1. Andhakā.– Mentioned in a list of tribes that came to pay homage to Jatukaṇṇika Thera when he was born as a banker in Haṃsavatī (Ap.ii.359). The Andhakaraṭṭha was on the banks of the Godhāvarī and near where Bāvarī lived. Assaka and Aḷaka, mentioned in the Vatthugāthā of the Parāyanavagga (Sn.977), are described in the Suttanipāta Commentary as Andhaka kings. SnA.ii.581; Vincent Smith places them originally in Eastern India between the Krṣṇa and Godāvarī rivers (Z.D.M.G. 56, 657 ﬀ.); see also Burgess: Arch. Reports on W. India, ii.132 and iii.54. Cunningham: 603‑607.
In the Aitareya Brahmaṇa (vii.18) the Andhakas are mentioned together with the Pulindas, etc., as an outcast clan. They again appear associated in the time of Asoka (Vincent Smith: Z.D.M.G. 56, 652 f). The Mahābhārata (xii.207, 42) places the Pulindas, the Andhas and the Sabaras in the Dakṣiṇapatha.
2. Andhakā.– An important group of monks that seceded from the Theravāda. They included as minor sects Pubbaseliyas, Aparaseliyas, Rājagirikas and Siddhatthikas (Points of Controversy, p.104, extract from Kathāvatthu Cy.). They were still powerful in Buddhaghosa’s time (Ibid., xxxiv). The Andhakas are not mentioned as a special sect either in the Mahāvaṃsa or in the Dīpavaṃsa, though in the Mahāvaṃsa the sects spoken of above as offshoots of the Andhakas (Rājagiriyā, Siddhatthikā, Pubba-
There were various doctrines held by all the Andhakas either in common with other sects or alone, and various other doctrines held only by some of the minor groups of Andhakas. For a summary of these see Points of Controversy, pp.xx-