Also called Cetiyagiri. The later name of the Missaka mountain given on account of its many shrines. Devānampiyatissa built a vihāra there — the second vihāra in Sri Lanka — for Mahinda and those ordained under him (Mhv.xvi.12‑17). The relics, obtained by Sumanasāmaṇera from Asoka and from Sakka, were deposited there until they were needed. According to the Mahāvaṃsa (Mhv.xxii.23 ﬀ) this fact was the occasion for the name. One of the eight saplings of the Sacred Bodhi-
Mahinda spent the last years of his life on Cetiyagiri and died there, and there his relics were enshrined (Mhv.xx.32, 45). Near the mountain was the village of Dvāramaṇḍala (Mhv.xxiii.23).
Kuṭakaṇṇatissa built an uposatha-
Mahādāṭhika Mahānāga made four gateways and a road round the mountain, and held the Giribhaṇḍapūjā with great pomp and ceremony; it is said that in order that the people might approach the mountain with clean feet he spread carpets right up to it from the Kadamba River (Mhv.xxxiv.75 ﬀ).
Kanirajānu Tissa had sixty monks of Cetiyapabbata put to death as traitors by flinging them into the cave called Kanira (Mhv.xxxv.11).
Vasabha provided four thousand lamps to be lighted on Cetiyagiri (Mhv.xxxv.80), while Jeṭṭhatissa gave to the vihāra the income derived from the Kālamattika Tank. (Mhv.xxxvi.130; see also Dpv.xv.69; xvii.90; xix.13, and Sp.i.82 ﬀ).
In the time of Kakusandha, Cetiyagiri was known as Devakūṭa, in that of Koṇāgamana as Suvaṇṇakūṭa, and in that of Kassapa as Subhakūṭa (Sp.i.86 f). The Dhammaruci monks once occupied the Ambatthala-
Aggabodhi I supplied a permanent supply of water for the bathing-
The Commentaries relate several anecdotes connected with Cetiyapabbata. Malaya Mahādeva Thera recited there the Chachakka Sutta, and sixty listening bhikkhus became Arahants (MA.ii.1064). Lomasanāga Thera lived in the meditation hall (padhānaghara) in the Piyanguguhā there and overcame the cold he felt by meditating on the Lokantarikaniraya (MA.i.65). Cetiyapabbata was the residence of Kāḷa-
At the time that Fa Hsien came to Sri Lanka there were two thousand monks in Cetiyagiri, including a monk of great fame, called Dharmagupta (Giles: p.72).