1. Vivādamūla Sutta.– On the six roots of contention: scorn, hypocrisy, envy, deceit, evil-mindedness, prejudice. A.iii.334 f; cf. D.iii.246; M.ii.245; Vin.ii.89.
2. Vivāda Suttā.– Taught in reply to a question by Upāli, on ten things that are the causes of disputes and contention (bhaṇḍanakalahaviggahavivādā). A.v.77 f.
- He explains non-Dhamma as Dhamma (adhammaṃ dhammoti dīpenti),
- He explains Dhamma as non-Dhamma (dhammaṃ adhammoti dīpenti),
- He explains non-Vinaya as Vinaya (avinayaṃ vinayoti dīpenti),
- He explains Vinaya as non-Vinaya (vinayaṃ avinayoti dīpenti),
- He explains what was not spoken by the Tathāgata as spoken by him (abhāsitaṃ alapitaṃ Tathāgatena bhāsitaṃ lapitaṃ Tathāgatenāti dīpenti),
- He explains what was spoken by the Tathāgata as not spoken by him (bhāsitaṃ lapitaṃ Tathāgatena abhāsitaṃ alapitaṃ Tathāgatenāti dīpenti),
- He explains what was not practised by the Tathāgata as practised by him (anāciṇṇaṃ Tathāgatena āciṇṇaṃ Tathāgatenāti dīpenti),
- He explains what was practised by the Tathāgata as not practised by him (āciṇṇaṃ Tathāgatena anāciṇṇaṃ Tathāgatenāti dīpenti),
- He explains what was not laid down by the Tathāgata as laid down by him (apaññattaṃ Tathāgatena paññattaṃ Tathāgatenāti dīpenti),
- He explains what was laid down by the Tathāgata as not laid down by him (paññattaṃ Tathāgatena apaññattaṃ Tathāgatenāti dīpenti).
The Paṭhamavivādamūla Sutta is almost identical. A.v.78 f.
3. Dutiyavivādamūla Sutta.– Similar to the previous two, but enumerating the ten roots of dispute regarding Vinaya offences, explaining an offence as no offence, explaining a light offence as a serious offence, a serious offence as a light offence, etc. A.v.78 f.