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Aruṇavatī (Sutta)

1. Aruṇavatī.– The city and the country of King Aruṇavā, and the birthplace of Sikhī Buddha (Bu.xxi.15). It was from there that Sikhī and Abhibhū went to the Brahma-world to teach Brahma and his attendants (S.i.155 f). At that time Salaḷapupphiya Thera was a confectioner in Aruṇavatī (Ap.i.218). See also Aruṇapura.

2. Aruṇavatī.– A vihāra in the village of Iṭṭhakāvatī in Magadha. Sāriputta once lived there (PvA.67).

Aruṇavatī Sutta.– Records the incident of the visit of Abhibhū to the Brahma-world (S.i.154 f., etc; see Abhibhū 1). Abhibhū chose as his theme action and energy, and the verses he uttered on that occasion, beginning “Ārabhatha, nikkhamatha, yuñjatha buddhasāsane” are often quoted.

Buddhaghosa says (SA.i.172‑3) that Abhibhū chose this theme out of all the doctrines to be found in the Tipiṭaka because he knew that the subject would commend itself to all his hearers, human and non-human.

Milakkhatissa Thera of Sri Lanka, hearing a novice in Pācīnapabbata recite the Aruṇavatī Sutta, listened to the stanzas, and feeling that they had been taught encourage zealous monks like himself, he exerted himself and became a Non-returner. Soon afterwards he became an Arahant (AA.i.21‑2).

The sutta is said to have been taught by the Buddha on the full-moon day of Jeṭṭhamāsa (AA.i.436).

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