A forest tract near the village of Pārileyya.
There the Buddha retired and lived at the foot of the Bhaddasāla, when unable to settle the dispute among the Kosambī monks.
The elephant Pārileyya lived there and waited upon the Buddha (Vin.i.352 f; Ud.iv.5; DhA.i.47; iv. 26; UdA.250).
It is said (DhA.i.49), that the place derived its name from the fact that Pārileyya looked after the Buddha, guarding him throughout the night, wandering about the forest until dawn, a stick in his trunk, in order to ward off danger.