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Kappa

1. Kappa.– One of Bāvarī’s disciples. The questions he asked of the Buddha are recorded in the Kappa-māṇava Pucchā. He asks the Buddha if there is any refuge from the flood of becoming, decay, and death. The Buddha says that there is a place of non-attachment where one can be at peace, no longer a slave of Māra. Kappa became an Arahant. Sn.vv.1007, 1092‑5; SnA.ii.597.

2. Kappa Thera.– An Arahant. He was the son of a provincial governor in Magadha and was addicted to self-indulgence. The Buddha, seeing him in his net of wisdom, visited him and admonished him, speaking to him of the filthy nature of the body, illustrating his discourse with a wealth of simile and metaphor. Kappa was greatly impressed and joined the Order. He became an Arahant, as his head was being shaved. In the time of the Buddha Siddhattha he was a rich householder, and offered at the Buddha’s shrine a Kapparukkha containing objects of great value. Wherever he was born celestial trees grew outside his door. Seven world-cycles ago he was eight times king under the name of Sucela (Thag.567‑76; ThagA.i.521 ff). He is probably identical with Kapparukkhiya of the Apadāna. Ap.i.91.

3. Kappa.– In the Saṃyuttanikāya (S.iii.169 f) two suttas are connected with a monk called Kappa, who is probably identical with Kappa Thera (2). In both suttas he asks the Buddha how it is possible to cultivate knowledge and thought so as to be free from thoughts of “I” and “mine” with regard to the body. The same questions, receiving the same answers, are elsewhere attributed to Rāhula. S.ii.253 f.

4. Kappa.– A young brahmin (Kappakamāra) who was the Bodhisatta. He later became a sage and the disciple and friend of Kesava. For his story see the Kesava Jātaka (J.iii.142 ff). The story is also referred to in the Baka Jātaka (J.iii.361; DhA.i.342 f), and mentioned in the Saṃyuttanikāya (S.i.144; SA.i.164; MA.i.555), where Baka Brahma is identified with Kappa’s teacher, Kesava. v.l. Kappaka.

5. Kappa.– See Nigrodha-Kappa.

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