v.l. Kāñcīpura.– A city in Southern India on the Coromandel coast, capital of the Pallavas, and one of the seven sacred towns of India; it is the modern Conjevaram. It was once the centre of Buddhism in South India and was one of the places of pilgrimage visited by Hiouien Thsang. He mentions that during his stay there three hundred monks came to Kāñcipura from Sri Lanka, fleeing from the political disturbances in that country (Beal, op.cit., ii.228 f; CAGI.627). In Pāḷi Literature the locality is noteworthy as the birthplace of the Commentator Dhammapāla and perhaps also of Anuruddha, author of the Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha (P.L.C.113, 169). Some identify Kāñcipura with Satiyaputta of Asoka’s Rock Edict II, e.g., J.R.A.S., 1918, 541 f; see also Bhandarkar, Anct. Hist. of Deccan, pp.47, 52.