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Subha Sutta

1. Subha Sutta.– Subha Todeyyaputta (q.v.) visits the Buddha at Sāvatthi and asks him various questions regarding the Dhamma, comparing it with the teachings of the brahmins regarding ultimate salvation. He admits that no one among the brahmins or the early sages had fully discerned and realised the qualities laid down by them for the attainment of merit and the achievement of right. He quotes Pokkharasāti as saying that those who, like Gotama, profess to transcend ordinary human beings and rise to the heights of Noble knowledge are idle boasters. The Buddha retorts that Pokkharasāti cannot even read the thoughts of his slave girl, Puṇṇikā. The Buddha then convinces Subha that he has discovered the way to union with Brahmā, and, at his request, teaches him this way, as being the four Sublime Abidings (Brahmavihāra). Subha acknowledges himself the Buddha’s follower. M.ii.196‑209.

2. Subha Sutta.– A conversation between Subha Todeyyaputta and Ānanda at Sāvatthi soon after the Buddha’s death. Subha asks Ānanda what were the bodies of doctrine which the Buddha was wont to praise, to which he incited others and in which he established them. Ānanda explains to him. The sutta is almost word for word identical with the Sāmaññaphala Sutta. D.i.204‑10.

3. Subha Sutta.– According to Buddhaghosa, (MA.ii.962, 967) Subha Sutta is the real name for the Cūḷakammavibhaṅga Sutta (q.v.)

4. Subha Sutta.– Soon after the Buddha’s Enlightenment, Māra approached him while he was staying at the foot of the goatherd’s banyan tree at Uruvela on the banks of the river Nerañjarā, and tried to frighten him by creating manifold forms both beautiful and ugly. The Buddha told Māra in verse that had followed him for a long time, but was now defeated as those who are well-controlled in body, speech, and thought do not come under Māra’s control. Then Māra disappeared. S.i.104.

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