l. Jaṭila.– A class of ascetics, so called on account of their matted hair (jaṭilā ti tāpasā, to hi jaṭādhāritāya idha jaṭilā ti vuttā) (UdA.74; see also 330). These ascetics are sometimes classed under isi (Cūḷa Nid.149) and also under muṇi (Cūḷa Nid.513).
2. Jaṭila.– A governor of a province (Mahāraṭṭhiya) in the time of Padumuttara Buddha. He was the Bodhisatta. v.l. Jaṭika. J.i.37; Bu.xi.11.
3. Jaṭila (v.l. Jaṭilaka).– A millionaire (seṭṭhi) of Magadha, one of the five treasurers of Bimbisāra (DhA.i.385). His mother was a millionaire’s daughter in Bārāṇasī, who had illicit relations with a sorcerer (vijjādhara), and when the child was born she placed it in a vessel which she handed to her slave, to be floated down the Gaṅgā. Two women, while bathing, saw the vessel, discovered what it contained and each claimed the child. The dispute was settled by the king and the child was given to the woman who happened to be a disciple of Mahā-
In the time of Kassapa Buddha, Jaṭila was a goldsmith. One day, an Arahant, seeking for gold wherewith to complete the shrine erected over the Buddha’s remains, came to the goldsmith’s house; the latter, having just quarrelled with his wife, was in a surly mood and said to the Arahant, “Throw your teacher into the water and get away.” His wife told him how wicked were his words, and he, realising his fault, asked pardon of the Arahant and made valuable offerings at the Buddha’s shrine, by way of amends. Of his three sons whom he asked, in turn, to help him with the preparations, only the youngest consented to go with him. Therefore it was that in seven successive states Jaṭila was thrown into the water on the day of his birth and only his youngest son could enjoy his wealth (DhA.iv.214 ﬀ; PsA.502 f).
Jaṭila’s possession of a golden mountain is given as an example of the power of merit (puññiddhi), he being one of the five persons of great merit. Vism.383; BuA.24.