1. Upavāṇa.– A thera. He belonged to a very rich brahmin family of Sāvatthi, and having seen the Buddha’s majesty at the dedication of Jetavana, he entered the Order and became an Arahant with sixfold higher knowledge (abhiññā). For some time, before Ānanda was appointed as the Buddha’s personal attendant (upaṭṭhāka), Upavāṇa waited on the Buddha. Once when the Buddha was attacked by cramp, Upavāṇa, with the help of his lay-
When the Buddha lay on his death-
Two occasions are mentioned on which Upavāṇa consulted the Buddha on matters of doctrine, once regarding the arising of suffering (S.ii.41‑2) and once on the immediate and practical use of the Dhamma (sandiṭṭhikadhamma) (S.iv.41). There is also recorded a visit of Upavāṇa to Sāriputta when they were both staying in the Ghositārāma at Kosambī. Sāriputta asks him about the factors of enlightenment as being conducive to a happy life and Upavāṇa explains (S.v.76). On another occasion Upavāṇa is the enquirer, and he asks Sāriputta about the “end-
When an unpleasant interview took place between Sāriputta and Lāḷudāyī (q.v.) and no one was found to support Sāriputta, the matter is reported to the Buddha, who declares that Ānanda should have taken Sāriputta’s side. Soon afterwards Ānanda seeks Upavāṇa and tells him that he was too timid to interfere, and if the Buddha referred to the matter again, would Upavāṇa undertake to answer? In the evening the Buddha engages Upavāṇa in conversation and asks him to explain the five qualities that make a monk esteemed and loved by his colleagues. At the end of the discourse the Buddha applauds Upavāṇa (A.iii.195 f).
In Padumuttara Buddha’s time Upavāṇa had been a poor man. Seeing people making great offerings at the Buddha’s thūpa, he was much touched, and having washed his upper garment, he hung it as a flag over the thūpa. A yakkha named Abhisammataka, who was the guardian of the cetiya, took the flag three times round the cetiya, he himself remaining invisible.
A monk whom the man consulted after this miracle foretold that for thirty thousand world-
2. Upavāṇa.– Son of Anomadassī Buddha. Bu.viii.19.