5. Tissa.– A leading disciple (aggasāvaka) of Kassapa Buddha. He was the Buddha’s brother and, having renounced the household, became an ascetic. On hearing that Kassapa had become Buddha, he visited him but expressed great disappointment on discovering that he ate flesh, which smelt bad (āmagandha). The Buddha taught him that the bad smalle (āmagandha) was not flesh, but the mental defilements (kilesa) that corrupt the heart, and he taught him the Āmagandha Sutta. Tissa immediately entered the Order and became a leading disciple.⁶ Tissa’s father was born as Subhadda in this age.⁷
6. Tissa.– A monk who was reborn as a Brahmā with great psychic powers. Mahā-
7. Tissa.– A friend of Metteyya. They together visited the Buddha at Jetavana and, having listened to his teaching, entered the Order. Metteyya retired with his teacher into the forest and not long after became an Arahant. Tissa lived in Sāvatthi and when his elder brother died, he went home and was persuaded by his relations to return to the lay life. Later, Metteyya, passing through the village with the Buddha, during a journey, visited Tissa and brought him once more to the Buddha. The Buddha taught them the Tissametteyya Sutta, at the end of which Tissa became a Stream-
10. Tissa.– An elder of Sāvatthi. He once received a length of coarse cloth as a gift and handed it to his sister to be made into a robe. She had the cloth pounded and spun into fine yarn and made of it a soft robe-
11. Tissa.– A monk. When the Buddha declared that in four months he would pass away, many monks were greatly excited, collecting in groups, not knowing what to do. However, Tissa remained aloof, determined to win Arahantship before the Buddha’s death. The others, misunderstanding him, reported to the Buddha that Tissa had no love for him, but the Buddha, having questioned him, praised his earnestness.¹⁵
12. Tissa Thera.– An Arahant. He belonged to a brahmin family of Rājagaha and, having attained great proficiency in the Vedas, became a teacher of five hundred young men. When the Buddha visited Rājagaha, Tissa was so struck by his majesty that he joined the Order, later winning Arahantship. The Theragāthā contains verses uttered by him regarding certain monks who were jealous of his great renown.
In the time of Piyadassī Buddha, Tissa was an ascetic. Seeing the Buddha absorbed in concentration (samādhi) in a forest-
13. Tissa.– A rājā of Roruva. He was an “unseen” ally of Bimbisāra and, as such, sent him various gifts. The king sent him in return a painted panel on which was depicted the life of the Buddha and a gold plate specially inscribed with the Law of Dependent Origination (paṭiccasamuppāda). On seeing these, Tissa’s mind was filled with agitation and, giving up his title, he came to Rājagaha as a monk and lived in the Sappasoṇḍika cave, from there visiting the Buddha, and soon afterwards becoming an Arahant.
In the time of Vipassī Buddha he was a chariot-
14. Tissa Thera.– An Arahant. Son of the Buddha’s paternal aunt, Amitā. He entered the Order and dwelt in a woodland settlement, but he was proud of his rank and irritable and captious in his conduct. He once came to the Buddha in tears because his colleagues had teased him on account of his talkativeness.²⁰ On another occasion, the Buddha, with his celestial eye, saw Tissa sleeping with open mouth during the siesta and, sending a ray of glory, woke him. Tissa’s heart was filled with anguish and when he confessed to his colleagues his mental laziness and distaste for religion, they brought him to the Buddha. The Buddha taught him the Tissa Sutta, at the end of which he became an Arahant.²¹
The Dhammapada Commentary ²³ says that he was fat (thūlasarīro). He entered the Order when old and became fat through idleness. He spent most of his time in the Waiting-
15. Tissa.– A novice. He was a gatekeeper’s son and, coming with some carpenters to Sāvatthi, joined the Order. He was constantly finding fault with the food and other offerings, even those given by Anāthapiṇḍika, and he boasted of the riches enjoyed by his kinsfolk. His colleagues made enquiries and, discovering the truth about his antecedents, reported him to the Buddha who taught the Kaṭāhaka Jātaka (q.v.) to show his similar tendencies in the past.²⁴ Tissa was identified with Kaṭāhaka of the Jātaka.²⁵
16. Tissa.– A monk. He was called Kosambivāsī Tissa. He spent the rainy season at Kosambī and, on his departure, his supporter gave him three robes and other offerings; he, however, refused them saying that he had no novice to look after them. The layman immediately gave his son, then seven years old, to be his novice. The boy attained Arahantship in the Tonsure-
17. Tissa.– A monk, called Asubhakammika-
18. Tissa.– A master of writing (lekhācariya). Even after his death he was known by reason of his writing.²⁹
20. Tissa.– A monk known as Āraddhavipassaka-
He later became a monk under Yonaka Dhammarakkhita and lived in the Asokārāma, where he prevented the murder of the elders by the minister sent by Asoka to make the monks hold the uposatha together. He became an Arahant and, on account of his love of solitude, came to be known as Ekavihāriya.³⁴
24. Tissa.– King of Kalyāṇi and father of Vihāradevī.³⁵ His brother Ayya-
25. Tissa.– A minister of Duṭṭhagāmaṇī. When the latter fled from Saddhā Tissa, Tissa joined him and he gave him his own food during the flight. However, the food was ultimately given to a monk (see Tissa 26) who accepted their invitation to the meal.³⁷ It was probably the mother of this Tissa who, we are told,³⁸ used a cloth worth one hundred to wipe away the impurities of her son’s birth, which cloth she afterwards threw out on to the Tālavelimagga hoping that it might prove useful to a rag-
27. Tissa.– A brahmin youth of Rohaṇa who rebelled against Vaṭṭagāmaṇī in the fifth year of his reign. At that time Damiḷā invaded Sri Lanka and Vaṭṭagāmaṇī sent word to Tissa asking him to fight them, and take the throne for himself; Tissa did, but was conquered by them.⁴⁰
See also Brāhmaṇatissa-
28. Tissa.– A monk of Hambugallaka. He was very learned and helped to reconcile Vaṭṭagāmaṇī and his discontented ministers.⁴¹ Later, the ministers built several vihāras — the Mūlavokāsa, the Sāliyārāma, the Pabbatārāma, and the Uttaratissārāma — and handed them over to Tissa.⁴²
31. Tissa.– A paramour of Queen Anulā. He was a wood-
34. Tissa.– Nephew of Khallātanāga and son of Sumanadevī, step-
35. Tissa.– A blacksmith (kammāraputta), a previous incarnation of Sāliya. He lived in Muṇḍagaṅgā and receiving one day as wages the flesh of a boar, he had it cooked by his wife. When the meal was ready he announced alms; the elders Dhammadinna, Godhika-
36. Tissa.– A monk resident in Lonagiri (Lenagiri). He once saw fifty monks, on their way to Nāgadipa on a pilgrimage, returning from their alms-
At the Giribhandamahāpūjā at Cetiyapabbata, Tissa wished to have for himself two shawls, the most precious things there. He declared his wish in the presence of others and the king, on being informed, determined that Tissa should not have them, but every time he put out his hand to take the robes, they slipped away, and others took their place. In the end the robes were given to Tissa.⁵⁰
37. Tissa.– A Thera of Sāvatthi, better known as Kuṭumbiyaputta-
38. Tissa.– A Thera of Sāketa. He refused to answer questions, saying that he had no time. On being asked, “Can you find time to die?” he felt ashamed, and going to the Kanikāravālikasamudda-
39. Tissa.– A monk of Koṭapabbata.
41. Tissa.– A novice of Pañcaggalalena. While travelling through the air he heard the daughter of the blacksmith of Girigāma singing, after having bathed with her companions in a lotus-
42. Tissa.– A novice of Tissa-
43. Tissa.– An attendant of King Saddhā Tissa. The king, wishing to eat pheasants, asked Tissa to procure some, having first tested him by threatening to have him executed if he refused to kill fowl for the king’s table. Tissa, even when led to the executioner’s block, refused to kill the birds. The king was thus satisfied that Tissa would not kill pheasants for him. The next day, Tissa, seeing a fowler hawking some dead pheasants, obtained them for the king.⁵⁶
46. Tissa.– A monk who, when his brother’s wife sent men to kill him, broke his thigh bones to prove that he would not run away, and having begged leave for one night, attained Arahantship.⁵⁸
²¹ Thag.v.39; but see v.1162; S.iii.106 f; ThagA.i.105.
³⁴ Thag.vv.537‑46; ThagA.i.503 f; Mhv.v.33, 60, 154 ﬀ, 241; SA.iii.125.
References in the notes are to the Pāḷi texts of the PTS. In the translations, these are usually printed in the headers near the spine, or in square brackets in the body of the text, thus it would be i 37 in the spine or  in the text. References to the Commentaries are usually suffixed with A for Aṭṭhakathā (DA, MA, SNA, etc.) but references to the Jātaka Commentary are given as J, not JA, which would normally be used, as that is reserved for the Journal Asiatic.