A

B

C

D

E

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

R

S

T

U

V

Y

abb

Home page Up (parent) Next (right) Previous (left) Abbreviations


Page last updated on 8 May, 2017

Association for Insight Meditation Home Page

Paccantajanapada

In the texts, a contrast is often drawn between the outlying districts (Paccantajanapada) and the middle region of India (Majjhimadesa).¹ In the latter the fortunate ones are born, and it is a great disadvantage to be born outside it; for, then, the possibilities of hearing of the Buddha and his teaching become remote (e.g., DhA.iii.248, 489; KhA.133).

The boundaries of the Majjhimadesa are given in several places, and the Paccantajanapada, lies beyond these boundaries. They are: in the east (puratthimāya disāya), Gajaṅgala (v.l. Kajaṅgala) and Mahāsālā; in the south-east (puratthima-dakkhiṇāya disāya), the river Sallavatī (v.l. Salalavatī); in the south (dakkhiṇāya disāya), Setakaṇṇika; in the west (pacchimāya disāya), the Brahmin village Thūṇa; and in the north (uttarāya disāya), Usīraddhaja mountains (Vin.i.197; J.i.49; cp. Dvy.21 f).

The Vinaya rules were relaxed in the case of those who lived in the Paccantajanapada, where it is said that the Buddha never spent a night. MA.ii.982.

¹ See India in the Time of the Buddha for a map.

www.000webhost.com