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Cūḷadhammapāla Jātaka (No.358)

Once the Bodhisatta was born as Dhammapāla, son of Mahāpatāpa, king of Bārāṇasī and his queen, Candā. One day Candā was playing with her seven-months-old baby with whom she was so engrossed that, when the king entered the room, she omitted to rise.

This roused the king’s jealousy, and he sent for the executioner and had the prince’s hands and feet and head cut off and his body encircled with sword-cuts ” as though with a garland.” He paid no heed to Candā’s lamentations, and she, in her great sorrow, fell down dead of a broken heart. Flames arose from Avīci, and wrapping Mahāpatāpa about, “as with a woollen garment,” plunged him in the lowest hell.

The story was, told in reference to Devadatta’s attempts to kill the Buddha. Devadatta was Mahāpatāpa and Mahāpajāpatī was Candā (J.iii.177‑82). The Jātaka is often cited (e.g., J.iv.11; v.113) to illustrate how anger, when once arisen, is difficult to control.

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