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Kikī

King of Bārāṇasī at the time of Kassapa Buddha. When the Buddha arrived in Bārāṇasī, the king, having listened to his discourse, entertained the Buddha and his monks at the palace. When the Buddha was asked to spend the rainy season there he refused, as he had already accepted the invitation of Ghaṭīkāra of Vegaḷiṅga. Kikī was at first hurt by the refusal, but when the Buddha described Ghaṭīkāra’s virtues, the king was pleased and sent five hundred cartloads of provisions to Ghaṭīkāra who, however, curtly refused the gift (D.ii.7; M.ii.49 ff).

One of Kikī’s daughters was Uracchadā, who attained Arahantship at the age of sixteen. He had seven other daughters — Samaṇī, Samaṇā, Guttā, Bhikkhudāsikā, Dhammā, Sudhammā and Saṅghadāsī — who, in this Buddha era, became respectively Khemā, Uppalavaṇṇā, Paṭācārā, Gotamā (s.v. Kisāgotamī), Dhammadinnā, Mahāmāyā, and Visākhā. J.iv.481; in the Ap.ii.561 f, the names are Samaṇī, Samapaguttā, Bhikkhuṇī, Bhikkhadāyikā, Dhammā, etc., and they are mentioned as having lived celibate lives; see also Sattamba; both the Apadāna and the ThigA.17, 103 f, omit the name of Mahāmāyā from this list and have, instead, the name of Bhaddā Kuṇḍalakesā, identifying her with Bhikkhadāyikā. The Mtu.i.303 f mentions another daughter Mālinī Kisāgotamī.

He had also a son, Pathavindhara (Puthuvindhara), who succeeded him to the throne (ThagA.i.151). During the lifetime of Kassapa Buddha, Kikī waited on him with many kinds of gifts (SnA.i.281, 283), and at his death built one of the four gates outside the Buddha’s cetiya. The gate was a league in width (SnA.i.194). According to the Aṅguttaranikāya Commentary (AA.i.420), Kikī was the chief attendant (aggupaṭṭhāka) of Kassapa.

In the Sanskrit books he is called Kikī, and is mentioned as owning a palace called Kokanada (e.g., Mtu.i.325; Divy.22 f; Avadānas i.338, etc.)

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