A district in Northern India, the modern Kashmir. In the Pāḷi texts it is always mentioned with Gandhāra and probably once formed part of that kingdom. (See also PHAI., p.93. The Jātaka stories mention the countries separately as comprising two kingdoms ruled by a single king, e.g., J.iii.364, 378). At the end of the Third Council, Moggaliputta Tissa sent the thera Majjhantika to propagate the religion in Kasmīra-
There was evidently a large community of monks at Kasmīra, until long after the coming of Majjhantika, for we are told that two hundred and eighty thousand monks, led by Uttinna Thera, came from Kasmīra to Anurādhapura on the occasion of the foundation ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa (Mhv.xxix.37).
In Hiouien Thsang’s time Kasmīra seems to have been an independent kingdom whose king was given to serpent-
Sāgala is mentioned as being twelve leagues from Kasmīra (Mil.82).