A rocky fortress in the Malaya district of Sri Lanka. Now Sīgiri, about thirty-
When Kassapa I had slain his father, he took refuge there, clearing the land about the rock, surrounding it with a wall, and building a staircase to it in the form of a lion. Kassapa and his retinue lived in the fortress until he was defeated by his brother Moggallāna, and then killed himself (Cv.xxxix.2 f). Mention is made of several vihāras on Sīhagiri, among them being Dalha and Dāṭhākoṇḍañña, which Moggallāna I gave to the Dhammaruci and Sāgalika schools. Cv.xxxix.41. Perhaps the fortress was originally a centre of the Dhammarucikas, and Kassapa may have borrowed from them the idea of making use of it.
The rock is now famous for its frescoes, which are very similar to those of Ajantā.