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Cāpāla-cetiya

A shrine near Vesāli. Here the Buddha, three months before his final passing away (parinibbāna), definitely decided to accede to the request of Māra that he should die.

When he announced this decision the earth shook (D.ii.102 ff; A.iv.308 f; S.v.260 f; Ud.vi.1; Dvy.201, 207; Mtu.i.209 f; iii.306).

The Aṅguttaranikāya Commentary (i.457) states that during the first twenty years of the Buddha’s ministry, he sometimes dwelt in Cāpāla-cetiya. It was once the residence of the yakkha Cāpāla, but, later, a vihāra was erected on the site for the use of the Buddha (UdA.322 f).

Fa Hsien found a pagoda there and relates a story in connection with it (p.43).

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