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Bhaggā

The name of a clan and a country, the capital of which was Suṃsumāragiri (q.v.) The Buddha went there several times in the course of his wanderings¹ and three rules for the monks were laid down there.² Bodhirājakumāra (q.v.), son of Udena of Kosambi, lived there, apparently as his father’s viceroy, in which case the Bhaggā were subject to Kosambī.³ The Bhagga country lay between Vesāli and Sāvatthi. It was while sojourning in the Bhagga country that Mahā-Moggallāna was attacked by Māra entering into his stomach,⁴ and it was there that he taught the Anumāna Sutta.⁵ Sirimanda and the parents of Nakula were inhabitants of the Bhagga country, and Sigālapitā⁶ went there in order to meditate; there he became an Arahant.

In the Apadāna ⁷ the Bhaggā are mentioned with the Kārusā.

¹ E.g., A.ii.61, A.iv.85, etc; Vin.ii.127; iv. 115, 198. ² Vin.v.145.

³ The C.H.I. (i.175) says that the Bhaggā were members of the Vajjian confederacy.

⁴ M.i.332. ⁵ M.i.95. ⁶ ThagA.i.70. ⁷ Ap.ii.359.

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