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Bhārukaccha

A seaport in the country of Bharu.¹ Mention is made of merchants going by sea from there to Suvaṇṇabhūmi.² Bhārukaccha was the residence of Vaḍḍhamātā Therī ³ and Malitavambha Thera.⁴

In the Mahāniddesa,⁵ Bhārukaccha is mentioned in a list of places to which men went for trade. Vijaya lived there for three months before sailing for Sri Lanka.⁶ Bhārukaccha is the modern Broach in Kathiawar. The people of Bhārukaccha are called Bharukacchakā.⁷

¹ J.iv.137. ² E.g., J.iii.188. ³ ThigA.171. ⁴ ThagA.i.211.

⁵ MNid.i.155; see also Mil.331.

⁶ Dpv.ix.26; the Dvy. (586) says the city was founded by Bhiru, one of the three people who escaped from the kingdom of Sikhaṇḍi, the parricide ruler of Sauvīra, when this was destroyed by a heavy fall of sand, following on the murder of Rudrāyana, king of Roruka. Bhārukaccha is, according to this account, a corruption of Bhīrukaccha (Marsh of Bhiru). However, Brahmanized tradition ascribes its foundation to the sage Bhṛgu. It is identical with Barygaza of Ptolemy and the Periplus of the Erythrean Sea.

E.g., DhSA.305.

2. Bhārukaccha.– A park in Sri Lanka laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.11.

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