The name given to the Himalayas. It is one of the seven mountain ranges surrounding Gandhamādana.¹ It is three hundred thousand leagues in extent,² with eighty-
In numerous Jātaka stories, Himavā is mentioned as the place to which ascetics retire when they leave household life. It is full of woodlands and groves, suitable for hermits.⁵ In Himavā is a peak named Mahāpapāta where Pacceka Buddhas die.⁶ Nāgā go to Himavā to give birth to their young.⁷ The mountain is often used in similes; it is then referred to as the king of mountains (pabbatarājā) ⁸ Sīvalī Thera once went there from Sāvatthi with five hundred others. The journey took them eight days.⁹
The country round Himavā was converted by Majjhima Thera.¹⁰ He was accompanied by four others: Kassapagotta, Alakadeva (Mūladeva), Sahadeva and Dundubhissara.¹¹ Majjhima taught the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta and eight hundred million attained salvation. These five elders converted five kingdoms and each ordained one hundred thousand persons.¹²
Devā brought for Asoka’s use, from the Himavā, twigs of the nāgalatā to clean his teeth, healthful fruits, myrobalan, terminalia and mango fruit,¹³ while, for the foundation of the Mahā Thūpa, novices (sāmaṇera) with psychic-
The Kuṇāla Jātaka (q.v.) was taught in the region of Himavā. The Buddha took the Sākyan princes there and showed them the various features, including many mountain peaks, such as: Maṇipabbata, Hiṅgulapabbata, Añjanapabbata, Sānupabbata, and Phalikapabbata.¹⁵
On fast days the gods assemble in Himavā and hold discourses.¹⁶
⁴ SNA.ii.437; but according to Mil.114, only ten of these are to be reckoned, the others flowing only intermittently. These ten are: Gaṅgā, Yamunā, Aciravatī, Sarabhū, Mahī, Sindhu, Sarassatī, Vettavatī, Vītaṃsā and Candabhāgā.