Pāli Proper Names — K
Kacangala.– See Kajangala.
Kaccānī 1.– The old woman whose story is related in the story of the past in the Kaccāni Jātaka.
Kaccānī 2.– See also Kātiyānī.
Kaccāni Jātaka (No.417)
Kaccāni Vagga.– The first section of the Atthaka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J.iii.422‑28.
Kaccāyanayoga.– A name given to the aphorisms in Kaccāyana-
Kacchapa Jātaka (No.178, 215, 273)
Kacchapagiri.– Another name, according to the Mahāvamsa Tika (MT.652) for the Issarasamana-
Kacchavāla.– A monastery built for the Pamsukalikas by Vajira, general of Dappula II. Cv.xlix.80.
Kadalīpattagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa near the ford called Nīlavalā, and close to the modern Mātara. Cv.lxxv.49; Cv.Trs.ii.48, n.2.
Kadalīphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Kadalīpupphiya.– See Kandalīpupphiya.
Kadalisālagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, the residence of Vilasa (q.v.)
Kadalīvāta.– One of the Vanni kings of Sri Lanka, head of the mercenary soldiers who were driven out of Sri Lanka by Bhuvanekabāhu I. (Cv.xc.33).
Kadambagona.– A vihāra built by Aggabodhi V in Mahāthala, and probably presented to the Pamsukūlins. Cv.xlviii.3; Cv.Trs.i.110, n.1.
Kaddamadaha see Bhaddasāri.
Kaddūragāma.– A village near Ālisāra; the village entrenchment was captured by Māyāgeha, general of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.165.
Kadiliya.– A Damiḷa chief who was defeated by the forces of Parakkamabāhu I at Kundayankotta. Cv.lxxvi.177.
Kāhallivāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.37.
Kājagallaka.– A village in Sri Lanka, probably near modern Kurunegala. An elephant-
Kāka Jātaka (No.140, 146)
Kāka Sutta.– The wicked monk is like a crow in that he possesses the same ten qualities: rudeness (dhaṃsī), boldness (pagabbho), shamelessness (tintiṇo), excessive greed (mahagghaso), covetousness (luddo), cruelty (akāruṇiko), feebleness (dubbalo), coarseness (oravitā), unmindfulness (muṭṭhassati), and meanness (necayiko). A.v.149; see also G.S.v.101.
Kākālaya.– A village in Sri Lanka where there was a Damiḷa stronghold captured by Parakkamabāhu II. Cv.lxxxiii.12.
Kākanda, Kākandī.– The commentaries speak of Kākanda as a sage of yore and mention him in the company of Savattha and Kusumba. His residence later came to be called Kākandī. SnA.i.300; cp. KhA.110; UdA.55.
Kākandaka.– A brahmin, father of Yasa Thera, the latter being generally referred to as Yasa Kākandakaputta (q.v.) Mhv.iv.12, 49, 57, etc; Dpv.v.23; Mbv.96.
Kākaneru.– One of the highest mountains in the world; mentioned together with Mālāgiri, Himavā, Gijjha, Sudassana and Nisabha. J.vi.204, 212.
Kākannādu.– A district in South India subdued by the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.262.
Kakantaka Jātaka.– The same as the Kakantaka-
Kakantaka Vagga.– The fifteenth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J.i.487‑511.
Kākavatī Jātaka (No.327)
Kākavatī.– Chief queen of the Bodhisatta, in one of his births as king of Bārāṇasī. See the Kākavatī Jātaka.
Kakkara Jataka.– See Kukkuta Jātaka (No.209)
Kakkāru Jātaka (No.326)
Kakkārupūjaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Kakkata Jātaka (No.267)
Kakkola.– A district in South India which supplied soldiers to Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.2.
Kākola.– A hell; beings born there are dragged about by flocks of ravens, vultures and hawks, and eaten alive. J.vi.247.
Kakubandhagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa. Ras.ii.188.
Kakubandhakandara.– A stream, near Pāsānavāpigāma. Ras.i.103.
Kakudha Vagga.– The tenth chapter of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iii.118‑26.
Kakusandha Sutta.– To Kakusandha, as to the Buddha before he was enlightened, came thoughts of the suffering in the world and of how it could be stopped. S.ii.9. See also Gotama Sutta.
Kakutthā (Kakutthā, Kukutthā)
Kālabāhu Jātaka (No.329)
Kalābu.– King of Kāsī. He tortured the ascetic Khantivādī who was the Bodhisatta. He was therefore swallowed up in Avīci. He was a previous birth of Devadatta. The story is given in the Khantivādī Jātaka (J.iii.39 ﬀ; he is often referred to, e.g., J.v.135,143 ﬀ).
Kāladāna Sutta.– The name given in the Suttasangaha (No.1) for the Kāla Sutta (3).
Kāladīghāvika.– A meditation hall (padhānaghara) built by Hatthadātha. Cv.xlvi.46.
Kālagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. A minister of this village is given as an example of a man who committed suicide in remorse (vippatisārī). SnA.i.30.
Kālagiri, Kālāgiri.– See Kālapabbata.
Kālagiribhanda.– A district in Sri Lanka. The forces of Parakkamabāhu I fought there twenty battles before it could be brought under subjection (Cv.lxxii.62). It is identified with the modern Kalugalboda-
Kalahayinādu.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.261.
Kālakañcikā v.l. Kālakañjā, Kālakañjikā
Kālakannī Jātaka (No.83)
Kālakārāma Sutta.– See Kālaka Sutta.
Kālakārāma.– The park presented to the Buddha by Kālaka, and the monastery he built therein for the Buddha. The Buddha stayed there on his visit to Sāketa at Cūḷasubhaddā’s request. A.ii.24; AA.ii.482.
Kālakūta.– One of the five mountain ranges surrounding Anotatta. It has the colour of collyrium (añjana). SnA.ii.437; UdA.300; AA.ii.759; MA.ii.585.
Kalalahallika.– A village and reservoir near Ālisāra. There was a fortification there.. The reservoir was restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48; lxx.73, 163; also Cv. Trs.i.301, n.1.
Kālamahī.– A branch of the river Mahā-
Kālamattika.– A reservoir given by Jetthatissa for the use of the Cetiyapabbata-
Kālamattiya, Kālamattika.– A forest. After his death, Mutthika was born as a goblin in this forest, and when Baladeva reached the spot during his flight, Mutthika challenged him to a wrestling match and ate him up “like a radish-
Kalambadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Kālanadī.– A river in Sri Lanka, the present Kaluganga. Devapatirāja built over the river a bridge of eighty-
Kālanāga.– See Mahākāla (3).
Kālanāgara.– The family to which the general Parakkama belonged. Cv.lxxx.49.
Kalandagāma.– A brahmin village in Sri Lanka, where King Mahāsena built a vihāra on the site of an old Hindu temple. Mhv.xxxvii.41.
Kalandakagāma.– A village near Vesāli; it was the birthplace of Sudinna (Vin.iii.11). Buddhaghosa (Sp.i.202) says the name was given because of the squirrels who lived there.
Kalandakaputta.– See Sudinna. Kalanda or Kalandaka was the name, not of his father, but of his village. Sp.i.202.
Kalanduka Jātaka (No.127)
Kalanduka.– A servant of the Treasurer of Bārāṇasī. See Kalanduka Jātaka.
Kālapāsāna.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka; one of sixteen tanks built by King Nabāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.49.
Kalārakhattiya Vagga.– The fourth chapter of the Nidāna Saṃyutta. S.ii.47‑68.
Kālasela.– A statue of the Buddha. See Silāsambuddha.
Kalasigāma.– The birthplace of Milinda in the Island of Alasandā (or Alexandria) in the Indus (Mil.83). Rhys Davids (Milinda Questions, i., p.xxiii) thinks that the name is identical with that of the Greek settlement Karisi.
Kālasutta.– One of the principal hells (J.v.266, 267, 268). Beings born there are placed on a floor of heated iron, marked with a black thread made red hot, and then cut into pieces along the markings (J.v.270).
Kālattaya Anatta Sutta.– Form in the past and future is suffering, not to speak of the present form. Seeing thus, a well-
Kālattaya Anicca Sutta.– Form in the past is impermanent … S.iii.19.
Kālattaya Dukkha Sutta.– Form in the past is unsatisfactory … S.iii.19.
Kālāvaka.– The clan of ordinary elephants, each one of which possesses the strength of ten men. MA.i.263; UdA.403; VibhA.397; BuA.37, etc.
Kālavalli.– A reservoir repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiz.36.
Kālavallimandapa.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, the residence of the elder Mahānāga (DA.i.190, 191; SnA.i.56; VbhA.352, 353; J.iv.490; MT.606). It was near the village Nakulanagara (DhsA.339) and was situated in Rohaṇa (AA.i.384).
Kālavilangika.– See Mahā-
Kalāyamutthi Jātaka (No.176)
Kalyāṇī Sutta.– See Janapadakalyāṇī Sutta
Kālī Sutta.– Kālī Kururaghara visits Mahā-
Kāligotamī.– See Vesabhū Buddha.
Kālikā.– See Kālī (9).
Kalikāla.– A Damiḷa chieftain, conquered by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.214 f.
Kālikarakkhiya.– An ancient sage mentioned in a list of sages, together with Samudda, Bharata, Angīrasa, Kassapa, Kisavaccha and Akitti. J.vi.99.
Kalimbha Thera v.l. Kalimma°.– One of the monks who lived in the Kūtāgārasālā in Vesālī. Finding that the peace of the Mahāvana was being disturbed by the Licchavis who came to see the Buddha, he, with the other monks, went to Gosingasālavanadāya. A.v.133 f.
Kālindī.– A channel in the irrigation system of Parakkamabāhu I, flowing southward from the Manihīra reservoir. Cv.lxxix.54.
Kālingabodhi Jātaka (No.479)
Kālingārañña.– See Kālinga (2).
Kallagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. In the village was the Mandālārāmaka (q.v.) AA.i.22, 52.
Kallakālena.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Saddhā Tissa. Mhv.xxxiii.7.
Kallara.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.246, 259.
Kallavā Sutta.– Of those who meditate some are clever in concentration but are not fully expert in meditation, some are the reverse, some have neither quality, while others have both. S.iii.265.
Kallavālaputtagāma:– v.l. Kanavālamuttagāma
Kallita Sutta.– A man may be skilled in ease in concentration, but not in the range thereof, nor in resolve, zeal, perseverance, or profit. S.iii.275.
Kālūla.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Aggabodhi VIII, gave a village for its maintenance. Cv.xlix.47.
Kālūpakāla.– The name of the warders in charge of a hell bearing the same name. They smite their victims with arrows and spears.
Kālussa.– A village given by Udaya I to the Nīlārāma (Cv.xlix.16).
Kalyāṇa (Kalyānaka).– A king of the Mahāsammata race. He was the son of Vararoja and one of the ancestors of the Sākyā. His son was Varakalyāna. DA.i.258; SnA.i.352; J.ii.311; iii.464; Mhv.ii.2; Dpv.iii.4; Mtu.i.345.
Kalyānadhamma Jātaka (No.171)
Kalyānamitta Vagga.– The eighth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.14 f.
Kalyānī Sutta.– No beautiful woman (janapadakalyānī) can persistently possess the heart of a man who is fond of gain, favours, and flattery. S.ii.235.
Kalyānippakarana.– A record of the famous Kalyāni inscriptions set up near Pegu by Dhammaceti, giving details of the consecration of the Kalyānisīmā in Pegu by the monks who received their ordination at the Kalyāni-
Kāma Jātaka (No.467)
Kāmānākkotta.– A fortress in South India, which was occupied by the Damiḷa chiefs Pandimandala, Vīraganga and Kangakonda. Cv.lxxvi.180.
Kāmanīta Jātaka (No.228)
Kāmavilāpa Jātaka (No.297)
Kāmboja.– See Kamboja.
Kambugallaka.– See Hambugallaka.
Kāmesumicchācāra Sutta.– Few beings abstain from sexual misconduct, most do not. S.v.469.
Kamma Vagga.– The twenty-
Kammahārattaka.– General of King Khallātanāga. He led a revolution against the king and killed him in the capital. The king’s brother, Vaṭṭagāmaṇī, however, killed the general and took over the government (Mhv.xxxiii.33; see also MT.612).
Kammakārana Vagga.– A group of ten suttas, forming the first section of the Duka Nipāta, on various subjects, such as faults and their punishment, worldly and spiritual striving, the two things (conscientiousness and shame) that guard the world, etc., A.ii.47 ﬀ
Kammakathā.– The seventh chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Paṭisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.78‑80.
Kammakkhandha.– The first section of the Cūḷavagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka (Vin.ii.1‑28).
Kammapatha Vagga.– The third chapter of the Dhātu Saṃyutta. S.ii.111 f.
Kammāradeva.– A locality in Anurādhapura, included in the boundary (sīmā) marked out by Devānampiyatissa. On its left was the cemetery for the lower castes (Mbv.135; also Mhv.xv.13, see Geiger’s edition, p.332).
Kammāragāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, identified with modern Kamburugamuva. It was one of the places passed by the Kañcukināyaka of Parakkamabāhu I, in his victorious progress (Cv.lxxv.47; Cv.Trs.ii.48, n.2).
Kammāsa.– See Kammāsapada.
Kammāsadamma, Kammāsadhamma (v.l. Kammasa°)
Kammasamādāna Sutta.– Venerable Anuruddha tells his colleagues that it was through developing the four foundations of mindfulness that he understands the results of past, present, and future kamma by way of potential and causes. S.v.304.
Kammassadhamma.– See Kammāsadamma
Kammavācā.– A compilation of the rules and the ritual regarding admission into the Sangha (Bode: op.cit., 6 f).
Kammupelanda.– See Kabupelanda.
Kampilla (Kampillaka, Kampilliya)
Kanāda.– A teacher of philosophy, mentioned with Kapila, as teaching that the soul was limitless (na antavā). UdA.339.
Kānagāma.– A village and reservoir in Rohaṇa. There Aggabodhi of Rohaṇa built three hospitals for the blind and the sick and a large image house in the Patimā-
Kanakadattā v.l. Kantakānandā and Kandanandā.– A nun, disciple of Konāgamana, who brought a branch of the Buddha’s udumbara-
Kanakāgamana, Kanakamuni.– See Koṇāgamana.
Kānamātā.– A pious lay woman of Sāvatthi, mother of Kāṇā (q.v.)
Kānamūla.– A locality in Sri Lanka, near the Kālavāpi. Cv.lxxii.183.
Kānapaddāvuda.– A locality in Sri Lanka. There a she-
Kanasiya.– A Damiḷa. chief, conquered by Laṅkāpura at Tirivekambama (Cv.lxxvi.238).
Kānavāpī.– A reservoir near the Cetiyagiri, given by Sena I for the use of the monks there (Cv.l.72). Sena II built a dam across it at Katthantanagara (Cv.li.73), and both Vijayabāhu I (Cv.lx.50) and Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxix.34) restored it.
Kanavera Jātaka (No.318)
Kañcamba.– A Damiḷa chieftain who fought against Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.17.
Kañcanagiri.– See Kañcanapabbata.
Kañcanakkhandha Jātaka (No.56)
Kañcanamālā.– Probably the name of Sakka’s white parasol. It was five leagues in circumference. J.v.386.
Kañcanamānava.– The name given to Mahā-
Kañcanapattī.– The hut in the Kañcanapabbata, where lived the ascetic Jotirasa, friend of Vessavaṇa. J.ii.399.
Kañcanavana.– A pleasance near Ujjeni, where Mahā-
Kañcanavela.– Son of Piyadassī Buddha, his mother being Vimalā (Bu.xiv.17). The Buddhavamsa Commentary (p.172) calls him Kañcana.
Kañcanavelu.– The city in which Siddhattha Buddha died, in the park Anoma (BuA.188).
Kāñcipura (v.l. Kāñcīpura)
Kandadevamālava.– A Damiḷa chief who fought against Parakkamabāhu’s general Laṅkāpura, and was defeated at Mundikkāra. Later, when Kandadevamālava owned allegiance to Parakkamabāhu, Laṅkāpura restored Mundikkāra to him and appointed him chief of the two districts of Mangala. Cv.lxxvi.187, 208, 210.
Kandagalaka Jātaka (No.210)
Kandaka.– See Kantaka.
Kandakā.– See Kantakā.
Kandalīpupphiya Thera v.l. Kadalī°.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Kandamba.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.55, 80, 90.
Kandanagara.– A locality in Sri Lanka; to the north of it was the Girinelavāhanaka-
Kandanandā.– See Kanakadattā.
Kandaraggisāma.– A celebrated physician, mentioned in a list of such. Mil.272.
Kandaramasuka.– See Kalāramatthuka.
Kandarasāla.– See Katthaka.
Kandari.– King of Bārāṇasī; his story is given in the Kandari Jātaka.
Kandari Jātaka (No.341)
Kandina Jātaka (No.13)
Kandiyūru.– A Damiḷa chieftain and ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.140.
Kandula.– The Rasavāhinī contains a story of how he once looked after the monks of Mahānijjhara-
Kanduvethi.– A city in India, the capital of Narasīha; perhaps a variant reading of Kanduvetti (Cv.xlvii.7). Hultszch says (J.R.A.S.1913, p.527) that both names are synonyms with Kādavarū, a designation of the Pallava kings.
Kanduvetti.– A Damiḷa chief and vassal prince of South India, ally of Kulasekhera. Cv.lxxvii.79.
Kangakondakalappa.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.75.
Kangakondāna.– A fortress in South India. Cv.lxxvi.183.
Kangakondapperayara.– A Damiḷa chief, subdued by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.179.
Kanha Jātaka (No.29, 440)
Kanhadevala.– Another name for Asita Devala. SnA.ii.487.
Kanhadīpāyana Jātaka (No.444)
Kanhagangā.– The name of one part of the river which flows from Anotatta. This part is sixty leagues long and flows over a rocky bed. SnA.ii.439; AA.ii.760; UdA.302; MA.ii.586, etc.
Kanhagundāvana.– See Gundāvana.
Kanhamitta.– The real name of Valliya Thera (q.v.) of Vesāil. v.l. Gandimitta.
Kanhanadī.– Another name for Kālanadī, the river forming the boundary of Rohaṇa. (Cv.liii.20; Cv.Trs.i.173, n.5)
Kanhapakka Vagga.– The first chapter of the Mātugāma Saṃyutta. S.iv.238‑43.
Kanhasiri.– Another name for Asita Devala. Sn.v.689.
Kanhavāta.– A locality in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxv.174.
Kanikārapadhānaghara.– A meditation-
Kanikārapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Kannagoccha, Kannagotta.– See Kannakujja.
Kannakatthala.– A deer-
Kannavennā.– A river in the country of Mahiṃsaka.
Kannāta.– The name given in the Cūlavamsa to the Kanarese of South India. They are often mentioned as mercenary soldiers in Sri Lanka, e.g., Cv.lv.12; lx.24, 26; lxx.230.
Kannāvadhamāna.– A mountain in Sri Lanka, the residence of the Nāga-
Kannikāragalla.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, restored by Gajabāhu. Cv.lxviii.45.
Kantaka (v.l. Kandaka)
Kantakā (v.l. Kandakā).– A nun who was guilty of unchastity with the novice Kantaka (Vin.i.85).
Kantaka Sutta:– The ten kinds of thorns that are obstructions to meditators. A.v.133
Kantakānandā.– See Kanakadattā.
Kantakapetaka.– A district on the frontier of the Dakkhinadesa of Sri Lanka, probably to the east or north-
Kantakavana.– A locality in Rohaṇa where the general Rakkha built a stronghold and attacked the enemy forces. Cv.lxxiv.56.
Kantakī Sutta.– See Kandakī Sutta.
Kantakivana.– See Kandakīvana
Kanthaka (v.l. Kaṇṭhaka)
Kaṇṭhapitthi.– An important village, among those given by Aggabodhi IX to a number of small vihāras in order that the monks of these vihāras could obtain rice-
Kapālanāga.– A vihāra built by Dāthā, wife of Aggabodhi II. Cv.xlii.65.
Kapallakkhanda.– A locality in Sri Lanka on the field of Hankārapitthi. Here was fought a fierce battle between Ilanāga and the Lambakaṇṇā, in which the latter were slain in large numbers (Mhv.xxxv.34).
Kāpathika (v.l. Kāpatika)
Kapi Jātaka (No.250, 404)
Kāpi.– Son of Kotūhalaka and his wife Kālī. When his parents fled from Ajītarattha to Kosambī from fear of the plague, they, being starved, found it very difficult to carry the child. Seven times the father tried to abandon the child, but the mother prevented him. DhA.i.169 f
Kapila Sutta.– Taught by the Buddha to the people assembled to hear his explanation of the golden colour of the fish, Kapila-
Kāpilānī.– See Bhaddā Kāpilānī.
Kapilapura.– See Kapilavatthu.
Kapīvantā.– A city to the north of Uttarakuru. D.iii.201.
Kapota Jātaka (No.42, 375)
Kappaka.– See Kappa (4).
Kappakagāma (Kappukagāma).– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, the residence of the thera Deva. It was from him that King Vohārikatissa heard the Doctrine and, as a mark of favour, the king restored five buildings belonging to the Kappakagāma monastery (Mhv.xxxvi.29).
Kappakandara (v.l. Kappukandara)
Kappāsagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. There Kittī, queen consort of Mahinda IV, built a bathing reservoir for the monks. Cv.liv.51.
Kappasahassa Sutta.– Anuruddha tells his colleagues that it is through developing the four foundations of mindfulness that he can recollect a thousand aeons. S.v.303.
Kappāyana.– A name of Nigrodha-
Kappina.– See Mahā-
Kappina Sutta.– See Mahā-
Kappiñcimpekula.– A Damiḷa chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.79.
Kappuka.– See Kappa (4)
Kapulpelanda.– See Kabupelanda.
Kāradīpa.– An island in the Damiḷa country, near Nāgadīpa. Its original name was Ahidīpa. Akitti took up his residence there and lived on the leaves and fruits of the kāra-
Karajakāya Vagga.– The twenty first chapter of the Dasaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. It contains suttas on ten conditions that lead beings to hell, the ten conditions that give a lay-
Kāraka.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Serisara. Ras.ii.183.
Kārakapupphamañjarī.– A work on Pāḷi grammar, written by Attaragama Bandāra-
Kāraliyagiri.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, the residence of a thera named Nāga, who taught the monks the Dhātukathā after having given up the study of the scriptures for eighteen years. Vism.i.96.
Karamba.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.139.
Kārambhiya 1.– See Kāranvī below.
Kārambhiya 2.– See Karambiya.
Kāranapālī Sutta.– Records the meeting mentioned above of Kāranapālī with Pingiyānī. A.iii.236‑9.
Karandaka Jātaka.– See Samugga Jātaka.
Kārandiya Jātaka.– See Koraṇḍiya Jātaka (No.356)
Karandu (v.l. Karakanda, Karandaka, Karakandaka)
Karanīyametta Sutta.– See Metta Sutta.
Kāranvī.– v.l. Kārambhiya. A wood in which the elder Cittaka sojourned for some time (Thag.v.22). The Commentary suggests (ThagA.i.78) that i kāramba is the name of a tree and that from this tree the wood was named.
Kārapitthi.– A village in Sri Lanka. Moggallāna III. built there the Mogallāna-
Karatiya.– A yakkha mentioned in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta as being one of the chief yakkhas who should be invoked by followers of the Buddha when they need protection. D.iii.204.
Karavālagiri.– A locality in Sri Lanka where once Parakkamabāhu I set up his camp. Cv.lxxii.134.
Karavīka.– One of the seven mountains surrounding Sineru (SnA.ii.443; Sp.i.119; Vism.206; DhsA.298). Between Karavīka and Isādhara lay a Sīdantarasamudda. J.vi.125; see also Mtu.ii.300, where it is called Khadiraka, and Divy.217, 450.
Karavitthavilatta.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka. It was restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48.
Kārāyana.– See Dīgha-
Kārikā.– A grammatical work in Pall, written by the elder Dhammasenāpati at the Ānanda-
Karindaka.– A mountain, headquarters of Dāthāpabhuti in his fight against Moggallāna. Cv.xli.45.
Karoto Sutta.– Discussion of the view that there is neither merit nor demerit in any kind of action whatsoever, whether good or bad (S.iii.208). The reference is evidently to the heresy of Pūrana Kassapa (cp. D.i.52).
Karumhā.– A class of spirits, present at the Mahāsamaya. D.ii.260.
Karunā Sutta.– The idea of compassion (karuṇā), if cultivated, is very fruitful. S.v.131.
Kārusā.– Mentioned with the Bhaggā in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.
Kāsagalla v.l. Kāyagalla.– A monastery that was repaired by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lx.61.
Kasālla.– A reservoir in South Sri Lanka repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.48) A fortress of this name is also mentioned, where Gokanna was defeated (Cv.lxx.72).
Kāsapabbata.– A mountain in Sri Lanka, once the headquarters of Pandukābhaya (Mhv.x.27). It lay on the way from Vijitapura to Anurādhapura. Dutthagāmanī encamped there and constructed a reservoir nearby. Mhv.xxv.50; see also Mhv.Trs.70 n.
Kāsāva Jātaka (No.221)
Kāsāva Vagga.– The eighth section of the Duka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.ii.196‑221.
Kāsaya.– Inhabitant of Kāsi (J.ii.402). Cf. Kāsiyo.
Kasī Sutta.– See Kasī Bhāradvāja.
Kāsika.– A city. Sixty-
Kāsika.– The name of a tribe; probably the inhabitants of Kāsi. Ap.ii.359.
Kāsikhanda.– A district in Sri Lanka; in it was the Mahādevarattakurara-
Kasina Sutta.– The ten spheres of kasiṇa (kasiṇāyatanāni) — e.g., pathavi, āpo, tejo, etc. (A.v.46)
Kāsipura.– See Kāsi (2).
Kāsiyo.– The inhabitants of Kāsi. J.v.377, etc.
Kāsmīra.– See Kasmīra.
Kassakagiri.– See Kassapagiri.
Kassakalena.– A cave (probably in Sri Lanka), which was the residence of the elder Mahāmitta (q.v.) VibhA.279 f; SA.iii.136 f.
Kassapagotta Sutta.– Relates the story of the attempt made by Kassapagotta (4) to convert a huntsman. S.i.198 f
Kassapakārāma (Kassapārāma).– A monastery in Rājagaha, probably near Veḷuvana. It was here that Assaji stayed during his last illness, when the Buddha visited him to comfort him (S.iii.125). The monastery was built by a banker called Kassapa. SA.ii.230.
Kassapamandiya Jātaka (No.312)
Kassapapāsāda.– A building attached to the Abhayagiri-
Kassaparājaka.– A monastery begun by a young prince, called Kassapa, in the time of King Dappula and finished by Sena I (Cv.l.81). An inscription (Ep.Zey.i.42 ﬀ) mentions that a “Kasubraja-
Kāsumāriphalakadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Kāsumāriphaliya Thera.– An Arahant. The verses attributed to him are the same as those of Kāsumāriphaladāyaka. He is probably to be identified with Jotidāsa Thera (Ap.ii.445).
Katagāma.– A village in which the Ādipāda Vikkamabāhu defeated Jayabāhu and his brothers. Cv.lxi.16.
Katāhaka Jātaka (No.125)
Katāhaka.– The son of a female slave of the Bodhisatta when he was a rich treasurer in Bārāṇasī. For his story, see the Kaṭāhaka Jātaka.
Katamodakatissa Sutta.– Two solitary Brahmas approach the Blessed One and speak to him in verse about the monk Katamodakatissa.
Katandhakāra.– See Katakandhakāra.
Katattha.– One of the yakkhas who guarded Jotika’s palace. He was at the sixth gate and had six thousand yakkhas with him. DhA.iv.209.
Kathāvivarana.– A book mentioned in the Gandhavaṃsa (p.65).
Kathika Sutta.– The true teacher is one who teaches revulsion from the body, its fading away and its cessation. S.iii.163.
Kathina Vagga 1.– The first section of the Mahā Vibhanga of the Parivārapāthā. Vin.v.1‑10.
Kathina Vagga 2 v.l. Cīvaravagga.– The first section of the Nissaggiya. Vin.iii.195‑223.
Kathinakkhandha.– The seventh chapter of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.253‑67.
Katichinda Sutta.– Taught in answer to a deva’s question as to how many bonds an Arahant should cut. Five, says the Buddha. S.i.3.
Kativāpi.– One of the tanks repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.34.
Katiyāgāma.– A village in Sri Lanka where Gajabāhu’s officers slew large numbers of his enemies (Cv.lxx.67).
Kātiyānī (v.l. Kaccānī)
Kattala. A village in South India belonging to Tondamāna. Cv.lxxvii.51.
Kattha Sutta.– See the Dantakaṭṭha Sutta.
Katthahāri Jātaka (No.7)
Katthakā v.l. Kathakā.– A class of devā present at the Mahāsamaya (D.ii.261).
Katthakasāla.– See Katthaka-
Katthantanagara.– A town near the Kānavāpi reservoir. It was here that King Sena II had the dam of the reservoir repaired. Cv.li.73.
Katthavāhananagara.– The city of king Katthavāhana (1) (SnA.ii.576). It was one whole day’s journey from Bārāṇasī and twenty leagues from Sāvatthi (SnA.ii.579).
Katthī Sutta.– Taught to the monks at Sahajātī by Mahā-
Katuvandu.– A locality near Anurādhapura (Cv.lxxii.188).
Kavisīsa.– See Kapisīsa.
Kāyaduccarita Sutta.– On the five evil results of wickedness in bodily action. A.iii.267.
Kāyagalla.– See Kāsagalla above.
Kāyanibbinda Jātaka (No.293).– v.l. Kāyavicchinda Jātaka
Kāyasatti.– A Thera, incumbent of the Vijayabāhu-
Kāyavicchinda Jātaka.– See Kāyanibbinda Jātaka
Kayavikkaya Sutta.– Few are they who abstain from buying and selling, more numerous they who do not (S.v.473).
Kehāla.– See Kohāla.
Kehella.– A village in Sri Lanka, the revenue from which Aggabodhi III gave to the meditation hall (padhānaghara) called Mahallarāja. Cv.xliv.120.
Keheta.– A village in Sri Lanka, given by Jetthatissa III for the maintenance of the Gangāmāti-
Keka.– A kingdom in Mahimsaka-
Kekaka.– A city, regarded in ancient times as one of the three chief cities of Jambudīpa, the others being Uttarapañcāla and Indapatta. J.ii.213.
Kekakā.– The people of Kekaka. J.ii.214; v.267, 273; vi.280, 281.
Kekarājā.– The king of Kekaka. J.vi.280, 281.
Kekaya.– Another name for Keka and Kekaka. J.ii.214.
Kekkhārupupphiya.– See Kakkāru.
Kekutā.– See Yameḷakekuṭā
Kelavāhā.– See Telavāhā.
Kelisīla Jātaka (No.202)
Kelivāta.– A district or village in Sri Lanka. Aggabodhi I built there the Sumanapabbata-
Keniya (v.l. Kenniya)
Kerala.– A country in South India, along the Malabar coast. See Keralā.
Kesa.– See Kesi.
Kesakambala.– See Ajita Kesakambala.
Kesamutta v.l. Kesaputta.– A township of the Kosalans and the residence of the Kālāmas. The Buddha once stayed there, on which occasion he taught the Kesaputtiya Sutta. A.i.188.
Kesamutti Sutta v.l. Kesaputtiya Sutta
Kesamuttiyā.– The people of Kesamutta — the Kālāmas (A.i.188). It is suggested that they may be identical with the Kesins of the Satapatha Brāhman. Law: Geog. p.30 n; PHAI.118.
Kesārāma.– A park in the city of Sīlavatī. The Buddha Dhammadassī died there. Bu.xvi.25; BuA.185.
Kesarapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Kesava Jātaka (No.346)
Kesī.– See Kesinī below.
Kesinī 1.– One of the wives of Ekarāja. J.vi.134.
Kesinī 2.– Mother of Buddhaghosa (Buddhaghosuppatti, p.38). The Sāsanavamsa (p.29) calls her Kesī.
Ketakapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Ketakavana.– A forest near Nalakapāna in Kosala. There the Buddha taught the Nalapāna Jātaka. J.i.170.
Ketumā.– A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a list of their names. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.
Ketumbarāga.– The name of a Pacceka Buddha (M.iii.70; Ap.i.107).
Kevatta v.l. Kevadda
Kevatta Sutta v.l. Kevaddha Sutta
Kevattadvāra.– One of the gates of Bārāṇasī. The village near it bore the same name and was the residence of Lakhumā. VvA.97 f.
Kevattagambhīra.– A village in Rohaṇa, given by Dappula to the Nāga-
Khadirangani.– A village in Sri Lanka. Kitti (afterwards Vijayabāhu I) once occupied a stronghold in the village and fought a successful battle nearby. Cv.lvii.72; lviii.36.
Khadirangāra Jātaka (No.40)
Khadirapatta Sutta.– It is just as impossible to destroy suffering without realising the Four Noble Truths as it is to make a basket of acacia leaves, or to fetch water in such a basket, or to use the leaves for a fan. S.v.438.
Khadiravaniya.– The name of the Bodhisatta when he was once born as a bird in a khadira-
Khajjakadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Khajjanīya Vagga.– The eighth chapter of the Khandha Saṃyutta of the Saṃyuttanikāya. S.iii.81‑105.
Khajjopanaka Jātaka (No.364).– See Khajjopanaka-
Khajjotanadī.– A river in Sri Lanka, tributary of the Mahāvālukagaṅga. Over it Devappatirāja built a bridge of thirty cubits. Cv.lxxxvi.22; see also Cv. Trs.ii.173, n.3.
Khajjūrakavaddhamāna.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka. Cv.lxvii.39.
Khaluggata.– See Baluggata.
Khalunka Sutta 1.– The eight defects of a horse and the corresponding eight defects of a man. A.iv.190 f.
Khalunka Sutta 2.– Three groups of three classes of horses and the corresponding three classes of men. A.iv.397 f.
Khalupaccha Sutta.– On the five kinds of monks found among those who refuse food offered them after the normal time (“Khalupacchā-
Khamā Sutta 1.– The four modes of progress (paṭipadā); that which is impatient, that which is patient, that which tames, and that which calms. A.ii.152 f.
Khamā Sutta 2.– Similar to the above, but the four modes of progress are differently illustrated. A.ii.153 f.
Khambhakata Vagga.– The Third Section of the Sekhiyā of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.iv.188‑91.
Khandahāla Jataka.– See the Candakumāra Jātaka (No.544)
Khandakavitthika.– A village in Sri Lanka. The birthplace of Sūranimila (Mhv.xxiii.19).
Khandarāja.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, built by Upatissa II. Cv.xxxvii.186.
Khandasīmā.– A sacred space in Pulatthipura included in the sīmā marked out for the Sangha by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.68; see also Cv. Trs.ii. 110, n.5.
Khandhaka Thūpa.– A cetiya (probably in the Cetiyapabbata). King Lañja Tissa caused a mantling of stone to be made for it. Mhv.xxxiii.25. v.l. Katthaka, Kanthaka Thūpa, Kantaka Thūpa. See also Katthaka-
Khandhapura.– The Pāḷi name for Myein Zaing in Burma (Bode, op.cit., 40).
Khandhāvara.– The family name of Ayasmanta (Cv.lxxx.37). They were worshippers of the god Skanda, and were an offshoot of the Moriyavamsa. According to the colophon of the Sinhalese poem, Sālalihinisandesa.
Khandha Jātaka (No.203)
Khandhena Sutta See Khandha Sutta
Khandigāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. It contained a narrow pass where a battle took place between Gajabāhu and Laṅkāpura, in which the former was defeated. Later, the Adhikārin Nātha suffered defeat in the same place. Cv.lxx.216‑81, 298; see also Cv. Trs.i.305, n.6.
Khanti Sutta.– See the Vepacitti Sutta.
Khantikakhipa.– See Nāgita (2).
Khantivādī Jātaka (No.313)
Khantivādī.– The title of the ascetic of the Khantivādī Jātaka.
Khantivanna Jātaka (No.225)
Khānu 1.– A Tamil general whom Dutthagāmani conquered in his campaign. His stronghold was at Khānugāma. Mhv.xxv.14.
Khānu 2.– A reservoir, probably at Khānugāma, built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.47.
Kharādiya Jātaka (No.15)
Kharādiyā.– See the Kharādiya Jātaka.
Kharaputta Jātaka (No.386)
Kharassara Jātaka (No.79)
Khārodakā.– A river in Avīci, flowing alongside the Asipattavana. M.iii.185; SNA.ii.479.
Khattiyānī or Velāmikā.– Chief of the eighty-
Khemā Sutta:– See the visit of King Pasenadi to Khemā Therī
Khema Vagga.– The sixth chapter of the Navaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.455 f.
Khemābhirata.– A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal list (M.iii.70).
Khemaka Sutta See Khemaka Thera
Khemārāma.– A locality in Sri Lanka. Here Dutthagāmani, having vanquished eleven Damiḷa chiefs, distributed among his troops the booty rescued from them — hence the name (Mhv.xxv.10; MT.474).
Khemī.– A pond, probably identical with Khema (8) (J.v.374).
Khemiyā.– A class of gods, present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.261).
Khemiyambavana.– A mango grove near Bārāṇasī. Udena once stayed there and taught the Ghotamukha Sutta. M.ii.157.
Khetta Sutta.– The eight qualities of a bad field in which to sow grain and the corresponding qualities of a good field. Similarly with the recipients of gifts. A.iv.237 f.
Khettavatthu Sutta.– Few abstain from accepting fields and land. Most do not. S.v.473.
Khila Sutta see also Cetokhila Sutta.
Khira Sutta.– Taught at Sāvatthi. Incalculable is the beginning of saṃsāra. The milk drunk by a being during his wanderings in saṃsāra is more than the water of the four great oceans. S.ii.180.
Khīrarukkhopama Sutta.– Where lust, malice, and infatuation exist in a man, even trifling objects, cognisable by the senses, find their way into the mind, just as, in a sap-
Khīravāpikagāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, near the district of Ambavana (Cv.lxvi.85).
Kholakkhiya.– An image of the Buddha in Sri Lanka. King Udaya I gave for its maintenance the village of Mahāmaga. Cv.xlix.14.
Khomadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Khomadussaka.– An inhabitant of Khomadussa. S.i.184.
Khuddaka Tissa (Khudda Tissa)
Khuddakā.– Name of a clan. Ap.ii.359.
Khuddaka.– The name given to the section on Pācittiya which occurs in the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.iv.174, 345.
Khuddakañcakunda.– A Damiḷa chief, generally referred to as Cūḷa-
Khuddapārinda.– A Tamil usurper. He was the brother of Parinda who had usurped Dhātusena’s throne. He reigned for sixteen years (between 430 and 460 A.C.). Cv.xxxviii.30 f.
Khuddarājā.– See Khudda-
Khuddarūpī.– See Maddarūpī.
Khuddavalikagāma.– A harbour in North Sri Lanka. Cv.lxxxviii.23.
Khujjanāga.– Son of Kanittha-
Khulū.– Probably a wrong reading for Bhumū. D.iii.6.
Khuradhāra.– A hell (niraya). Those guilty of abortion are born there. J.v.269, 274 f.
Khuramāla, Khuramālī.– A sea. Once, merchants travelling from Bhārukaccha lost their way in it and were rescued by Suppāraka. In the sea were fishes with bodies like men and sharp razor-
Khurappa Jātaka (No.265)
Kiccārattarayara.– A Damiḷa chief of Cola, an ally of Nigaladha. Cv.lxxvii.17.
Kihimbila.– One of the villages given by Aggabodhi IV. for the maintenance of Dāthāsiva’s meditation hall (padhānaghara). Cv.xlvi.12.
Kikumāra.– The name of a clan mentioned in the Apadāna (Ap.ii.359).
Kīlākāra.– One of the gardens laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxxix.12). There was a sluice of the Parakkamasamudda at the end of the garden, and from this sluice branched off the Salalavatī canal (Cv.lxxix.43).
Kīlakotta.– A locality in South India where Laṅkāpura fought with the Damiḷā. Cv.lxxvi.297.
Kīlāmandapa.– A building in Parakkamabāhu’s Dīpuyyāna. There the king used to amuse himself with “connoisseurs of the merry mood.” Cv.lxxiii.117.
Kīlanakhanda.– The section of the Bhūridatta Jātaka that deals with the capture of Bhūridatta and the preparations for an exhibition of his dancing powers. J.vi.186.
Kilañjadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Kilañjakāsanasālā.– A building in Anurādhapura, mentioned in connection with Pitamalla Thera.
Kīlenilaya.– A town in South India on the borders of Madhurā. Cv.lxxvii.83.
Kilesa Saṃyutta.– The twenty-
Kilesamāra.– See Māra.
Kimattha Sutta.– If wanderers (paribbājaka), holding other views should ask why members of the Buddha’s Order live the holy life, the reply should be “for the full understanding of suffering.” They should also be told of the way to such understanding. S.v.6.
Kimbila Sutta.– Records the conversation that took place at Veḷuvana (Niceluvana?) in Kimbilā between Kimbila and the Buddha, regarding the continuance of the Doctrine after the Buddha’s death. A.iii.247, 339; iv.84.
Kimbila Vagga.– The twenty first section of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. It contains ten suttas of which the Kimbila Sutta is the first. A.iii.247‑51.
Kimchanda Jātaka (No.511)
Kimila Sutta.– See Kimbila Sutta
Kimpakka Jātaka (No.85)
Kimphala Jātaka (No.54)
Kimsukapūjaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Kimsukapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Kimsukavatthu.– A village in Rohaṇa. Here the forces of Rakkha and Bhūta fought a fierce battle against their enemies. Cv.lxxiv.75 f
Kimsukopama Jātaka (No.248)
Kiñcikkha Sutta.– See Āmisakiñcikkha Sutta.
Kiñcisanghā.– Daughter of Kākavannatissa’s minister Sangha.
Kindada Sutta.– Records part of a conversation between a deva and the Buddha at Jetavana. The deva asks what one should give in order to obtain certain results, such as strength, beauty, etc. — the Buddha explains. S.i.32.
Kiñjaka.– See Giñjaka ??
Kiñjakesara (v.l. Kiñcakesara).– Sixty-
Kinnara Jātaka = Bhattātiya Jātaka.– Found on the Bhīlsa Tope under this name, evidently to distinguish it from the Candakinnara Jātaka. See Cunningham: Bhilsa Tope, Pl.27.
Kinnarā.– Wife of Kandari, king of Bārāṇasī. See Kandarī Jātaka.
Kinnughandu.– One of the great yakkhas, mentioned in the Ātānātiya Sutta, to be invoked when disciples of the Buddha are worried by evil spirits (D.iii.204). He is one of the vassals of the Four Regent Gods (D.ii.258).
Kinnusīha Sutta.– While the Buddha was teaching a large assembly at Jetavana, Māra approached him, seeking to confuse him, without any effect. S.i.109.
Kipillikā.– See Kimikāla.
Kirāta.– Probably the name given to a clan of jungle men. Their language is classed with those of the Ottas, the Andhakas, the Yonakas and the Damiḷā, as a language of the Milakkhas (non-
Kirāti.– A locality in Sri Lanka, near Alisāra. There Māyāgeha once captured a fortification (Cv.lxx.165). Kirāti may be the name of a tiny river. See Cv.Trs.i.301, n.1.
Kirāvāpi.– A reservoir restored by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.47); the modern Kiraveva. Cv.Trs.i.280, n.5.
Kirindagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxiv.97; for its identification see Cv.Trs.ii.30, n.5.
Kiriya Sutta.– The three ways of acquiring merit — by generosity (dāna), morality (sīla), and meditation (bhāvanā) — considered in the eight different results produced according as the one or the other is practised, in small measure or great. A.iv.241 f
Kisāgotamī Sutta.– Māra approaches Kisāgotamī while she is meditating in the Andhavana, but she is unperturbed. S.i.129f
Kitāgiri (v.l. Kītāgiri)
Kitava.– King of Bārāṇasī. His son became known in this Buddha-
Kittā.– See Kitti.
Kittaggabodhipabbata.– A reservoir restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lx.49.
Kittakandaka.– A reservoir restored by Gajabāhu. Cv.lxviii.45.
Kittigāma.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Kotapabbata. It was the birthplace of Theraputtābhaya, one of Dutthagāmani’s chief warriors. Mhv.xxiii.55.
Kittisena.– Son and successor of Kumāradhātusena. He reigned only for nine months and was killed by his mother’s brother, Sīva (Cv.xli.4).
Kittisīhasūra.– An important officer of state in Burma who, in 1531, wrote a Samvannanā on the Abhidhānappadīpikā. Bode: op.cit., p.67.
Koccha.– See Pingalakoccha.
Kocchagalla.– A novice (sāmaṇera) who went from Sri Lanka to Amarapura in 1662 of the Kaliyuga era. Sās.135.
Kodhabhakkha.– A Rupāvacara Brahmā, who came to test Sakka’s patience and sat on his throne. SA.i.272.
Kohāla.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka, built by Vasabha (Mhv.xxxv.95). It was near Mahā-
Kokā.– A palace occupied by Siddhattha Buddha in his last lay-
Kokāli.– The name of a country, a town and a millionaire, all connected with Kokālika (q.v.) SNA.473; J.iv.242.
Kokālika Jātaka.– See Kokila Jātaka (No.331)
Kokanuda Sutta.– The conversation between Ānanda and Kokanuda.
Kokavāta.– A district in Sri Lanka. Mahāsena built there a great vihāra and constructed a reservoir. Mhv.xxxvii.42, 47.
Kokila Jātaka (No.331)
Kokila Vagga.– The fourth section of the Catukka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.iii.102‑32.
Kokilā.– Daughter of Ekarāja and sister of Candakumāra. J.vi.134.
Kola, Kolanagara.– See Koliyā.
Kola.– See Kolika.
Kolabhinna.– A river in Sri Lanka, near Subhagiri (Yapahu). Cv.xc.11.
Koladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. He was a hermit in the time of Sikhī Buddha, and, seeing the Buddha alone, gave him a jujube (kola) fruit (Ap.ii.397). He is probably identical with Gayā-
Koladdhajana.– An ancient work, a Commentary (probably in Sanskrit?); it was written by a certain minister at the request of the elder Pāsādika (Gv., p.63, 73).
Kolakā.– Mentioned in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.
Kolambagāmaka.– A reservoir built by King Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.94.
Kolambapura.– The same as Kolambatittha. Cv.ci.27.
Kolambatittha.– The Pāḷi equivalent for the modern city of Colombo. Cv.xciv.1; xcv.4, 15.
Kolañña, also called Samana-
Kolapattana.– A harbour mentioned in the Milindapañha (p.359); it was perhaps on the Koromandel coast. Questions of King Milinda, xliv.
Kolavāpi.– A reservoir dedicated by Silāmeghavanna to the stone image in the Abhayagiri-
Kolika, Kolita.– See Mahā-
Kolita Sutta.– Mahā-
Koliyadhītā, Koliyarājadhītā.– See Suppavāsā.
Koliyaputta.– An epithet of Kakudha, Mahā-
Koliyavessa.– See Sona Kolivisa.
Kolūru.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.130.
Koluvukkotta.– A stronghold in South India, once occupied by Pandiyāndāra. Cv.lxxvi.170, 172.
Koluvura.– A village in South India. Cv.lxxvi.129.
Komārabhacca (Komārabhanda).– See Jīvaka.
Komāyaputta Jātaka (No.299)
Komāyaputta.– A brahmin; see Komāyaputta Jātaka.
Komba.– Chief of the umbrella-
Konāgamana Buddha (Konāgamana)
Koñcā.– One of the palaces occupied by Dīpankara Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.ii.208.
Kondā.– See Gondā.
Kondadhāna.– See Kundadhāna.
Kondivāsa.– A district in Sri Lanka. Cv.l.30.
Konduruva.– A locality in Sri Lanka, where Mānābharana once took refuge. Cv.lxxii.231; see Cv.Trs.i.340, n.5.
Kongamangala.– A Damiḷa chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.80.
Kongu.– The name of two districts in South India (Cv.lxxvi.173). Elsewhere (Cv.lxxvi.288) they are spoken of as Tenkongu and Vadakongu.
Kontadisāvijaya.– A general of Manābharana (q.v.) Cv.lxx.293; see Cv.Trs.i.311, n.1.
Kontiputta.– See Tissa-
Korabya.– One of Kālāsoka’s ten sons.
Korakalamba (Korakalambaka).– Younger brother of Kapila, the chaplain of Apacara. See Kapila (2). J.iii.454 f.
Korandavanna.– One of the ten sons of Kālāsoka.
Korandiya (Kārandiya).– A brahmin student, the Bodhisatta. His story is given in the Korandiya Jātaka.
Korandiya Jātaka (No.356)
Koratiya.– One of the greater yakkhas who should be invoked by a follower of the Buddha when assailed by evil spirits. D.iii.204.
Koravyasettha.– A title used for Sutasoma. J.v.479.
Kosalā.– See Kosala.
Kosalabimbavannanā.– A book containing an account of an image built by Pasenadi, king of Kosala, and of the merit of building images. The work was probably written about the thirteenth or fourteenth century. Quotations from it are given in the Saddhammasangaha.
Kosalakā.– The inhabitants of Kosala. D.i.150.
Kosalanagara.– See Sāvatthi.
Kosalarājā.– See Pasenadi.
Kosambaka 2.– See Kosambiya.
Kosambaka Sutta.– See Kosambiya Sutta.
Kosambaka Vatthu.– The story of the quarrelsome monks of Kosambī. DhA.i.44 ﬀ
Kosambakā.– The monks of Kosambī (q.v.), who brought about schism in the Order.
Kosambakkhandha.– The tenth section of the Mahā Vagga of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.i.334‑59.
Kosambakuti.– One of the residences at Jetavana occupied by the Buddha. SNA.ii.403.
Kosambī Jātaka (No.428)
Kosambika.– Name of a king of Kosambī. See also Kosambaka above. J.iv.56.
Kosikī.– A river, probably a branch of the Gaṅgā. It flowed from Himavā, and on its bank was a mango-
Kosinārakā.– Inhabitants of Kusinārā, e.g., Vin.i.247; AA.ii.637.
Kosiya Jātaka (No.130, 226, 470)
Kosiya Vagga 1.– The second chapter of the Tika Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.ii.321‑54.
Kosiya Vagga 2.– The second section of the Nissaggiya of the Vinaya Piṭaka. Vin.iii.224‑42; v.10 f.
Kosiyā.– The wicked wife of the Kosiya Jātaka (No.130)
Kosiyagotta.– An Arahant. He is mentioned in a list of theras who handed down the Abhidhamma up to the Third Council. DhsA., p.32.
Kota.– A Tamil general in charge of the fortification at Kotanagara, which was captured by Dutthagāmanī in his campaign against the Tamils. Mhv.xxv.13.
Kotagerukapāsāda.– A building attached to the Cittalapabbata-
Kotalavāpigāma v.l. Kālavāpigāma.– A village in Sri Lanka. A story is told of how the wife of the chief householder in the village was put in bonds by the king’s tax-
Kotalla.– Evidently the Pāḷi equivalent of Kautilya. He is mentioned in the Cūlavamsa as the author of a work on politics (Cv.lxiv.3) and also of a work on methods of warfare. Cv.lxx.56; see also Cv.Trs.i.243 n.1 and 291, n.3.
Koṭasimbali Jātaka (No.412)
Kotipabbata.– See Kotapabbata.
Kotipassāva.– A monastery built by Dhātusena (Cv.xxxviii.46). If it be identical with Kotipassāvana (q.v.), it was merely restored by Dhātusena.
Kotipassāvana.– A monastery erected by Mahānāma (Cv.xxxvii.212). It is probably the same as Kotipassāva.
Kottamālaka.– See Kuntamālaka.
Kottapattana.– A ford in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.124.
Kottha.– The drum of Narasīha, which he gave to Mānavamma in order that the latter might induce the people to accompany him in the ships. When they heard the drum they thought it was beaten by Narasīha and forthwith went on board. Cv.x1vii.51.
Kotthabhadda.– A great causeway on the river Jaggarā. It was restored by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.1xviii.16). It was so called because the land on either side of it became, as a result of its construction, studded with granaries full of untrussed rice (abaddhavīhi). Cv.1xviii.31.
Kotthāgāma.– A wealthy village given by Udaya I(?) to the temple of the Vaddhamāna Bodhi-
Kotthamalaya.– See Kotamalaya.
Kotthasāla.– A village in Sri Lanka, probably the same as Kotthasāra. Ras.ii.24.
Kotthika (Kotthita).– See Mahā-
Koṭṭhumala.– A hill in the Māyārattha in Sri Lanka. The Almsbowl and the Tooth Relic of the Buddha were once buried there by Vācissara as a protection from enemies. Later, Vijayabāhu III. had them removed to Jambuddoni. Cv.lxxxi.18 ﬀ; see also Cv. Trs.ii.137, n.1.
Kotūhalaka.– A poor man of Addilarattha, a previous birth of Ghosakasetthi (q.v.) His wife was Kāli and his son Kāpi. DA.i.317; MA.ii.539; DhA.i.169; the DhA. says he was of Ajitarattha.
Kotumbara.– A country celebrated for the excellence of its cloth. v.l. Kodumbara. J.vi.51 (also 47), 500, 501; Mil.2, 331.
Kotumbariya Thera.– An Arahant. Thirty-
Kovariyaputta.– See Lāludāyī.
Kovilāragāma.– A village in Sri Lanka where a battle took place between Mahinda II. and the three Ādipādas who had risen against him. Mahinda was victorious. Cv.xlvi.121.
Kubbikāla.– See Kupikkala.
Kubbugāma.– See Kumbugāma.
Kubera.– See Kuvera.
Kubukandanadī.– A river in Sri Lanka. On its banks was the Samudda-
Kuddadhāna.– See Kundadhāna.
Kuddāla Jātaka (No.70)
Kuddarajja.– Probably a district in Rohaṇa. See also Mahāvāpi Vihāva.
Kuddavātakapāsāna.– A rock in Pāsānatittha (q.v.)
Kuha Sutta.– Monks who are cheats, stubborn, and uncontrolled, are no followers of the Buddha. A.ii.26; found also in It.113, cf. Thag.959.
Kuhaka Jātaka (No.89)
Kuhaka Sutta.– Five qualities, such as deceitfulness, which make a monk disagreeable to his fellow monks. A.iii.111 f.
Kukku Jātaka (No.396)
Kukku Vagga.– The first section of the Suttanipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.iii.317‑63.
Kukkuha.– See Kukkuta (2).
Kukkula Sutta.– The Noble Disciple feels aversion from body, feeling, etc., because he knows that they are a mass of glowing embers. S.iii.177.
Kukkula Vagga.– The fourteenth chapter of the Khandha Saṃyutta. S.iii.177‑80.
Kukkura Jātaka (No.22)
Kukkura.– A rock near Himavā. The Buddha Vipassī once visited it, and Pupphathūpiya lived there in a previous birth (Ap.i.158).
Kukkurovāda.– See Kukkura Jātaka (1).
Kukkuta Jātaka (No.209, 383, 448)
Kukkutagiri.– A place in Sri Lanka. Buddhaghosa says (SA.iii.50) that it was so called because it was there that Saddhātissa’s attendant, Tissa (43), refused to kill some pheasants and set them free at the risk of losing his own life.
Kukkutārāma Sutta.– Three suttas with discussions between Ānanda and Bhadda, at the Kukkutārāma in Pātaliputta, regarding the holy life (S.v.15 f).
Kukkutasūkara Sutta.– Few abstain from accepting fowls and swine, many do not. S.v.472.
Kukkutika.– See Gokulikā.
Kukkuttha.– See Kakudha (5).
Kukkutthā.– See Kakutthā.
Kukutthā.– A river; see Kakutthā.
Kula Thera.– See Kundala Thera.
Kulaghara.– See Kuraraghara.
Kulālitissa.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Over the thūpa in the monastery King Vohārika-
Kulaputta Sutta.– Clansmen who go forth into homelessness do so in order to gain full comprehension of the Four Noble Truths. This is true for all time. S.v.415.
Kulavaddhaka.– Given as a name used ironically to insult another. Vin.iv.8.
Kulavaddhana.– A rich merchant of Sudassana (Bārāṇasī) who tried to stop his king, Sutasoma, from renouncing the world by offering him all his wealth. He is identified with (Mahā?) Kassapa. J.v.185, 192.
Kulāvaka Jātaka (No.31)
Kulāvaka Sutta.– The story of Sakka’s flight from the Asurā. When he saw the Garulas crushed under his chariot wheels, he asked his driver, Mātali, to turn back and risk death at the hands of the Asurā. However, the Asurā fled (S.i.224). cp. Kulāvaka Jātaka.
Kulāvaka Vagga.– The fourth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.i.198‑234.
Kulinga.– The name of a clan, probably Sinhalese. Mahinda VI belonged to this clan (Cv.lxxx.15). The Kulingas were among the tribes sent to Sri Lanka by Asoka with the Bodhi-
Kumā.– Wife of a householder in Velukanda in the Avanti country. She was the mother of Nanda Thera, also called Kumāputta. ThagA.1.100.
Kumāputta.– See Nanda Kumāputta. Mhv.v.212.
Kumāputtasahāya.– See Sudatta (11).
Kumāra 2.– Name of the god Skanda. He rode on a peacock. It is said that Kumāra gave a boon to Mānavamma. Cv.lvii.7, 10; see also Hopkins: Epic Mythology, p.227.
Kumāradhātusena (Kumāradāsa).– Son of Moggallāna I, and king of Sri Lanka (513‑522 A.C.). His son was Kittisena (Cv.xli.1 f). Tradition tells of his friendship with a poet Kālidisa. The authorship of the Jānakīharana is generally ascribed to him (Cv.Trs.i.51, n.1).
Kumārapabba.– The section of the Vessantara Jātaka that deals with the giving away of Vessantara’s children to Jūjaka. J.vi.555.
Kumārasīha.– Son of Vimaladhammasūriya; he was adopted by King Senāratana and given the province of Uva. He died young. Cv.xcv.22; also Cv.Trs.ii.233, n.3.
Kumāribhūta Vagga.– The eighth section of the Bhikkhunī Pācittiya. Vin.iv.327‑37.
Kumārika Sutta.– Few abstain from accepting women or girls, many do not. S.v.471.
Kumba.– See Kumbagāma.
Kumbālaka.– One of the tanks built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.48.
Kumbha Jātaka (No.512)
Kumbha Vagga.– The fifth chapter of the Tika Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.ii.431‑51.
Kumbhakāra Jātaka (No.408)
Kumbhandā.– A class of beings (fairies or gnomes) grouped with Yakkhas, Rakkhasas, Asurā and others. Virūlha is their king. They have large bellies (kumbhanda = gourd), and their genitals are also large like pots (kumbho viya), hence their name. D.iii.198; DA.iii.964.
Kumbhapura.– The residence of Kisavaccha (MA.ii.599); it is evidently another name for Kumbhavatī (q.v.)
Kumbhavatī.– A city in the kingdom of King Dandaki. Kisavaccha lived in the park near there. J.iii.463; v.29, 134.
Kumbhigallaka.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Vasabha built an uposatha-
Kumbhīla Jātaka.– See Kuruṅgamiga Jātaka (No.206).– Evidently another version of the Vānarinda Jātaka, though the scholiast refers to another Kumbhīla Jātaka for particulars (thus in all MSS). J.ii.206.
Kumbhīlavānaka.– A river in Sri Lanka which joins the Sankhavaddhamānaka. Cv.lxviii.32; see also Cv.Trs.i.279, n.4.
Kumbiyangana.– See Kutumbiyangana.
Kumbugāma (v.l. Kubbugāma).– A village in Rohaṇa. It is mentioned in the campaigns of Damilādhakārī Rakkha (Cv.lxxv.149, 167, 172).
Kumbulapabbata.– A mountain in Sri Lanka. Ariyagālatissa found sixty treasure troves there. Ras.ii.137.
Kummāsadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-
Kummāsapinda Jātaka (No.416)
Kunāla Jātaka (No.536)
Kunappunallura.– A market town in South India in the district of Viraganga (Cv.lxxvi.131).
Kunda.– A yakkha who once inhabited a forest, called Kundadhāna (UdA.122) after him.
Kundakakucchisindhava Jātaka (No.254)
Kundakapūva Jātaka (No.109)
Kundakasindhavapotaka.– See Kundakakucchisindhava Jātaka.
Kundalakesā, Kundalakesī.– See Bhaddā Kundalakesī.
Kundalakesittheri Vatthu.– The story of Bhaddā Kundalakesī (q.v.) DhA.ii.217 ﬀ.
Kundalī Sutta.– Records the visit of Kundaliya to the Buddha. S.v.73 ﬀ.
Kundalinī.– The name given to the offspring of the myna-
Kuṇḍaliya Sutta.– See Kundaliya
Kundarāyana.– See Kandarāyana.
Kundasālā.– A suburb of Sirivaddhanapura (Kandy), on the banks of the Mahāvālukagangā. It was laid out by King Narindasīha, who made it his favourite residence (Cv.xcvii.34). Kittisirirājasīha planned its garden and erected a vihāra. Cv.c.216 f.
Kundavana.– See Gundāvana.
Kundayankotta (?). A locality in South India, where Laṅkāpura once pitched his camp (Cv.lxxvi.176).
Kundinagariya Thera.– The name given to Potthapāda because he was born and brought up in Kundi. He lived in the Sānavāsīpabbata nearby. Pv.iii.2; PvA.177 ﬀ.
Kunditthāna.– See Kundadhāna.
Kundiyā.– See Kundadhānavana.
Kunhāna.– See Kundadhāna.
Kuñjara 2.– One of the chief lay patrons of Revata Buddha. Bu.vi.23.
Kuñjarahinaka.– A monastery built by Lañjatissa. Mhv.xxxiii.27.
Kunta.– A throne (for an image) which was originally in the Pācina-
Kuntamālaka v.l. Kotthamālaka.– A locality near Anurādhapura through which passed the boundary of the Mahā-
Kuntavarā.– The soldiers of a district in South India who fought against the Sinhalese force that invaded their territory (Cv.lxxvi.246). They were subdued by the Kesa-
Kuntī.– A kinnarī, mother of the theras Tissa, and Sumitta. Their father was a former inhabitant of Pātaliputta.
Kuntini Jātaka (No.343)
Kuppa Sutta.– The monk who has the four types of analytical knowledge (paṭisambhidā), and has an emancipated mind realises that which is unshakable (akuppa). A.iii.119 f.
Kupuvena.– A village and a monastery. The story of a novice (sāmaṇera) of the monastery, as given in the Majjhimanikāya Commentary (MA.ii.700), is similar, except in regard to the names, to the story given under Kabupelanda (q.v.)
Kuraragharikā.– See Kālī (2).
Kuravakagalla.– A place in Rohaṇa where Damilādhikārī Rakkha defeated his enemies. Cv.lxxv.137.
Kureñjiyaphaladāyaka (Kuruñjiya°) Thera.–An Arahant. Thirty-
Kurudeva.– A poor man who lived in Vattura-
Kurudhamma = observing the five precepts (pañcasīla)
Kurudhamma Jātaka (No.276)
Kurukaccha.– Probably a wrong reading for Bhārukaccha.
Kurukhetta.– Another name for the country of the Kuru. J.vi.291.
Kurumba.– A Damiḷa chief, subdued by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvii.14 f.
Kurundacullaka.– A building in the Jetavana-
Kurundankundiya.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.236, 266.
Kurundapillaka.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. Potthakuttha erected a pāsāda there (Cv.xlvi.21).
Kurundavāpi.– A reservoir built by Aggabodhi I. (Cv.xlii.15; Cv.Trs.i.66, n.6).
Kurundavelu.– A vihāra in Sri Lanka, where the Kurundī-
Kurundī.– A village in Sri Lanka. Cv.lxxxiii.16; lxxxviii.64; Cv.Trs.ii.149, n.9.
Kurundīrattha.– See Kurundī above.
Kuruṅgamiga Jātaka (No.21, 206)
Kurungamiga Vagga.– The third section of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.i.173‑98.
Kusa Jātaka (No.531)
Kusaghara.– A city (?). The Buddha’s lower robe (nivāsana) was deposited there after his death. Bu.xxviii.8.
Kusalā Sutta 1.– Conditions that are on the side of goodness have their root in earnestness (appamāda); the earnest monk cultivates the seven factors of enlightenment (bojjhaṅga). S.v.91.
Kusalā Sutta 2.– Similar to No.1. The conditions have their root in systematic attention (yoniso-
Kusaladhamma Sutta.– Because Devadatta was overcome by gain, honour, and fame, his wholesome qualities were cut off. S.ii.240.
Kusalarāsi Sutta.– The four foundations of mindfulness could rightly be called a heap of merit. S.v.186.
Kusamāli.– One of the seas through which the mariner Suppāraka (q.v.) piloted his ship. It was full of emeralds and looked like an expanse of dark kusa-
Kusanāli Jātaka (No.121)
Kusanāli Vagga.– The thirteenth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.i.441‑65.
Kusatthakadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. In the time of Kassapa Buddha he was a brahmin and gave the Buddha eight handfuls of kusa-
Kusima.– See Kusumī below.
Kusinārā Vagga.– The thirteenth chapter of the Tīkā Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.i.274‑84; for a summary of its contents see A.v.381.
Kusinātā.– One of the cities of Uttarakuru (D.iii.200).
Kusīta Sutta 1.– A woman who is faithless, shameless, unscrupulous, indolent and of weak wisdom is reborn in purgatory. S.iv.242.
Kusīta Sutta 2.– Eight occasions on which a monk is apt to become indolent (A.iv.332 f).
Kusumamūlagāma.– A village near Padumanagara, residence of the Thera Dhammadhara. (Sās.163)
Kusītamūlaka Sutta.– The lazy associate with others of a similar disposition. S.ii.165. See also Ahirikamūlaka Sutta, etc.
Kusumanagara.– The Pāḷi name for the city now known as Bassein, in Burma (Bode, op.cit., 24). Near the city was the birthplace of Chapata. Sās.74; see also pp.41, 43, 147; Ind. Ant. 1893, xxi.17.
Kusumapura.– See Pāṭaliputta.
Kusumārāma.– Another name for Pupphārāma. (Cv. ci.7)
Kusumba v.l. Kusamba.– A sage (isi), on the site of whose hermitage was built the city which came, for that reason, to be called Kosambī. SNA.i.300; MA.ii.539; UdA.248; PsA.413; see also Rāmāyana i.34.
Kusumī v.l. Kusima.– A seaport in Rāmañña where a part of the Sinhalese expeditionary force sent by Parakkamabāhu I landed in five ships (Cv.lxxvi.59). It is probably the same as Kusumatittha mentioned in the Sāsanavamsa (e.g., pp.66, 90) as a seaport.
Kūtavānija Jātaka (No.98, 218)
Kutendu.– A vassal of the Cātummahārājikā, present at the teaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.258.
Kuthārasabhā.– Some sort of council chamber, probably attached to the Court in Sri Lanka. Kittisirimegha is mentioned as employing the services of the head of the council (sabhā) to fetch the prince Parakkamabāhu from his retreat (Cv.lxvi.61).
Kutidhūpaka Thera.– An Arahant. In a past birth he looked after the cell of Siddhattha Buddha and burnt incense in it from time to time. Ap.i.223 f.
Kutidūsaka Jātaka (No.321)
Kutidūsaka Vagga.– The third chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J.iii.71‑102.
Kuttapiti.– A large village given by Kittisirirājasīha for the maintenance of the sacred Footprint in Samanakūta. Cv.c.225.
Kutthuka.– The general of Sena II. He built the parivena, which was called Senasenāpati (Cv.li.88). See also Potthakuttha.
Kuveṇi v.l. Kuvannā
Kuveradvāra.– One of the fourteen gates of Pulatthipura, erected by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiii.161.
Kyānagāma.– A village in the Malaya country, not far from Pulatthipura. Lankādhikāri Kitti once encamped there (Cv.lxx.283, 300; lxxii.207), and Parakkamabāhu I went there disguised as a musician. Cv.lxxii.264.