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Sāriputta Sutta

1. Sāriputta Sutta.– The sixteenth sutta of the Aṭṭhakavagga of the Suttanipāta. Sāriputta asks the Buddha how a monk should conduct himself in order to achieve his goal. The Buddha explains that a monk must avoid the five dangers, endure heat and cold and other discomforts, and must not be guilty of theft, anger, lying, or arrogance. He should be guided by wisdom and moderation (SN. 955‑75). The Commentary explains (SNA.ii.569 f ) that the sutta is also called the Therapañha Sutta, and that it was taught on the occasion of the Buddha’s descent from Tāvatiṃsa to Saṅkassa. The Buddha desired that Sāriputta’s wisdom should be adequately recognised, for Mahā-Moggallāna’s psychic powers, Anuruddha’s clairvoyance, and Puṇṇa’s eloquence were already famous, but Sāriputta’s skill remained unknown. The Buddha therefore related the Parosahassa Jātaka to show Sāriputta’s wisdom in a past life. At the end of the story, Sāriputta questioned the Buddha in eight stanzas, and the rest of the sutta was spoken by the Buddha in answer to these questions.

2. Sāriputta Sutta.– When Sāriputta is exhorting the monks, Vaṅgīsa asks his permission to speak, and on it being granted, he praises the Sāriputta is verse. S.i.189.

3. Sāriputta Sutta.– Sāriputta approaches the Blessed One at Sāvatthi and says that good friendship is the whole of the holy life. The Buddha congratulates him and says that of one who has a good friend it is to be expected that he would develop and cultivate the Noble Eightfold Path. S.v.3.

4. Sāriputta Sutta.– The Buddha instructs Sāriputta on how to train oneself in order to get rid of notions of “I” and “mine.” The sutta contains a quotation from the Udayamāṇavapucchā. A.i.133.

5. Sāriputta Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna approaches Sāriputta exchanged friendly greetings and sat down at one side. Sitting thus, he addressed Sāriputta saying that there are four modes of progress: painful and slow, painful but quick, pleasant but slow, pleasant and quick. He then asked Sāriputta what was his mode of progress, and he replies that it was pleasant and quick.¹ A.ii.155.

¹ In the Mahā-Moggallāna Sutta, Sāriputta asks Moggallāna about his progress in the same manner, and he replies that it was painful but quick (A.ii.154). Sāriputta was the first of the two to attain Stream-winning after hearing a verse by Assaji, but took two weeks to gain Arahantship while Mahā-Moggallāna took only one week.

6. Sāriputta Sutta.– Sāriputta relates to Ānanda how once, when he was in Andhavana, he attained to perfect concentration. A.v.8.

7. Sāriputta Sutta.– Sāriputta teaches the Sacitta Sutta to the monks. A.v.94.

8. Sāriputta Sutta.– At one time, when Sāriputta was sitting cross-legged in meditation not far away from him. Then the Blessed One praised him in verse as having destroyed delusion, and being as stable as a mountain. Ud.27.