1. Uruvelā.– A locality on the banks of the Nerañjarā, in the neighbourhood of the Bodhi-
The Jātaka version ² contains additional particulars. It relates that once the Bodhisatta fainted under his austerities, and the news was conveyed to his father that he was dead. Suddhodana, however, refused to believe this, remembering the prophecy of Kāḷadevala. When the Bodhisatta decided to take ordinary food again, it was given to him by a girl, Sujātā, daughter of Senānī of the township of Senānī. In the neighbourhood of Uruvelā were also the Ajapāla Banyan-
From Uruvela the Buddha went to Isipatana, but after he had made sixty-
According to the Ceylon Chronicles,⁵ it was while spending the rainy season at Uruvelā, waiting for the time when the Kassapa brothers should be ripe for conversion, that the Buddha, on the full-
Mention is made of several temptations of the Buddha while he dwelt at Uruvela, apart from the supreme contest with Māra, under the Bodhi-
It was at Uruvelā, too, that the Buddha had misgivings in his own mind as to the usefulness of teaching the Doctrine which he had realised, to a world blinded by passions and prejudices. The Brahmā Sahampati thereupon entreated the Buddha not to give way to such diffidence.⁸ It is recorded that either on this very occasion or quite soon after, the thought arose in the Buddha’s mind that the sole method of winning nibbāna was to cultivate the four foundations of mindfulness and that Sahampati visited the Blessed One and confirmed his view.⁹ A different version occurs elsewhere,¹⁰ where the thought which arose in the Buddha’s mind referred to the five controlling faculties (saddhindriya, etc.), and Brahmā tells the Buddha that in the time of Kassapa he had been a monk named Sahaka and that then he had practised these five faculties.
The name Uruvela is explained as meaning a great sandbank (mahā velā, mahanto vālikarāsi). A story is told which furnishes an alternative explanation: Before the Buddha’s appearance in the world, ten thousand ascetics lived in this locality, and they decided among themselves that if any evil thought arose in the mind of any one of them, he should carry a basket of sand to a certain spot. The sand so collected eventually formed a great bank.¹¹ In the Divyāvadāna,¹² the place is called Uruvilvā. The Mahāvastu ¹³ mentions four villages as being in Uruvelā: Praskandaka, Balākalpa, Ujjaṅgala and Jaṅgala.
2. Uruvelā.– A township in Sri Lanka, founded by one of the ministers of Vijaya (Dpv.ix.35; Mhv.vii.45). According to a different tradition (Mhv.ix.9; perhaps this refers to another settlement), it was founded by a brother of Bhaddakaccānā, called Uruvela. Uruvelā was evidently a port as well, because we are told that when Duṭṭhagāmaṇī decided to build the Mahā-
Geiger thinks (Mhv.Trs.189, n.2) that Uruvelā was near the mouth of the modern Kalā Oya, five leagues — i.e. about forty miles — to the west of Anurādhapura.
3. Uruvelā.– A village to which Queen Sugalā (q.v.) fled, taking the sacred relies, the almsbowl and the Tooth Relic (Cv.lxxiv.88). It is identified with Etimole about five or six miles south-