The tenth book of Khuddakanikāya of the Sutta Piṭaka containing tales of the former births of the Buddha. The Jātaka also forms one of the nine divisions (aṅga) of the Buddha’s teachings, grouped according to subject matter (DA.i.15, 24).
The canonical book of the Jātaka Stories (so far unpublished) contains only the verses, but it is almost certain that from the first there must have been handed down an oral commentary giving the stories in prose. This commentary later developed into the Jātaka Aṭṭhakathā.
Some of the Jātaka Stories have been included in a separate compilation, called the Cariyāpiṭaka. It is not possible to say when the Jātaka Stories in their present form came into existence nor how many of these were among the original number. In the time of the Cūḷa Niddesa, there seem to have been five hundred Jātaka Stories, because reference is made to pañcajātaka-
The Dīghabhāṇakā included the Jātaka in the Abhidhamma Piṭaka. (DA.i.15; the Samantapāsādikā (i.251) contains a reference to a Jātakanikāya). The Jātaka consists of twenty-