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Bhaggava

1. Bhaggava.– A teacher to whom the Buddha went after leaving Rājagaha, and before seeking Āḷāra Kālāma and Udaka Rāmaputta. ThigA., p.2.

2. Bhaggava.– Father of Aṅgulimāla and chaplain of the king of Kosala. Bhaggava was a brahmin. Thag.A.ii.57.

3. Bhaggava.– A potter in Rājagaha in whose dwelling the Buddha met and conversed with Pukkusāti (M.iii.237).

Bhaggava seems to have been a generic name for all potters, perhaps a special form of address used towards members of the kumbhakāra “caste.” Thus we find in the books several instances of potters being addressed as “Bhaggava.” e.g., DhA.i.33; J.ii.80, iii.382. At J.111.382 the potter’s wife is addressed as “Bhaggavī.”

In the Saṃyuttanikāya (S.i.36, 60) the Buddha addresses Ghaṭīkāra Brahmā as “Bhaggava”; he had been a potter of Vegaliṅga in his previous birth and the name “Ghaṭīkāra” itself means “jar-maker.” The Commentaries give no explanation of the word; perhaps the potters claimed their descent from Bhṛgu.

Bhaggava is sometimes given as an example of a clan (gotta), e.g., Sp.i.160 (with Gotama).

See also Bhaggavagotta.

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