v.l. Pañcāla, Pañcālajanapada, Pañcālaraṭṭha, Pañcālā
One of the sixteen great countries (Mahājanapada) (A.i.213; iv.252, etc.) It consisted of two divisions: Uttara Pañcāla and Dakkhiṇa Pañcāla. The river Bhagīrathi formed the boundary between the divisions. According to the Kumbhakāra Jātaka,¹ the capital of Uttara Pañcāla was Kampilla-
There seems to have been a chieftain (rājā) of Pañcāla even in the Buddha’s day, for we are told (ThagA.i.331) that Visākha Pañcāliputta (q.v.) was the son of the daughter of the Pañcāla rājā. Pañcāla is generally identified (Law: Geog. of Early Buddhism, p.19.) with the country to the north and west of Delhi, from the foot of the Himavā to the river Chambal.
¹ J.iii.379; also Mtu.iii.26; but the Dvy. (435) calls the capital Hastināpura. According to the Mahābhārata (i.138, 73‑4), the capital was Ahicchatra or Chatravatī, while the capital of Dakṣiṇa-
² E.g., J.v.444; also Mahābhārata i.138.
³ J.vi.329, 396, etc; also PvA. 161; see also Uttarādhiyayana Sūtra (SBE. xlv. 57‑61) and the Rāmāyana (i.32). Similarly Sambhūta was king of Uttara-
Pañcāla Vagga.– The fifth section of the Navaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iv.449‑54.
Pañcāla Sutta.– A discussion between Ānanda and Udāyi (Kāludāyī) regarding a verse uttered by the devaputta Pañcālacaṇḍa (See S.i.48) as to what constitutes obstacles (sambādha) in the world and what release therefrom (okāsādhigama). Udāyi says that the five sensuous pleasures are the obstacles, and that release consists in the attainment of the absorptions (jhāna). A.iv.449 f; AA.ii.815.