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Laṭṭhivana, Laṭṭhivanuyyāna

A grove to the south west of Rājagaha. In it was the Suppatiṭṭha-cetiya, where the Buddha stayed during his first visit to Rājagaha from Gayāsīsa, after the Enlightenment. There Bimbisāra visited him with twelve myriads (nahuta) of followers, and Uruvela-Kassapa dispelled their doubts by declaring his acceptance of the Buddha as his teacher. It was during this visit that Bimbisāra gifted Veḷuvana to the Buddha and his Order (Vin.i.35 ff; DhA.i.88; AA.i.166; BuA.18, etc.). Eleven myriads with Bimbisāra at their head, became Stream-winners (sotāpanna) at the end of the Buddha’s discourse, which included the Mahānāradakassapa Jātaka. The remaining myriad was established in the Refuges (J.i.84; AA.i.57; also J.vi.219).

The grove evidently received its name from its green liquorice creepers, hence its description as Latthimadhukavana (e.g., J.i.68). Hiouen Thsang calls it Yastivana and describes it as a grove of bamboos, giving accounts of its origin and various stories connected with it. (Beal, op.cit., 145 f; see VT.136).

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