1. Visākha.– Husband of Dhammadinnā. He was a rich merchant of Rājagaha and accompanied Bimbisāra on his visit to the Buddha, who was then at Rājagaha for the first time after his Enlightenment. Visākha, on that occasion, became a Stream-
After Dhammadinnā had joined the Order, she left the city and retired into the country, returning to Rājagaha after she had attained Arahantship. Visākha, hearing of her return, visited her at the nunnery and asked her various questions regarding the Buddha’s teachings, all of which she answered (MA.i.514 f; ThigA.15, 19). Their conversation is recorded in the Cūḷavedalla Sutta (M.i.299 f; cf. DhA.iv.229 f; AA.i.197). Visākha then visited the Buddha and reported their conversation to him, winning the Buddha’s praises for Dhammadinnā.
In the time of Phussa Buddha, Visākha and Dhammadinnā had been husband and wife. (For details see PvA.20 ﬀ; of. KhpA.202 f; DhA.i.86 f. AA.i.144 f ) Visākha had been the treasurer, appointed by the three sons of Jayasena, in charge of the provisions given by them for the almsgiving held in honour of Phussa Buddha and his monks.
Visākha is mentioned (SA.iii.223) as one of the seven lay disciples in the time of the Buddha who had each five hundred followers.
2. Visākha Pañcāliputta.– He was the son of a provincial governor (maṇḍalikarājā) of Magadha, and was called Pañcāliputta because his mother was the daughter of the Pañcāla king. (AA.ii.511 calls him the son of Pañcālibrāhmaṇī). He succeeded his father, and, hearing one day that the Buddha had arrived near his village, he visited him, heard him teach and joined the Order. He then accompanied the Buddha to Sāvatthi, where he became an Arahant. Later, out of compassion, he visited his relations.
One day he was asked how many qualities were necessary to a man in order that he should be considered a skilful teacher of the Dhamma. Visākha’s answer is included in the Theragāthā (Thag. vs. 209‑10; ThagA.i.331 f).
Visākha was evidently a clever and arresting teacher, and the books mention that the Buddha heard him teach and praised him. S.ii.280; A.ii.51.
3. Visākha Thera.– He was a wealthy householder of Pāṭaliputta who, hearing that there were many shrines in Sri Lanka, made over his property to his family and left home with one single coin wrapt in the hem of his garment. He had to spend one month at the port waiting for a ship, and, during that time, made one thousand by his skill in trade. Arrived at the Mahāvihāra, he asked to be ordained, and when, at the time of his ordination, the money was discovered, he distributed it among those who were present. After five years he set out travelling, and, with the help of a devatā, found his way to Cittalapabbata-
4. Visākha.– One of the chief lay supporters of Maṅgala Buddha. Bu.v.25.
5. Visākha.– One of the chief lay supporters of Phussa Buddha. Bu.xix.21.
7. Visākha.– See also Vesākha.