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Paṇḍita

1. Paṇḍita.– The Bodhisatta born as a merchant. See the Kūṭavāṇija Jātaka.

2. Paṇḍita.– One of the four novices invited by the brahmin whose house came later to be known as the Pañcacchiddageha (DhA.iv.176 ff). In the time of Kassapa Buddha he was known as Mahāduggata. In his last birth his mother was the daughter of a rich merchant of Sāvatthi. During her pregnancy, she had a longing to give to five hundred monks, headed by Sāriputta, the choicest portions of red fish, to don yellow robes, to sit in the outer circle of the monks’ seats, and to partake of the food left over by the monks. This longing was satisfied, and seven times she held similar festivities. When the child was born he was called Paṇḍita because, from the day of his conception, various people of the household who had been stupid or deaf or dumb recovered their faculties. When seven years old, he was filled with the desire to become a monk, and was ordained by Sāriputta, a constant visitor to the house. For seven days his parents held a festival in honour of his ordination. On the eighth day he went, with Sāriputta, into the village for alms; on the way, certain things that he saw — a ditch, fletchers, carpenters — made him wish to strive for Arahantship. Thereupon, with the leave of Sāriputta, he returned to the monastery requesting the elder to bring him some red fish on his return from the alms round. In the monastery, Sakka stilled all noises and held back the sun and the moon, lest Paṇḍita should be disturbed. The Buddha, seeing this, detained Sāriputta back on his way to the monastery, and engaged him in conversation until Paṇḍita should have succeeded in his effort. After a while, Paṇḍita became an Arahant and the whole world rejoiced. (DhA.ii.139 ff).

3. Paṇḍita.– A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a nominal list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Paṇḍita Vagga.– The sixth chapter of the Dhammapada.

Paṇḍita Sutta.– On three things enjoined by the wise and the good: charity, going forth into homelessness, and support of one’s parents. A.i.151.

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