One of the monasteries at Anurādhapura. It was built by Devānampiyatissa on the spot where the prince Ariṭṭha dwelt with his five hundred followers after having received their ordination from Mahinda (Mhv.xx.14; xix.66). The building of this monastery was the seventh of the great tasks performed by Devānampiyatissa (Mhv.xx.20).
One of the eight saplings from the Bodhi-
Candamukha Siva built a reservoir near Manikāragāmaka and gave it for the use of the vihāra (Mhv.xxxv.47), while Vasabha built in the monastery an uposatha-
According to the Mahāvaṃsa Ṭīkā (pp.407 and 652), the vihāra was also called Kassapagiri, probably after its restoration by Kassapa I, mentioned above.’ See also Kassapagiri. See also Cv. Trs.i.43, n.7, and Ep. Zeyl. i.31 ﬀ., where the vihāra is called “Isuramenu-
It had originally been called Issarasamana because of its association with the five hundred noblemen (issaradārakā) who joined the Order with Ariṭṭha (MT.416). The Subcommentary (ṭīkā) adds (607) that Sāliya, son of Duṭṭhagāmaṇī, enlarged the vihāra out of the tribute brought to him by the men of his tributary villages to the south of Anurādhapura. He used to observe the uposatha on fast days at the vihāra and spend the day in the Mahindaguhā there.
In the Samantapāsādikā (i.100) the vihāra is called Issaranimmāna.