1. Ujjenī.– The capital of Avanti. In the Buddha’s time, Caṇḍappajjota (Vin.i.276; DhA.i.192) was king of Ujjenī and there was friendly dialogue between that city and Magadha, whose king was Seniya Bimbisāra. After Bimbisāra’s death, however, Pajjota seems to have contemplated a war against Ajātasattu. See M.iii.7.
There was an old trade-
It was while going with a caravan to Ujjenī, that Soṇa Kuṭikaṇṇa (4) met the Peta, whose words made him decide to renounce household life (UdA.307 f).
The road taken by Bāvarī’s disciples ran through Ujjenī (Sn.v.1011).
Before succeeding to his father’s throne at Pāṭaliputta, Asoka reigned for several years as Viceroy at Ujjenī, and it was during this period that Mahinda and Saṅghamittā were born (Mhv.xiii.10 ﬀ; Mbv.99; Sp.i.70).
Mahinda spent six months in Dakkhiṇāgiri-
The Jātaka stories speak of Ujjenī as having been the capital of Avanti from very ancient times, e.g., in J.iv.390, where Avanti Mahārāja rules in Ujjenī as capital of Avanti. However, in the Mahāgovinda Sutta (D.ii.235), Māhissatī is mentioned as the capital of Avanti. Perhaps Māhissati lost its importance later and gave place to Ujjenī, for we find Māhissati mentioned just before Ujjenī among the places passed by Bāvarī’s pupils on their way to Sāvatthi (Sn.v.1011).
Ujjenī is identical with the Greek Ozene, about 77° E. and 23° N. (Bud. India, p.40; see also CAGI, 560, and Beal ii.270 for Hsouien Thsang’s description of it).
3. Ujjenī.– A township (nigama), the residence of the banker’s daughter Rucinandā, who gave milk-