v.l. Okkalā.– A district (janapada) in the region identified with modern Orissa.¹ The merchants Tapassu and Bhalluka were on the way from Ukkalā, when a certain deva, an erstwhile relative of theirs, advised them to visit the Buddha at Rājāyatanamūla, near Uruvelā, and to offer food to him, which they did.² They were on the way to Majjhimadesa.³ According to the Theragāthā Commentary ⁴ there were caravan drivers of a city called Pokkharavatī (probably a town in Ukkalā). Their destination was evidently Rājagaha, for we find them visiting the Buddha there after the first discourse and hearing him teach.
The Mahāvastu ⁶ places Ukkalā in the Uttarāpaṭha and mentions Adhisthāna as the place from which Tapussa and Bhalluka hailed.
The Mahābhārata ⁷ mentions the Ukkalas several times in lists of tribes.
¹ CAG., p.733. ² Vin.i.4. ³ J.i.80. ⁴ ThagA.i.48 f.
⁵ A.ii.31; S.iii.72; M.iii.78; Kvu.60; AA.ii.497; see also KS.iii.63, and GS.ii.34, n.3.
⁶ Mtu.iii.303. ⁷ E.g., in Bhīsmapārvan ix.365; Drona iv.122.