kuddālaka, Mūgapakkha, Ayoghara, and Hatthipāla. J.vi.30.


Mahāvānija Jātaka (No.493)

Mahavāpi-vihāra.– A monastery in Mahāgāma. For a story connected with it see Ras.ii.4 f.

Mahāvaruna Thera. He ordained Nigrodha Sāmanera (Sp.i.46; Mhv.v.45) and also Tissa and Sumitta, the two sons of the kinnarī Kuntī. Ibid., 214.

Mahāvattaniya.– A desert in India. Ras.i.23.

Mahāvatthalagāma.– A village on the southern sea coast of Sri Lanka, where Tilokamalla lived. Cv.ixxxviii.22; Cv.Trs.ii.184, n.2.

Mahāvedalla Sutta

Mahāvessantara Jātaka.– See Vessantara Jātaka.

Mahāvibhanga.– The first part of the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Piṭaka, also called the Bhikkhu Vibhanga.


Mahāvijita.– A king of long ago, whose exemplary sacrifice, held under the direction of his chaplain, is narrated in the Kūtadanta Sutta (q.v.)

Mahāvimalabuddhi.– See Vimalabuddhi.

Mahāvinayasangahapakarana.– Another name for the Vinaya­vinicchaya.

Mahāvisuddhācariya.– See Visuddhācariya.

Mahāvitthārika.– A palace in heaven, occupied by Tīpadumiya Thera in a previous birth. Ap.i.124.

Mahāvyaggha Thera.– An Arahant of Ukkanagara vihara. He received a portion of sour millet gruel given by Dutthagāmanī, and distributed his share among seven hundred monks. Mhv.x.xxii.54.

Mahāvyūha Sutta.– See Mahābyūha.

Mahāvyūha.– A gabled chamber erected by Mahāsudassana into which he could retire during the heat of the day. It was made of silver. D.ii.182; DA.ii.632; see Dial.ii.214, n. 1.

Mahāyamaka Vagga.– The fourth section of the Majjhimanikāya, containing suttas 21‑30.

Mahāyañña Vagga.– The fifth section of the Sattaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.39‑67.

Mahāyasa Thera.– Of Thāton, author of the Kaccāyanabheda and the Kaccāyanasāra. He probably belonged to the fourteenth century. Bode, op.cit., 36 f; Svd.1250.

Maheja.– See Mahejjāghara.

Mahejjāghara, °vatthu, °asanasālā



Mahiddhi, or Samanabrāhmana Sutta.– All recluses or brahmins possessed of psychic power, whether of the past, present or future, must obtain it through the development of the four foundations of mindfulness (satipaṭṭhāna). S.v.273 f.

Mahilā.– An eminent Therī of Sri Lanka who observed the ascetic practices (dhutaṅga). Dpv.xviii.15.

Mahilādīpa.– An island off the coast of India where the women, who were exiled with Vijaya, landed. Mhv.vi.45.

Mahilāmukha Jātaka (No.26)

Mahilāmukha.– The state elephant of Brahmadatta, king of Bārāṇasī. See the Mahilāmukha Jātaka.


Mahimsarāja Jātaka (No.278)

Mahimsāsa.– The Bodhisatta, born as the son of the king of Bārāṇasī. For details see the Devadhamma Jātaka. J.i.127 ff.; DhA.iii.73.



Mahindaguhā.– The cave occupied by Mahinda in the Cetiyagiri-vihāra (Mhv.xx. 16; MT. 416). It was on the Hatthikucchipabbhāra, covered by forest, at the entrance to a deep valley. Vsm., p.110.

Mahindasena.– A parivena built and endowed by Mahinda, viceroy of Sena II. Cv.li.60.

Mahindasenavāsa.– A building erected in the Uttara-vihāra (Abhayagiri) by Sanghā, wife of Sena I. (Cv.l.79). It was later destroyed, and afterwards restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.105.

Mahindatalāka.– A reservoir built by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxxix. 28). It is perhaps identical with Mahindatata (above), in which case the king merely restored it.

Mahindatata.– A monastery built by Mahinda I. Cv.xlviii.37.

Mahindatatavāpi.– A reservoir built by Aggabodhi I. The image of Mahinda Thera (q.v.) was taken there by the Taracchā and set up on its dyke at the time of the Mahinda festival. Cv.xlii.29.

Mahindaupusaya.– A nunnery built by Mahinda I. The village of Nagaragalla was just outside its boundary, and this he gave for its maintenance. Cv.xlviii.36.

Mahīpālarattha.– A district in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka. Cv.lxix.8.

Mahisadonika.– A village in the Nakulanagara district; the birthplace of Khañjadeva. Mhv.xxiii.77.


Mahisamanta.– Long ago there were thirty-eight kings of this name, previous births of Isimuggadāyaka Thera. Ap.i.194.

Mahisavatthu.– A place on the Sankheyya Mountain where Uttara is said to have stayed, in Dhavajālika (vihāra). A.iv.162; AA.ii.739.




Mahosadha.– The Bodhisatta born as minister to King Videha. For details see the Umaṅga Jātaka.

Mahummāra, Mahā-ummāra

Majjha.– See Megha.

Majjhanhika Sutta.– (v.l. Sanika Sutta) Once a monk dwelt in a forest tract in Kosala and was told by a deva of the forest how the noonday silence frightened him. However, the monk replied that to him it was enchanting. S.i.203.

Majjhantika Thera

Majjhantika Tissa.– See Majjhantika Thera.



Majjhima Thera




Majjhimagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiv.83.

Majjhima-janapada.– See Majjhimadesa.


Majjhimatīkā.– The second of three Commentaries on the Saddatthabhedacintā. Gv. 63, 73.

Majjhimavagga.– A district in the Malaya country of Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx. 20, 21, 23; see Cv. Trs.i.289, n. 1.

Makākarañjiya.– A monastery, the residence of the elder Mahātissa. Vsm.292.

Makara.– A floodgate in the Parakkamasāmudda from which ran the Gambhīra Canal. Cv.lxxix.40.

Makaradhaja.– A name for the god Kāma. Cv.Iii.68.

Makasa Jātaka (No.44)

Makhādeva.– see Maghādeva


Makkarakata.– A locality in Avanti. Mahā-Kaccāna once stayed there in a forest hut and was visited by Lohicca and his pupils (S.iv.116 f). The Commentary (SA.iii.29) calls Makkarakata a town (nagara).

Makkata Jātaka (No.173)

Makkata Sutta

Makkhakudrūsa.– A village in Rohaṇa, the residence, of Kitti and Loka. Cv.Iv.26; Cv.lvii. 1, 59.

Makkhali Sutta


Makkhali Vagga.– The ninth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.33‑5.

Makulaka.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, to the east of Aritthapabbata, built by Sūratissa. Mhv.xxi.6.

Makuta-cetiya.– A monument erected by Sakka on the summit of Sineru, enshrining a lock of hair cut off by Dīpankara Buddha, when he renounced the world and became a monk. BuA.68.


Makutamutta sālā.– A hall built in Anurādhapura on the spot where the dancing maidens laid aside their ornaments immediately after the death of Dutthagāmanī. Mhv.xxxii.78; MT.601.

Mala Sutta

Mala Vagga.– The eighteenth chapter of the Dhammapada.

Mālā.– An eminent Therī of Sri Lanka. Dpv.xviii.30

Mālabhāri, Mālābhāri.– A devaputta, husband of Patipūjakā.

Mālabhī.– See Piyālī.

Mālāgāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by Kittisirirājasīha to Majjhapalli-vihāra. Cv.c.236; Cv. Trs.ii.293, n.5.

Mālāgāmatittha.– A ford in the Mahāvālukagangā, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxii.50; Cv. Trs.i.323, n. 2.

Mālāgiri.– A mountain in the Himavā. This and other mountains were formed out of the brick collected by the king of Bārāṇasī as mentioned by Kānārittha in the Bhūridatta Jātaka. J.vi.204,212.

Mālārāma.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, near Uppalavāpi, in the time of King Kutakanna (Tissa). The Thera Cūlasudhamma lived there. Vibhā.452.

Malatā.– See Mallā.

Mālatīpuppha.– A sluice gate of the Parakkamasamudda, from which flowed the Nīlavāhinī Canal. Cv.lxxix.42.

Mālava.– The name of various Damila chiefs, allies of Kulasekhara (Cv.lxxvi. 132, 137, 210, 235, 265 ff., 284). Two of them were called Lambakaṇṇās. Cv.lxxvii.27.

Malavālāna.– A district of Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Gajabāhu. Komba built a fortress there which was captured by the Malayarāja, and later by Nagaragiri Mahinda. Cv.lxx.60 ff., 89.

Mālavalli.– A reservoir in Dakkhiṇadesa repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.45). It was the scene of a battle between the forces of Gajabāhu and those of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.66.

Mālāvaratthalī.– A place in Rohaṇa, the scene of a campaign of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.66 ff.

Mālavatthu.– A village in Rohaṇa, given by Dappula to the Ariyākari-vihāra (Cv.xiv.60). It is mentioned (Cv.lxx.66) in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I.


Malaya-Mahādeva Thera

Malayappa.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.18, 55, 91; MT. 593.

Malayavāsī Mahāsanghamkkhita.– See Mahāsangharakkhita.

Malitavambha Thera

Māliya.– One of the dogs mentioned in the Pūtimamsa Jātaka.

Maliya.– Perhaps the name of a dog, or it may be an adjective describing its colour. See J.iii.535.

Maliyadeva.– See Malaya-Mahādeva Thera.

Māliyaunna.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka. Mundagangā was a village in its neighbourhood. MT. 605.


Malla.– See Tela.

Mallagiri, Mallāgiri, Mallangiri. A mountain in the Himavā, the abode of Kinnaras. J.iv.4.38, 439.


Mallaputta.– See Dabba-Mallaputta Thera.

Mallavāta.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Aggabodhi VII (Cv.xlviii.70). Aggabodhi VIII gave to it a maintenance village. Cv.xlix.47.

Mallī.– A Malla woman. Vin.ii.268.

Mallika.– A king of Kosala, identified with Ānanda. See the Rājovāda Jātaka. J.ii.2 ff.

Mallika Sutta.– At Uruvelakappa among the Mallika. “Monks, as long as noble knowledge has not arisen in a disciple, the other four faculties are not stable. What four? Faith, energy, mindfulness and concentration. Just as, when a house is being built, until the ridge-pole is in place the roof is not stable.” S.v.228.


Mallikā Sutta


Mallikāvimāna vatthu


Mālukyāputta Sutta

Mālunkyā. See Mālukyāputta.

Māluta Jātaka (No.17)

Māluta.– Twenty-nine thousand world-cycles ago there were eight kings of this name, previous births of Nalamāliya (Kutivihāriya) Thera. Ap.i.144; ThagA.i.132.

Mamsa Jātaka.– See Sabbamamsalābha Jātaka (No.315)

Mamsa Sutta.– Few are those who abstain from accepting gifts of uncooked flesh, many who do not. S.v.471.


Mānābharana, Mānabhūsana

Mānabhūsana.– See Mānābharana.

Mānacchidda.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.i.70; ApA.i.107.

Mānadinna Sutta.– Records the visit of Ānanda to Mānadinna below. S.v.178.

Mānadinna.– A householder of Rājagaha. When he lay ill he was visited by Ānanda, to whom he confessed that even in his illness he practiced the four foundations of mindfulness. He was quite free from the five lower fetters. S.v.178.

Mānaggabodi.– A monastery built by Aggabodhi VII. Cv.xlviii.64.

Mānakāma Sutta.– The praises spoken of the Buddha by a deva at Jetavana regarding his freedom from all vain conceits. S.i.4.

Mānakapitthi.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.47.

Mānamatta.– A village, probably in Northern Sri Lanka; one of the spots where the Damilas, under Māgha and Jayabāhu, set up fortifications. Cv.lxxxiii.16.

Manamekkundi.– A locality of South India pillaged by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.87.

Manāpa Sutta.– See the Pāṭaliya Sutta

Manāpadāyi Sutta


Manāpāmanāpā Sutta.– Five qualities that make a woman attractive to a man: she is beauteous in form, possessed of wealth, moral, vigorous, and has offspring. Absence of these qualities robs her of this claim. Likewise for a man. S.iv.238 f.


Mānasa Sutta.– Māra approaches the Blessed One in Jetavana and claims that he will snare him one-day. The Buddha that desire for sense objects does not exist in him so Māra is defeated. S.i.111.

Manasi Sutta.– If, for just the space of a finger-snap, a monk arouses a thought of goodwill, such a one is to be called a monk. A.i.11.

Manasikāra Sutta.– Ānanda asks the Buddha, and the Buddha explains how far it is possible to be without any distinct perception and apperception and yet possess perception and apperception. A.v.321 f.


Mānatthaddha Sutta.– Records the visit of the brahmin Mānatthaddha to the Buddha. S.i.177 f.

Mānava Thera

Mānavagāmiya, Mānavagāmika


Mānavīramadhurā. A place in South India mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.213.


Mañcakkundi.– A locality in South India mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvii.87.

Mandadīpa.– The name of Sri Lanka in the time of Kassapa Buddha; its capital was Visāla and its king Jayanta. The Mahāmeghavana was called Mahāsāgara. Mhv.xv.127; Dpv.i.73; ix.20; xv.57, etc.

Mandagalla.– A village near Anurādhapura, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.Iviii.43; Cv.Trs.i.206, n. 5.

Mandagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, given by Aggabodhi, son of Mahātissa, to the monks, in gratitude for a meal which they had given him. Cv.xlv.47; Cv.Trs.i.93, n. 5.

Mandakappa.– A world-cycle in which two Buddhas are born. BuA.158; J.i.38, 39, 41, 42.



Mandalamandira.– A building erected by Parakkamabāhu I at Pulatthipura. It was used by the teacher specially appointed by him to recite Jātaka stories. Cv.lxxiii.72; see Cv.Trs.ii.9, n. 1.


Mandapadāyikā Therī.– An Arahant. She built a pavilion for Koṇāgamana Buddha. Ap.ii.514; ThigA.6.

Mandapeyyakathā.– The tenth chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga.

Mandāra.– A mountain in Himavā, mentioned together with Meru and Daddara. Ap.ii.536, 86; according to the Abhidhānappadīpikā (606), it is the western mountain, behind which the sun sets.

Mandāravapūjaka Thera

Mandavāpi-vihāra.– A monastery built by Mahā Cūli Tissa (Mhv.xxxiv.8). Mahādāthika Mahānāga gave land for the monks of this vihāra out of gratitude to a novice (sāmaṇera) who lived there (Mhv.xxxiv.93).

Mandavātaka.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.Ix.49.



Mandhātu Jātaka (No.258)

Mandī.– A general of Parakkamabāhu I, mentioned among those who led his campaigns (Cv.lxx. 318; lxxii.161). He is titled Jivitapotthakī. See Cv. Trs.i. Introd. xxix. for an explanation of the title.

Mandika.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.44; see Cv. Trs.i.280, n. 5.

Mandikā.– Mother of Mandikāputta (q.v.)

Mandikāputta.– See Upaka Maṇḍikāputta. He was so called because be was the son of Mandikā (AA.ii.554; KhpA. 105). See also Samaṇa Maṇḍikāputta.

Mandissa.– See Mundiya.



Mangala gangā.– A channel branching off from the sluice called Mangala in the Parakkama Samudda. See Mangala (5). Cv.lxxix.45.

Mangala Jātaka (No.87)

Mangala Sutta

Mangala Vagga.– The fifteenth chapter of the Tika Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.292‑4.

Mangalabegāma.– A place near Pulatthipura, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxvii.52; lxx. 178, 283, 297; lxxii.160, 207.


Mangaladīpanī.– A commentary on the Mangala Sutta, written by Sirimahgala of Laos. Bode, op.cit., 47.

Mangalagiri.– A spot where the Buddha was staying when Kāludāyi Thera visited him at Suddhodana’s request. Ap.ii.501.

Mangalāna.– A minister of Kittisirimegha (2). Cv.lxvi.66; see Cv. Trs.i.258, n. 2.

Mangalankotta.– A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxvii.38). It is probably identical with Mangala (6).

Mangalapabbata.– See Mangalappadesa below.

Mangalapāsāda.– A palace in Kāsika, erected by Vissakamma and inhabited by Bodhighariya in a previous birth sixty-five world-cycles ago. Ap.ii.401.

Mangalapokkharanī.– A bathing place in the garden of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiii.110.

Mangalappadesa (Mangalapabbata).– A place in the south of Sri Lanka which formed the limit of the estate given to Sāliya by Dutthagāmanī. MT.607.

Mangalavitāna.– A place in the west of Sri Lanka, near Vallipāsāna-vihāra. MT.552.

Mangalavīthi.– A street in Mahāgāma. Ras.ii.34


Mangujanapada.– A district in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.180.

Maṅgulitthi Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna tells the Buddha that while descending from Vultures’ Peak he saw a foul-smelling and ugly ghost. The Buddha confirms it and says that she was formerly a fortunate-teller in Rājagaha. S.ii.259.

Mangura.– One of the ten sons of Kālāsoka (q.v.)

Mani.– A yakkha chief, to be invoked by Buddhists in time of need. D.iii.205.

Mani-akkhi, Mani-akkhika

Manibhadda (Sutta)


Mānicara.– A yakkha chief to be invoked by followers of the Buddha in time of need. See DA.iii.970; A iii.205; but see Cara (2).

Mani-cetiya.– A thūpa in Rājamahā-vihāra in Mahāgāma. Ras.ii.3

Manicora Jātaka (No.194)

Manicūlaka Sutta.- The Buddha confirms that monks are not allowed to seek or accept money.

Manicūlaka.– A headman of Rājagaha. See Maṇicūḷaka Sutta.

Manidīpa.– A Subcommentary (anuṭīkā) to the Atthasālinī, by Ariyavamsa. Gv.65, 75; Bode, op.cit., 42.

Maniguhā.– One of the three caves in the Nandamūlakapabbhāra. In front of the cave was the Mañjūsaka tree (q.v.) SNA.i.66.


Manikā.– The name of a knowledge (vijjā), whereby thoughts can be read. DA.ii.389.

Manikantha Jātaka (No.253)

Manikantha.– A Nāga king. See Manikantha Jātaka. The king was so called because he wore round his neck a wish conferring gem. SP.iii.565.

Manikāragāma.– A village in Sri Lanka near which Candamukhasiva constructed a reservoir, the revenues from which he gave to the Issarasamana-vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.47.

Manikārakulūpaga Tissa

Manikhanda.– A section of the Vidhurapandita Jātaka that contains a description of the marvellous jewel offered by Punnaka as a stake in the dice play with Koravya. J.vi.275‑9.

Manikundala Jātaka (No.351)

Manikundala Vagga.– The thirty-sixth chapter of the Jātakatthakathā. It forms the first chapter of the Pañca Nipāta. J.iii.153 ff.

Manimālaka.– A cetiya where the Buddha stayed and where he was visited by the yakkha Manibhadda. S.i.208.


Manimekhala-pāsāda.– A monastic building in Sri Lanka, probably belonging to the Mahāyānists. It held statues of the Bodhisattas, which were restored by Sena II. Cv.li.77.

Manināgapabbata.– A vihāra in the Kālāyana Kannikā in Rohaṇa, built by Mahādāthika Mahānāga. Mhv.xxxiv.89; MT.637.

Manipabbata, Manipassapabbata.– A mountain range of the Himavā. J.ii.92; v.38, 415; SNA.i.358.


Manippabhāsa.– One hundred and sixteen world-cycles ago there were thirty-two kings of this name, all previous births of Vedikāraka (Vijaya) Thera. Ap.i.171; ThagA.i.192.

Manipūjaka Thera

Manisāramañjūsā.– A Commentary on the Abhidhammatthavibhāvanī, by Ariyavavamsa. Gv.65, 75; Bode, op.cit., 42.

Manīsomārāma.– Probably another name for the Somārāma. Kanittha Tissa built a pariveṇa there (Mhv.xxxvi.8). Gothābhaya restored the vihāra and built there an uposatha house. Mhv.xxxvi.106 f.

Manisūkāra Jātaka (No.285)

Manisūria.– See Tambasumana


Mani-upatthāna.– One of the places appointed by King Bhātika for the dispensing of hospitality to the monks of Sri Lanka. Mhv.xxxiv.65; the MT. (633) calls it Maniupatthāna pāsāda.

Mañjaripūjaka Thera


Mañjetthaka Vagga.– The fourth section of the Vimānavatthu.

Mañjetthaka Vimāna.– The abode in Tāvatiṃsa of a woman who once spread over the Buddha’s seat a bouquet of flowers, which she had gathered in Andhavana. Vv.iv.1; VvA.176 f.




Mankulapabbata.– A locality where the Buddha spent his sixth Rainy Retreat (vassa) (BuA.3). The reference is perhaps to the Mankulakārāma (q.v.), but there the Buddha is said to have stayed only seven days of the rainy season.

Mankura.– On of the four ministers of Milinda who were sent to fetch Nāgasena to the palace. Mil., p.29 f.

Maññamāna Sutta.– One who lets his imagination play on the body, feeling, etc., becomes Māra’s bondsman. S.iii.74.

Mannāra.– A village in Sri Lanka (the modern Mannar) near Mahātittha. There Vīradeva defeated Vikkamabāhu (Cv.xli.39 ff). The village possessed a harbour, where Māgha and Jayabāhu set up fortifications. Cv.lxxxiii.16.

Maññamāna Sutta.– A certain monk approaches the Blessed One for a brief teaching. The Buddha tells him that one who conceives forms, feelings, … consciousness is trapped by Māra. S.iii.74.

Mannaya.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara (Cv.lxxvi.141). He later joined Laṅkāpura (Cv.lxxvii.7, 35).

Mannāya.– A Damila chief, among the immediate retinue of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.220.

Manohara.– A park laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.9.

Manohāra.– A Subcommentary (ṭīkā) written by Dhammasenāpati Thera. Gv.63, 73.



Manoja Jātaka (No.397)

Manojava.– A sage of old mentioned in a nominal list. J.vi.99.

Manomaya.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Manonivārana Sutta.– Taught in reply to the question of a deva as to where the mind should be checked and where developed. S.i.14.

Manopadosikā (Manopadūsikā)

Manorathapūranī.– Buddhaghosa’s Commentary on the Aṅguttaranikāya, written at the request of Jotipāla and Jīvaka. AA.ii.874; Gv.59, etc.

Manosattā.– A class of devā. Beings who die devoted to some idea are born in their world — e.g., a Nigantha who will take only warm water and would rather die than take it cold. M.i.376; MA.ii.597.



Mantāvatī.– A city, the birthplace of Sumedhā Therī, its chieftain being Koñca. Thig.vs.448; ThigA.272.

Mantī.– A brahmin well versed in reading auspicious signs. He was one of the brahmins consulted by Suddhodana when Gotama Buddha was born. J.i.56; Mil.236.

Mantidatta Thera

Manu.– An Indian sage of old who wrote a work for the guidance of kings in good government. e.g., Cv.lxxx.9, 55; lxxxiii.6; lxxxiv.2; xcvi.26.

Manujā.– An eminent female lay disciple (upāsikā) mentioned in a list. A.iv.347; AA.ii.791.

Manussacutidevanirayādi Sutta.– Among those human beings who dies, few are reborn as devā, many more are reborn in hell … as animals … as hungry ghosts. S.v.475.

Manussacutiniraya Sutta.– The Buddha takes a few grains of sand on his fingernail and comparing it to the grains of sand on the earth, he says that among human beings who die, few are reborn again as human beings, many more are reborn in hell

Manussacutipettivisaya Sutta.– … many more are reborn as hungry ghosts. S.v.474.

Manussacutitiracchāna Sutta.– … many more are reborn as animals. S.v.474.

Manyāgāma.– A village in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx. 133, 134.


Mā-puñña-bhāyi Sutta.– A sutta quoted in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.30) from the Itivuttaka (p.14 f). The Buddha admonishes monks to do good, assuring them that he has always profited by doing good.


Māra Saṃyutta.– The fourth section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.i.103‑27.

Māra Sutta.– Rādha asks the Buddha as to what is meant by “Māra.” Anything that perishes, says the Buddha, such as body, feeling, perceptions, etc. S.iii.188. See also S.iii.194 and S.v.99.

Māradhamma Sutta.– The Buddha admonishes Rādha and says that desire for whatever is perishable, such as the body, etc., must be put away. S.iii.195, 198, 200.

Māradhītu Sutta.– Having been defeated by the Blessed One as described in the Sattavassānubandha Sutta (q.v.), Māra sits disconsolate scratching the ground with a stick. His daughters ask him why, and try various wiles to seduce the Buddha, but fail. S.i.124.


Mārakāyika devi

Maraṇa Sutta.– The perception of death, when developed and cultivated, leads to abiding in comfort. Here, a monk together with perception of death, develops the seven factors of enlightenment, which leads to seclusion, dispassion, cessation, and liberation. S.v.132.

Maranassati Sutta

Mārapabbata.– See Māragalla.

Mārapāsa Sutta

Māratajjanīya Sutta

Maravarā.– The soldiers of a certain district in India. They were employed by Kulasekhara against Lankapura. Cv.lxxvi. 130, 246.


Marugana-parivena.– A building in Anurādhapura, erected on the spot where hosts of gods visited Mahinda to pay obeisance to him. Mhv.xv.211.

Marumabatittha.– A locality in Anurādhapura, through which passed the sīmā of the Mahāvihāra. Mbv.135, 136.

Maruppiya.– See Devānampiyatissa.

Maruthukotta.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.180.

Maruthūpa.– A village in South India mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.129.

Marutta.– A brahmin of Homagāma. Once he gave food to a mangy dog, which later saved his life. See Ras.i.42 f. for details.



Māsapitthigāma.– A village near Brahmacola. It was built near the spot where a spring appeared by the virtue of a girl who gave water to a thirsty monk. Ras.ii.42.

Masāra.– A hill from which the masāragalla stones are obtained. See Rhys Davids, Milinda Trs.i.117, n.6.

Māta Sutta.– There are men who would not lie, not even for the sake of their own mother. S.ii.242

Mataka Sutta.– See Asibhandakaputta Sutta.

Matakabhatta Jātaka (No.18)


Mātambiya.– A meditation hall (padhānaghara) built by the Damila Potthakuttha. He gave for its maintenance the Ambavāpi at Būkakalla and the villages of Tantavāyikacātikā and Nitthilavetthi, together with slaves. Cv.xlvi.19 f.; Cv. Trs.i.100, n. 1.

Mātaṅga (1‑4)

Mātaṅga Jātaka (No.497)

Mātaṅgaputta Thera

Mātangārañña.– Another name for Mejjhārañña. See Mil. 130; MA.ii.615.

Mātari Sutta 1.– Sometimes a man who would not lie, even for his mother’s sake, has been won over by flattery and bribes. S.ii.241.

Mātari Sutta 2.– Six things — such as killing his mother, father, etc. — which a man who possesses right view will never do. A.iii.439.

Matarodana Jātaka (No.317)

Māthara (v.l. Matthara)

Mathurā.– See Madhurā.

Mātikamātā.- A women dwelling at Mātikagama who developed the psychic powers of mind-reading.

Mātikā.– A portion of the Vinaya Piṭaka in its arrangement according to Dhammakkkandhas. DA.i.24.

Mātikapitthaka.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, built by the sword bearer of Aggabodhi II. Cv.xlii.43.

Mātikatthadīpanī.– A work on the Abhidhamma, ascribed to Chapata. Gv. 64; Bode, op.cit., 19.

Mātikatthakathā.– Another name for the Kankhāvitaranī.




Mattakela.– One of the eleven children of Pandavāsudeva and Bhaddakaccānā. Dpv.x.3.

Mattakundali, Matthakundali

Mattapabbata.– A monastery in Sri Lanka where Aggabodhi II built a meditation hall (padhānaghara) for Jotipāla Thera. Cv.xlii.46.

Matteyya Sutta.– Few are they who abstain from intoxicating liquor; many do not. S.v.467.

Matthakundali Jātaka (No.449)

Matthalā.– The name of a clan mentioned in a nominal list. Ap.ii.359.

Matthara.– See Māthara.

Mattikāvāpi.– A village in the Āḷisāra district of Sri Lanka, where Māyāgeha captured an entrenchment. Cv.lxx.172.

Mattikāvātatittha.– A landing place in Sri Lanka, the scene of the embarkation of part of the army sent by Vījayabāhu to the Colā kingdom. Cv.Ix.34.

Mātu Sutta 1.– It is not easy to find a being who has not been your mother in this cycle of existence without discernible beginning. A.iii.189f.

Mātu Sutta 2.– Gain, honour, and fame are dreadful. I have known a certain person who would not tell a lie even for the sake of their mother … father … sister … brother … son … daughter, but later, when overcome by gain, honour, and fame they would do so. Therefore, train yourselves not to be overcome by gain, honour, or fame. A.iii.242f.

Mātugāma Saṃyutta.– The thirty-seventh section of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iv.238‑60.

Mātugāma Sutta

Mātula-vihāra.– A monastery in Roliyajanapada. Ras.ii.51.

Mātulā.– A village in Magadha, where the Buddha stayed and where he taught the Cakkavatti Sutta.

Mātulagiri.– A place in Sunāparanta where Puṇṇa Thera lived for some time. MA.ii.1015; SA.iii.15.

Mātulangana.– A village assigned by Jetthatissa III. to Mahānāga-vihāra. Cv.xliv.97.

Mātularattha, Mātulajanapada.– One of the provinces of Sri Lanka (Cv.xcv.22; xcvi.4; xcviii.65), the modern Mātale. The name is found only in the latest part of the Cūḷavamsa. In the earlier parts it is called Mahātila (Cv.lxvi.71). Nearby is Aloka-vihāra.

Mātulungaphaladāyaka Thera.– (Ap.ii.446) Evidently identical with Belaṭṭhasīsa (ThagA.i.67) or Surādha (ThagA.i.255).

Mātuposaka Jātaka (No.455)

Mātuposaka Sutta.– A brahmin of Sāvatthi visits the Buddha and, having told him that he supports his mother with food obtained from begging, asks if his action is worthy. The Buddha declares his action to be very good and one which will bring him birth in heaven. (S.i.181). See also the Suvaṇṇasāma Jātaka.

Mātuposaka Rāma.– See Rāma.

Mātuputtika Sutta

Mātuvelanga.– A locality near Sāmagalla, where lived Kupikkalamahātissa Thera. Mhv.xxxiii.51.


Māyā Sutta.– See the Sambarimāyā Sutta

Māyā, Mahāmāyā


Māyādvāra.– One of the gates of Pulatthipura. Cv.lxxiii.162.


Mayanti.– A reservoir built by King Subha. (v.l. Cayanti). Mhv.xxxv.94.

Māyāvī.– A jackal, for whose story see the Dabbhapuppha Jātaka. He is identified with Upananda. J.iii.336.

Māyetti.– A village in Sri Lanka in the time of Jetthatissa III. Cv.xliv.90.

Mayettikassapāvāsa.– A monastic building in Sri Lanka. Jetthatissa gave to it the village of Sahannanagara (Cv.lxiv.100), and Aggabodhi III that of Sālaggāma Cv.lxiv.121.

Māyettikassapāvāsa.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, to which Jetthatissa III gifted the village of Sahannanagara. Cv.xliv.100.

Mayettivāpī.– A reservoir, enlarged by Udaya II. Cv.Ii.130.

Mayhaka Jātaka (No.390)

Mayhaka.– A bird, see the Mayhaka Jātaka.

Mayūra.– One of the three palaces of Vidhurapandita. J.vi.289.


Mayūrapāsāna.– A locality in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.73.

Mayūrarūpattana.– A place where Buddhaghosa once stayed with his colleague Buddhamitta. MA.ii.1029.


Medālupa v.l. Medataḷūmpa


Medhārāma.– The park wherein Sumedha Buddha died. Bu.xii.31.


Megha Sutta

Meghabba (v.l. Meghava).– A king of twenty-six world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Miñjavatamsakiya Thera. Ap.i.216.

Meghalatā.– Among the decorations of the Relic Chamber of the Mahā Thūpa, are mentioned “Meghalatā vijjukumāri,” which is explained in the Mahāvamsa Tīkā (p.549) as “Meghalatānāma vijjukumāriyo.“

Meghamāla.– A robber of great fame. DA.i.89; MA.ii.688.

Meghavana.– See Mahāmeghavana.

Meghavanna.– A devaputta of Udumbarapabbata. He was once a very poor man of Hallolagāma and had given alms at Nīlapabbatavihāra. His wife was Candamukhī. He once visited Malaya-Mahādeva Thera in Candamukhalena with his wife. Ras.ii.125 f




Mejjhārañña. See Mejjha.

Mekalā.– Name of a clan, occurring in a nominal list. Ap.ii.359; the reading is, however, very uncertain.


Mekhaladāyikā.– An Arahant Therī. Ninety-four world-cycles ago she offered her jewelled belt (mekhalā) for the restoration of the thūpa of Siddhattha Buddha (Ap.ii.513 f). She is probably identical with Mettikā Therī. ThigA.35.

Melajina Thera

Melamangala.– A district in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.209‑(211).

Melamātā.– A she-goat. See the Pūtimaṃsa Jātaka.


Mendaka Jātaka.– Another name for the Mendakapañha Jātaka

Mendakapañha Jātaka (No.471)

Mendasira (v.l. Mendasīsa)


Mereliya.– A district in Sri Lanka, where Dāthāpabhuti, father of Silākāla, lived for some time. Cv.xxxix.45.

Meru.– See Sineru.


Merumajjara.– A forest in Sri Lanka, where King Asiggāha Saṅghatissa fled with his son and minister after his defeat by Moggallāna III. Cv.xliv.21.

Methula.– A Pacceka Buddha whose name appears in a nominal list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.

Methuna Sutta

Metta Sutta

Mettā Sutta

Mettā Therī

Mettā Vagga.– The first chapter of the Attha Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.150‑72.

Mettagū Pucchā and Sutta.– See Mettagū Thera.

Mettagū Thera

Mettaji Thera

Mettākathā.– The fourth chapter of the Yuganandha Vagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga.

Mettākāyikā.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.259.

Mettāsahagata Sutta

Metteyya Buddha.– The future Buddha.

Metteyya Thera.– An Arahant, friend of Tissa of the Tissa Metteyya Sutta. His personal name, too, was Tissa, but he was better known by his clan (gotta) name of Metteyya (SNA.ii.536). In a verse in the Suttanipāta (SN. vs. 814) he is referred to as Tissa Metteyya.

Metteyyapañha (A.iii.399).– Evidently another name for Tissa-Metteyya Pucchā (q.v.)

Mettikā Therī

Mettiya Thera.– One of the six leaders of the Chabbaggiyā.

Mettiyā.– A nun who, at the instigation of the Mettiyabhummajakā, charged Dabba-Mallaputta Thera with having violated her chastity. She was expelled from the Order for this offence.


Micchāditthi Sutta.– Wrong views arise because of clinging to body, feelings, etc., because they are impermanent. S.iii.184. See also Makkhali Sutta.

Micchādiṭṭhipahāna Sutta.– Wrong view is abandoned by realising that the eye, objects, seeing, etc., are all impermanent. S.iv.147.

Micchatta Sutta 1.– Wrong views, etc., are perversion (micchatta) and their opposites perfection (sammatta). S.v.17.

Micchatta Sutta 2.– Perversion leads to failure (virādhanā) and not to success (ārādhanā) because it encourages evil states. A.v.211 f.

Micchatta Vagga.– The third chapter of the Magga Saṃyutta. S.v.17‑23.

Miga.– A king of the two world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Tiṇasantharadāyaka. Ap.i.122; the name is probably Migasammata.


Migagāma-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, founded by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.41.


Migajāla Sutta


Migaketu.– A king of fifty-four world-cycles ago, a former birth of Thitañjaliya Thera. Ap.i.123.


Migālopa Jātaka (No.381)

Migālopa.– See the Migālopa Jātaka.

Migaludda petavatthu

Migapathaka.– A village near Macchikāsaṇḍa, behind Ambāṭakavana. It was a tributary village of Citta-Gahapati. S.iv.281; SA.iii.93

Migapotaka Jātaka (No.372)

Migapotaka Vagga.– The fifth section of the Rasavāhinī.


Migāramātā.– A name of Visākhā. See Migāra.


Migāranattā.– See Sālha.

Migāraparivena.– See Migāra (4).

Migasālā Sutta

Migasālā.– A female follower of the Buddha. She was the daughter of Pūrana, chamberlain of Pasenadi, and niece of Isidatta. A.iii.347; A.v.137.

Migasammatā.– A river that rose in Himavā and flowed into the Gaṅgā. On its bank was the hermitage of Sāma. J.vi.72, etc.

Migasammata.– See Miga.

Migasinga.– See Isisiṅga.


Migasīsa.– See Migasira.

Mīhābhaya Thera.– An elder who never lay down on a bed to sleep. The people, seeing this, made for him a seat with a back support and a hand support on either side. Vism.79.

Mihiranabibbila.– A village in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.232, 271.

Milakkhā or Milakkhukā.– The name given to the people of non-Ariyan origin, the Milecchas. e.g., D.iii.264; A.i.35, etc. Their language is called Milakkhabhāsā.

Milakkha Tissa Thera

Milānakkhetta.– A locality near Pulatthipura, mentioned in the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.176.

Mīlhaka Sutta.– A monk who prides himself on the fact that he gets great gains is like a dung beetle who boasts that he is stuffed with dung. v.l. Pīlhaka. S.ii.228.



Minelapupphiya.– See Vinelapupphiya Thera.

Mingala.– One of the great fishes that live in the deep ocean. J.v.462.

Miñjavatamsakiya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-one world-cycles ago he made offerings at the Bodhi tree of Sikhī Buddha. Twenty-six world-cycles ago he was a king named Meghabbha. Ap.i.216 f.

Missā.– A name for Alambusā (q.v.) The scholiast explains (J.v.153) that it is a generic name for women — “purise kilesamissanena missanato.”

Missakā.– A class of devā present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.260.


Missakauyyāna.– A park in Sri Lanka, laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.7.

Missakavana.– A park in Tāvatiṃsa (J.vi.278; Dvy. 194,195; Mtu.ii.451). It is generally mentioned together with Nandana, Phārusaka, and Cittalatāvana. e.g., Sp.i.164; Vibhā.439; Vism.425.

Missakesī.– A nymph (accharā), a heavenly musician of Sakka. Vv.ii.1; iv.12; VvA. 93, 96, 211; see also p.372 f.

Mita.– A stronghold in Sri Lanka, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.134.

Mitacintī Jātaka (No.114)

Mitacintī.– A fish, see the Mitacintī Jātaka.


Mithiluyyāna.– A park in Mithilā where Padumuttara Buddha taught his first discourse. Bu.xi.23; BuA.159.



Mitta Sutta


Mittaka.– See Mittavindaka.

Mittakālī, Mittakālikā Therī

Mittāmacca Sutta

Mittāmitta Jātaka (Nos.197, 473)



Mittavindaka Jātaka (Nos.82, 104, 369)

Mittenamaccā Sutta 1.– All intimate friends should be advised on and established in the four limbs of Stream-winning. S.v.364.

Mittenamaccā Sutta 2.– It is impossible that a Stream-winner should be born in hell, or as an animal or a peta. Therefore, all those dear to one should be advised on and established in the four limbs of Stream-winning. S.v.365.

Mittinna.– The chief of the monks at Asokārāma in Pāṭaliputta. He came with one hundred and sixty thousand monks to the Foundation Ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa. Mhv.xxix.36; Dpv.xix. 5.

Moggali.– A brahmin of Pātaliputta, father of Moggaliputta Tissa. He was converted by Siggava. Mhv.v.102, 133.

Moggalī.– The name of Mahā-Moggallāna’s mother. ThagA.ii.93; AA.i.88; DhA.i.73; but SNA.i.326 calls her Moggallāni.

Moggaliputta Tissa Thera.– President of the Third Council.

Moggalla.– A man in the retinue of King Eleyya. He was a follower of Udaka Rāmaputta. A.ii.187; AA, ii.554.


Moggallāna Saṃyutta.– The fortieth chapter of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iv.262‑81.

Moggallāna Sutta

Moggallāna-vihāra.– A monastery built by Moggallāna III. in Kārapitthi. Cv.xliv.50.

Moggallāni.– See Moggalī.

Mogharāja Thera

Mogharāja-mānava Pucchā

Mohavicchedanī.– An Abhidhamma treatise by Kassapa Thera. Gv. 60, 70; Svd. 1221; Sās. 69; P.L.C. 160, 179.

Molinī.– An old name for Bārāṇasī. See the Saṅkhapāla Jātaka.

Moliya Phagguna Thera

Moliya Phagguna Sutta.– See Moliya Phagguna Thera

Moliyagāma.– A village. The story is told of a monk who went there for alms. AA.i.398.


Monasīhakā.– A totemistic clan of the Singhalese. They were employed by Mitta against Bhuvanekabāhu I. Cv.xc.7; see. Cv.Trs.i.29, n.2.

Moneyya Sutta.– On the three perfections of a saint (moneyyāni), perfection of body, speech and mind. A.i.273.

Mora Jātaka (No.159)

Moragalla.– The later name of Sāmagalla. MT. 616.

Moragīva.– A palace occupied by Asoka. Ras.i.93.

Morahatthiya Thera.– An Arahant. Another name for Senaka Thera (q.v.) Ap.ii.403.

Morakavāpi.– See Moravāpi.

Moramandapa.– A pavilion erected by Parakkamabāhu I. in his Dīpuyyāna. Cv.lxxiii.118.

Moranāla.– See Gonaravīya.

Moranivāpa Sutta

Moranivāpa.– A grove in Veḷuvana at Rājagaha.

Moraparitta.– One of the Paritta Suttas. The name is given to the spells found in the Mora Jātaka. J.ii.33 f.

Moraparivena.– See Mayūra-parivena

Moravanka.– One of the four villages given by Parakkamabāhu I for the maintenance of the parivena that he built for Medhankara. Cv.xc.87.

Moravāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka.


Moriya.– A very pious brahmin of Macala. He and his wife Senā gave alms until all their wealth was exhausted, but a deity gave him wealth again. Ras.i.86 f.

Moriyajanapada.– See Dhammagutta (2)

Moriyarattha.– A district in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka. It was once the residence of several families of Lambakaṇṇā. Cv.lxix.13.

Mucala.– A legendary king, descendant of Mahāsammata (Mhv.ii.3; Dpv.iii.6). He was son of Upacaraka. MT. 125; Mtu.i.348.


Mucalinda Vagga.– The second chapter of the Udāna.

Mucalinda-vana.– A forest tract in Nāgadīpa; in it was the Mahānāma lake. Ras.ii.18; see also nāgā (5).

Mucelapattana.– Perhaps a place in Sri Lanka, where Vohārika Tissa instituted alms (Mhv.xxxvi.30). The MT. p.661 f, however, says that Mucelapattana was a metal boat in which various gifts were kept for distribution among the monks.

Mucela-vihāra.– A monastery in Tissavaddhamānaka, in the eastern province of Sri Lanka. It was built by King Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.84; MT. 652.

Mucelupatthāna.– A building in Anurādhapura, where gifts were regularly distributed to the monks. Mhv.xxxiv.65; MT. 633.


Muditā Sutta.– The idea of joy, if cultivated, leads to great bliss. S.v.131.

Mudita Thera

Muditā.– Daughter of Cadakumāra, son of Vasavattī. J.vi.134.

Mudukā.– A celebrated musician or, perhaps, a divine musical instrument. Vv.ii.1; VvA. 94, 211; see also p.372.

Mudulakkhana Jātaka (No.66)

Mudulakkhanā.– Queen of Brahmadatta. See the Mudulakkhana Jātaka.

Mudupāni Jātaka (No.262)

Mudusītala. Thirty-seven world-cycles ago there were seven kings of this name, previous births of Ārāmadāyaka Thera. Ap.i.251.

Mūgapakkha Jātaka (No.538)

Mūgapakkha.– Another name for Temiyakumāra, son of the king of Kāsī. See the Mūgapakkha Jātaka.

Mūgasenāpati-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka built by Aggabodhi I who gave for its maintenance the village of Lajjaka. Cv.xlii.22.

Muggagāma-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. See Vilasa.

Muggāyatana-rattha.– A district in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.181.

Muhunnaruggāma.– A village which formed a stronghold of the Coḷā in the time of Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lviii.42.

Mujalinda.– A king of Bārāṇasī, who went to heaven as a reward for his great sacrifices. J.vi.9.02; cp. Mucalinda (3).

Mukhamattasāra.– A Pāḷi grammatical work by Sāgara or Gunasāgara of Pagan, written at the request of King Kyocvā’s preceptor. There is a Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on it ascribed to Sāgara. Sās. 76; Gv. 63, 67, 73; Bode, op.cit., 25.

Mukheluvana.– A grove in Kajaṅgala. It was there that the Buddha taught the Indriyabhāvanā Sutta (M.iii.298). The Commentary explains (MA.ii.1028) that the grove consisted of mukhelu trees.

Mukkhamattadīpani, also called Nyāsa.– A commentary on the Kaccāyanayoga by Vimalabuddhi, a monk of Sri Lanka according to some, of Pagan according to others. There is a tīkā on the work, also ascribed to a Vimalabuddhi Thera. Gv. 60, 10; Bode, op.cit., 21.

Mūla Sutta.– See Kusalamūla Sutta (S.ii.240)

Mūla Sutta 2.– See Mūlaka Sutta.

Mūla.– A minister of King Vaṭṭagāmaṇī. He built the Mūlavokāsa-vihāra. Mhv.xxxix.89; Dpv.xix. 18, 19.

Mūladeva.– A robber, mentioned as having great power. MA.ii.688; DA.i.89.

Mūlagandhadātā Sutta.– A monk asks the reasons for rebirth among the Gandhabbā of fragrant roots. The Buddha says that someone of good conduct hears that they are beautiful, long-lived and happy, and so is reborn there due to that aspiration. S.iii.250.

Mūlaka Sutta

Mūlakadeva.– See Alakadeva.

Mūlānagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.16.

Mūlanāgasenāpati-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka round which Vohārikatissa built a wall. Mhv.xxxvi.35.

Mūlapariyāya Jātaka (No.245)

Mūlapariyāya Sutta.– The first sutta of the Majjhimanikāya.

Mūlasālā.– A village in Rohaṇa, where Kitti (afterwards Vijayabāhu I), lived in his youth. Cv.lvii.44.


Mūlasoma-vihāra.– A monastery in which Anuruddha, author of the Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha, was an incumbent. P.L.C. 168.

Mūlatīkā.– A Subcommentary on the Abhidhamma Piṭaka written by Ānanda Thera of Sri Lanka (Gv. 60, 69; Svd. 1217). It was so called because it was the first of several Subcommentaries (Sās.33). The anuṭīkā on this is called the Līnatthavannanā. Gv. 60.

Mūlavārikavāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.49.

Mūlavokāsa-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by the minister Mūla. Mhv.xxxiii.89.


Muluttagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.6.

Munāli.– The Bodhisatta born as a gamester (dhutta). He abused a Pacceka Buddha, named Surabhi, and this was why when he became Buddha he was insulted by Sundarikā. Ap.i.299; UdA.264.

Munaru.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48.

Munayadha.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.146; lxxvii.40.


Mundagangā.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Māliya-unna-vihāra. It was the residence of Sāliya, in his previous birth as artisan. MT. 605.

Mundagutta.– A resident of Tissambatittha. His wife was Tissā (10). Ras.ii.31.

Mundakā.– Name of a clan, mentioned in a nominal list. Ap.ii.359.

Mundanigama.– A village on the slopes of the Viñjha mountains. It was the residence of a lay devotee named Mahāmunda. DhA.iv.128.

Mundannānankonda.– A place in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.212.

Mundarāja Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iii.45‑62.

Mundikāputta.– See Upaka Mandikāputta.

Mundikkāra.– A place in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi. 208, 211, 267, 270.

Mundiya.– A wanderer (paribbājaka) of Kosambī, friend of JāIiya. It was to them that the Jāliya Sutta was taught. v.l. Mandissa.

Mundrannaddhāna.– A place in South India mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.296.

Muni Sutta

Munika Jātaka (No.30)

Munika.– A pig; see the Munika Jātaka.

Muñjakesī.– One of the two horses of King Udena; it was capable of travelling one hundred leagues a day. DhA.i.196.

Muraja.– An inhabitant of Rammavatī. He was a previous birth of Bodhi-Upaṭṭhāyaka Thera. Ap.i.194.

Musā Sutta.– A man guilty of lying is born in purgatory. A.ii.83.

Musā Vagga.– The first section of the Pācittiya of the Vinaya Piṭaka.

Musāvāda Sutta 1.– Few are they that abstain from lying, many they that do not. S.v.469.

Musāvāda Sutta 2.– Endowed with four things one is reborn in hell, just as if taken and thrown there. What four? False speech, divisive speech, harsh speech, and idle chatter. Abstaining from these four leads to heaven. A.ii.83

Musāvāda Sutta 3.– There is no evil deed one cannot do, who tells deliberate lies. Iti.18


Mūsika Jātaka (No.373)

Musila (v.l. Mūsila, Musīla).




Muttākara.– A locality on the coast of Sri Lanka. Cv.lxx.63; see. Cv. Trs.i.292, n. 3.

Muttāpabbata.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by Kittisirirājasīha for the maintenance of festivals. Cv.c.43.

Mutthasati Sutta 1.– A woman who is muddle-headed is born in purgatory. S.iv. 242.

Mutthasati Sutta 2.– Five disadvantages to one who falls asleep forgetfully, without self possession: he sleeps badly, he wakes badly, he sees evil dreams, deities do not protect him, and he emits semen. A.iii.251.

Mutthika.– A wrestler employed by Kamsa to destroy the Andhakavenhudāsaputtā. He was, however, killed by Baladeva and reborn as a yakkha in Kālamattiya Forest. There, later, he ate up Baladeva “like a radish bulb.” J.iv.81 f., 88.

Mutthipūjaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Sumedha Buddha, while the Buddha was practicing austerities, he gave him a handful of girinela flowers. Twenty-three world-cycles ago he was a king named Sunela. Ap.i.201.

Mutthipupphiya Thera

Mutti Sutta.– The Buddha teaches release and the path thereto. S.iv.372.

Muttima.– The Pāḷi name for Martaban in Burma. Bode, op.cit., 33.

Muttolamba.– Probably the name of a pāsāda repaired by Dappula. Cv.xlv.56; see Cv. Trs.i.94, n.4.

Muvarāyara.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.140, 216.