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Uracchadā

One of the nine daughters of King Kikī. She was born with the semblance of a necklace upon her neck and shoulders, as though drawn by a painter, hence her name, Uracchadā. When sixteen years old she heard Kassapa Buddha teach, and became a Stream-winner. That same day she attained Arahantship, entered the Order and attained parinibbāna (J.vi.481).

In the time of Vipassī Buddha, both Uracchadā and Queen Māyā (the mother of Siddhattha Gotama) were born as the daughters of King Bandhumā. One day the king received a present of a golden wreath, worth a thousand, and a box of precious sandalwood. He gave the sandalwood to the elder daughter and the wreath to the younger. The two girls, wishing to present their gifts to the Buddha, obtained the king’s consent. The elder princess powdered the sandalwood and filled a golden box with it. The younger had the wreath made into a necklace and placed it in a golden casket. They then went to the Buddha, and the elder reverently sprinkled his body with sandalwood and scattered it in his cell with the prayer, “May I, in time to come, be the mother of a Buddha like you.” The younger reverently placed the necklace on the Buddha and prayed, “Until I attain Arahantship, may this ornament never part from my body.” (J.vi.481)

According to the Vimānavatthu Commentary (pp.270 f), Uracchadā’s name was Uracchadamālā and her teacher was a brahmin named Gopāla, who was also present when the Buddha taught Uracchadamālā. However, he did not acquire any special attainments.

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