1. Subha.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.
2. Subha.– A young man (māṇava) called Todeyyaputta. He once visited the Buddha in Sāvatthi, asking him various questions. The interview is described in the Subha Sutta (q.v.) At the end of the discourse he declared himself the Buddha’s follower. While on his way back from the city, he met Jāṇussoṇi, and, on being asked what he thought of the Buddha, spoke of him in terms of the highest praise, saying that none but Gotama’s own peer could utter sufficient praise of him (M.i.196 f, 208 f; Jāṇussoṇi addresses him as Bhāradvāja). Subha is described (MA.ii.802; cf. M.i.202) as the son of the brahmin Todeyya (q.v.) of Tudigāma.
Elsewhere however, a different account is given of his conversion. (DA.ii.384 f; cf. MA.ii.963 f., which adds that the Buddha proved the identity of the dog by getting it to indicate the place where Todeyya’s treasure lay buried). Subha’s father was a very rich merchant, chaplain to Pasenadi, but a great miser. After death he was born as a dog in the same home. One day, when the Buddha was going his alms round in Tudigāma near Sāvatthi, he arrived at Subha’s house. The dog saw the Buddha and barked, and the Buddha addressed it as “Todeyya.” The dog thereupon ran into the house and lay on a bed, from which no one could drive it away. When Subha asked the cause of the uproar, he was told the story. Thereupon he was very angry, saying that his father had been born in the Brahmaloka, and, in order to refute the Buddha, he visited the monastery. This was the occasion for the teaching of the Subha Sutta.
Soon after the Buddha’s death, when Ānanda, was staying in Sāvatthi, Subha sent a young man to Ānanda, with his respects and an invitation to his house. Ānanda, having taken medicine, did not go that day. However, he went the next day, accompanied by a monk of Cetiya (Cetaka). Their conversation is recorded in the Subha Sutta (2) (D.i.204 f).
See the Cūḷakammavibhaṅga Sutta, which was also taught to Subha.
3. Subha.– A palace guard, son of Datta. He closely resembled King Yasalālaka-
4. Subha.– A palace occupied by Koṇḍañña Buddha before his renunciation. Bu.iii.26.
5. Subha.– A palace occupied by Gotama Buddha before his renunciation. BuA.230; but Bu.xxvi.14 calls it Subhata.