The master carpenter (thapati) of Pasenadi, king of Kosala. He was a devoted follower of the Buddha and loved discussion.
The Bahuvedanīya Sutta (M.i.396 ﬀ; see also S.iv.223 f) is based on a discussion between him and Paṇḍita Udāyi, which discussion Ānanda overheard and repeated to the Buddha. On another occasion, Pañcakaṅga (“Five Tools”) related to the Buddha the conversation he had had with the Paribbājaka Uggāhamāna-
The Anuruddha Sutta (M.iii.144 ﬀ) contains a discussion between Anuruddha and Abhiya-
Buddhaghosa says (MA.ii.629; SA.iii.86) that Pañcakaṅga was the carpenter’s personal name, and that he was called “Five tools” because he carried the five tools of a carpenter: adze (vāsīpharasu), chisel (nikhādana), measuring stick (daṇḍa), mallet (muggara), and blackened thread (kālasutta). He explains “Thapati” by “vaḍḍhakī (architect) jeṭṭha (foremost).”
Pañcakaṅga Sutta.– See the Bahuvedanīya Sutta.