One of the four great continents into which the earth is divided. It is to the west of Sineru and is seven thousand leagues (yojana) in extent. It is surrounded by five hundred islands (SnA.ii.443). According to the Aṅguttaranikāya (i.227; v.59), each world-
This tree stands for a whole world-
The yakkha Puṇṇaka, in his game of dice with Dhanañjaya,¹ staked a jewel, by gazing into which the continent of Aparagoyāna could be seen. So also in the necklace mentioned in the Hārapradāna Jātaka. (Mtu.ii.68).
In this context the name given is Goyāniya. So also in the Mahāvastu: Aparagodānika, °godāniya (ii.159, 378, etc.). In the Dulva it is called Aparagaudani (Rockhill, 84).
Some of the inhabitants came with Mandhātu from Aparagoyāna to Jambudīpa and settled down there. The country they colonised was called Aparanta. DA.ii.482; MA.i.484.
¹ J.vi.278, Vidhura Jātaka (No.546)