Once the Bodhisatta was born as the son of the king of Mithilā, in the Videha country. He was a rebirth of Maghādeva, who came down among men from the Brahma world to bring the number of his family, who renounced the world, up to eighty-
On his father’s renunciation, he came to the throne and engaged himself and all his subjects in righteousness and generosity. Once, when doubt arose in his mind as to which was more fruitful — holy life or giving alms — Sakka himself appeared before him to answer and encourage him. His fame spread to Tāvatiṃsa, and when the gods desired to see him, Sakka sent his chariot, with Mātali, to fetch him. On the way to Tāvatiṃsa, Mātali showed the king various hells and heavens and the palaces of various gods and goddesses. Arriving at the Sudhammā Hall, Nimi discoursed to the assembled gods. After staying in Tāvatiṃsa for seven clays, he returned to Mithilā to tell his subjects what he had seen.
When, later, his barber told him of the appearance of the first white hair on his head, he, like all his predecessors, handed over the throne to his son and became an ascetic. His son, Kālārajanaka, was the last of the eighty-
The story was told by the Buddha when he visited Mithilā. He smiled when he came to the site of Maghādeva’s palace, and when asked why he smiled he related the Jātaka.
Anuruddha is identified with Sakka and Ānanda with Mātali.¹
¹ M.ii.74 ﬀ; in Dpv. (iii. 35) the king is called Nemiya.
² J.vi.95‑129 ³ Cyp.i.6; CypA.42 ﬀ.