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Maṅgala Buddha

The third of the twenty-four Buddhas.

He was born sixteen immeasurable aeons (asaṅkheyya) and one hundred thousand world-cycles ago in the Uttaramadhura Park, in the city of Uttara, his father being a warrior (khattiya) named Uttara and his mother Uttarā. It is said that from the day of her conception, an aura shed its rays night and day from her body, to a distance of eighty hands — hence his name. He surpassed other Buddhas in glory of body. In his last birth as a human being (corresponding to that of Vessantara in the case of Gotama) he lived with his family as an ascetic. A man-eating yakkha, named Kharadāṭhika, took from him his two children and ate them in his presence, “crunching them as though they were yams,” while the blood dripped from his mouth. (It is probably this incident that is referred to at J.iv.13). The Bodhisatta stood firm in his resolve and repented not of his gift to the yakkha, but registered a desire that in future births his body should emit light as bright as the blood which flowed down the yakkha’s face. In a previous birth, Maṅgala paid honour to the cetiya of a Buddha by wrapping his body in cloth drenched with oil, setting fire to it and walking round the cetiya throughout the night, carrying on his head a golden bowl filled with scented oil and lighted with one thousand wicks. Not a hair on his body suffered damage.

The particulars found in Mtu.i.248‑50, are slightly different). It is said (Bu.iv.29) that all Maṅgala Buddha’s personal disciples attained Arahantship before their death.

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