1. Udena.– King of Kosambī. He was the son of Parantapa. His mother, when pregnant with him, was carried off by a monster-
Udena had another wife, Māgandiyā, who took advantage of her new position to wreak vengeance on the Buddha for having once slighted her. When Sāmāvatī was converted to the Buddha’s faith by her handmaiden Khujjuttarā, Māgaṇḍiyā tried to poison the king’s mind against her, but the attempt was frustrated, though Sāmāvatī very nearly lost her life at the king’s hand. When Udena realised how grievously he had wronged her, he promised to grant her a boon, and, as the result of her choice, the Buddha sent Ānanda with five hundred monks to the palace every day, to teach the women of the court. Udena himself does not seem to have been interested in religion. Once when be discovered that the women of the court had given five hundred costly robes to Ānanda, he was annoyed, but when in answer to his questions Ānanda explained to him that nothing given to members of the Order was wasted, he was pleased and himself made a similar offering of robes to Ānanda.² The incident took place after the Buddha’s death.
His encounter in his park the Udakavana with Piṇḍola-
Udena had a son named Bodhi,⁵ among whose activities the building of a palace, called Kokanada, is specially recorded. It is clear from the incident of the presentation of robes to Ānanda, referred to above, as well as by a definite statement to that effect contained in the Petavatthu Commentary,⁶ that Udena survived the Buddha; but whether his son Bodhi succeeded him or not is not known.
In the Udāna Commentary ¹⁰ he is called Vajjirājā. The Milindapañha ¹¹ tells a story of a woman called Gopālamātā, who became a queen of Udena. She was the daughter of peasant-
2. Udena.– An elder. He once stayed, after the Buddha’s death, in the Khemiyambavana near Bārāṇasī. There the brahmin Ghoṭamukha visited him. Their conversation is recorded in the Ghoṭamukha Sutta. At the end of Udena’s discourse, the brahmin offered to share with him the daily allowance he received from the Aṅga king. This offer was refused, and at Udena’s suggestion Ghoṭamukha built an assembly-
See also Udena (9).
3. Udena.– A lay disciple (upāsaka) of Kosala. He built a vihāra for the Order, and he invited monks for its dedication, which took place during the Rainy Season (vassa). It being against the rules to go on a journey before the end of the Rains, the monks asked him to postpone the dedication. This annoyed him. When the matter was referred to the Buddha, he altered the rule so that a journey lasting not more than seven days could be undertaken during the Rainy Season.¹³
6. Udena.– A yakkha. See Udena-
9. Udena Thera.– An Arahant, probably identical with Udena (2). During the time of Padumuttara Buddha he was a hermit, with eighty-
References in the notes are to the Pāḷi texts of the PTS. In the translations, these are usually printed in the headers near the spine, or in square brackets in the body of the text, thus it would be i 161 in the spine or  in the text. References to the Commentaries are usually suffixed with A for Aṭṭhakathā (DA, MA, SNA, etc.) but references to the Jātaka Commentary are given as J, not JA, which would normally be used, as that is reserved for the Journal Asiatic.